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Full-Text Articles in Regional Economics

The Value Of Farmland: Mapping Assessor Data To Understand Land Use Change, Lyndi Perry May 2019

The Value Of Farmland: Mapping Assessor Data To Understand Land Use Change, Lyndi Perry

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ideas developed by regional economists have potential applications within the urban planning field. One potential application is toward conserving farmland, and within this thesis this topic is examined for the study area of Utah County, Utah. Using assessor data, a land value map is created and further used to develop a regional economic model and spatial models that were analyzed for patterns of land use change.

Findings show that representing land value as continuous surface maps is a useful approach. The maps reveal that Utah County has densified as its population increased while farmland loss still occurred in agriculturally-important areas ...


"Baby Factories": Exploitation Of Women In Southern Nigeria, Jacinta Chiamaka Nwaka, Akachi Odoemene Mar 2019

"Baby Factories": Exploitation Of Women In Southern Nigeria, Jacinta Chiamaka Nwaka, Akachi Odoemene

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Despite the writings of feminist thinkers and efforts of other advocates of feminism to change the dominant narratives on women, exploitation of women is a fact that has remained endemic in various parts of the world, and particularly in Africa. Nigeria is one of those countries in Africa where women are largely exposed to varying degrees of exploitation. This paper examines the development and proliferation of baby-selling centers in southern Nigeria and its impacts on and implication for women in Nigeria. It demonstrates how an attempt to give protection to unwed pregnant girls has metamorphosed into “baby harvesting” and selling ...


Producer Services: A Hub For Stem And An Engine For Job Growth, Eric Thompson, Uyen Tran Mar 2019

Producer Services: A Hub For Stem And An Engine For Job Growth, Eric Thompson, Uyen Tran

Business in Nebraska

The producer services sector, which includes professional and technical services such as accounting, engineering, computer programming, advertising and consulting, is the fastest growing, high-wage segment of the U.S. economy. Producer services employment grew by 15 percent nationwide from 2008 through 2017 but only by 5 percent in Nebraska. Nebraska growth lagged the nation in part because the state has smaller metropolitan areas. Producer service businesses tend to congregate in larger cities. To grasp more opportunities in this growing, high wage sector, Nebraska needs to train more workers in STEM occupations, encourage the development of small businesses in the sector ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 3, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas Mar 2019

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 3, Number 3, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


The Economic Impact Of The Health Sector On The Economy Of Appanoose County, Iowa, Daniel Otto, Georgeanne Artz Feb 2019

The Economic Impact Of The Health Sector On The Economy Of Appanoose County, Iowa, Daniel Otto, Georgeanne Artz

Economics Working Papers

The importance of medical and health facilities as community service providers is well

established, yet their role in generating significant economic impacts for the community is less often acknowledged. Health care facilities, such as hospitals and nursing homes, not only employ many people with a sizeable payroll, but also draw a large number of people from rural areas into the community for medical services. In this study, we attempt to identify and measure the economic importance of the health sector for the economy of Appanoose County, Iowa. The specific objectives of this report are to:

1. summarize the direct economic ...


Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald Feb 2019

Central Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald

Central Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Continued steady economic growth is expected in the Central Minnesota planning area over the next several months according to predictions of the Central Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). The leading index rose by 1.30 points in the most recent period, with three components producing positive readings and one index value that was largely unchanged. A downturn in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index is the only LEI component to have a measurable negative reading in the second quarter. Increased St. Cloud area residential building permits contributed to this quarter’s higher LEI as did higher national durable goods ...


Trends And Tariffs: Nebraska In An Aging Recovery, Eric Thompson Feb 2019

Trends And Tariffs: Nebraska In An Aging Recovery, Eric Thompson

Business in Nebraska

Nebraska will record solid economic growth during the forecast period but will lag U.S. growth. Nebraska’s large farming sector is struggling and will not contribute much to economic growth during the forecast period. Job growth also will be sluggish in transportation and retail trade. Job growth, however, will be stronger in the services, finance, manufacturing and construction. Projected growth rates for 2019 to 2021 are presented in Table 1.

Employment will grow by 0.7% to 0.9% per year, below the national rate. Nonfarm income will grow between 4.4% and 4.5% each year. This growth ...


Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald Feb 2019

Northwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald

Northwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Continued steady economic growth is expected in the Northwest Minnesota planning area over the next several months according to the predictions of the St. Cloud State University Northwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Four of five index components increased in the most recent quarter as the LEI rose 2.26 points. An increase in the Rural Mainstreet Index (which signals a more robust macroeconomic environment for rural America) and a larger number of residential building permits in Fargo/ Moorhead and Grand Forks/East Grand Forks were among the positive components in this quarter’s leading index. A rise ...


Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald Feb 2019

Northeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald

Northeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

A slowing of economic growth in Northeast Minnesota is expected over the next several months according to the predictions of the Northeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). Three of the five components of the LEI decreased as the overall index fell by 2.65 points in the second quarter. A decline in Duluth metropolitan area residential building permits weighed heavily on the leading index and a fall in a general measure of statewide business conditions also contributed to the negative reading. Lower new filings of incorporation in the Northeast Minnesota planning area had a small unfavorable impact on ...


Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald Feb 2019

Southeast Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald

Southeast Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

Steady economic growth over the next several months is expected in the Southeast Minnesota planning area according to the prediction of the Southeast Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI). After a quarter in which the LEI rose 1.87 points, the leading index rose by 0.77 points in the second quarter as two index components recorded positive values. An increase in the number of Rochester area residential building permits and fewer initial jobless claims helped drive the LEI higher in the second quarter. A decrease in the Minnesota Business Conditions Index and a weakening in consumer sentiment were ...


Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald Feb 2019

Southwest Minnesota Economic And Business Conditions Report Second Quarter 2018, King Banaian, Richard Macdonald

Southwest Minnesota Economic and Business Conditions Report

The St. Cloud State University Southwest Minnesota Index of Leading Economic Indicators (LEI) continued to bounce around as the second quarter LEI turned negative after recording a strong positive value in the first quarter of the year. Despite the negative reading in the second quarter, economic fundamentals in this part of the state appear to point to continued steady growth over the next several months. Two of four LEI components were positive in the second quarter as a stronger outlook for rural Minnesota and higher Mankato area residential building permits led the way. The most significant negative component of this ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 3, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas Feb 2019

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 3, Number 2, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


The Costs Of Obtaining Environmental Outcomes Through Coastal Habitat Restoration, Shea Gould, Matthew G. Interis Jan 2019

The Costs Of Obtaining Environmental Outcomes Through Coastal Habitat Restoration, Shea Gould, Matthew G. Interis

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

Studies examining the costs of coastal habitat restoration have focused on the cost per acre of restoration or on cost efficiency of various restoration methods. On the other hand, studies examining the benefits of restoration have focused on various ecosystem services that more directly affect welfare including amenity value, storm protection, nutrient retention and biodiversity. We examine a set of 133 Gulf of Mexico coastal habitat restoration projects to estimate the cost of obtaining average annual habitat units (AAHUs), a measure which captures the quantity and, importantly, quality of habitat restored, which is one of the more direct ecosystem service ...


Rent Control‒Is The Cure Worse Than The Disease?, Brian J. Asquith Jan 2019

Rent Control‒Is The Cure Worse Than The Disease?, Brian J. Asquith

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Institutions, Trade, And Economic Prosperity: An Examination Of The U.S. And Mexican States, Dean Stansel, Meg Patrick Tuszynski Jan 2019

Institutions, Trade, And Economic Prosperity: An Examination Of The U.S. And Mexican States, Dean Stansel, Meg Patrick Tuszynski

Mission Foods Texas-Mexico Center Research

We provide the first subnational-level examination of the relationship between the presence of policies and institutions that are consistent with economic freedom and trade volume. To do so, we create a new comprehensive dataset detailing export activity between each U.S. state (that is, for the volume of trade between Texas and Oklahoma, Texas and New Mexico, etc.) and between each U.S. state and each Mexican state (Texas and Chihuahua, Texas and Coahuila, etc.). Our empirical strategy allows us to explore what effect institutions have on both interstate trade and cross-border trade, and also what impact the national border ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 3, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas Jan 2019

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 3, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 22, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas Jan 2019

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 22, Number 1, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


The Spirit Is Willing, But The Flesh Is Weak: Contemporary Pan-Africanism And The Challenges To A United States Of Africa, Adesola Adeyemo Dec 2018

The Spirit Is Willing, But The Flesh Is Weak: Contemporary Pan-Africanism And The Challenges To A United States Of Africa, Adesola Adeyemo

Master's Theses

Establishing a ‘United States of Africa’ to the average individual is deemed as a mythical idea in contemporary Africa, irrespective of the popularity of this idea several years ago. Today, the idea is idealized as overambitious – considering the balkanized state of the continent post-colonialization. Because of this, attempts made since then have favored enforcing regional integration over continental integration. Undeniably, this idea would not have come into being if it wasn’t for the concept of Pan-Africanism - which has for long guided the political and socio-economic policies created on the continent. The goal of this research is to explore the ...


Sports Arenas, Teams And Property Values: Temporary And Permanent Shocks To Local Amenity Flows, Yulia Chikish, Brad Humphreys, Adam Nowak Dec 2018

Sports Arenas, Teams And Property Values: Temporary And Permanent Shocks To Local Amenity Flows, Yulia Chikish, Brad Humphreys, Adam Nowak

Economics Faculty Working Papers Series

Professional sports facilities and teams generate local amenity flows in cities that may affect property values. Previous research shows evidence of important positive and negative local amenity flows based on case studies of changes in residential property values in specific cities. We analyze changes in residential property values in Oklahoma City over a period, 2000 to 2016, where both temporary and permanent exogenous shocks to local sports-related amenities occurred. Results from hedonic price models and repeat sales regression models show that nearby residential property prices increased after the opening of a new arena and the arrival of a new, permanent ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 12, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas Dec 2018

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 12, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Three Essays On Corruption And Collusion, Arlo Redwine Dec 2018

Three Essays On Corruption And Collusion, Arlo Redwine

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation studies corruption and collusion with data derived from a laboratory experiment and household data. In Chapter 1 I study experimental procurement auctions with bribery and a public reserve to test for the tacitly collusive equilibrium described by Compte et al. (2005). Three sellers compete for 40 periods to sell a single item to a computerized buyer who accepts bribes and determines ties in bids and bribes randomly. In the closing periods, only 13.5% of auctions display the collusive equilibrium, but 58.7% of selling prices are noncompetitive. In comparison with simulated predictions for auctions that are corrupt ...


Assessing Rice Consumers’ Preferences And Willingness To Pay In Haiti, Cleeford Pavilus Dec 2018

Assessing Rice Consumers’ Preferences And Willingness To Pay In Haiti, Cleeford Pavilus

Theses and Dissertations

In the last 30 years, rice has become the number one food staple in Haiti, and rice imports have outpaced domestic production to supply the country’s increasing rice demand. Policy makers support the claim that increasing local rice supply will not only reduce the dependency on imported rice but also upheave the national economy. However, there is a lack of information on Haitian consumers’ preferences for rice to aid the development of the local rice supply chain. This research aims to bridge that gap by assessing Haitian consumer preferences and willingness to pay for selected rice quality characteristics. The ...


State Foreclosure Law: A Neglected Element Of The Housing Finance Debate, Brian D. Feinstein Nov 2018

State Foreclosure Law: A Neglected Element Of The Housing Finance Debate, Brian D. Feinstein

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Proponents of robust mortgage finance regulation would do well to look to the states, and specifically to the regulatory effects of state-mandated judicial foreclosure. Judicial foreclosure, which is authorized in almost half of U.S. states, requires that lenders seeking to foreclose on a mortgage file an action in state court. This not only provides borrowers with a forum for holding lenders accountable for their behavior and obligations, but puts the onus on the lender to show that the requirements for foreclosure have been met. It also aids borrowers by delaying the foreclosure process and allowing them to remain in ...


Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 11, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Omar Solís, Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton Nov 2018

Borderplex Business Barometer, Volume 2, Number 11, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Omar Solís, Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.


Promise Scholarship Programs And Local Prosperity, Michelle Miller-Adams, Edward Smith Oct 2018

Promise Scholarship Programs And Local Prosperity, Michelle Miller-Adams, Edward Smith

Michelle Miller-Adams

We argue that place-based college scholarships, if designed intentionally and leveraged effectively, can foster local economic development. Since the introduction of the Kalamazoo Promise in 2005, a growing number of communities have applied the place-based approach to investments in human capital through the creation of college scholarship programs. Reviewing the existing literature on educational and economic outcomes associated with Promise programs reveals that they can expand students’ postsecondary aspirations, improve a school district’s college-going culture, and increase college enrollment and degree attainment while promoting in-migration of residents and positive growth in housing prices. Therefore, these programs can serve a ...


Foreign Capital Inflows And Economic Well-Being: A Statistical Analysis Of 46 Sub-Saharan African Countries From 1995-2015, Alexander M. Csanadi Oct 2018

Foreign Capital Inflows And Economic Well-Being: A Statistical Analysis Of 46 Sub-Saharan African Countries From 1995-2015, Alexander M. Csanadi

Undergraduate Economic Review

Variation in the economic well-being among sub-Saharan African countries is among the highest of any region in the world. This paper attempts to address this disparity by exploring the role of foreign capital inflows. This project extends the concept of well-being beyond GDP growth, to include measures of poverty and inequality. A multivariate regression analysis finds that the observed capital inflows have significant effects on all three measurements of well-being. Findings suggest that the level of affluence of the domestic population has significant effects on the ability of those populations to translate diaspora remittances into improvements in well-being.


The 'New Normal' Of Flooding In Portsmouth, Virginia: Perspectives, Experiences, And Adaptive Responses Of Residents And Business Owners In Low To Moderate-Income Communities, Donta Council, Michelle Covi, Wie Yusuf, Joshua Behr, Makayla Brown, Old Dominion University Resilience Collaborative, Virginia Sea Grant Oct 2018

The 'New Normal' Of Flooding In Portsmouth, Virginia: Perspectives, Experiences, And Adaptive Responses Of Residents And Business Owners In Low To Moderate-Income Communities, Donta Council, Michelle Covi, Wie Yusuf, Joshua Behr, Makayla Brown, Old Dominion University Resilience Collaborative, Virginia Sea Grant

Presentations, Lectures, Posters, Reports

[First three paragraphs from the Summary]

This project is a part of a broader initiative - the Resilience Adaptation Feasibility Tool (RAFT) - that addresses the daunting challenges coastal communities are facing related to sea level rise and climate change (more information about RAFT is available here: https://ien.virginia.edu/raft).

This aim of this project was to investigate how residents and business owners in low-to-moderate income communities in Portsmouth, Virginia cope with flooding, and to assess implications for how the local government can better engage with residents to better meet their information needs so they can be more resilient to ...


A Qualitative Investigation Of Farmer And Rancher Perceptions Of Trees And Woody Biomass Production On Marginal Agricultural Land, Ashley Hand, John Tyndall Oct 2018

A Qualitative Investigation Of Farmer And Rancher Perceptions Of Trees And Woody Biomass Production On Marginal Agricultural Land, Ashley Hand, John Tyndall

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

Bioenergy produced from perennial feedstocks such as woody biomass could serve as an opportunity to strengthen local and regional economies and also jointly produce various environmental services. In order to assess the potential for biomass- based bioenergy, it’s essential to characterize the interest that potential biomass suppliers have in such an endeavor. In the U.S. Great Plains region, this largely means assessing relevant perceptions of farmers and ranchers. We conducted a series of farmer and rancher oriented focus groups in North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas to qualitatively explore opinions about the role that trees can play ...


Productivity, Competition, And Empowerment? The Experience Of Pondicherry Fisherwomen In The Context Of Neoliberal Development, Amelia Colliver Oct 2018

Productivity, Competition, And Empowerment? The Experience Of Pondicherry Fisherwomen In The Context Of Neoliberal Development, Amelia Colliver

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The subject of this study is female fisherwomen from the fishing village of Veerampattinam in Tamil Nadu who have experienced impacts of neoliberal economics in India. Neoliberalism is here defined as a political economic movement that determines the viability of both an individual and a government based on its economic productivity. Populations reliant on traditional livelihoods are not as efficient as mechanized sectors of their industry, and therefore they are often separated from easy access to their livelihoods by neoliberal policies. This is especially true for women, who are frequently left behind in neoliberalism because their work is considered less ...


Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 21, Number 4, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas Oct 2018

Mexico Consensus Economic Forecast, Volume 21, Number 4, Thomas M. Fullerton Jr., Aaron Nazarian, Steven L. Fullerton, Sergio Olivas

Border Region Modeling Project

No abstract provided.