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Full-Text Articles in Speech and Rhetorical Studies

The Art Of Rhetoric As Self-Discipline: Inquiries Into Spirit, Sight, Sound , Anne Rypstat Richards Jan 2003

The Art Of Rhetoric As Self-Discipline: Inquiries Into Spirit, Sight, Sound , Anne Rypstat Richards

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation describes and embodies an ethically grounded method for structuring a program of rhetorical study. As a discipline, rhetoric is perhaps uniquely comprehensive, as Cicero suggests when he writes, "No man can be an orator complete in all points of merit who has not attained a knowledge of all important subjects and arts" (De Oratore , Bk. I, Ch. 6). Rather than attempting to delimit rhetoric, the dissertation offers a means of narrowing its scope for individual rhetoricians, namely by focusing on inner necessity and conscience in the approach to study. Rhetoric here is defined as a framework in which ...


Contradiction, Constraint, And Re-Mediation: An Activity Analysis Of Fyc Motives , Elizabeth Ann Wardle Jan 2003

Contradiction, Constraint, And Re-Mediation: An Activity Analysis Of Fyc Motives , Elizabeth Ann Wardle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While compositionists have long grappled with what the first-year composition (FYC) course is and can do, the literature has rarely focused directly on FYC motives, nor offered an analysis of FYC motives using empirical data to focus on the ways teachers are constrained and afforded in their attempts to achieve various FYC motives. This dissertation provides motive-related data collected over two years, conducts an analysis of current official disciplinary and programmatic motives in light of the institutional position of the FYC course, and offers a method for resolving the motive-related contradictions that became apparent in the analysis. This method involves ...


The Paradox Of Presidential Popularity, With An Emphasis On Rhetoric, Amanda Wiley Jan 2003

The Paradox Of Presidential Popularity, With An Emphasis On Rhetoric, Amanda Wiley

Honors Theses

This study considers how President Bill Clinton maintained consistently high levels of public support in the face of the incessant scandals that plagued his presidency. It is my assessment that it is the nature of the presidency, Clinton's political skill, the economic environment during his terms, Clinton's rhetoric, and his personality that made his survival possible. I will place special emphasis on the areas of Clinton's personality and rhetoric as the key components for this explanation, both because I feel these characteristics are most relevant to my study and the most unexplored.


Negotiating Technologies And Social Action On The Prairie: Visual, Verbal, And Spatial Rhetorics In The Narrative Of A Public, Interpretive Exhibition , Susan Lee Booker Jan 2003

Negotiating Technologies And Social Action On The Prairie: Visual, Verbal, And Spatial Rhetorics In The Narrative Of A Public, Interpretive Exhibition , Susan Lee Booker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative case study of a public, interpretive museum space examines the visual, verbal, and spatial rhetorics of the exhibition's educational narrative. The site, a national wildlife refuge and accompanying visitors' center, features research and environmental education on the restoration and preservation of tallgrass prairie and oak savanna ecosystems. The study draws on theory and practice of contemporary museums engaged in professional communication about the environment and engages cultural studies' articulation theory in its approach. Conventional qualitative methods of interviews, document analysis, and observation are employed. Five types of data were analyzed: documents (including newspaper articles, consultants' reports and ...


Eminent Domain: Documents Of Coordination In Agriculture , Adrienne Patrice Lamberti Jan 2003

Eminent Domain: Documents Of Coordination In Agriculture , Adrienne Patrice Lamberti

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In his study of Thomas Edison (The Languages of Edison's Light, 1999), professional communication scholar Charles Bazerman investigates how Edison, rather than constructing a document for one specific audience, purpose, and context, instead would use a single written communication to simultaneously address numerous audiences and to mitigate among the audiences' ideological conflicts. In a 1998 speech at Iowa State University, Bazerman labeled this type of communication a document of coordination.;My dissertation takes the concept of documents of coordination and places it within an agricultural context. Specifically, the Beginning Farmer Center (BFC), a program under Iowa State University Extension ...


A Balance Of Benefits And Burdens: Academia In A Digital Copyright Context , Carol Ann Mohrbacher Jan 2003

A Balance Of Benefits And Burdens: Academia In A Digital Copyright Context , Carol Ann Mohrbacher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Most academics can agree that intellectual property warrants legal protection, especially in an educational context where their own publications are often traded for promotion and tenure. However, academics would also agree that they require a reliable exemption allowing them to use copyright protected work for educational purposes. Copyright law has historically satisfied both these needs by protecting academic publications from unauthorized use, and by providing an educational exemption that allows educators access to copyright protected work in their classes without first gaining permission or paying a royalty.;In attempting to update current copyright law to match technological advances and to ...


Writing-Across-The-Curriculum In A Linked Course Model For First-Year Students: An Activity Theory Analysis , Patricia Lynn Collins Harms Jan 2003

Writing-Across-The-Curriculum In A Linked Course Model For First-Year Students: An Activity Theory Analysis , Patricia Lynn Collins Harms

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nine first-year agricultural engineering students enrolled at a large, public, land grant university, who participated in a learning community which featured linked English and engineering courses, are featured in this study. The linked courses were selected and designed to help students overcome the perception that first-year composition is an encapsulated activity unrelated to the engineering curriculum and to foster an environment in which the students were encouraged to make useful or meaningful connections between the disciplines of composition and engineering. Vygotsky's cultural historical activity theory serves as a theoretical framework for the study. In addition, Russell's (1997) synthesis ...


Analyzing Cross-Disciplinary Teacher Feedback In A Communication-Across-The-Curriculum Learning Community , Julie Marie Zeleznik Jan 2003

Analyzing Cross-Disciplinary Teacher Feedback In A Communication-Across-The-Curriculum Learning Community , Julie Marie Zeleznik

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This four-year study of a communication-intensive university learning community (Agronomy 356: Soil, Water, and Fertilizer Management and English 309: Report and Proposal Writing) investigated how instructor collaboration influenced written cross-disciplinary teacher feedback. While some rule-bound knowledge was not shared across disciplinary boundaries, co-assigning and co-assessing a rhetorically situated, argument-based writing assignment enabled my four instructor-participants to collaborate meaningfully and to integrate both agronomic and communicative knowledge into their feedback. Using activity theory, I analyzed how collaboration affected instructors' feedback patterns, roles, and styles, as well as the ways disciplinary knowledge of agronomy and rhetoric was communicated through feedback. My mixed-methodology ...


Re-Imagining Community Identity Through Articulation: A Case Study Of Two Newspapers, A Strike, And A Community's Negotiation Of Change , Andrea Breemer Frantz Jan 2003

Re-Imagining Community Identity Through Articulation: A Case Study Of Two Newspapers, A Strike, And A Community's Negotiation Of Change , Andrea Breemer Frantz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The work examines how rhetorical practices connect and overlap within circumstances of active negotiation of social, economic, and physical change. Specifically, it asks: can privileging of particularized knowledges, pervasive skepticism, and the individual petit recit of postmodernism co-exist with what James Mackin calls "communitarianism," or reliance on a system of social connections? This work argues that it can, and does, through the negotiation of community identity.;Using case study methodology as well as analysis and application of articulation theory, this work examines identifiable links across public practices. These practices illustrate the active process of community identity negotiation---what links occur, what ...


Negotiated Spaces: Constructing Genre And Social Practice In A Cross-Community Writing Project , Donna Jean Kain Jan 2003

Negotiated Spaces: Constructing Genre And Social Practice In A Cross-Community Writing Project , Donna Jean Kain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As a critical factor in ordering the production and reception of texts, the concept of genre has received considerable attention from theorists and researchers in rhetoric and professional and technical communication. Theorists suggest that established genres, as authorized forms of discourse, powerfully shape the ways in which people perceive and understand texts and contexts. However, much of the theory and research on genre focuses on the ways in which genres emerge within discourse communities as specific responses to the perspectives and purposes of groups that are in some way circumscribed. My focus in this dissertation is on investigating the role ...


The Role Of Imagined Interaction And Self-Efficacay In Psychosocial Adjustment To Spousal Bereavement: A Communication Perspective, Sherry Greenwood Ford Jan 2003

The Role Of Imagined Interaction And Self-Efficacay In Psychosocial Adjustment To Spousal Bereavement: A Communication Perspective, Sherry Greenwood Ford

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study explored imagined interaction (IIs) and bereavement coping self-efficacy in psychosocial adjustment to spousal bereavement. II characteristics and functions explored include discrepancy, activity, proactivity, specificity, retroactivity, variety, valence, catharsis, self-understanding, rehearsal, compensation and use of IIs with the deceased spouse. The current study's primary contribution is the introduction of bereavement phenomena into the framework of intrapersonal communication. The present investigation includes results of two studies. The first included a sample of 232 individuals at varying lengths of widowhood who completed the Adjustment Survey, a 15-page survey instrument consisting of II factors, IIs with deceased spouse, bereavement coping self-efficacy ...


The Effects Of Message Direction And Sex Differences On The Interpretation Of Workplace Gossip, Kristen Marie Berkos Jan 2003

The Effects Of Message Direction And Sex Differences On The Interpretation Of Workplace Gossip, Kristen Marie Berkos

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Gossip occurs in the organization and individuals exposed to these gossip messages must decide how to interpret the gossip. This dissertation explains the definitions and research for gossip, message direction, sex differences, message interpretation, politicalism, and believability. Applying symbolic interactionism and social exchange theory, seven relationships between variables are proposed. The seven hypotheses are tested via a web-based questionnaire that manipulated the message direction and sex of the gossiper and gossip receiver. Two hundred seventy-six full time employees completed instruments measuring gossip believability, purpose, and politicalism. Data were subjected to a MANCOVA, and correlation statistics. Results supported three of the ...


The Means Of Ignorance: Genuine Dialogue And A Rhetoric Of Virtue, Daniel Anthony Grano Jan 2003

The Means Of Ignorance: Genuine Dialogue And A Rhetoric Of Virtue, Daniel Anthony Grano

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Aimed at core problems of contemporary moral rhetoric - pluralistic argument, incommensurable disagreement on ordering terms, and a theoretical move away from essence to relativism - this study is an attempt to restore rhetoric as an art capable of investigating and positing terms of order and being. This restoration relies upon viewing rhetoric as a practice of epistemic mediation between the experiential and language-based knowledge of the local, and the perfected knowledge of the Absolute. I propose characteristically Socratic notions of contingency and ignorance as the bases for this mediated approach. As a recognition of what is unknown and uncertain in relation ...


The Bardic Utterance In Situation Comedy Theme Songs, 1960-2000, Joni Melissa Butcher Jan 2003

The Bardic Utterance In Situation Comedy Theme Songs, 1960-2000, Joni Melissa Butcher

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the function of the bard in situation comedy theme songs. This study calls upon Fiske and Hartley's concept of television as a cultural bard, a singer and teller of stories that create and conserve community. The bard reaffirms the culture's identity while delivering social and political messages relevant to the culture at specific times throughout history. This study also draws upon social-historical and cultural perspectives, and a selective semiotic analysis to investigate the visual, vocal, and musical themes from four decades of television sitcoms. The shows and themes from the ...


Chairmen Of The Joint Chiefs Of Staff: Monitoring The Evolution Of An Agency Through Rhetorical Snapshots Of Speeches By Generals Omar N. Bradley, Earle G. Wheeler, George S. Brown And Colin L. Powell, John Robert Foster Jan 2003

Chairmen Of The Joint Chiefs Of Staff: Monitoring The Evolution Of An Agency Through Rhetorical Snapshots Of Speeches By Generals Omar N. Bradley, Earle G. Wheeler, George S. Brown And Colin L. Powell, John Robert Foster

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

There is a need to examine the long term rhetorical strategies of military spokesmen within a democratic state characterized by civilian hegemony. This study uses Kenneth Burke's discussion of cluster analysis to discover the various recurring themes from Chairman to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. This form of analysis enabled the researcher to document periodic variances or shifts in emphasis among the four Chairmen whose speeches will be examined. The investigation involved two speeches representative of each of these four distinct periods of the discourse of Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, one given to a ...


"You Stupid, Lazy Kid": Perceptions Of Verbal Aggressiveness In Older Adults, Jon M. Croghan Jan 2003

"You Stupid, Lazy Kid": Perceptions Of Verbal Aggressiveness In Older Adults, Jon M. Croghan

LSU Master's Theses

Young adults' stereotypes of older adults has been well-documented in communication literature, however, there has been a lack of research on the impact of message strategy on intergenerational interactions. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among three factors that previous research suggests should influence the activation of stereotypes toward a target: age, relational level, and message strategy. This study examines the role that message strategy, in this case, verbal aggressiveness, plays in activating young adults' (n = 186) negative stereotypes of older adults. The young adults' self-reported levels of trait verbal aggressiveness was positively correlated with negative ...


Emergent Literacy Activities In Preschool Years : The Effects Of Explicit Instruction On Rhyming And Narrative Development, Kristie Dawn Callihan Jan 2003

Emergent Literacy Activities In Preschool Years : The Effects Of Explicit Instruction On Rhyming And Narrative Development, Kristie Dawn Callihan

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Reading, a vitally important skill, develops early in a young child’s life. Research suggests that strong phonological awareness and narrative skills predict reading success. Using children’s literature that emphasized either rhymes (one of the earliest phonological awareness skills to emerge) or narrative structure, this study examined the effect of explicit teaching of rhymes and narrative structure on young children’s improvement in the ability to recognize and generate rhyming words and on improvement in the sophistication of narrative retellings. The results of this study, as well as the implications these findings have for speech-language pathologists and the need ...


The Dual Paths Of A Political Movement: Convergence And Divergence In Contemporary Conservative Public Address, Lyman Davis Hunt Jan 2003

The Dual Paths Of A Political Movement: Convergence And Divergence In Contemporary Conservative Public Address, Lyman Davis Hunt

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study examines the rhetorical choices made in public addresses by members of the contemporary conservative movement in the United States during the 1990s. The contemporary conservative movement in this instance is defined as a post World War II phenomenon. Specifically, it is argued that the popular notion of a unified conservative ascendence in America is but an illusion. Rather, two distinct tribes of conservatives, the economic and the traditional conservative, participate in a rhetorical homology that serves to hide significant ontological differences beneath the dialectical God terms freedom and order. Additionally, the charismatic nature of the term freedom authorizes ...


Will The Real Jesus Please Stand Up?: Bridging The Divide Between The Jesus Seminar And Its Opponents Through A Burkeian Approach, Carol Melissa Hopson-Sparks Jan 2003

Will The Real Jesus Please Stand Up?: Bridging The Divide Between The Jesus Seminar And Its Opponents Through A Burkeian Approach, Carol Melissa Hopson-Sparks

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study employs a Burkeian cluster-agon analysis approach to analyze the rhetoric of four members of the Jesus Seminar; namely, Robert Funk, Marcus Borg, John Dominic Crossan, and John Shelby Spong as well as that of two of the Jesus Seminar’s critics; Luke Timothy Johnson and N. Thomas Wright. Specifically, this study sought to discern the orientations or perspectives held by each of the examined rhetors in an effort to locate common ground or similar foundations within two seemingly disparate points of view. In doing so, this study creates a third perspective, or corrective, based on the orthopraxis approach ...


Augusto Boal's Theatre Of The Oppressed In The Public Speaking And Interpersonal Communication Classrooms, Jacqueline D. Burleson Jan 2003

Augusto Boal's Theatre Of The Oppressed In The Public Speaking And Interpersonal Communication Classrooms, Jacqueline D. Burleson

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In this study, I document and analyze how I applied Boal's Theatre of the Oppressed (TO) techniques in introductory Public Speaking and Interpersonal Communication (IPC) courses. In the first chapter, Boal's democratic praxis is discussed in terms of critical performance pedagogy and Brecht's social aesthetics. I identify the qualitative social scientific method of data collection and analysis I used and base the significance of the study in my testing of TO in non-performance educational contexts and in the integrated communication studies curricula that resulted. In Chapter Two, I summarize Boal's career as an interactive theatre practitioner ...