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Full-Text Articles in Speech and Rhetorical Studies

Relationship Between Joint Attention And Language In Multiparous And Uniparous Households, Hannah C. Manis May 2019

Relationship Between Joint Attention And Language In Multiparous And Uniparous Households, Hannah C. Manis

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The present study was designed to examine differences in the effect of the number of children in the household (also known as “parity”) on the relationship between initiating joint attention (IJA) and language development. We reasoned that infants who are only children (i.e., in uniparous homes), relative to infants who have one or more siblings (i.e., in multiparous homes), would have more opportunity to engage in IJA, and would, therefore, acquire a larger number of object labels. We tested the hypotheses that: 1) there would be a positive correlation between the number of IJA bids and language overall ...


The Horse's Ass: A Survey Of Comediology, William M. Fisk Dec 2017

The Horse's Ass: A Survey Of Comediology, William M. Fisk

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

What is comedy? Can someone learn to be funny? Are there rules or guidelines for the production of laughter, the universal language? This paper, which outlines an investigation of successful comedians and the production of a short film, determines to aggregate as many of the relevant prerequisites of inducing giggles as possible, especially as they relate to the audiovisual medium of cinema.


Sexy Robots: A Perpetuation Of Patriarchy, Ashlyn Des Roches Mar 2017

Sexy Robots: A Perpetuation Of Patriarchy, Ashlyn Des Roches

Communication Studies

This feminist critique looks into the way that gender, specifically females, are portrayed in some of Hollywood's top films involving Artificial Intelligence: Blade Runner, Her, and Ex Machina. These movies work as a perpetuation of patriarchal ideologies while maintaining the objectification and hypersexuality of women as normalized behaviors. Additionally, while some forms of empowerment are conveyed, the features illustrate women merely on a spectrum of extreme behavior; due to Heuristics and Cultivation Theory, these misrepresentations can be associated with women outside the surrealist realm of the depicted artificially intelligent worlds.


Girls Are Us: A Collection Of Oral Histories From The Jmu Community, Anne M. Sherman Jan 2017

Girls Are Us: A Collection Of Oral Histories From The Jmu Community, Anne M. Sherman

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

On a campus where women make up a majority of the student population, it is especially important that female voices are heard and given a platform on which they can control their own narrative. I wanted to give those female-identifying voices that platform. I conducted a series of interviews to examine how college-aged female-identifying students feel about their identity and how they construct that identity within the climate of the JMU community. I was particularly interested in the intersections of gender, race, ethnicity, class, sexual preference, and ability. I asked each person to share their stories of times when they ...


The Social Meaning Of Men's And Women's Voices In Charles W. Chesnutt's The House Behind The Cedars And Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, Shatriece L. Walker Dec 2016

The Social Meaning Of Men's And Women's Voices In Charles W. Chesnutt's The House Behind The Cedars And Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God, Shatriece L. Walker

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Language and voice are studied in fiction to understand how characters’ masculinity and femininity are depicted. This study examines the meaning of men’s and women’s voices in Their Eyes Were Watching God and Charles Chesnutt’s The House Behind the Cedars. Both authors portray their characters with realistic emotions that reflect American and African-American culture. Janie struggles to discover her own voice and womanhood after two unsuccessful marriages; however, in her third marriage, Janie begins to use her voice and establish herself as a woman. Similarly, Rena neglects her black identity and finds difficulty in adjusting to white ...


Music And Language Development: Traits Of Nursery Rhymes And Their Impact On Children's Language Development, Ashley Lauren Gonzalez Jun 2016

Music And Language Development: Traits Of Nursery Rhymes And Their Impact On Children's Language Development, Ashley Lauren Gonzalez

Music

From birth--possibly even before birth--the amount and array of external stimuli profoundly affect a child’s cognitive and linguistic development. In addition to verbal communication from parent to child, singing proves to be an integral aid to a child’s development of speech and language, allegedly due to repetitions of words and rhythms. Nursery rhymes are, from infancy, among the most commonly presented forms of musical stimulus for children. The repetitive nature of the nursery rhymes undoubtedly supports language and speech development, but various characteristics of nursery rhymes, specifically pitch interval, meter, phrase length, contour, and harmony, also contribute substantially ...


An Alternative Approach To The Singer's Breath: Method And Workshop, Bradley S. Williard Jan 2016

An Alternative Approach To The Singer's Breath: Method And Workshop, Bradley S. Williard

Theses and Dissertations--Music

This research endeavors to stretch the boundaries of vocal training, a field defined by its century-old techniques and teachings, to include the cultivation of a relationship with the breath, body, and Self. The paper reviews the contributions of Ilse Middendorf and Carl Stough’s work with the breath and body and outlines a new method, Unlock Your Breath (UYB) – Performance Breathwork, which integrates the greatest strengths of those methods. UYB Performance Breathwork teaches the singer’s breath as a way towards deeper embodiment of Self (mind-body-voice relationship), while creating a stronger breath-body-voice connection with minimum effort and maximum efficiency. This ...


Physical Challenges In Forensics: An Autoethnography Advocating For Accommodations On Behalf Of Speakers With Physical Challenges In Competitive Speech Environments, Elise Mccauley Row Jan 2016

Physical Challenges In Forensics: An Autoethnography Advocating For Accommodations On Behalf Of Speakers With Physical Challenges In Competitive Speech Environments, Elise Mccauley Row

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

The realm of competitive forensics is filled with challenges including written and unwritten rules and norms, multiple categories with different guidelines for each, a distinct culture only people intimately connected with the activity can navigate without conscious effort, and a basic knowledge of the ever-changing world of communication. For competitors who struggle with physical disabilities, the challenges are beyond daunting. Using the method of autoethnography, this paper investigates how students with physical challenges can successfully participate through accommodation and how speech coaches can advocate for their physically-disabled speakers and request and implement the best accommodations.


Esl Students' Language Anxiety In In-Class Oral Presentations, Yusi Chen Jan 2015

Esl Students' Language Anxiety In In-Class Oral Presentations, Yusi Chen

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

This case study aims to explore connections between ESL students’ speaking-in-class anxiety and their presentation performance, factors causing oral anxiety during presentations, and strategies to regulate L2 students’ speaking anxiety in presentations. Findings of this research contribute to the investigation of speaking-in-class anxiety from non-English major L2 students. Three Chinese ESL students enrolled in the INTO program at Marshall University individually gave two presentations in speaking classes. Triangulated data sources were collected to delve into three research questions. The results suggest that L2 students’ anxiety forms mental blocks during presentations, but it has less influence on their presentation performance. Based ...


Exploring Communication Apprehension And Its Relationship To Communication Attitude And Socio-Communicative Functioning In Children With Velopharyngeal Insufficiency, Agnieszka Dzioba Oct 2014

Exploring Communication Apprehension And Its Relationship To Communication Attitude And Socio-Communicative Functioning In Children With Velopharyngeal Insufficiency, Agnieszka Dzioba

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Myriad findings on children with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) indicate the potential for this population of children to experience feelings of apprehension specific to communication and the potential for other psychological and social difficulties. The purpose of the present investigation was to explore the construct of communication apprehension (CA) and its potential relationship to social and communicative functioning in a diverse group of children with VPI. Potential linkages between CA and multiple socio-communicative constructs including attitude, speech satisfaction, speech and language skill, social competence, and speech severity were explored in a cohort of children with and without VPI, followed by an ...


Dismantling The Great Wall Of Prejudice: A Look At Centrality And Issue Importance In The Perpetuation Of Influence And Prejudice Reduction, Zachary Robert Wittrock Jul 2014

Dismantling The Great Wall Of Prejudice: A Look At Centrality And Issue Importance In The Perpetuation Of Influence And Prejudice Reduction, Zachary Robert Wittrock

Open Access Theses

This study sought to utilize social network analysis to better understand how prejudice reduction can be spread from one person to another via interpersonal influence. Different types of prejudice reducing interventions were combined into one intervention. The role of centrality in the spread and perpetuation of influence was examined by measuring prejudice reduction in socially connected individuals who did not undergo the direct intervention. To further understand the role of centrality in prejudice reduction, the concept of issue importance was included to understand the differential impact that centrality has on interpersonal influence. Study 1 examined the effectiveness of the intervention ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy’S Effects On Cognition And Narrative Discourse In Severe Tbi: A Case Study, Ashley I. Anderson Apr 2014

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy’S Effects On Cognition And Narrative Discourse In Severe Tbi: A Case Study, Ashley I. Anderson

Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Discourse deficits following traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been found to negatively impact social reintegration and quality of life and are connected to underlying impairments in cognition. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been previously explored as a treatment for cognition in the TBI population, resulting in mixed outcomes. The present study examined the effect of HBOT on the cognitive and narrative discourse performance of an individual with chronic severe TBI. Multiple measurements of general cognition, receptive vocabulary, and discourse performance in the form of narrative storytelling were taken before and after HBOT. Hypotheses predicted that cognition would improve as a ...


The Power Of Touch During Communication Within Heterosexual Married Dyads, Joann C. Seeman Smith Jan 2007

The Power Of Touch During Communication Within Heterosexual Married Dyads, Joann C. Seeman Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The literature on sex differences in nonverbal behavior is mixed. Some studies find differences in intimate relationships whereas others do not. One reason may be that no study has examined different measurements of touch in intimate couples and examined sex differences based on who chose the topic. The present study was designed to fill this gap in the research in regards to the assessment of touching behavior within married dyads and their possible expression of power moves by measuring seven different measurement of touch (i.e., overall touches, power touches, supportive touches, hand touches, non-hand touches, touches while talking, touches ...


Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen Jan 2005

Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The rise in popularity and use of computer-mediated modes of communication such as email and synchronous chat have resulted in the potential for new delivery methods of mental health services. The present study investigated the dynamics of an initial counseling session held in a synchronous chat environment between therapists-in-training at various graduate programs across the country and a trained confederate posing as a client. Transcripts from the online sessions were analyzed to investigate therapist responses and interventions in the online environment. Therapists-in-training were also asked to respond to questions concerning their satisfaction with the experience, the relationship they were able ...


The Aetiology Of An Argument: How Scientism Affected Freud's (Mis)Treatment Of Dora's (Hy)Story , Sue Ann Tatro Jan 1998

The Aetiology Of An Argument: How Scientism Affected Freud's (Mis)Treatment Of Dora's (Hy)Story , Sue Ann Tatro

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, I demonstrate the relationship between narrative representation and psychoanalysis, first by describing the psychoanalytical project, second, by showing how deeply psychoanalysis has penetrated our collective consciousness, and third, by discussing its reception today. This study uses narrative theory as an investigative tool for the study of a considerable piece of intellectual history: the making of theory in psychoanalysis. My premises are: (1) Narrative theory provides tools for understanding intellectual history through the making of knowledge, in this case, psychoanalytic knowledge; (2) Narrative concepts of time, authority, personal agency, and determinism are particularly useful when applied to psychoanalytic ...


The Stakeholder Debate Of Pest Management Through The Eyes Of A Family Therapist , Michael Edward Mayhew Jan 1997

The Stakeholder Debate Of Pest Management Through The Eyes Of A Family Therapist , Michael Edward Mayhew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the conflict within the pest management dialogue through the systemic and postmodern view of a family therapist. The research design and method of analysis was qualitative, more specifically, naturalistic. The stakeholders of pest management were identified through a pilot study and two heterogeneous focus groups were conducted for three sessions. The dialogue was cross-fertilized between groups in addition to reactions from a Reflecting Team of one of the groups. Responses and ideas were also generated and included from a focus group comprised of four corporate executives of a chemical manufacturing corporation. Three ...


Long-Term Marriage Conflict And Longevity Strategies Over The Life Span: A Qualitative Study , Julia Weeks Simanski Jan 1996

Long-Term Marriage Conflict And Longevity Strategies Over The Life Span: A Qualitative Study , Julia Weeks Simanski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study is an exploratory, qualitative study investigating the frequency, sources, and resolution strategies of conflict in long-term marriages. In addition, keys to an enduring marriage were explored. Fifteen couples married over 50 years or more were interviewed using an unstructured question format. The life graph was another methodological tool used to help couples recall major life events and give perspective to their married lives. Direct quotations of the respondents illustrated the findings. Couples' perceptions of major life events were similar, yet recalled primarily in relation to their roles within the marriage as either caretaker or provider. Marital conflict throughout ...


Gendered Graphics: An Examination Of The Effect Of Gender On Visuals In Professional Communication , Michael Joseph Hassett Jan 1995

Gendered Graphics: An Examination Of The Effect Of Gender On Visuals In Professional Communication , Michael Joseph Hassett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation reports a study that examines the effect of gender on the creation and interpretation of visuals used in diagrams of the sunflowerseed oil extraction process;Gender has long been considered an issue worth pursuing in studies of communication behaviors. Research completed on gender and communication can be divided into two areas: (1) studies investigating performance differences between males and females and (2) studies investigating the perception of differences between males and females. This dissertation explores definitions of gender and surveys research in gender and communication in both areas. It applies this research to the use of visual elements ...


Explanatory Style And Perception Of Negative And Positive Daily Events, Amy K. Jester Jan 1995

Explanatory Style And Perception Of Negative And Positive Daily Events, Amy K. Jester

Masters Theses

This study investigated explanatory style and people's perceptions of negative and positive daily events. Explanatory style can be measured by rating causal explanations that people give on three dimensions; internality, stability, and globality. College students wrote stories in response to pictures, using the Thematic Apperceptive Test (TAT), and also completed a 28-day Daily Event Log Questionnaire. It was expected that how people explain good and bad events that happen to them, would be the same whether someone was explaining a personal daily event or explaining a story written in response to a picture. To prove this, it was expected ...


Sex Differences In The Language Development Rates Of Two-Year Olds, Laurel A. Hickman Jan 1983

Sex Differences In The Language Development Rates Of Two-Year Olds, Laurel A. Hickman

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the language development rate of male and female children, 24 to 30 months of age, during a three month time period.


The Effects Of Self-Concept Instruction As Part Of The Basic Speech Course, Gayle Lynn Davenport Jan 1976

The Effects Of Self-Concept Instruction As Part Of The Basic Speech Course, Gayle Lynn Davenport

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


A Study Into The Effects Of Knowledge Of Peer Group Evaluation Upon Self-Concept Change, Janice Marie Beyer Jan 1974

A Study Into The Effects Of Knowledge Of Peer Group Evaluation Upon Self-Concept Change, Janice Marie Beyer

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Classical And Modern Concepts Of Memory With Suggestions For Further Study, Kathleen Oros Reed Jan 1970

A Comparison Of The Classical And Modern Concepts Of Memory With Suggestions For Further Study, Kathleen Oros Reed

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.