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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bones In The Landfill: A Zooarchaeological Study From Faneuil Hall, Linda M. Santoro Aug 2012

Bones In The Landfill: A Zooarchaeological Study From Faneuil Hall, Linda M. Santoro

Graduate Masters Theses

Using data from recent archaeological excavations at Faneuil Hall in Boston, this thesis examines how an 18th-century urban landfill context can be used towards understanding the broader foodways of a city community. Much of today's urban landscape has been artificially created over time, often through the efforts of communities to fill land and dispose of their garbage, and it is important for archaeologists to utilize these contexts in meaningful ways. The Town Dock was gradually filled in with the daily trash of the merchants, shop-keepers, and other residents of the nearby community, and the faunal assemblage gives us a ...


Meat At The Origins Of Agriculture : Faunal Use And Resource Pressure At The Origins Of Agriculture In The Northern U.S. Southwest, Cerisa Renee Reynolds Jul 2012

Meat At The Origins Of Agriculture : Faunal Use And Resource Pressure At The Origins Of Agriculture In The Northern U.S. Southwest, Cerisa Renee Reynolds

Theses and Dissertations

The transition from a hunting and gathering to a farming lifestyle is an important historical and archaeological topic. In the U.S. Southwest specifically, the Basketmaker II (BM II) time period (1500 B.C. to A.D. 500) marks the entrance of maize-based agriculture into the region. Most attention regarding the BM II diet has thus focused on the use of domesticated plant resources, while the economic importance of wild animals has been less systematically studied. This project seeks to redress this imbalance by synthesizing the faunal data from 31 BM II sites to investigate how BM II communities across ...


Faunal Remains From The Pine Hill Site (Ps-6), St. Lawrence County, New York, Jessica Lee Vavrasek Mar 2012

Faunal Remains From The Pine Hill Site (Ps-6), St. Lawrence County, New York, Jessica Lee Vavrasek

Jessica Lee Vavrasek

The Pine Hill collection was discovered in the archaeology lab at State University of New York College at Potsdam after remaining unstudied for over 30 years since its initial excavation in the 1960s and 1970s. Pine Hill has been identified as a fifteenth century St. Lawrence Iroquois village site, located in St. Lawrence County, New York. The faunal remains and bone tools from the site indicate food procurement strategies, seasonal activities, the presence of discrete activity areas at the site, and the production and use of a wide range of bone tools. Replication experiments conducted on several bone tool types ...


Oysters And Catfish: Resource Exploitation At Rollins Shell Ring, Ft. George Island, Florida, Julie Ann Doucet Jan 2012

Oysters And Catfish: Resource Exploitation At Rollins Shell Ring, Ft. George Island, Florida, Julie Ann Doucet

LSU Master's Theses

Detailed faunal analyses were conducted on two major subsistence resources, oysters and marine catfish, at Rollins Shell Ring, a Late Archaic (5000 – 3000 B.P.) site on the northeast coast of Florida. The focus of this investigation was on resource exploitation, and, specifically, whether there was evidence that oysters from this site were over-exploited. Three units from previous excavations at the site were selected for analysis, and represent the span of occupation recorded for this site. Measurements were obtained from oysters to determine habitat, and, along with shell height, were compared across time for any changes in the pattern of ...