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Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper critically reviews the multidimensional benefits of ozonation in wastewater treatment plants. These benefits include sludge reduction, removal of emerging trace organic contaminants (TrOC) from wastewater and sludge, and resource recovery from sludge. Literature shows that ozonation leads to sludge solubilisation, reducing overall biomass yield. Sludge solubilisation is primarily influenced by ozone dosage, which, in turn, depends on the fraction of ozonated sludge, ozone concentration, and sludge concentration. Additionally, sludge ozonation facilitates the removal of TrOCs from wastewater. On the other hand, by inducing cell lysis, ozonation increases the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nutrient concentration of the sludge ...


Degradation Of Pharmaceuticals And Personal Care Products By White-Rot Fungi-A Critical Review, Muhammad Bilal Asif, Faisal I. Hai, Lakhveer Singh, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Degradation Of Pharmaceuticals And Personal Care Products By White-Rot Fungi-A Critical Review, Muhammad Bilal Asif, Faisal I. Hai, Lakhveer Singh, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

White-rot fungi (WRF) mediated treatment can offer an environmentally friendly platform for the removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from wastewater. These PPCPs may have adverse impacts on aquatic organisms and even human and thus their removal during wastewater treatment is of significant interest to the water industry. Whole-cell WRF or their extracellular lignin modifying enzymes (LMEs) have been reported to efficiently degrade PPCPs that are persistent to conventional activated sludge process. WRF mediated treatment of PPCPs depends on a number of factors including physicochemical properties of PPCPs (e.g., hydrophobicity and chemical structure) and wastewater matrix (e ...


Persuasive Technology In Mobile Applications Promoting Physical Activity: A Systematic Review, John Matthews, Khin Than Win, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen, Mark Freeman Jan 2016

Persuasive Technology In Mobile Applications Promoting Physical Activity: A Systematic Review, John Matthews, Khin Than Win, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen, Mark Freeman

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Persuasive technology in mobile applications can be used to influence the behaviour of users. A framework known as the Persuasive Systems Design model has been developed for designing and evaluating systems that influence the attitudes or behaviours of users. This paper reviews the current state of mobile applications for health behavioural change with an emphasis on applications that promote physical activity. The inbuilt persuasive features of mobile applications were evaluated using the Persuasive Systems Design model. A database search was conducted to identify relevant articles. Articles were then reviewed using the Persuasive Systems Design model as a framework for analysis ...


Balance Improvement Effects Of Biofeedback Systems With State-Of-The-Art Wearable Sensors: A Systematic Review, Christina Ma, Duo Wong, Wing K. Lam, Anson Wan, Winson Lee Jan 2016

Balance Improvement Effects Of Biofeedback Systems With State-Of-The-Art Wearable Sensors: A Systematic Review, Christina Ma, Duo Wong, Wing K. Lam, Anson Wan, Winson Lee

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Falls and fall-induced injuries are major global public health problems. Balance and gait disorders have been the second leading cause of falls. Inertial motion sensors and force sensors have been widely used to monitor both static and dynamic balance performance. Based on the detected performance, instant visual, auditory, electrotactile and vibrotactile biofeedback could be provided to augment the somatosensory input and enhance balance control. This review aims to synthesize the research examining the effect of biofeedback systems, with wearable inertial motion sensors and force sensors, on balance performance. Randomized and non-randomized clinical trials were included in this review. All studies ...


Fundamentals And Applications Of Inertial Microfluidics: A Review, Jun Zhang, Sheng Yan, Dan Yuan, Gursel Alici, Nam-Trung Nguyen, Majid Ebrahimi Warkiani, Weihua Li Jan 2016

Fundamentals And Applications Of Inertial Microfluidics: A Review, Jun Zhang, Sheng Yan, Dan Yuan, Gursel Alici, Nam-Trung Nguyen, Majid Ebrahimi Warkiani, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In the last decade, inertial microfluidics has attracted significant attention and a wide variety of channel designs that focus, concentrate and separate particles and fluids have been demonstrated. In contrast to conventional microfluidic technologies, where fluid inertia is negligible and flow remains almost within the Stokes flow region with very low Reynolds number (Re < 1), inertial microfluidics works in the intermediate Reynolds number range (~1 < Re < ~100) between Stokes and turbulent regimes. In this intermediate range, both inertia and fluid viscosity are finite and bring about several intriguing effects that form the basis of inertial microfluidics including (i) inertial migration and (ii) secondary flow. Due to the superior features of high-throughput, simplicity, precise manipulation and low cost, inertial microfluidics is a very promising candidate for cellular sample processing, especially for samples with low abundant targets. In this review, we first discuss the fundamental kinematics of particles in microchannels to familiarise readers with the mechanisms and underlying physics in inertial microfluidic systems. We then present a comprehensive review of recent developments and key applications of inertial microfluidic systems according to their microchannel structures. Finally, we discuss the perspective of employing fluid inertia in microfluidics for particle manipulation. Due to the superior benefits of inertial microfluidics, this promising technology will still be an attractive topic in the near future, with more novel designs and further applications in biology, medicine and industry on the horizon.


Single Joint Robotic Orthoses For Gait Rehabilitation: An Educational Technical Review, Shahid Hussain, Prashant K. Jamwal, Mergen H. Ghayesh Jan 2016

Single Joint Robotic Orthoses For Gait Rehabilitation: An Educational Technical Review, Shahid Hussain, Prashant K. Jamwal, Mergen H. Ghayesh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Robot-assisted physical gait therapy is gaining recognition among the rehabilitation engineering community. Several robotic orthoses for the treatment of gait impairments have been developed during the last 2 decades, many of which are designed to provide physical therapy to a single joint of the lower limb; these are reviewed here. The mechanism design and actuation concepts for these single joint robotic orthoses are discussed. The control algorithms developed for these robotic orthoses, which include trajectory tracking control and assist-as-needed control, are described. Finally, the mechanism design and control of single joint robotic orthoses are discussed. There is a strong need ...


A Review On Numerical Solutions To Self-Heating Of Coal Stockpile: Mechanism, Theoretical Basis, And Variable Study, Jian Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Yuntao Liang, Zhongwei Wang Jan 2016

A Review On Numerical Solutions To Self-Heating Of Coal Stockpile: Mechanism, Theoretical Basis, And Variable Study, Jian Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Yuntao Liang, Zhongwei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Self-heating or even spontaneous combustion of stockpiled coal, which is likely to outbreak under favourable circumstances during its transport, process, and storage, is a long-standing thermal dynamic hazard. This hazard is harmful in diverse aspects: causing loss of coal resource and caking property, raising safety concerns upon occurrence of open fire, and giving off noxious/greenhouse effect gases. Due to the complexity of involved physical process (e.g. heat and mass transport) and chemical process (e.g. coal oxidation), formulating an analytical solution to the problem with or even without a transient approach would be a daunting task and the ...


A Review Of Topologies Of Three-Port Dc-Dc Converters For The Integration Of Renewable Energy And Energy Storage System, Neng Zhang, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2016

A Review Of Topologies Of Three-Port Dc-Dc Converters For The Integration Of Renewable Energy And Energy Storage System, Neng Zhang, Danny Sutanto, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The application of renewable energy such as solar photovoltaic (PV), wind and fuel cells is becoming increasingly popular because of the environmental awareness and advances in technology coupled with decreasing manufacturing cost. Power electronic converters are usually used to convert the power from the renewable sources to match the load demand and grid requirement to improve the dynamic and steady-state characteristics of these green generation systems, to provide the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control, and to integrate the energy storage system to solve the challenge of the intermittent nature of the renewable energy and the unpredictability of the load ...


A Review Of Protection Systems For Distribution Networks Embedded With Renewable Generation, Joel Kennedy, Philip Ciufo, Ashish P. Agalgaonkar Jan 2016

A Review Of Protection Systems For Distribution Networks Embedded With Renewable Generation, Joel Kennedy, Philip Ciufo, Ashish P. Agalgaonkar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The rapid growth of grid-connected embedded generation is changing the operational characteristics of power distribution networks. Amongst a range of issues being reported in the research, the effect of these changes on so-called 'traditional protection systems' has not gone without attention. Looking to the future, the possibility of microgrid systems and deliberate islanding of sections of the network will require highly flexible distribution management systems and a re-design of protection strategies. This paper explores the envisaged protection issues concerned with large penetrations of embedded generation in distribution networks extending into auto-reclosure and protection device coordination. A critical review of recently ...


Special Rolling Techniques For Improvement Of Mechanical Properties Of Ultrafine-Grained Metal Sheets: A Review, Hai Liang Yu, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu, Hui Jun Li, Ajit R. Godbole, Shi-Hong Zhang Jan 2016

Special Rolling Techniques For Improvement Of Mechanical Properties Of Ultrafine-Grained Metal Sheets: A Review, Hai Liang Yu, Cheng Lu, Anh Kiet Tieu, Hui Jun Li, Ajit R. Godbole, Shi-Hong Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Interest in ultrafine-grained (UFG) materials has grown rapidly in past 20 years. This review focuses on the application of special rolling techniques for improvement of the mechanical properties of UFG metal sheets. These techniques include asymmetric rolling, cryorolling, asymmetric cryorolling, cross-accumulative roll bonding, and skin-pass rolling. The techniques also include a combination of processes such as equal channel angular press and subsequent rolling, combined high-pressure torsion and subsequent rolling, as well as combined accumulative roll bonding and subsequent asymmetric rolling. We also discuss the main mechanisms leading to improvement in the ductility of UFG materials related to the special rolling ...


Effective Utilization Of Excess Energy In Standalone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems For Improving Comfort Ability And Reducing Cost Of Energy: A Review And Analysis, M Ismail Ismail, Mahmoud Moghavvemi, T Mahlia, Kashem M. Muttaqi, S Moghavvemi Jan 2015

Effective Utilization Of Excess Energy In Standalone Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems For Improving Comfort Ability And Reducing Cost Of Energy: A Review And Analysis, M Ismail Ismail, Mahmoud Moghavvemi, T Mahlia, Kashem M. Muttaqi, S Moghavvemi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

One of the features that characterize renewable energy sources is their variability and intermittency. Intermittency covers both the predictable and unpredictable variations of their power outputs and uncertainty in the power availability. To overcome the drawback of intermittency, special design considerations should be taken into account. These additional design considerations increases the overall cost of the renewable energy systems. Adding storage system and/or backup source to the renewable sources is one of the measures used to guarantee the continuity of power supply to the loads, and therefore improve the reliability of the renewable energy systems. The operation of renewable ...


Review Of Solid-Liquid Phase Change Materials And Their Encapsulation Technologies, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis Jan 2015

Review Of Solid-Liquid Phase Change Materials And Their Encapsulation Technologies, Weiguang Su, Jo Darkwa, Georgios Kokogiannakis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Various types of solid-liquid phase change materials (PCMs) have been reviewed for thermal energy storage applications. The review has shown that organic solid-liquid PCMs have much more advantages and capabilities than inorganic PCMs but do possess low thermal conductivity and density as well as being flammable. Inorganic PCMs possess higher heat storage capacities and conductivities, cheaper and readily available as well as being non-flammable, but do experience supercooling and phase segregation problems during phase change process. The review has also shown that eutectic PCMs have unique advantage since their melting points can be adjusted. In addition, they have relatively high ...


A Review Of Microfabrication Techniques And Dielectrophoretic Microdevices For Particle Manipulation And Separation, Ming Li, Weihua Li, Jun Zhang, Gursel Alici, Weijia Wen Jan 2014

A Review Of Microfabrication Techniques And Dielectrophoretic Microdevices For Particle Manipulation And Separation, Ming Li, Weihua Li, Jun Zhang, Gursel Alici, Weijia Wen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The development of lab-On-A-Chip (LOC) devices over the past decade has attracted growing interest. LOC devices aim to achieve the miniaturization, integration, automation and parallelization of biological and chemical assays. One of the applications, the ability to effectively and accurately manipulate and separate micro- and nano-scale particles in an aqueous solution, is particularly appealing in biological, chemical and medical fields. Among the technologies that have been developed and implemented in microfluidic microsystems for particle manipulation and separation (such as mechanical, inertial, hydrodynamic, acoustic, optical, magnetic and electrical methodologies), dielectrophoresis (DEP) may prove to be the most popular because of its ...


A Review On The Occurrence Of Micropollutants In The Aquatic Environment And Their Fate And Removal During Wastewater Treatment, Yunlong Luo, Wenshan Guo, Huu Hao Ngo, Long Duc Nghiem, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jian Zhang, Shuang Liang, Xiaochang C. Wang Jan 2014

A Review On The Occurrence Of Micropollutants In The Aquatic Environment And Their Fate And Removal During Wastewater Treatment, Yunlong Luo, Wenshan Guo, Huu Hao Ngo, Long Duc Nghiem, Faisal Ibney Hai, Jian Zhang, Shuang Liang, Xiaochang C. Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Micropollutants are emerging as a new challenge to the scientific community. This review provides a summary of the recent occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment including sewage, surface water, groundwater and drinking water. The discharge of treated effluent from WWTPs is a major pathway for the introduction of micropollutants to surface water. WWTPs act as primary barriers against the spread of micropollutants. WWTP removal efficiency of the selected micropollutants in 14 countries/regions depicts compound-specific variation in removal, ranging from 12.5 to 100%. Advanced treatment processes, such as activated carbon adsorption, advanced oxidation processes, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and ...


A Critical Systematic Review Of Service Concretization Based On Bio-Inspired Approaches, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen Jan 2014

A Critical Systematic Review Of Service Concretization Based On Bio-Inspired Approaches, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In service-oriented computing, Web service selection is an important part of Web service composition. QoS attributes are used to distinguish Web services with same functionality. QoS-aware Web service selection and composition have attracted much attention in the past years. The Web service composition is achieved by solving the Web service concretization problem. The literature has presented two Web service concretization approaches, namely, local optimization approach and global optimization approach. There are three types of algorithmic methods in the global optimization approaches: optimal methods, sub-optimal methods, and soft constraints-based methods. The bio-inspired algorithms are sub-optimal methods. The existing studies using bio-inspired ...


A Review Of Data Quality Assessment Methods For Public Health Information Systems, Hong Chen, David Hailey, Ning Wang, Ping Yu Jan 2014

A Review Of Data Quality Assessment Methods For Public Health Information Systems, Hong Chen, David Hailey, Ning Wang, Ping Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

High quality data and effective data quality assessment are required for accurately evaluating the impact of public health interventions and measuring public health outcomes. Data, data use, and data collection process, as the three dimensions of data quality, all need to be assessed for overall data quality assessment. We reviewed current data quality assessment methods. The relevant study was identified in major databases and well-known institutional websites. We found the dimension of data was most frequently assessed. Completeness, accuracy, and timeliness were the three most-used attributes among a total of 49 attributes of data quality. The major quantitative assessment methods ...


A Review Of Recent Investigations On Voltage Unbalance Management: Further Contributions To Improvement Of Iec/Tr 61000-3-13:2008, Jayatunga Vitharanage Upuli Priyadarshani Jayatunga, Sarath Perera, Philip Ciufo, Ashish Agalgaonkar Jan 2014

A Review Of Recent Investigations On Voltage Unbalance Management: Further Contributions To Improvement Of Iec/Tr 61000-3-13:2008, Jayatunga Vitharanage Upuli Priyadarshani Jayatunga, Sarath Perera, Philip Ciufo, Ashish Agalgaonkar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Voltage unbalance (VU) management in power systems essentially involves two major aspects: VU emission allocation at the pre-connection stage and compliance assessment at the post-connection stage of installations. This is a summary and a review paper on the recent investigations completed in relation to VU emission assessment techniques which provide further contributions to the improvement of IEC Technical Report IEC/TR61000-3-13:2008. Generalised approaches developed for the classification of different sources of unbalance at the point of evaluation (covering both radial and interconnected networks) and the evaluation of their individual contributions giving emphasis to the discrimination between customer and network ...


A Review And New Symmetric Conference Matrices, N. A. Balonin, Jennifer Seberry Jan 2014

A Review And New Symmetric Conference Matrices, N. A. Balonin, Jennifer Seberry

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We consider symmetric conference matrices which were first highlighted by Vitold Belevitch, who showed that such matrices mapped to lossless telephone connections. We give the known properties of symmetric conference matrices, known orders and illustrations for some elementary and some interesting cases. We restrict our attention in this note to symmetric conference matrices. Web addresess are given for other illustrations.


A Review Of Technical Challenges In Planning And Operation Of Remote Area Power Supply Systems, Yingjie Tan, Lasantha Meegahapola, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2014

A Review Of Technical Challenges In Planning And Operation Of Remote Area Power Supply Systems, Yingjie Tan, Lasantha Meegahapola, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Remote area power supply (RAPS) systems are being used for many years to supply power to rural or remote communities where the utility grid is not accessible. In order to avoid the high operating cost and environmental impact caused by conventional generators, renewable energy resources are currently being utilised in RAPS systems. However, the intermittency of such renewable energy resources greatly impacts on planning and operation of RAPS systems. This paper aims to present a comprehensive review with regard to the RAPS system planning and operation techniques published in the literature. This paper summarises different modelling approaches associated with the ...


Creating Value Through Virtual Teams: A Current Literature Review, Akemi T. Chatfield, Vivian Shlemoon, Wilbur Redublado, Gary Darbyshire Jan 2014

Creating Value Through Virtual Teams: A Current Literature Review, Akemi T. Chatfield, Vivian Shlemoon, Wilbur Redublado, Gary Darbyshire

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Globally, virtual teams (VT) as ICT-enabled emergent network organisation forms have gained international validity by innovative organisations, with a corresponding surge of interest in understanding how organisations can leverage VT to create business value. Despite growing deliberations in VT literature on managing VT, tasks and outcomes, however, creating business value through VT remains an unresolved theoretical and pragmatic conundrum. A review of prior relevant literature is essential to advancing knowledge. The paucity of published review articles seems to have impeded the field's accumulation of VT knowledge. This research, therefore, reviews the current literature on case studies of VT to ...


Coastal Reservoirs Strategy For Water Resource Development-A Review Of Future Trend, Jianli Liu, Shu-Qing Yang, Changbo Jiang Jan 2013

Coastal Reservoirs Strategy For Water Resource Development-A Review Of Future Trend, Jianli Liu, Shu-Qing Yang, Changbo Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Water use and access become a more and more important determinant of environmental equity and human development according to the view held by the UN [1]. Water scarcity is one of the major crises which has overarching implications for other world problems especially poverty, hunger, ecosystem degradation, desertification, climate change, threatening world peace and security [2]. In the decades to come, freshwater consumed by human will get to a tipping point. Many projects and concepts have been proposed and implemented for several years to improve the effectiveness of us-ing water. These research activities can be grouped as: desalination plants; water ...


Redefining Zero? A Critical Review Of Definitions Of Zero Energy Buildings And Zero Carbon Homes, Emma Elizabeth Heffernan, Wei Pan, Xi Liang, Pieter De Wilde Jan 2013

Redefining Zero? A Critical Review Of Definitions Of Zero Energy Buildings And Zero Carbon Homes, Emma Elizabeth Heffernan, Wei Pan, Xi Liang, Pieter De Wilde

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

From 2016 all new homes in the UK will be required, by law, to be 'zero carbon'. However, the detail of the Zero Carbon Homes standard is still being developed. Internationally there has been much debate on a definition for zero energy; though a consensus has yet to emerge. This paper presents an overview and synthesis of the literature on such definitions. Through a critical review, a series of options for the determination of a 'zero energy' or 'zero carbon' balance are revealed; the extent to which each option fully accounts for the energy consumed is also considered. The results ...


A Literature Review On Business Process Management, Business Process Reengineering, And Business Process Innovation, Abhijith Anand, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Denis Gnanzou Jan 2013

A Literature Review On Business Process Management, Business Process Reengineering, And Business Process Innovation, Abhijith Anand, Samuel Fosso Wamba, Denis Gnanzou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Business process management (BPM), business process reengineering (BPR), and business process innovation (BPI) have been the primary strategies adopted by several organizations to manage their business successfully along with IT. In the last few years, the concept of BPM, BPR, and BPI has been a hot topic among the IS community, which is evident in the degree of literatures devoted to it. Due to the dynamic nature of this research area, this paper aims to add knowledge to the existing ones by answering (1) what is the current level of development on BPM, BPR, and BPI within AIS basket of ...


Alternative Al Production Methods: Part 1 - A Review Of Indirect Carbothermal Routes, M A. Rhamdhani, M A. Dewan, G A. Brooks, B J. Monaghan, L Prentice Jan 2013

Alternative Al Production Methods: Part 1 - A Review Of Indirect Carbothermal Routes, M A. Rhamdhani, M A. Dewan, G A. Brooks, B J. Monaghan, L Prentice

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The production of Al from its ores at present relies on the Bayer (alumina production) and the Hall- Heroult (Al production) process. The cost associated with alumina production and apparent disadvantages of the Hall-Heroult process have led to intensive research to find alternative routes for Al production. The direct carbothermal reduction process has been thoroughly investigated as an alternative technique. Another alternative includes the indirect carbothermal reduction route where alumina (or aluminous ores) is first reduced to intermediate Al compounds before reduced further to Al. The present study reviews and provides systematic thermodynamic analyses of alternative Al production routes. In ...


Understanding The Factors Controlling The Removal Of Trace Organic Contaminants By White-Rot Fungi And Their Lignin Modifying Enzymes: A Critical Review, Shufan Yang, Faisal I. Hai, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price, Felicity Roddick, Maria T. Moreira, Saleh F. Magram Jan 2013

Understanding The Factors Controlling The Removal Of Trace Organic Contaminants By White-Rot Fungi And Their Lignin Modifying Enzymes: A Critical Review, Shufan Yang, Faisal I. Hai, Long D. Nghiem, William E. Price, Felicity Roddick, Maria T. Moreira, Saleh F. Magram

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

White-rot fungi (WRF) and their lignin modifying enzymes (LME) can degrade a wide range of trace organic contaminants (TrOC), which are suspected to cause adverse health effects in humans and other biota. Recent studies have successfully applied either whole-cell WRF or their extracellular culture extract to remove TrOC from the aqueous phase. TrOC removal by a WRF system is dependent on a range of factors including molecular structure of the TrOC, fungal species and their specific LME, culture medium composition, and methods to enhance fungal degradation capacity; however, the specific relationships between these factors have not been systematically delineated. The ...


Review Of Four Novel Dosimeters Developed For Use In Radiotherapy, P Metcalfe, A Quinn, K Loo, M Lerch, M Petasecca, J Wong, N Hardcastle, M Carolan, J Mcnamara, D Cutajar, I Fuduli, A Espinoza, C Porumb, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2013

Review Of Four Novel Dosimeters Developed For Use In Radiotherapy, P Metcalfe, A Quinn, K Loo, M Lerch, M Petasecca, J Wong, N Hardcastle, M Carolan, J Mcnamara, D Cutajar, I Fuduli, A Espinoza, C Porumb, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP) is a research strength at the University of Wollongong, the main research theme of this centre is to develop prototype novel radiation dosimeters. Multiple detector systems have been developed by Prof Rosenfelds’ group for various radiation detector applications. This paper focuses on four current detector systems being developed and studied at CMRP. Two silicon array detectors include the magic plate and dose magnifying glass (DMG), the primary focus of these two detectors is high spatial and temporal resolution dosimetry in intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) beams. The third detector discussed is the MOSkin which ...


Creating Value Through Virtual Teams: A Current Literature Review, Akemi Chatfield, V Najem Shlemoon, Wilbur Redublado, Gary Darbyshire Jan 2013

Creating Value Through Virtual Teams: A Current Literature Review, Akemi Chatfield, V Najem Shlemoon, Wilbur Redublado, Gary Darbyshire

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Globally, virtual teams (VT) as ICT-enabled emergent network organisation forms have gained international validity by innovative organisations, with a corresponding surge of interest in understanding how organisations can leverage VT to create business value. Despite growing deliberations in VT literature on managing VT, tasks and outcomes, however, creating business value through VT remains an unresolved theoretical and pragmatic conundrum. A review of prior relevant literature is essential to advancing knowledge. The paucity of published review articles seems to have impeded the field's accumulation of VT knowledge. This research, therefore, reviews the current literature on case studies of VT to ...


Maximizing The Healthcare Environment: A Systematic Review Exploring The Potential Of Computer Technology To Promote Self-Management Of Chronic Illness In Healthcare Settings, Mairtin S. Mcdermott, Alison E. While Jan 2013

Maximizing The Healthcare Environment: A Systematic Review Exploring The Potential Of Computer Technology To Promote Self-Management Of Chronic Illness In Healthcare Settings, Mairtin S. Mcdermott, Alison E. While

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Objective The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of using computers to deliver patient self-management programs (PSMPs) to patients with chronic illness in health supported settings. Methods We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), where the experimental intervention was compared either with an equivalent 'standard' PSMP delivered by staff, usual care or no intervention and reported data either on clinical or behavioral outcomes. We conducted a narrative synthesis, incorporating a small quantitative analysis to enable comparisons across studies. Results A total of 11 studies met the inclusion criteria. There was insufficient evidence to determine whether computer-based PSMPs ...


Synthetic Populations: Review Of The Different Approaches, Johan Barthelemy, Eric Cornelis Jan 2012

Synthetic Populations: Review Of The Different Approaches, Johan Barthelemy, Eric Cornelis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Microsimulations may involve a large number of agents. It is then practically impossible or too expensive to obtain a fully and complete disaggregated data set about these agents of interest. Moreover, if such a dataset was available, its use would be potentially problematic in view of stringent privacy laws. To address this problem one may build an articial population starting from known aggregate data. Most of the known generation methods are explained in this paper. Their advantages and limitations are discussed and references are given for further details.


Introduction - A Review Of Membrane Reactors, Fausto Gallucci, Angelo Basile, Faisal Ibney Hai Jan 2011

Introduction - A Review Of Membrane Reactors, Fausto Gallucci, Angelo Basile, Faisal Ibney Hai

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In the last decades, membrane catalysis has been studied by several research and the significant progress in this field is summarized in several review articles (Armor 1998, Lin 2001, Lu 2007, Mcleary 2006, Sanchez 2002, Saracco 1994, Shu 1991). Considering a IUPAC definition (Koros 1996), a membrane reactor (MR) is a device for simultaneously performing a reaction (steam reforming, dry reforming, autothermal reforming, etc.) and a membrane-based separation in the same physical device. Therefore, the membrane not only plays the role of a separator, but also takes place in the reaction itself. The term Membrane Bioreactor (MBR), on the other ...