Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Social and Cultural Anthropology

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

State-Making, Evidence-Making, And Claim-Making: The Cases Of Torture And Enforced Disappearances In Post-1980 Turkey, Basak Can Jan 2014

State-Making, Evidence-Making, And Claim-Making: The Cases Of Torture And Enforced Disappearances In Post-1980 Turkey, Basak Can

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This thesis concerns the struggles over the production of the truth of state violence in Turkey in the three decades following the infamous 1980 military coup. Specifically, it focuses on cases of torture and enforced disappearance, two forms of violence which the state not only used extensively but also around which it built a specific regime of denial in collaboration and complicity with the official forensic institution. The latter is the ultimate authority that produces medical documents and reports that can be used in making legal claims.

Based on two years of fieldwork in human rights NGOs, forensic medicine institutions ...


Contesting Community: Legalized Reconciliation Efforts In The Aftermath Of Genocide In Rwanda, Kristin C. Doughty May 2011

Contesting Community: Legalized Reconciliation Efforts In The Aftermath Of Genocide In Rwanda, Kristin C. Doughty

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In recent decades, national governments and international authorities have increasingly emphasized the role of legal institutions in restoring order after political violence. This study explores how, following the 1994 genocide, the Rwandan government created new decentralized grassroots legal forums that aimed to produce community out of a divided population. The legal institutions were designed to enable Rwandans to resolve disputes with the help of locally-elected mediators, based on principles that prioritized collective cohesion over individual rights, combined with state-backed punishment. Drawing on eighteen months of ethnographic research in Rwanda between 2004 and 2008 with genocide courts (inkiko gacaca), mediation committees ...