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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law

Virginia Commonwealth University

2001

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Ethnic Identity, Risk, And Protective Factors Related To Substance Abuse Among Mexican American Students, Edward Codina, Zenong Yin, Jesse T. Zapata, David S. Katims Jan 2001

Ethnic Identity, Risk, And Protective Factors Related To Substance Abuse Among Mexican American Students, Edward Codina, Zenong Yin, Jesse T. Zapata, David S. Katims

Ethnic Studies Review

This study examines the relationship between ethnic identity, risk and protective factors for substance use and academic achievement. Risk factors include deviant behavior and susceptibility to peer influence, while the protective factor is self-reported "confidence" not to use substances. The sample consists of 2,370 Mexican American students enrolled in eighth, ninth, and tenth grades. Results of the analysis (MANOVA) revealed that females had more positive ethnic identity than males. Furthermore, males were significantly more susceptible to peer influence, reported higher levels of deviant behavior, used more substances and had lower grade point averages than females. There was no significant ...


Ethnicity And The Jury System, Ashton Wesley Welch Jan 2001

Ethnicity And The Jury System, Ashton Wesley Welch

Ethnic Studies Review

Discrimination in the jury system has been a matter of constitutional and ethical concern at least since the mid-nineteenth century. Ethnic and linguistic minorities have been disadvantaged by the use of the peremptory challenge, statutory requirements, and administrative practices which compromised the Sixth Amendment provision for a jury of one's peers with its implication for juror impartiality. Attacks on the discriminatory applications of those systems and practices resulted in reduction, as gradual as it was, of the exclusionary practices. Batson vs Kentucky made the Sixth Amendment guarantee more reachable for ethnic and linguistic minorities.