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Introduction: Contested Landscapes, Asian Cities, Lily Kong, Lisa Law Sep 2010

Introduction: Contested Landscapes, Asian Cities, Lily Kong, Lisa Law

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

A decade and a half after Cosgrove and Jackson (1987) wrote their seminal piece on ‘new’ cultural geography, the discipline of geography has experienced a ‘cultural’ turn. Economic geography, for instance, has been infleected through perspectives that take on board cultural retheorisations (see Thrift and Olds, 1996; Thrift, 2000). Within urban studies, the acknowledgement of culture’s powers is not new (see, for example, Agnew et al., 1984). Yet, geographers scrutinising urban landscapes have moved the field, using some of the retheorised perspectives that Cosgrove and Jackson (1987) encapsulated. Of most pertinence to this volume is the retheorised notion of ...


Re-Imagining Yerevan In The Post-Soviet Era: Urban Symbolism And Narratives Of The Nation In The Landscape Of Armenia's Capital, Diana K. Ter-Ghazaryan Jun 2010

Re-Imagining Yerevan In The Post-Soviet Era: Urban Symbolism And Narratives Of The Nation In The Landscape Of Armenia's Capital, Diana K. Ter-Ghazaryan

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The urban landscape of Yerevan has experienced tremendous changes since the collapse of the Soviet Union and Armenia’s independence in 1991. Domestic and foreign investments have poured into Yerevan’s building sector, converting many downtown neighborhoods into sleek modern districts that now cater to foreign investors, tourists, and the newly rich Armenian nationals. Large portions of the city’s green parks and other public spaces have been commercialized for private and exclusive use, creating zones that are accessible only to the affluent. In this dissertation I explore the rapidly transforming landscape of Yerevan and its connections to the development ...


Human-Wildlife Conflict Across Urbanization Gradients: Spatial, Social, And Ecological Factors, Amanda H. Gilleland Apr 2010

Human-Wildlife Conflict Across Urbanization Gradients: Spatial, Social, And Ecological Factors, Amanda H. Gilleland

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As suburban and exurban residential developments continue to multiply in urban areas, they encroach on wildlife habitats leading to increased human-wildlife interactions. The animals involved in direct conflict with homeowners are often relocated or exterminated by the homeowners. Often the homeowners contact state licensed wildlife trappers to eliminate the problem animal. In this study I examined how landscape, ecological, and social factors influence the incidence of human-wildlife conflict of thirty two residential areas in the Tampa, Florida metropolitan area. These residential areas, totaling over 300 km2, are part of the urban development gradient representing a range of urban land use ...


Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács Jan 2010

Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The nowadays so fashionable concept of competitiveness can be considered in the case of rural areas and landscapes as the ability of the stakeholders of the area for utilizing their landscape resources for enhancing life quality ensuring the requirements of sustainability. On the other hand nowadays tourism is the most characteristic landscape forming factor, the beautiful landscape is the most important tourist attraction. We are looking for the regional contexts of the tourism and the competitiveness in this study.


Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini Jan 2010

Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales (from national to municipal) and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic” (Ahern, 1995), “to provide people with access to open spaces close to where they live” (President's Commission on Americans Outdoors, 1987), in order to “enhance both the environment and quality of life” (European Greenways Association, 2000).

At the municipal scale, the urban greenways network can help to reshape the city, making it more livable; urban greenways represent “at once the parks for the 21st century and a part ...


Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko Jan 2010

Green Infrastructure And Ecological Networks: Teaching Landscape Planning In Collaboration With Municipalities In Helsinki Region Two Examples Of Vantaa And Sipoo, Kati Susi-Wolff, Virva Kajamaa, Kaisa Laine, Sirkku Huisko

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Bologna Declaration, a new European two-cycle degree system was adopted in Finnish universities in 2005 (The Bologna Process...2010). The W5W2 project (2007-2009) supported the implementation of the Bologna process in the Finnish Universities in order to strengthen their the positions in the European Higher Education Area and to strengthen quality assurance in universities and polytechnics (Five Years, Two Degrees…2010). The project has concentrated on cumulative learning. Knowledge should accumulate in the long-term memory during the studies. In landscape planning education the aim has been to pedagogically support this cumulative process.

Since 2005 there has been a co-operation ...


Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa Jan 2010

Water Greenways. A Case Study In Milano North Area: “V’Arco Villoresi” (Villoresi Gate - Bow), Elvira Pensa

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The northern part of Milan, even if it is formed of many medium and small Municipalities, is considered a big metropolitan area. It’s uncontained growth, has caused intense soil consumption and territory capillary fragmentation. Fortunately, natural and agricultural areas survive thanks to some political regulations, on different scales, that have limited damage and protected part of the most significant territory. Most of these are parks, historical agricultural landscape, historical hydraulic system works and architectural emergences. Currently, the principal requisites are, first, to preserve the residual areas, avoiding speculation, and, then, to reconnect a large system that is separated by ...


The New Umbria Regional Landscape Plan, Roberta Panella, Endro Martini Jan 2010

The New Umbria Regional Landscape Plan, Roberta Panella, Endro Martini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Umbria is a region of central Italy located in the heart of the peninsula. It is one of the smallest Italian regions. It is the only region of Italian peninsula not washed by the sea. It is bordered to the east and northeast with the Marches, west and northwest with Tuscany south and south-west with Lazio. The regional capital is Perugia. It is interesting to point out that because of its geomorphology, during the centuries, this region has always been a land of connection but even of contention.


A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir Jan 2010

A Sustainability Evaluation And Dynamic Modeling Tool For Landscape And Urban Planning Policy Scenarios, Chingwen Cheng, Timothy O. Randhir

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Incorporating sustainability principles into urban development is often complex involving strong interaction between ecosystem components and development goals. As identified in the Brundtland Commissions report (UN, 1987), sustainability has gained much attention in planning aimed at balancing current needs without depleting resources and ecological services available for future generations. While the decision-making process is embedded in a social framework, political sustainability depends on collective decisions and citizens’ preferences related to public policies (Munda, 2006; Webster, 1998). In recent decade, the sustainability concept has been adopted in landscape and urban planning. Specific approaches include assessing abiotic, biotic, and cultural (ABC) resources ...


Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss Jan 2010

Planning For Change In The Boston Metropolitan Area (Usa): Exploring The Relationship Between Urban Greening And Socio-Economic Processes, Robert L. Ryan, Paige Warren, Susannah Lerman, Kate Taylor, Eric Strauss

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Global population growth is increasingly concentrated in urban areas, degrading natural resources and threatening long-term sustainability of both human and biotic systems. Even in a developed nation like the United States, urban areas are expected to double in population and land area over the next fifty years (UNFPA, 2007). In order to plan for a more sustainable urban future, there is a need to understand the relationship between the socio-economic forces that are driving land use and land cover change, and the resulting impacts upon the ecosystem state and structure of the urban forest (Colding, 2007). In particular, this study ...


Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma Jan 2010

Rethinking Greenways Design In Context Of Sustainable Development: Towards Landscape Synergism, Archana Sharma

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways design and planning has been largely framed as a multi-functional, multi-objective approach to address socio-cultural and ecological concerns (Fabos,2004; Hough 2004, Steiner, 2002; Fabos, 1995, Ahern, 1995; Ndubisi, 1995; Forman,1995). Social well-being, identity and memory have been predominant socio-cultural concerns while biodiversity preservation and natural resources conservation have been key ecological concerns. These concerns have now been superseded by the more urgent concerns of sustainable development such as availability of energy resources, both food and fuel. Whether and how the design and practice of greenways meets these sustainable development challenges is the primary question raised through this ...


Greenway Landscape Design: River Torrens Linear Park, Adelaide, South Australia - A Process Rather Than An End State, Damien Mugavin Jan 2010

Greenway Landscape Design: River Torrens Linear Park, Adelaide, South Australia - A Process Rather Than An End State, Damien Mugavin

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper addresses the ongoing landscape design of the River Torrens Linear Park, which is the first and largest greenway within the metropolitan area of Adelaide, South Australia. This greenway is a 30 km long recreation and conservation open space, linking the Mount Lofty Ranges with Gulf St Vincent, and envelopes the River Torrens throughout its length. The planning and design of the greenway has previously been reviewed in detail by the author (Mugavin, D., 2004). The initial planning, design and implementation stages were undertaken in 1982 and have been ongoing through to 2010. River corridor management including water quality ...


Recreation In Swedish Agricultural Areas – Public Attitudes To Multifunctional Greenway Designs, Anna Peterson, Mats Gyllin, Christine Haaland, Anders Larsson Jan 2010

Recreation In Swedish Agricultural Areas – Public Attitudes To Multifunctional Greenway Designs, Anna Peterson, Mats Gyllin, Christine Haaland, Anders Larsson

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Recreation in the agricultural landscape of SW Sweden is limited in several ways. There is little else than agricultural fields and urbanised areas, and outdoor recreation is limited to a few, small areas. Although the Swedish Right of Public Access allows for accessing the agricultural fields by foot, this is not allowed during periods when there is standing crop. Apart from this, the fields are not particularly inviting, since the winds are continuous and often harsh, and walking on the muddy fields is not comfortable. It should be stressed that this is the everyday landscape for a growing peri-urban population ...


Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado Jan 2010

Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are complex entities, with their own rules and dynamics of growth, behaviour and evolution, which result from interactions between biophysical and socioeconomic forces (Alberti et al., 2003). They have their own structure and functions. While the urban structure comprises its elements, its functions are based in the variety of services that cities provide (Pickett and Cadenasso, 2008). Its physical structure is composed by four main elements: buildings, build infrastructures, technical infrastructures and green infrastructures (Sandström et al., 2007), being complemented by the society component. These elements form a complex mosaic of patches, in a matrix of infrastructures, organizations and ...


Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren Jan 2010

Sustainable Place Making: Australian Exemplars, Christopher Wren

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper provides the background to the case studies that will be presented at the conference. It is aimed at providing a concise view of what constitutes a sustainable place and the important subtleties in achieving an active, walkable and safe environment that is diverse, humane and attractive to people.


Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski Jan 2010

Ursynów Escarpment Linear Park Design In The Scope Of A System Of Linear Parks Of The Southern Areas Of Left Bank Warsaw, Katarzyna Rędzińska, Przemysław Wolski

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This article presents the concept of the greenways (linear parks) system in the southern region of left-bank Warsaw. This system is based on linear environmental structure of the terrain.

The methodical basis for the study is the project interpretation of natural landscape features, on which the city’s urban composition should be based.

Natural lines and border zones, such as edges of high plains, river valleys, etc. should present the fabric to city planning. Those natural landmarks should be the places where important visual symbols will be located. They also may play the role of recreation areas or ecological corridors ...


Model For The Optimal Localisation Of Linear Landscape Elements Based On Functional Assessment, Burghard C. Meyer, Ralf Grabaum, Torsten Wolf Jan 2010

Model For The Optimal Localisation Of Linear Landscape Elements Based On Functional Assessment, Burghard C. Meyer, Ralf Grabaum, Torsten Wolf

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the last decades a multitude of assessment methods for landscape functions have been developed (Marks et al. 1989, Bastian and Schreiber 1994). The methods include detailed knowledge from the fields of different sciences and result in maps of landscape risk surfaces. GIS-based models are used to analyse and to asses the landscape functions. New ways are explored by the combination of mathematical methods and spatial data. The assessment of landscape functions is a suitable approach in land uses decision making, especially if a number of different and opposing function assessments are available for the same region. For opposing aims ...


Landscape Planning Aspects Of Municipal Creekside Greenways In Hungary, Ildikó Réka Báthory-Nagy Jan 2010

Landscape Planning Aspects Of Municipal Creekside Greenways In Hungary, Ildikó Réka Báthory-Nagy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As a researcher in landscape architecture, I focus on creekside landscapes: their special characteristics, natural and man-governed processes and abilities to recover. The general aim of my research work is to find better landscape planning and design solutions to improve Hungarian creek valleys’ functional, ecological and aesthetic conditions. As a practitioner, besides setting guidelines for restoration, I am engaged in landscape architectural projects focusing on the recreational and ecological development of urban creeksides.

In my present paper I would like to focus on some characteristics of landscape planning that are the elementary determinants of creekside greenways in Hungary. Through an ...


Connecting Green Infrastructure With Transportation Planning, Daniel J. Marcucci, Lauren M. Jordan Jan 2010

Connecting Green Infrastructure With Transportation Planning, Daniel J. Marcucci, Lauren M. Jordan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The development of green infrastructure planning is increasingly espoused by landscape, conservation, and metropolitan planners as an effective way to create a network of ecological functionality in regions that are otherwise highly impacted by anthropogenic changes. The most common condition is one of expanding metropolitan growth transforming cultivated and natural landscapes into developed ones. Despite its promise, several critical problems arise with green infrastructure planning. We will consider three. The first is that the definition of green infrastructure within the public realm remains highly variable if not embryonic. The second is green infrastructure is a long-term investment whose effects will ...


The Role Of Greenways In Promoting Sustainable Cultural Landscapes. The Case Of Greece, Alexander Kantartzis Jan 2010

The Role Of Greenways In Promoting Sustainable Cultural Landscapes. The Case Of Greece, Alexander Kantartzis

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A primary focus in the Greek Ministry of Culture is the protection and preservation of its cultural/ archaeological sites as “Treasured Landscapes”. Such sites in Greece face problems of neglect and degradation, lacking in attractiveness and visitor services, comprising spaces of limited socio-cultural/historic/educational/ heritage activities only. The greenways movement has been advocating and implementing greenways and ecological networks internationally (Fabos and Ahern.1995). The paper aims to achieve the goal of promoting and upgrading landscapes through protecting/ conserving/restoring sustainable cultural landscapes/sites: a) by developing a single integrated landscape strategy, that of greenway planning, and b) by ...


From Agronomy To Landscape & Greenway Planning, Julius Gyula Fábos Ph.D., Fasla Jan 2010

From Agronomy To Landscape & Greenway Planning, Julius Gyula Fábos Ph.D., Fasla

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper describes the evolution of my professional career, which parallels the evolution of landscape and greenway planning in the United States and indeed around the world. But prior to the describing this evolution, I felt the need to describe my roots, which led me to become both, a landscape and a greenway planner.

Naturally one can become a planner from any profession, any field. Yet, I felt fortunate to come to it from agronomy, which introduced me well to the “living environment”. As landscape architects we have always modified all planning implementation which may be minor or major changes ...


Landscape Planning Of Fringe City Zones - The Case Studies Of Belgrade And Vrnjačka Spa, Tijana Crnčević Phd, Jelena Živanović Miljković Msc Jan 2010

Landscape Planning Of Fringe City Zones - The Case Studies Of Belgrade And Vrnjačka Spa, Tijana Crnčević Phd, Jelena Živanović Miljković Msc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The fringe city zones represent spaces which make the connection between city and nature, where urban areas cross into rural, or to the natural areas. The places where in the last decades, because of the rapid development, these zones shows the diverse of the land use and with lot of surfaces subjected to the constant changes (Friedberger, 2000) leading into destruction of the landscape. From the administrative point of view, the fringe zone starts outside the border of the Master plan (MP). The contemporary practice of urban planning confer the need to harmonize the interest of the city and the ...


Leisurescape: A Pan-European Spatial Assessment Of Tourism Between Cities, Nature And Landscape, Dirk M. Wascher, Rini Schuiling, Nick Hazendonk, Bart Looise Jan 2010

Leisurescape: A Pan-European Spatial Assessment Of Tourism Between Cities, Nature And Landscape, Dirk M. Wascher, Rini Schuiling, Nick Hazendonk, Bart Looise

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Part of the project initiative Landscape and leisure, launched by the Dutch Government Advisor on the Landscape, is the development of a European map on the basis of a standard methodological approach for presenting the spatial relations between leisure and tourism on the one hand, and landscape and nature conservation other hand. Due to the increasing need of European institutions for harmonized, reliable data on the state and trends of the environment – and meanwhile on the allencompassing policy domain of sustainability which includes the social, economic and environmental dimension – the production of European data sets has become a key policy ...


A Concept And Case Study Of Ecological Network Planning In The Fertő-Hanság Basin In Hungary, Éva Konkoly-Gyuró, Dezső Nagy Jan 2010

A Concept And Case Study Of Ecological Network Planning In The Fertő-Hanság Basin In Hungary, Éva Konkoly-Gyuró, Dezső Nagy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The concept of ecological networks has emerged from the landscape planning on the one side and from the landscape ecology on the other. Landscape planning has been seeking to create greenways and green networks for people. Whereas landscape ecology provided the scientific basis for the assessment of landscape structure thus gave the opportunity to turn the nature conservation approach from the protection of isolated nature reserves into a spatial system approach. A systematic analysis and evaluation of the existing ecological network provides a larger context for the habitat preservation, so an opportunity of more efficiency for the nature conservation. However ...


Towards Landscape Integrity: The Integration Of Ecological And Social Frameworks In Open Space Planning, Lindsay Ex, Carlos Licon Jan 2010

Towards Landscape Integrity: The Integration Of Ecological And Social Frameworks In Open Space Planning, Lindsay Ex, Carlos Licon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A dichotomy of community versus conservation has long been present in society (Agrawal and Gibson 1999). This dichotomy suggests communities and ecological systems function without dependency on each other. Open space planning efforts have reinforced this dichotomy, as they typically focus on either socially- or ecologically-based frameworks (Maruani and Amit-Cohen 2007).

This study examines the trend of incorporating both social and ecological frameworks into one open space plan. The research is exploratory, attempting to identify best practices and larger concepts related to integrated open space planning in the context of Hellmund and Smith’s “landscape integrity,” where healthy social and ...


From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc Jan 2010

From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Within the framework of research on green networks2, we have studied the evolution of the forms and functions of the bocage systems in two peri-urban areas, close to two major French cities, Angers and Rennes. Our work has focused more specifically on pollarded trees – known as “ragosses” in the Rennais region and “têtards” in the Anjou region – which are one of the components of this system made up of plots of land within a network of ditches, embankments and hedgerows, themselves subdivided into several layers (tree - pollarded trees -, shrub and herbaceous). The Angevin site is a vast area of wetland ...


Sustainable Landscaping For Paradise: Persian Garden, Samira Pasha, Somayeh Rokhgireh, Ali Pooladi Jan 2010

Sustainable Landscaping For Paradise: Persian Garden, Samira Pasha, Somayeh Rokhgireh, Ali Pooladi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper introduces the ecological design techniques used to ameliorate harsh environmental conditions in traditional Persian gardens. Hot and dry weather of the Plateau of Iran, scarcity of water and sand storms has shaped large scale decisions (location, water systems) as well as small scale considerations (choice of plants, incorporation of architectural elements and water channels). The gardens in return, impact environmental conditions in large scale (towns and villages) and small scale (walkways and buildings).

This paper discusses passive strategies used in Persian gardens to create comfort conditions with regards to temperature, humidity, and light. This includes introducing resource management ...


Landscape Transformation At Tourist Resorts Around Lake Balaton, Adrienn Egyed, Zsuzsanna Mikházi Jan 2010

Landscape Transformation At Tourist Resorts Around Lake Balaton, Adrienn Egyed, Zsuzsanna Mikházi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

While a hundred years ago the villages disposed mainly the same functions (working and living functions) for the inhabitants, by now the villages transformed and can offer different functions for the inhabitants and tourists as well. Some of them offer work possibilities or have excellent location for being a living place. Some of them have values that are attractive enough for people for a while, they became a holiday resort. In this essay we examine the landscape transformation of this kind of villages.


Preservation Of Natural Patterns Visual Expression Peculiarities And Development Planning In The Peri-Urban Areas Of Contrasting Topography, Giedrė I. Laukaitytė-Malžinskienė Jan 2010

Preservation Of Natural Patterns Visual Expression Peculiarities And Development Planning In The Peri-Urban Areas Of Contrasting Topography, Giedrė I. Laukaitytė-Malžinskienė

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The physical sprawl of a town is one of the main factors having an influence on periurban functional development and economic expansion. After Lithuania became a member of the EU, the biggest towns and especially the capital Vilnius have undergone considerable changes in the landscape of peri-urban areas: agricultural functions are gradually changed by urban functions, what makes negative anthropogenical influence on the landscape character and its ecological stability. The general plan for Vilnius even up to the year 2005 formulated the concept of city greenbelt. Unfortunately, this concept remained unrealized because of juridical assumptions and insufficient collaboration between neighbourhood ...


Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver Jan 2010

Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A greenway is a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley, or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic rood, or other route. It is any natural or landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage. An open-space connector linking parks, nature reserves, cultural features, or historic sites with each other and with populated areas (Little, 1995; Miller et al., 1998; Viles and Rosier, 2001).

A greenway is a connector; a pattern of protected lands linking other protected lands such as natural features or historic sites ...