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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Art Of Healing The Landscape: Creating A Sense Of Place With Phytotechnology, Tia Novak Apr 2019

The Art Of Healing The Landscape: Creating A Sense Of Place With Phytotechnology, Tia Novak

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This project builds on previous work completed as part of a masters project by Matt Hisle under the guidance of Frank Sleegers in Hadley, Massachusetts at an abandoned Getty gas station. The previous project sought to integrate phytotechnology into a “comprehensive experience that provided connectivity and educational purposes” and used Phyto by Kate Kennen and Niall Kirkwood as a framework for applying six phytotechnology typologies (referred to as phytotypologies) in the design (Sleegers & Hisle, 2017).

This project also explores the site’s historical, social, and ecological sense of place and the application of phytotechnology as garden art to create a functional, legible landscape. This will require an understanding of the site’s historical, cultural, and ecological context through written and visual data, an understanding of phytotechnology’s practical application and place in the context of landscape design, and an exploration of phytotechnology in garden and land art as a tool to construct legibility and create a sense of place.

More research is needed to establish the artful application of phytotechnology in landscape architecture and related interdisciplinary fields as a strategy to remediate polluted sites at the national and international scale. Designs that address both the utilitarian aspects of phytotechnology and the needs of the community are an opportunity to create a demand for similar projects, for funding further scientific research, and for public policy that facilitates the implementation of phytotechnology. The greatest promise of phytotechnology in landscape design is the potential to exact real environmental and social change; environmental issues are almost always social justice issues. The use of phytotechnology in garden art is one of the many possibilities to heal the landscape, to create ...


Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement Jan 2019

Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proposed by the European Union as the most contemporary approach to delivering resilient cities in Europe. Through official guidance and funded projects, the Horizon 2020 programme, the EU has positioned nature at the centre of landscape and urban planning debates. However, there remains a scepticism regarding whether the support of NBS as an alternative to green infrastructure (GI) planning is meaningful and appropriate or damaging to existing practices. Furthermore, the framing of NBS does not, to date, extend the conceptual, practical or political parameters of ‘green space’ planning beyond terminological changes. Its most significant contribution ...


Calculating Cultural Ecosystem Services As Part Of Greenspace Management?, Jocelyn M. Gavitt, Richard M. Smardon Jan 2019

Calculating Cultural Ecosystem Services As Part Of Greenspace Management?, Jocelyn M. Gavitt, Richard M. Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Lake related greenspace provides many benefits to residents and visitors, which are often under-valued. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2005) proposed the valuation of ecosystem services, defined as regulatory, provisional, ecosystem support and cultural services provided for us by nature, free of charge. The challenge here is: How can we use cultural ecosystem services derived from scenic landscapes for greenspace management and assessment?

Cultural ecosystem services received international recognition as part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2005). Also, as part of ecosystems services, are regulatory, provisional and ecosystem support. For this paper we are particularly concerned with cultural services ...


Productive Waterscapes In The West-South Of Europe: Using Circular Economy Theory To Drive The Change From A Linear To A Circular Paradigm Of Water And Greenways, Guido Granello, Monica Manfredi Jan 2019

Productive Waterscapes In The West-South Of Europe: Using Circular Economy Theory To Drive The Change From A Linear To A Circular Paradigm Of Water And Greenways, Guido Granello, Monica Manfredi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Re-thinking, re-design, re-use are the keywords of the ecological economy that seek to link social, economic and environmental aspects together. These fundamental principles can be observed in the theories proposed by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and are the basis of the new discipline called “Circular Economy.” Recent studies seem to advise that the transition to sustainability (Foro Springtif 2015) is being stopped for political, cultural, economic, and infrastructural reasons. This article shows and discusses, through presenting different case studies, the situation of the circular economy applied to peri-urban greenways and waterfronts. Presenting obstacles and opportunities, the researchers want to give ...


Impact Of The Engendered Fo’Raa Square On The City Expansion; Square Efficiency And Attraction, Anne Gharaibeh, Jasmine Lefdawi Jan 2019

Impact Of The Engendered Fo’Raa Square On The City Expansion; Square Efficiency And Attraction, Anne Gharaibeh, Jasmine Lefdawi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Irbid City Municipality foresaw a potential for reviving its center by creating an opportunity to preserve a heritage building and to serve the location by engendering Fo'raa Square at its front. The plan was put to action in 2008, when the place was transformed from a bus station to a square to adapt to this change. It created an opportunity to absorb activities and attract the expanding city center to its direction.

The purpose of this paper is to study the square daily use and its efficiency in attracting business and pedestrians from the city center and its impact ...


Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu Jan 2019

Greenway Planning Of Guangdong Province, Zhou Lu, Bing Wu, Xiaoguang Liu, Yuanxiang Wu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Guangdong Province is located in the southernmost region of mainland China with a total area of 180,000 square kilometers. The GDP ranks first in China, and the economic aggregate accounts for 1/8 of China’s total. As the economic development continues, the fragmentation of ecological land is becoming more dangerous. To solve this problem, the local government organized the master planning of environmental protection. The provincial greenway planning (also called ecological corridor) proposed in this paper is an essential part of it. The total length of planned greenways in Guangdong Province is 2,836 kilometers, and its primary ...


Adapting To Expanding And Contracting Cities, Book Of Abstracts, 6th Fabos Conference On Landscape And Greenway Planning, March 28-30, 2019, Amherst, Ma., Julius Gy. Fábos, Jack Ahern, Benjamin Breger, Theodore S. Eisenman, Sándor Jombach, Laszlo Kollányi, Mark S. Lindhult, Robert L. Ryan, István Valánszki Jan 2019

Adapting To Expanding And Contracting Cities, Book Of Abstracts, 6th Fabos Conference On Landscape And Greenway Planning, March 28-30, 2019, Amherst, Ma., Julius Gy. Fábos, Jack Ahern, Benjamin Breger, Theodore S. Eisenman, Sándor Jombach, Laszlo Kollányi, Mark S. Lindhult, Robert L. Ryan, István Valánszki

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning is held every three years to bring together experts who are influencing landscape planning, policy making and greenway planning from the local to international level. It is intended to highlight recent trends and expand the literature about landscape and greenway planning. The aim is to explore how landscape architects and planners from different countries have approached greenway planning and to understand how greenways have been tailored to each county’s unique geographical, cultural, and political circumstances. The theme for the 2019 conference, Urban Greenway Planning: Adapting to Expanding and Contracting Cities, explores ...


Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao Jan 2016

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are linear open spaces and networks of lands that are planned, designed and managed for ecological, scenic, recreational and cultural purposes (Little, 1990; Ahern, 1995; Fabos, 1995; Erickson, 2004; Jongman & Pungetti, 2004). Greenways are commonly structured by natural or humanmade features such as rivers, ridgelines, railroads, canals or roads (Erickson, 2004). In the international greenway movement, greenways no longer had only a beautification and recreational function, but expanded to multiple objectives, such as habitat protection, flood hazard reduction, water quality improvement, historical preservation, education and interpretation (Searns, 1995; Tan, 2006). Moreover, the concept of greenways shows high compatibility with diverse forms, which is “a route which is good from an environmental point of view” (Turner, 1998).

In China, the modern greenway movement started in 2010, when Guangdong Provincial Government initiated a three-year political campaign to construct the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Greenway Network. In 2014, the PRD greenways had a total length of 8,909 kilometers, connecting ...


Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani Jan 2016

Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

"Greenways are networks of land that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use." (Ahern, 1996) The term greenway comes from the "green" in greenbelt and the "way" in parkway, implying a recreational or pedestrian use rather than a typical street corridor, as well as an emphasis on introducing or maintaining vegetation. Some greenways tend to have a contiguous pathway, allowing urban commuting via bicycle or foot. Greenways are seen as a critical part of urban green infrastructure and as a positive way to ...


Greenways, The Next Step: Every Doorstep A Trailhead, Robert Searns Jan 2016

Greenways, The Next Step: Every Doorstep A Trailhead, Robert Searns

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since their inception and popularisation, beginning in the 1970’s, the vision, mission and function of greenways—especially urban greenways—has evolved offering: recreation; urban greenery; city shaping; flood plain management; non-motorized transportation; ecological conservation and health/fitness opportunities. There are also economic spin-offs including: tourism; real estate enhancement; and business promotion. Early on, most urban greenways emphasized shared-use bicycle and pedestrian corridors— often following rivers and streams. More recently, a number of trends, challenges and emerging directions suggest implications for greenways going forward:

⎯ A Growing Worldwide Greenways Movement—With acceptance and implementation worldwide, greenways are a widespread international movement ...


Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek Jan 2016

Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Arranged green spaces of industrial areas are a form greenery planted in an organized way, accompanying industrial facilities. During designing large industrial facilities, green spaces constituted an integral element of industrial facility and adjacent areas. They played numerous essential roles, such as protective, decorative, recreational, representative, psychological or masking functions. Depending on the intended purpose, a green space assumed also suitable forms: buffer strips, clumps, solitary plants, cross-shaped, strip-shaped or round-shaped layouts. An equally crucial aspect, as the form of greenery, was selection of an adequate species adapted both to the terrain conditions and specificity of production.

During construction of ...


Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand Jan 2016

Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is a summary of the theoretical background and reflection for our master thesis in landscape architecture that was submitted in May 2016. The thesis is a design project with the goal of transforming a decommissioned airfield at Kjeller in Norway to become part of the public green and social infrastructure in the municipality. It shows an example of how the use of existing tools in the planning system, combined with the development of new tools to measure different conditions in a participation process, can bring new uses into the green structure.


Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard Jan 2016

Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The history of the City of Houston can be told through a few major disruptive yet transformative moments, from the building of the Ship Channel to the approval of Bayou Greenways, and now the Houston Area Greenways planning project will act as a further catalyst and opportunity to direct the vision of the future Houston. More than simply trails projects, Bayou Greenways and Houston Area Greenways have the potential to fundamentally direct the development of the urban fabrics of the city. A more integrated and comprehensive transportation system can transition dependence away from the automobile towards a more carbon-neutral way ...


Lp(R)Evolution: A City On The Way To The Future Las Palmas: Parkcity, Susanne Gerstberger Jan 2016

Lp(R)Evolution: A City On The Way To The Future Las Palmas: Parkcity, Susanne Gerstberger

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

For the first time in 2008, more people lived in cities than in the countryside. The USA expect that in 2050, more than 70% of the expected global population of 9 billion will be at home in the constantly growing megacities. Everywhere, in cities and in the countryside, anthropogenic changes are becoming visible with growing speed. Human footprints can already be found at apparently untouched places, in natural landscapes. At the same time, there is a growing need and search for untouched nature or natural spaces in the city. Nature deficit disorder is a serious matter that has to be ...


Terroir: Wine, Winery, Landscape, Olga Harea, Mariann Simon Jan 2016

Terroir: Wine, Winery, Landscape, Olga Harea, Mariann Simon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Wine production has a long history in Hungary, but the system was totally rearranged following the change in the political-economic system. Due to the change in the ownership structure and in the scale of wine production several new wineries were built in the country in the last fifteen years, most of them also representing a high architectural quality.

Parallel with the development of wine tasting culture these buildings had to answer to multiple requirements: they had not only to accommodate to the production but also to represent the firm, and being the part of the new brand. Taste of wine ...


Highway Transformation As An Opportunity For Landscape Restoration In The Netherlands, Mascha M. Visser Jan 2016

Highway Transformation As An Opportunity For Landscape Restoration In The Netherlands, Mascha M. Visser

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The traffic and waterways infrastructure of the Netherlands dates mostly from the middle part of the 20th century. At this time the primary focus was, as in many countries, on facilitating transport. As a consequence, many historical agricultural landscapes were subject to fragmentation, which also reduced their ecological value. During the last 20 years, more attention has been given to the mitigation of the negative effects caused by linear infrastructure. Regulation has helped stimulate this, although regulations for landscape development were, and still are, less strict than those affecting nature.

This overview covers 20 years of landscape planning in relation ...


Spatio-Temporal Characteristics Of Roadside Landscape Components Along The Coastal Zone Between Amasra And Kurucaşile Cities Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Melih Öztürk, Ercan Gökyer Jan 2016

Spatio-Temporal Characteristics Of Roadside Landscape Components Along The Coastal Zone Between Amasra And Kurucaşile Cities Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Melih Öztürk, Ercan Gökyer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads connect populations, societies, cultures and economies (Havlick, 2002; Delgado et al., 2007). They also serve astonishing landscapes for the travelers. Forested rural landscapes along the coastal zones display unique features which vary spatially and temporally (Marsh, 2010). Therefore, the coastal roadside landscape components involving particularly the sea, trees, shrubs, villages and agricultural areas supply recreation for the people who experience this trip. Roadside landscape and scenic quality not only satisfy visual perception of the travelers (Akbar et al. 2003) but also serve for the safe and comfortable travel (Mok et al., 2006; Öztürk and Gökyer, 2015).

Greenways are defined ...


A Systematic Review Of Landscape Corridor Conservation And Management In Europe, Haiyun Xu, Tobias Plieninger, Jørgen Primdahl Jan 2016

A Systematic Review Of Landscape Corridor Conservation And Management In Europe, Haiyun Xu, Tobias Plieninger, Jørgen Primdahl

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since EU Commission initiated Green Infrastructure (GI) strategy, an important step has been taken to help public to understand benefits of nature, such as providing food, clean air, and water resource. Besides, Green Infrastructure plays an important role in climate regulation, stormwater prevention, sustaining biodiversity. And its recreational function is also valuable for human society. Therefore, it is necessary to invest more resources in Green Infrastructure to develop, maintain and sustain it (Green Infrastructure COM, 2013).

Green Infrastructure is planned as a strategically network of natural and seminatural areas with environmental functions and its elements are designed and managed to ...


The Landscape In Urbanism - A Historical View Into The Future, Eric Firley, Frank Sleegers Jan 2016

The Landscape In Urbanism - A Historical View Into The Future, Eric Firley, Frank Sleegers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In common literature the relationship between urban planning and landscape architecture has retrospectively often been described as an antagonistic one. The impression can be gained that only recent projects re-discover the importance of existing natural features as guiding design themes, and that earlier generations ignored them in favor of grand urban schemes. Architectural hardware against green software. Tabula rasa against incremental change. Starting from this hypothetical premise of two contradicting philosophies, the authors decided to dwell deeper into the historic context and to investigate how existing landscape systems have had a major impact on masterplan principles, informing a built reality ...


Jurassic Greenways: Planning A Dinosaur Trail For The Connecticut River Valley, Robert L. Ryan, Sarah Doyle, La 607 Studio Jan 2016

Jurassic Greenways: Planning A Dinosaur Trail For The Connecticut River Valley, Robert L. Ryan, Sarah Doyle, La 607 Studio

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways often combine natural, historic/cultural, and recreational resources (Fábos 1995). However, there has been less integration with scientific interpretation, particularly in the area of paleontology and geology, except for a few notable examples. The current threat of global climate compels a look back in geologic time to how different landscapes, ecosystems, and human settlements evolved and adapted to rapidly changing climatic and environmental conditions. This study involves research and project development of a greenway and trail network that connects the important historical and cultural sites related to dinosaurs in New England’s Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts and Connecticut ...


Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato Jan 2016

Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the past few years public awareness of green spaces in cities has evolved. Rapid urbanization, population growth, expansion of industrial plants, among others, have led to the occupation of land by buildings, roads, contemporary constructions for different purposes. More of the left green spaces are progressively taken away, showing little consideration to the value of human life, the air quality and nature.

Our cities have increasingly become central in the environmental protectionrelated processes, as they represent a focal point of sustainability, and the political and economic strategies of the countries. However, the process of transforming our cities into sustainable ...


The Garden Kingdom Of Dessau-Wörlitz As An Example For The Management Of A Historical Monument, Heike Tenzer Jan 2016

The Garden Kingdom Of Dessau-Wörlitz As An Example For The Management Of A Historical Monument, Heike Tenzer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Located between the Bauhaus town of Dessau and Lutherstadt Wittenberg, the Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz covers an area of about 145 square kilometres; equivalent to about one quarter of its original size in the 18th/19th century.

The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz is the largest area of an historical cultural landscape in Saxony-Anhalt. Former research projects were focused on the design and constructional highlights of the cultural landscape, which means: castles, small structures, historic town centers and parks. The landscape which is situated between those constructions was assessed partially due to landscape planning values.

Between those different evaluations it lacked ...


Greenways As Resilient Global Landscape Solutions, Charles A. Fink Jan 2016

Greenways As Resilient Global Landscape Solutions, Charles A. Fink

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways historically have been highly valued for their benefit to human health and wellness as linear recreational corridors and as a product of interconnected walking and bicycling trail networks. With the threat of accelerating global climate change, greenways offer a more important and strategic landscape for the protection of coastal and shoreline communities, mitigating the impacts associated with urban flooding, and providing landscapes that protect the health, safety and welfare for millions of coastal and shoreline residents around the world.

Each day millions of residents worldwide are exposed to the impacts resulting from global climate change, primarily from urban flooding ...


Greenways As Linear Components Of Green Infrastructure In Rural Agricultural Landscapes Of South-Western Slovakia, Attila Tóth Jan 2016

Greenways As Linear Components Of Green Infrastructure In Rural Agricultural Landscapes Of South-Western Slovakia, Attila Tóth

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are important linking elements of green infrastructure systems in rural cultural landscapes. Their significance markedly increases in agricultural landscapes, since green networks and systems are very often limited to linear structures in this particular type of landscape. Greenways can therefore be crucial green infrastructure components in intensively farmed arable-land matrixes. The uniqueness of the presented research consists in the focus on sustainability and resilience benefits provided by greenways in agricultural landscapes. Greenways and green infrastructure improve the overall environmental resilience of farmed landscapes towards climate change and extreme environmental events, such as long lasting drought and erosion of fertile ...


Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll Jan 2016

Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

After an insightful discussion with my peers regarding the theories of landscape urbanism, we concluded that many of the concepts are not new, but were perhaps extrapolated from landscape design principles well known to us. Throughout the discussion, I could not help but think back on my previous research about the mid-century modern landscape architect, James Rose, who’s rebellious designs and intriguing publications spoke to larger concepts than purely form and design, unapologetically. His theories, although laced with humor and sarcasm, have many relevant applications in designing urban parks in cities today. His theories on the integration of indoors ...


Artistic Wind Turbines Along Greenways: The Concept, Vendula Betakova Jan 2016

Artistic Wind Turbines Along Greenways: The Concept, Vendula Betakova

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The contemporary built and industrial landscape - we can see every day - is filled with many industrial parks, logistic areas, power plants and other enormous structures and objects which ensure a living environment for humans. Actually, these structures cause many gaps and blind spots in an otherwise green network. Furthermore, in some cases there are abandoned industrial parks consuming enormous pieces of land. The reason for this is pretty clear in this case: there is no responsible owner who should take care of it or there is no budget to cover the costs for its demolition. So what we now see ...


Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj Jan 2016

Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Gorce are part of Carpathians – Western Beskidy, Mountains. They are located in Southern Poland, ca. 25km north of High Tatra Mountains. They stretch on approximately 550km². Gorce attract tourists with varying terrain and, most of all, some of the most beautiful open wide views of surrounding mountain chains. The relics of the original Carpathian Forest and the landscape of deeply cut mountain streams are also very valuable. Impressive rock outcroppings and not-yet-explored, numerous caves can also be found here.

The phenomenon of Gorce comes from the unique landscape, shaped by both nature and by man, originally for shepherding, then for ...


The Language Of Sustainability, Maija Ploof Jan 2016

The Language Of Sustainability, Maija Ploof

Student Showcase

This paper seeks to address the importance of understanding the ambiguous term "sustainability" through the study of humanities, chiefly literature. Additionally, the paper explores the emerging genre of climate change fiction, or "cli-fi" and its potential role in presenting the issues of both ecological and human sustainability to a global audience, using Amitav Ghosh's novel The Hungry Tide as a primary example. As a basis for the theory that literature can affect a sustainable future, I also examine the importance of language in shaping both perception and protection of the environment. Language creates familiarity, which in turn creates consciousness ...


Uncovering And Recovering Cleared Galloway: The Lowland Clearances And Improvement In Scotland, Christine B. Anderson Aug 2015

Uncovering And Recovering Cleared Galloway: The Lowland Clearances And Improvement In Scotland, Christine B. Anderson

Doctoral Dissertations

This study seeks to understand the removal of people from the land as symptomatic of two narratives based in the colonial and capital enterprises, clearing and Improvement. Spatially, this relationship has been constructed around the distances between two players: the beneficiaries of the colonial enterprise, namely core, western and European based countries, and the subaltern or peripheral populations usually located at great distances from the sites of inception. These peripheral spaces were the locations of immense change in terms of both material culture and historical memories. Here, these moments are explored within the small, defined space of Galloway, Scotland, which ...


An Eerie Jungle Filled With Dragonflies, Sniper Bullets And Ghosts: Changing Perceptions Of Vietnam And The Vietnamese Through The Eyes Of American Troops, Matthew M. Herrera Jul 2015

An Eerie Jungle Filled With Dragonflies, Sniper Bullets And Ghosts: Changing Perceptions Of Vietnam And The Vietnamese Through The Eyes Of American Troops, Matthew M. Herrera

Masters Theses

This thesis examines the changing perceptions of Vietnam’s landscape and the Vietnamese in the eyes of American troops throughout the Vietnam War. Throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Vietnamese were depicted as a people misguided by the French and in need of political mobilization by the American media and government. Following heavy investment and a rigged election in 1956, South Vietnam was painted as a beacon of democracy in Southeast Asia and an example of what American aid is capable of. As an increasing American military presence was being established in South Vietnam in the early 1960s ...