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Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao Jan 2016

Developing Greenways Under A Top-Down Institutional Structure: A Case Study In The Pearl River Delta, China, Zheng Liu, Yanliu Lin, Nanan Zhao

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are linear open spaces and networks of lands that are planned, designed and managed for ecological, scenic, recreational and cultural purposes (Little, 1990; Ahern, 1995; Fabos, 1995; Erickson, 2004; Jongman & Pungetti, 2004). Greenways are commonly structured by natural or humanmade features such as rivers, ridgelines, railroads, canals or roads (Erickson, 2004). In the international greenway movement, greenways no longer had only a beautification and recreational function, but expanded to multiple objectives, such as habitat protection, flood hazard reduction, water quality improvement, historical preservation, education and interpretation (Searns, 1995; Tan, 2006). Moreover, the concept of greenways shows high compatibility with diverse forms, which is “a route which is good from an environmental point of view” (Turner, 1998).

In China, the modern greenway movement started in 2010, when Guangdong Provincial Government initiated a three-year political campaign to construct the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Greenway Network. In 2014, the PRD greenways had a total length of 8,909 kilometers, connecting ...


Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani Jan 2016

Greenway Planning For Tehran Metropolis, Morteza Rahbar, Mahdi Shaibani

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

"Greenways are networks of land that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use." (Ahern, 1996) The term greenway comes from the "green" in greenbelt and the "way" in parkway, implying a recreational or pedestrian use rather than a typical street corridor, as well as an emphasis on introducing or maintaining vegetation. Some greenways tend to have a contiguous pathway, allowing urban commuting via bicycle or foot. Greenways are seen as a critical part of urban green infrastructure and as a positive way to ...


Greenways, The Next Step: Every Doorstep A Trailhead, Robert Searns Jan 2016

Greenways, The Next Step: Every Doorstep A Trailhead, Robert Searns

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since their inception and popularisation, beginning in the 1970’s, the vision, mission and function of greenways—especially urban greenways—has evolved offering: recreation; urban greenery; city shaping; flood plain management; non-motorized transportation; ecological conservation and health/fitness opportunities. There are also economic spin-offs including: tourism; real estate enhancement; and business promotion. Early on, most urban greenways emphasized shared-use bicycle and pedestrian corridors— often following rivers and streams. More recently, a number of trends, challenges and emerging directions suggest implications for greenways going forward:

⎯ A Growing Worldwide Greenways Movement—With acceptance and implementation worldwide, greenways are a widespread international movement ...


Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek Jan 2016

Impact Of Green Industrial Zones On City Development, Karolina Latusek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Arranged green spaces of industrial areas are a form greenery planted in an organized way, accompanying industrial facilities. During designing large industrial facilities, green spaces constituted an integral element of industrial facility and adjacent areas. They played numerous essential roles, such as protective, decorative, recreational, representative, psychological or masking functions. Depending on the intended purpose, a green space assumed also suitable forms: buffer strips, clumps, solitary plants, cross-shaped, strip-shaped or round-shaped layouts. An equally crucial aspect, as the form of greenery, was selection of an adequate species adapted both to the terrain conditions and specificity of production.

During construction of ...


Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand Jan 2016

Community Development At Kjeller Airfield Based On Principles For Ecological Democracy, Pavel Sagen, Anna Holand

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper is a summary of the theoretical background and reflection for our master thesis in landscape architecture that was submitted in May 2016. The thesis is a design project with the goal of transforming a decommissioned airfield at Kjeller in Norway to become part of the public green and social infrastructure in the municipality. It shows an example of how the use of existing tools in the planning system, combined with the development of new tools to measure different conditions in a participation process, can bring new uses into the green structure.


Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard Jan 2016

Blue Tree, Meet Green Grid, Michael Robinson, Kinder Baumgardner, Amna Ansari, Natalia Beard

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The history of the City of Houston can be told through a few major disruptive yet transformative moments, from the building of the Ship Channel to the approval of Bayou Greenways, and now the Houston Area Greenways planning project will act as a further catalyst and opportunity to direct the vision of the future Houston. More than simply trails projects, Bayou Greenways and Houston Area Greenways have the potential to fundamentally direct the development of the urban fabrics of the city. A more integrated and comprehensive transportation system can transition dependence away from the automobile towards a more carbon-neutral way ...


Lp(R)Evolution: A City On The Way To The Future Las Palmas: Parkcity, Susanne Gerstberger Jan 2016

Lp(R)Evolution: A City On The Way To The Future Las Palmas: Parkcity, Susanne Gerstberger

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

For the first time in 2008, more people lived in cities than in the countryside. The USA expect that in 2050, more than 70% of the expected global population of 9 billion will be at home in the constantly growing megacities. Everywhere, in cities and in the countryside, anthropogenic changes are becoming visible with growing speed. Human footprints can already be found at apparently untouched places, in natural landscapes. At the same time, there is a growing need and search for untouched nature or natural spaces in the city. Nature deficit disorder is a serious matter that has to be ...


Terroir: Wine, Winery, Landscape, Olga Harea, Mariann Simon Jan 2016

Terroir: Wine, Winery, Landscape, Olga Harea, Mariann Simon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Wine production has a long history in Hungary, but the system was totally rearranged following the change in the political-economic system. Due to the change in the ownership structure and in the scale of wine production several new wineries were built in the country in the last fifteen years, most of them also representing a high architectural quality.

Parallel with the development of wine tasting culture these buildings had to answer to multiple requirements: they had not only to accommodate to the production but also to represent the firm, and being the part of the new brand. Taste of wine ...


Highway Transformation As An Opportunity For Landscape Restoration In The Netherlands, Mascha M. Visser Jan 2016

Highway Transformation As An Opportunity For Landscape Restoration In The Netherlands, Mascha M. Visser

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The traffic and waterways infrastructure of the Netherlands dates mostly from the middle part of the 20th century. At this time the primary focus was, as in many countries, on facilitating transport. As a consequence, many historical agricultural landscapes were subject to fragmentation, which also reduced their ecological value. During the last 20 years, more attention has been given to the mitigation of the negative effects caused by linear infrastructure. Regulation has helped stimulate this, although regulations for landscape development were, and still are, less strict than those affecting nature.

This overview covers 20 years of landscape planning in relation ...


Spatio-Temporal Characteristics Of Roadside Landscape Components Along The Coastal Zone Between Amasra And Kurucaşile Cities Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Melih Öztürk, Ercan Gökyer Jan 2016

Spatio-Temporal Characteristics Of Roadside Landscape Components Along The Coastal Zone Between Amasra And Kurucaşile Cities Of Bartın Province, Turkey, Melih Öztürk, Ercan Gökyer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads connect populations, societies, cultures and economies (Havlick, 2002; Delgado et al., 2007). They also serve astonishing landscapes for the travelers. Forested rural landscapes along the coastal zones display unique features which vary spatially and temporally (Marsh, 2010). Therefore, the coastal roadside landscape components involving particularly the sea, trees, shrubs, villages and agricultural areas supply recreation for the people who experience this trip. Roadside landscape and scenic quality not only satisfy visual perception of the travelers (Akbar et al. 2003) but also serve for the safe and comfortable travel (Mok et al., 2006; Öztürk and Gökyer, 2015).

Greenways are defined ...


A Systematic Review Of Landscape Corridor Conservation And Management In Europe, Haiyun Xu, Tobias Plieninger, Jørgen Primdahl Jan 2016

A Systematic Review Of Landscape Corridor Conservation And Management In Europe, Haiyun Xu, Tobias Plieninger, Jørgen Primdahl

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Since EU Commission initiated Green Infrastructure (GI) strategy, an important step has been taken to help public to understand benefits of nature, such as providing food, clean air, and water resource. Besides, Green Infrastructure plays an important role in climate regulation, stormwater prevention, sustaining biodiversity. And its recreational function is also valuable for human society. Therefore, it is necessary to invest more resources in Green Infrastructure to develop, maintain and sustain it (Green Infrastructure COM, 2013).

Green Infrastructure is planned as a strategically network of natural and seminatural areas with environmental functions and its elements are designed and managed to ...


The Landscape In Urbanism - A Historical View Into The Future, Eric Firley, Frank Sleegers Jan 2016

The Landscape In Urbanism - A Historical View Into The Future, Eric Firley, Frank Sleegers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In common literature the relationship between urban planning and landscape architecture has retrospectively often been described as an antagonistic one. The impression can be gained that only recent projects re-discover the importance of existing natural features as guiding design themes, and that earlier generations ignored them in favor of grand urban schemes. Architectural hardware against green software. Tabula rasa against incremental change. Starting from this hypothetical premise of two contradicting philosophies, the authors decided to dwell deeper into the historic context and to investigate how existing landscape systems have had a major impact on masterplan principles, informing a built reality ...


Jurassic Greenways: Planning A Dinosaur Trail For The Connecticut River Valley, Robert L. Ryan, Sarah Doyle, La 607 Studio Jan 2016

Jurassic Greenways: Planning A Dinosaur Trail For The Connecticut River Valley, Robert L. Ryan, Sarah Doyle, La 607 Studio

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways often combine natural, historic/cultural, and recreational resources (Fábos 1995). However, there has been less integration with scientific interpretation, particularly in the area of paleontology and geology, except for a few notable examples. The current threat of global climate compels a look back in geologic time to how different landscapes, ecosystems, and human settlements evolved and adapted to rapidly changing climatic and environmental conditions. This study involves research and project development of a greenway and trail network that connects the important historical and cultural sites related to dinosaurs in New England’s Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts and Connecticut ...


Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato Jan 2016

Green For Commons: Paths Of Development In Hungary, Germany And Georgia, Viktória Csizmadiáné Czuppon, Nino Chachava, Gudrun Nahrendorf, Andrea Malerba, Andrea Pizzato

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In the past few years public awareness of green spaces in cities has evolved. Rapid urbanization, population growth, expansion of industrial plants, among others, have led to the occupation of land by buildings, roads, contemporary constructions for different purposes. More of the left green spaces are progressively taken away, showing little consideration to the value of human life, the air quality and nature.

Our cities have increasingly become central in the environmental protectionrelated processes, as they represent a focal point of sustainability, and the political and economic strategies of the countries. However, the process of transforming our cities into sustainable ...


The Garden Kingdom Of Dessau-Wörlitz As An Example For The Management Of A Historical Monument, Heike Tenzer Jan 2016

The Garden Kingdom Of Dessau-Wörlitz As An Example For The Management Of A Historical Monument, Heike Tenzer

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Located between the Bauhaus town of Dessau and Lutherstadt Wittenberg, the Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz covers an area of about 145 square kilometres; equivalent to about one quarter of its original size in the 18th/19th century.

The Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz is the largest area of an historical cultural landscape in Saxony-Anhalt. Former research projects were focused on the design and constructional highlights of the cultural landscape, which means: castles, small structures, historic town centers and parks. The landscape which is situated between those constructions was assessed partially due to landscape planning values.

Between those different evaluations it lacked ...


Greenways As Resilient Global Landscape Solutions, Charles A. Fink Jan 2016

Greenways As Resilient Global Landscape Solutions, Charles A. Fink

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways historically have been highly valued for their benefit to human health and wellness as linear recreational corridors and as a product of interconnected walking and bicycling trail networks. With the threat of accelerating global climate change, greenways offer a more important and strategic landscape for the protection of coastal and shoreline communities, mitigating the impacts associated with urban flooding, and providing landscapes that protect the health, safety and welfare for millions of coastal and shoreline residents around the world.

Each day millions of residents worldwide are exposed to the impacts resulting from global climate change, primarily from urban flooding ...


Greenways As Linear Components Of Green Infrastructure In Rural Agricultural Landscapes Of South-Western Slovakia, Attila Tóth Jan 2016

Greenways As Linear Components Of Green Infrastructure In Rural Agricultural Landscapes Of South-Western Slovakia, Attila Tóth

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are important linking elements of green infrastructure systems in rural cultural landscapes. Their significance markedly increases in agricultural landscapes, since green networks and systems are very often limited to linear structures in this particular type of landscape. Greenways can therefore be crucial green infrastructure components in intensively farmed arable-land matrixes. The uniqueness of the presented research consists in the focus on sustainability and resilience benefits provided by greenways in agricultural landscapes. Greenways and green infrastructure improve the overall environmental resilience of farmed landscapes towards climate change and extreme environmental events, such as long lasting drought and erosion of fertile ...


Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll Jan 2016

Improving Urban Greenways Using James Rose’S Theories Of Integration, Claudia Stoll

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

After an insightful discussion with my peers regarding the theories of landscape urbanism, we concluded that many of the concepts are not new, but were perhaps extrapolated from landscape design principles well known to us. Throughout the discussion, I could not help but think back on my previous research about the mid-century modern landscape architect, James Rose, who’s rebellious designs and intriguing publications spoke to larger concepts than purely form and design, unapologetically. His theories, although laced with humor and sarcasm, have many relevant applications in designing urban parks in cities today. His theories on the integration of indoors ...


Artistic Wind Turbines Along Greenways: The Concept, Vendula Betakova Jan 2016

Artistic Wind Turbines Along Greenways: The Concept, Vendula Betakova

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The contemporary built and industrial landscape - we can see every day - is filled with many industrial parks, logistic areas, power plants and other enormous structures and objects which ensure a living environment for humans. Actually, these structures cause many gaps and blind spots in an otherwise green network. Furthermore, in some cases there are abandoned industrial parks consuming enormous pieces of land. The reason for this is pretty clear in this case: there is no responsible owner who should take care of it or there is no budget to cover the costs for its demolition. So what we now see ...


Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj Jan 2016

Cultural Tourism Trails As Part Of Sustainable Tourism – The Tool Of Shaping The Greenways And Protection Of Ecosystems In Gorce, Jadwiga Środulska-Wielgus, Krzysztof Wielgus, Olga Maj

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Gorce are part of Carpathians – Western Beskidy, Mountains. They are located in Southern Poland, ca. 25km north of High Tatra Mountains. They stretch on approximately 550km². Gorce attract tourists with varying terrain and, most of all, some of the most beautiful open wide views of surrounding mountain chains. The relics of the original Carpathian Forest and the landscape of deeply cut mountain streams are also very valuable. Impressive rock outcroppings and not-yet-explored, numerous caves can also be found here.

The phenomenon of Gorce comes from the unique landscape, shaped by both nature and by man, originally for shepherding, then for ...


A Watershed Event: Communicating Landscape Processes, Jeanmarie Hartman, Donna Webb Jan 2013

A Watershed Event: Communicating Landscape Processes, Jeanmarie Hartman, Donna Webb

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A watershed event was created to illustrate and quantify how water from precipitation moves across a land surface. This illustration is one of many that would be useful in developing the environmental literacy of greenway and open space supporters. The physical activity of marking the small sub-watersheds generated discussion and collaboration between volunteers. Stopping to watch the occasion of water shedding created a notable event. The materials assembled for documenting the event have provided materials for website presentation and lectures. The basic process is fairly easy to organize and recommended for use by greenway and open space groups who are ...


Exploring The Significance Of Greenway Concept, To Assist Landscape Planning And Design: Contributions To Theory From African, Asian And European Case Studies, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias, Catarina Viana Jan 2013

Exploring The Significance Of Greenway Concept, To Assist Landscape Planning And Design: Contributions To Theory From African, Asian And European Case Studies, Luís Ribeiro, Teresa Dias, Catarina Viana

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The need for a reliable theoretical framework has been identified as unavoidable means to validate strategies and problem solve solutions in landscape architecture. The identification of the international greenway movement as well as its significance in promoting better planning and design (Fabos, 2010; Fabos and Ryan, 2006) enriched significantly the theory to support greenway planning and design. However, the magnitude achieved by the greenway movement across the world at different scales and contexts, deserves a deeper research on the topic. To illustrate this, it is worth mentioning the increasing popularity of green-infrastructures in European Union both in the academic and ...


The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu Jan 2013

The Portuguese National Ecological Reserve – A Mapping Tool For Landscape Planning, Selma B. Pena, Manuela R. Magalhães, Manuela M. Abreu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In Portugal, one of the legal frameworks which directly protect the fundamental systems of landscape is the National Ecological Reserve (REN). This instrument was created by the landscape architect Ribeiro Telles in 1983 and at that time its inclusion in the legislative system was considered a pioneering concept in the field of environmental protection. Alongside, it was created the National Agricultural Reserve (1982) that aims agricultural land protection which together with the Natura 2000, other classified areas, and National Ecological Reserve assembles the Fundamental Network of Nature Conservation (2008).

The National Ecological Reserve safeguards fundamental natural cycles and also a ...


Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney Jan 2013

Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

More than any other initiative affiliated with the National Park Service (NPS), the National Heritage Areas (NHA) program has emphasized preservation of sites associated with industrial heritage. Of the close to 400 NPS units, only a handful of locations focus specifically on stories and places associated with labor, while the majority of NHAs take this theme as a critical part of their mission. Whether textiles, railroads, coal, automobiles or steel, heritage areas have played a key role in protecting, interpreting and, when appropriate, imaginatively adapting landscapes linked to the history of work. This paper will examine the central role that ...


Here Comes The Boom: Shale Gas, Landscapes And An Ecological Planning Imperative, Brian Orland, Timothy Murtha Jan 2013

Here Comes The Boom: Shale Gas, Landscapes And An Ecological Planning Imperative, Brian Orland, Timothy Murtha

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Shale gas development in the United States is destined to bring about major long-term changes to the rural landscape. While popular media regularly reports on disputes over the role of hydraulic fracturing, “fracking”, on domestic water supplies, we believe that the more significant impacts on landscapes and communities lie in the less noted but nevertheless extensive footprint of land use changes that accompany this massive economic development. Four land use conversion topics faced by communities in north-central Pennsylvania were examined in order to scope out fruitful directions for more comprehensive study. First we projected, based on the locations of existing ...


Understanding The Evolution Of Landscape Planning Strategy In China: From "Fragmented" Urban Green Space System To Regional Greenway Network Across Cities, Di Lu, Zhiming Li, Jianguo Lu Jan 2013

Understanding The Evolution Of Landscape Planning Strategy In China: From "Fragmented" Urban Green Space System To Regional Greenway Network Across Cities, Di Lu, Zhiming Li, Jianguo Lu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In China, urban green space system (UGSS) is defined as a network of all sorts of green spaces in city built-up area which supports ecological and recreational functions (Wang, 2009). The implementation of UGSS indicates several common problems, such as overemphasizing green spaces in the built area of city, losing stability and rationality in spatial patterns, and mismatching the progress of ecological restoration cycles (Liu & Wen, 2007; Wang, 2009). Greenways represent a distinctly strategic approach to landscape planning through combinations of spatially and functionally compatible land uses within a network (Ahern, 1995). Specially, four principal strategies (Protective, Defensive, Offensive, and Opportunistic) are ...


The Role Of Landscape In Achieving Water Sensitive Cities: The Importance And Potential Of Landscape Architecture In Influencing Change Towards Sustainable Water Use In Australia’S Urban Environments, Josephine Neldner Jan 2013

The Role Of Landscape In Achieving Water Sensitive Cities: The Importance And Potential Of Landscape Architecture In Influencing Change Towards Sustainable Water Use In Australia’S Urban Environments, Josephine Neldner

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper discusses research related to generating water sensitive cities in Australia, using Perth, Western Australia, as a site for testing potential applications of landscape architectural design research to do so. The concept of water sensitive cities has newly emerged and its full ramifications have yet to be explored. There is a need particularly to better engage with how cities are designed in order to readdress the relationships to water within them, with a view to realigning them as water sensitive. The research discussed in this paper has been conducted as part of a Doctorate of Philosophy at the University ...


Effects Of Detention For Flooding Mitigation Under Climate Change Scenarios— Implication For Landscape Planning In The Charles River Watershed, Massachusetts, Usa, Chingwen Cheng, Elizabeth A. Brabec, Yi-Chen E. Yang, Robert L. Ryan Jan 2013

Effects Of Detention For Flooding Mitigation Under Climate Change Scenarios— Implication For Landscape Planning In The Charles River Watershed, Massachusetts, Usa, Chingwen Cheng, Elizabeth A. Brabec, Yi-Chen E. Yang, Robert L. Ryan

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Climate change has posed increased risks to environmental hazards (e.g., flooding, droughts, hurricanes) in addition to new challenges under climate change impacts (e.g., early snow melt, sea level rises, heat waves). Floods are omnipresent in almost every city in the United States and account for the most economic losses than any other single geophysical hazard (White and Haas 1975). Previous climate change studies have suggested promising trends of increasing temperature and changing precipitation patterns as well as increased intensity and duration of storm events that are likely to result in more flooding events in the Northeast region. Flooding ...


Landscape In The Spatial Planning System Of European Countries, Kisztina Filepné Kovács, Ágnes Sallay, Sándor Jombach, István Valánszki Jan 2013

Landscape In The Spatial Planning System Of European Countries, Kisztina Filepné Kovács, Ágnes Sallay, Sándor Jombach, István Valánszki

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Several researches, projects were launched about the varied spatial planning systems of European countries. For example an extensive comparison analysis was carried out by the guidance of the Directorate-General for Regional policy and Cohesion of the European Commission about the spatial policy of the member states (15 members) in 1997. However researches dealing with the state and scope of landscape planning country by country are quite unique. Conflicts of landscape planning and protection differ just mostly because of the different landscape conditions in Europe, but for the way and method how the issues of landscape planning are integrated in the ...


Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács Jan 2010

Relation Of Tourism And Competitiveness From The Point Of View Of Landscape Planning In The Börzsöny And The Hanság, Zsuzsanna Mikhazi, Filepné Krisztina Kovács

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The nowadays so fashionable concept of competitiveness can be considered in the case of rural areas and landscapes as the ability of the stakeholders of the area for utilizing their landscape resources for enhancing life quality ensuring the requirements of sustainability. On the other hand nowadays tourism is the most characteristic landscape forming factor, the beautiful landscape is the most important tourist attraction. We are looking for the regional contexts of the tourism and the competitiveness in this study.