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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

“Pick A Card, Any Card”: Learning To Deceive And Conceal – With Care, Brian Rappert Jan 2021

“Pick A Card, Any Card”: Learning To Deceive And Conceal – With Care, Brian Rappert

Secrecy and Society

Because of the asymmetries in knowledge regarding the underlying hidden mechanisms as well as because of the importance of intentional deception, entertainment magic is often presented as an exercise in power, manipulation, and control. This article challenges such portrayals and through doing so common presumptions about how secrets are kept. It does so through recounting the experiences of the author as a beginner learning a craft. Regard for the choices and tensions associated with the accomplishment of mutually recognized deception in entertainment magic are marshalled to consider how it involves ‘reciprocal action’ between the audience and the performer. Attending to ...


The Rhetorical Devices Of The Keepers Of State Secrets, Stephane Lefebvre Jan 2021

The Rhetorical Devices Of The Keepers Of State Secrets, Stephane Lefebvre

Secrecy and Society

This article examines a set of rhetorical devices forming a linguistic practice that are used repeatedly by secret keepers in the United States and the United Kingdom when legally and popularly arguing against the disclosure of state secrets. Each of these devices (using lists, using the future conditional, arguing from ignorance and authority, arguing from consequences, and arguing by analogy) play a role in shaping our social understanding of state secrecy. More importantly, these devices provide secret keepers a means by which to assert their knowledge and expertise, and to legitimize, if judges agree with them, the nondisclosure of state ...


The Information Analysis And The Review Of Research Results As A Source Of Knowledge For The Mapping Of Advanced Research (Bibliometric Analysis Of The Research On The Citarum River), Cipta Endyana, Hanny Hafiar, Jimi Narotama Mahameruaji Jan 2021

The Information Analysis And The Review Of Research Results As A Source Of Knowledge For The Mapping Of Advanced Research (Bibliometric Analysis Of The Research On The Citarum River), Cipta Endyana, Hanny Hafiar, Jimi Narotama Mahameruaji

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Electronic resources, particularly journal literature, have become a major element of library collections around the world. One of them is a collection of articles that are indexed in the indexing portal. There have been several publications related to the research results on the Citarum River. The Citarum River is one of the rivers that has an important role for the people in West Java Province, Indonesia. The published articles have been indexed on the Garuda portal, which is the national index for scientific articles. However, the research results in the form of scientific publications have not been mapped integratively. So ...


An Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of The Kuantan Community On The Effects Of Monosaccharides On Cancer, Muhammad Alif Mazlan, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Afzan Mat Yusof, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa Dec 2020

An Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of The Kuantan Community On The Effects Of Monosaccharides On Cancer, Muhammad Alif Mazlan, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Afzan Mat Yusof, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Cancer knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) levels of communities are essential to be assessed to enhance cancer educational programs. This study aimed to determine the KAP level of the Kuantan community on the effects of monosaccharides on cancer. The association between the sociodemographic data and KAP level of the community has also been evaluated.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed among residents living in the Kuantan community. Only 303 of 380 responses were included in the data analysis using the chi-square test.

Results: The knowledge and practice levels were moderate, whereas the attitude was at a positive level. Moreover ...


Words And Power In Conflict: Rwanda Under Mrnd Rule, Allan T. Moore Ph.D. Nov 2020

Words And Power In Conflict: Rwanda Under Mrnd Rule, Allan T. Moore Ph.D.

Peace and Conflict Studies

Rwanda under the rule of President Juvenal Habyarimana and the MRND government was a de facto totalitarian governed society, and throughout Habyarimana’s twenty-one year rule, it has been established that there was clear propaganda and hatred directed toward those citizens identified as Tutsi through their national identification records. This article examines the effects of centralized power harbored by Habyarimana and the MRND during this time utilizing a theoretical framework based on the intersection of complementary theory from Foucault, Dahl and Weber. The methodology includes a novel critical discourse analysis (CDA) of transcribed speeches delivered by Habyarimana and Leon Mugesera ...


Law School News: 'Law Isn't A Foreign Language Anymore' 11/24/2020, Michael M. Bowden Nov 2020

Law School News: 'Law Isn't A Foreign Language Anymore' 11/24/2020, Michael M. Bowden

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Structure, State, And Stream Of Mary Consciousness In The Quest For The Knowing Body, Christine Dennis Nov 2020

The Structure, State, And Stream Of Mary Consciousness In The Quest For The Knowing Body, Christine Dennis

Journal of Conscious Evolution

The science of consciousness has traditionally situated knowledge creation in the mind, and thus, marginalizes the knowing body. Returning to the body requires a decolonization of consciousness in Euro-Western research paradigms and in our bodies. This research is grounded in the spirituality indigenous to my Latinx matrilineage known as Mary consciousness, which frames the body as an epistemic pillar of knowledge creation. A feminist fleshing of the knowing body displaces the centrality of the mind by elevating indigenous ways of knowing. Material feminist worldviews contribute by expressing the degree to which the body has been marginalized as a valid source ...


Relationships Among Librarians’ Knowledge Of, Attitude To And Social Media Use For Information Dissemination In Universities In South-South, Nigeria., Victor Okeoghene Idiedo, Bassil E. Posigha Dr. Oct 2020

Relationships Among Librarians’ Knowledge Of, Attitude To And Social Media Use For Information Dissemination In Universities In South-South, Nigeria., Victor Okeoghene Idiedo, Bassil E. Posigha Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

The study investigated relationships among librarians’ knowledge of, attitude to and social media use for information dissemination in South-South Universities Nigeria. The study was necessitated by the under-utilization of information resources and services in university libraries, as a result of inadequate dissemination of information about the available resources and services to library users. The study adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study comprised all the 176 librarians working in all the 12 federal and state university libraries in South-South Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study because of its relatively small size. Three instruments ...


Awareness And Application Of Organizational Knowledge Management By Academic Librarians In University Libraries In South- East Nigeria, Angela Njideka Anike, Anthonia Ukamaka Echedom Oct 2020

Awareness And Application Of Organizational Knowledge Management By Academic Librarians In University Libraries In South- East Nigeria, Angela Njideka Anike, Anthonia Ukamaka Echedom

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Application of organizational knowledge management is crucial to effective information service delivery in university libraries. Its implementation in Nigeria is still at the initial stage while the level of awareness and application in university libraries in South-East is yet to be determined. This study investigated the level of awareness and application of organizational knowledge management by academic librarians in University libraries in South-East Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted. The population comprised 175 academic librarians from ten public universities. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. Percentages and mean were used to answer the research questions while t-test was ...


Determinants Of Gluten-Free Diet Adoption Among Individuals Without Celiac Disease Or Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, Kristina Arslain, Christopher Gustafson, Pratiksha Baishya, Devin Rose Sep 2020

Determinants Of Gluten-Free Diet Adoption Among Individuals Without Celiac Disease Or Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, Kristina Arslain, Christopher Gustafson, Pratiksha Baishya, Devin Rose

Faculty Publications: Agricultural Economics

Objectives: Gluten free (GF) foods are typically less nutritious and more expensive than their gluten-containing variants, yet people without a diagnosed gluten sensitivity continue to adopt this diet. There is a lack of research about what factors drive people without Celiac disease or non-Celiac gluten sensitivity to follow the GF diet. Methods: A nationally representative sample of 2982 US residents without a diagnosed gluten sensitivity were surveyed about their attitudes, perceptions, and experiences with the GF diet. Logistic regression was used to compare respondents who were currently avoiding or had avoided gluten previously (GF consumer) to respondents who had never ...


Law Library Blog (September 2020): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Sep 2020

Law Library Blog (September 2020): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Sharing Practices Among Visually Impaired Students At Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, Sufia Khowaja, Nishat Fatima Aug 2020

Knowledge Sharing Practices Among Visually Impaired Students At Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, Sufia Khowaja, Nishat Fatima

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is conducted with the purpose to determine the attitude, perception and the pattern of knowledge sharing among visually impaired students of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. Appropriate pattern was formulated for data collection wherein schedule was used to gather data from 76 visually impaired students, the data so collected was analysed using SPSS (ver.23). The results formulated out of the analysis confirms that the visually impaired students consider knowledge sharing as a best practice as they frequently practicing it among their peer groups through various channels of communication e.g. audio material, URLs of websites, etc. The ...


Use Of Problem-Based Learning (Pbl) Model To Improve Learning Outcomes In Environmental Education, Indriyani Rachman, Chika Sugimaru, Toru Matsumoto Jul 2020

Use Of Problem-Based Learning (Pbl) Model To Improve Learning Outcomes In Environmental Education, Indriyani Rachman, Chika Sugimaru, Toru Matsumoto

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Wastewater and household trash have become serious problems in major Indonesian cities due to the lack of environmental education for children and society as a whole. This paper will examine the urban lifestyle and the processing of waste, followed by an analysis of problem-based learning (PBL) experiments in elementary schools in various cities. The analysis will be supplemented with a questionnaire distributed to the students before and after the PBL trial. The article aims to offer an alternative educational environment that will evoke maximum learning results. It has been prepared using cross-tabulation research methods for three groups: The first group ...


Decision-Making And Hydraulic Fracturing: The Case Of Local Policy Elites And The General Public In Arkansas And Oregon, Clayton Creed Tumlison Jul 2020

Decision-Making And Hydraulic Fracturing: The Case Of Local Policy Elites And The General Public In Arkansas And Oregon, Clayton Creed Tumlison

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the ways in which cultural value predispositions impact decision-making associated with hydraulic fracturing (fracking) among both local policy elites and the general public in Arkansas and Oregon. First, I examine the mediating role of (dis)trust in information provided by three groups associated with the fracking debate – the energy industry, environmental groups, and the government – in shaping benefit-risk perceptions associated with fracking, and compare this process between a sample of local policy elites and the general public in Arkansas and Oregon. Findings indicate that perceptions of trustworthiness are shaped by cultural value predispositions which, in turn, shape ...


Suicide Risk Assessment: An Evaluation Of Graduate Students With The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale, Savannah Hamilton Jun 2020

Suicide Risk Assessment: An Evaluation Of Graduate Students With The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale, Savannah Hamilton

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

The critical need for more sensitive suicide screening is highlighted by the fact that 75% of individuals who complete suicide has seen a health care provider within the previous 3 months (Graves et al., 2018). Additionally, health care providers play a crucial role in identifying patients who are at risk, but they often are not adequately trained. The current research project investigated the effectiveness of a risk assessment training to increase doctoral students’ general and applied knowledge in suicide risk assessment. The training was completed by a cohort of 23 first year doctoral students in the Graduate Psychology of Clinical ...


Librarians’ Perceptions And Knowledge Of The Use Of Whatsapp For The Enhancement Of Library Services In University Libraries In South- South, Nigeria, Gloria Ogheneghatowho Oyovwe-Tinuoye, Lucky Oji Akpojotor, Patrick Osaze Ijiekhuamhen May 2020

Librarians’ Perceptions And Knowledge Of The Use Of Whatsapp For The Enhancement Of Library Services In University Libraries In South- South, Nigeria, Gloria Ogheneghatowho Oyovwe-Tinuoye, Lucky Oji Akpojotor, Patrick Osaze Ijiekhuamhen

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examined the librarians’ perceptions and knowledge of the use of WhatsApp for the enhancement of service in university libraries in South-South, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and a questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Total enumeration (purposive sampling) technique was used to gather data from 169 librarians in 6 federal, 4 state and 3 private university libraries in South-South, Nigeria. This sample population size was considered appropriate because from the study the above mentioned institution uses WhatsApp in service delivery. However, only 141 librarians answered and returned the questionnaire at the specified time ...


Law School News: Dean's Distinguished Service Award: Raquel Ortiz 05-22-2020, Michael M. Bowden May 2020

Law School News: Dean's Distinguished Service Award: Raquel Ortiz 05-22-2020, Michael M. Bowden

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Culturally-Tailored Education On Knowledge And Behavior Related To Screening And Lifestyle Management Of Blood Pressure In African Immigrants, Sarah Erskine May 2020

The Impact Of Culturally-Tailored Education On Knowledge And Behavior Related To Screening And Lifestyle Management Of Blood Pressure In African Immigrants, Sarah Erskine

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The number of African Immigrants in the United States is increasing. The prevalence of hypertension among Blacks, including African Immigrants are high. In addition to the increased susceptibility to hypertension, lack of disease awareness and unhealthy lifestyle are documented barriers to achieving adequate blood pressure control. The purpose of this project was to determine the impact of implementing a 30-minute, culturally-tailored, evidence based educational session on hypertension to promote knowledge and initiate behavior change in African Immigrants. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Blood pressures were measured and survey instruments such as the Hypertension Evaluation of Lifestyle and Management scale ...


College Student Perceptions Of Adhd: Links Between Prior Knowledge And Stigma, Caterina Langlois Apr 2020

College Student Perceptions Of Adhd: Links Between Prior Knowledge And Stigma, Caterina Langlois

Senior Honors Theses

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent inattention, which might or might not accompany hyperactivity and impulsivity, that noticeably interferes with functioning and development in at least two settings. It is a commonly diagnosed childhood mental health disorder. Public knowledge and attitudes towards ADHD are an important consideration for those who are going to potentially be working with that population. Research has shown older children and parents may attribute ADHD behavior to poor social skills or immaturity. Teachers often report feeling unprepared to have a student with ADHD and would like more training. Some research has shown the ...


Understanding And Identifying The Knowledge And Attitudes Of High School Coaches On Sport-Related Concussions, Marc A. Mortellaro Mar 2020

Understanding And Identifying The Knowledge And Attitudes Of High School Coaches On Sport-Related Concussions, Marc A. Mortellaro

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study: Sport-related concussions are a major public health issue, particularly so in the setting of sports. Sports dominate American culture and with millions of athletes of all ages participating in these sports these athletes predispose themselves to the risks of sport-related concussions. High-school athletes are of particular interest because of the heightened risks of long-term consequences and of particular note second impact syndrome, which is a catastrophic injury primarily reported in the adolescent aged athlete. Appropriate concussion assessment and management is necessary for reducing the possibility of these long- term effects of concussions. Properly trained ...


Android-Based Waste Management Information System, Iriana Bakti, Feliza Zubair, Yustikasari Yustikasari, Priyo Subekti Feb 2020

Android-Based Waste Management Information System, Iriana Bakti, Feliza Zubair, Yustikasari Yustikasari, Priyo Subekti

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The garbage bank is one of the institutions that play a role in managing household waste to be more beneficial for environmental, health, and economy. For this reason, there is a need for capable management system enables to facilitate the community in the collection, withdrawal, and transactions of the garbage. The organizer of the Dahlia Garbage Bank in Margahurip Village, Banjaran District, Bandung Regency, is trying to offer a Waste-Generating Information System (SISAPU) through socialization to the community as a solution to the waste management. This study aims to explore the reasons for SISAPU socialization, the SISAPU socialization process, and ...


Improving Knowledge In A Prison Without Walls Analysing The Effectiveness Of The Mine Risk Education Activities Of [Organisation X] In Syria, Arnaud Loman Feb 2020

Improving Knowledge In A Prison Without Walls Analysing The Effectiveness Of The Mine Risk Education Activities Of [Organisation X] In Syria, Arnaud Loman

Global CWD Repository

The extensive use of mines and explosives in Syria pose a threat on all the lives of the conflict-affected population. To ensure that the population has the necessary knowledge and skills to protect themselves from this existing threat, diverse humanitarian mine action organisations, including [organisation X], design and implement mine risk education (MRE) activities. However, the number of beneficiaries reached with MRE alone does not adequately reflect the impact of the activities. There is a lack of data whether these achievements enhance the well-being of the people in communities that are affected by explosive hazards, especially in the ongoing conflict ...


An Empirical Study Of Librarians And Libraries As Drivers Of Access To Knowledge In Ebonyi State, Nigeria, Emmanuel Chidiadi Onwubiko Jan 2020

An Empirical Study Of Librarians And Libraries As Drivers Of Access To Knowledge In Ebonyi State, Nigeria, Emmanuel Chidiadi Onwubiko

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The library from inception plays a very crucial role in the extension and modification of knowledge. The growing need for knowledge management has influenced every component and operation of a library. This is built on the fact that it is only by transmission of knowledge by each succeeding generation can civilization maintain itself and make advance upon the knowledge of the past. The individual and social meaning of education can only take place on the backdrop of beliefs and values of a particular social setting. In both, the library has a crucial role to play. The library we know is ...


El Desarrollo Local En El Presente Un Estado Del Arte Sobre La Producción Del Conocimiento Durante La Década 2010 2020, Juan Camilo Díaz Córdoba, Marco Rene Rodríguez Ortíz Jan 2020

El Desarrollo Local En El Presente Un Estado Del Arte Sobre La Producción Del Conocimiento Durante La Década 2010 2020, Juan Camilo Díaz Córdoba, Marco Rene Rodríguez Ortíz

Maestría en Estudios y Gestión del Desarrollo – MEGD

Este trabajo tiene como propósito dar cuenta de la producción académica sobre el Desarrollo Local en el periodo 2010-2020 mediante el estudio de un conjunto documental digital, decantado mediante fórmulas específicas, proveniente de cuatro bases de datos académicas de alcance mundial en el hemisferio occidental: Scopus, Web of Science, Redalyc y Scielo. Se busca hacer un balance del conocimiento acumulado en torno al Desarrollo Local, que se encuentra publicado en artículos académicos en inglés y español. El análisis se realiza desde los enfoques cualitativo y cuantitativo para el tratamiento de los datos y presentación de la información, atendiendo tanto a ...


An Evaluation Of The Advance Directives-Live Action Simulation Training (Ad-Last) Program, Alexandra Rosa Spinelli Jan 2020

An Evaluation Of The Advance Directives-Live Action Simulation Training (Ad-Last) Program, Alexandra Rosa Spinelli

Theses and Dissertations

Advance Care Planning (ACP) is a process that captures a patient’s wishes in the case of future circumstances in which they are unable to express them. Studies show that less than one third of the general population has completed some type of formal Advance Directive (AD). There are barriers to completing ADs, and these barriers operate on multiple levels, including, patient, provider and institutional. To improve providers’ capacity to help patients complete ACP, and overcome these barriers, a provider-focused intervention was conducted. The current study is an analysis of archival data collected from the Advance Directives-Live Action Simulation Training ...


Attention-Based Knowledge Tracing With Heterogeneous Information Network Embedding, Nan Zhang, Ye Du, Ke Deng, Li Li, Jun Shen, Geng Sun Jan 2020

Attention-Based Knowledge Tracing With Heterogeneous Information Network Embedding, Nan Zhang, Ye Du, Ke Deng, Li Li, Jun Shen, Geng Sun

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Knowledge tracing is a key area of research contributing to personalized education. In recent times, deep knowledge tracing has achieved great success. However, the sparsity of students’ practice data still limits the performance and application of knowledge tracing. An additional complication is that the contribution of the answer record to the current knowledge state is different at each time step. To solve these problems, we propose Attention-based Knowledge Tracing with Heterogeneous Information Network Embedding (AKTHE). First, we describe questions and their attributes with a heterogeneous information network and generate meaningful node embeddings. Second, we capture the relevance of historical data ...


Developing An Ontology For Representing The Domain Knowledge Specific To Non-Pharmacological Treatment For Agitation In Dementia, Zhenyu Zhang, Ping Yu, H.C. Chang, S K. Lau, Cui Tao, Ning Wang, Mengyang Yin, Chao Deng Jan 2020

Developing An Ontology For Representing The Domain Knowledge Specific To Non-Pharmacological Treatment For Agitation In Dementia, Zhenyu Zhang, Ping Yu, H.C. Chang, S K. Lau, Cui Tao, Ning Wang, Mengyang Yin, Chao Deng

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Introduction: A large volume of clinical care data has been generated for managing agitation in dementia. However, the valuable information in these data has not been used effectively to generate insights for improving the quality of care. Application of artificial intelligence technologies offers us enormous opportunities to reuse these data. For health data science to achieve this, this study focuses on using ontology to coding clinical knowledge for non-pharmacological treatment of agitation in a machine-readable format. Methods: The resultant ontology—Dementia-Related Agitation Non-Pharmacological Treatment Ontology (DRANPTO)—was developed using a method adopted from the NeOn methodology. Results: DRANPTO consisted of ...


Data Governance And The Emerging University, Michael J. Madison Jan 2020

Data Governance And The Emerging University, Michael J. Madison

Book Chapters

Knowledge and information governance questions are tractable primarily in institutional terms, rather than in terms of abstractions such as knowledge itself or individual or social interests. This chapter offers the modern research university as an example. Practices of data-intensive research by university-based researchers, sometimes reduced to the popular phrase “Big Data,” pose governance challenges for the university. The chapter situates those challenges in the traditional understanding of the university as an institution for understanding forms and flows of knowledge. At a broad level, the chapter argues that the new salience of data exposes emerging shifts in the social, cultural, and ...


Asd Training: Knowledge, Attitudes & Perceptions Of A South Georgia Police Officer, Heather Banks Mcneal Jan 2020

Asd Training: Knowledge, Attitudes & Perceptions Of A South Georgia Police Officer, Heather Banks Mcneal

Theses and Dissertations

This study offered a preliminary look at the evidence to support the benefits of training South Georgia Police Officers on the phenomenon that is autism. Research suggested that there was limited experimental data available regarding why persons with ASD entered the criminal justice system, as well as how to manage them once they are there (Chovanec, 2013). Various regions of the United States embraced the importance of ASD training amongst their law enforcement officers; however, Georgia has only recently taken steps to do the same by the inclusion of a voluntary, online course regarding autism and de-escalation. Participants shared their ...


Succession Planning Strategies For Retiring Employees In The Department Of Defense, Danielle Mccullough Jan 2020

Succession Planning Strategies For Retiring Employees In The Department Of Defense, Danielle Mccullough

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In 2017, more than 18% of the workforce in the Department of Defense (DoD) was eligible to retire. Employee retirement continues to present a persistent shortage of DoD knowledge workers, especially in security protections. The purpose of this qualitative single case study within a DoD intelligence agency was to explore succession planning strategies that DoD managers use to ensure knowledge possessed by retirees was transitioned to incumbent knowledge workers. The conceptual frameworks for this study were the 7-pointed star model for succession planning and the 4 pillars of knowledge management. The population was DoD managers from STEM and cyber intelligence ...