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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Identity, Heritage And Memorialization: The Toraja Tongkonan Of Indonesia, Kathleen M. Adams Jan 2016

Identity, Heritage And Memorialization: The Toraja Tongkonan Of Indonesia, Kathleen M. Adams

Kathleen M. Adams

No abstract provided.


Archaeology Meccas Of Tourism: Exploration, Protection, And Exploitation, Quetzil Castañeda, Jennifer Mathews Nov 2015

Archaeology Meccas Of Tourism: Exploration, Protection, And Exploitation, Quetzil Castañeda, Jennifer Mathews

Jennifer P Mathews

This chapter is divided into two distinct sections that are positioned in a point-counterpoint structure of dialogue. These two position statements invoke the etymological meanings of the word essay: to attempt, put to the test, trial, to act out, to explore, travel, or to travail. The first is an historical analysis written in the third person by an anthropologist whose expertise includes the ethnography of archaeology and the anthropology of tourism. The second is a counterpoint commentary written by an anthropologist whose specializations include Pre-Columbian and historical archaeology. Both of us have significant research experience in the same area of ...


Pronounced Particularity: A Comparison Of Governance Structures On Lord Howe Island And Fernando De Noronha, Arianne Reis, Philip Hayward Feb 2015

Pronounced Particularity: A Comparison Of Governance Structures On Lord Howe Island And Fernando De Noronha, Arianne Reis, Philip Hayward

Professor Philip Hayward

This paper compares and contrasts the management systems and governance structures of two island sites with national and international World Heritage recognition: Lord Howe Island (off the mid-east coast of Australia) and Fernando de Noronha (off the north-east coast of Brazil). Using historical and contemporary references, the paper explores the manner in which two distinct approaches to governance are implicated in the daily living of community members, and considers their socioeconomic activities. We use the case of tourism and World Heritage management as examples of the complexities involved in the different forms of governance structures adopted by these two small ...


Families, Funerals And Facebook: Reimag(In)Ing And Curating Toraja Kin In Translocal Times, Kathleen M. Adams Dec 2014

Families, Funerals And Facebook: Reimag(In)Ing And Curating Toraja Kin In Translocal Times, Kathleen M. Adams

Kathleen M. Adams

The Sa’dan Toraja of upland Sulawesi, Indonesia have long been celebrated in the anthropological literature for their elaborate procession-filled mortuary rituals, which draw vast networks of kith and kin to mourn, memorialise, and reaffirm familial bonds and obligations. Whether residing in the homeland or abroad, most Torajans underscore funeral rites as the most vital expression of Toraja familial and cultural identity. Although some estimates suggest that more Torajans now reside off-island and overseas than remain in the homeland, extended familial funerals in the homeland continue to have a centripetal physical, economic and emotional pull. While various scholars have documented ...


The Struggle Of The Oromo To Preserve An Indigenous Democracy, Asafa Jalata Jun 2014

The Struggle Of The Oromo To Preserve An Indigenous Democracy, Asafa Jalata

Asafa Jalata

This paper explores the essence of the gadaa system (Oromo democracy) and how and why the Oromo people are struggling to preserve and develop this indigenous democracy, written records of which go back to the sixteenth century. It also explains the essence and the main characteristics of Oromo democracy that can be adapted to the current condition of Oromo society in order to revitalize the Oromo national movement for national self-determination and democracy and to build a sovereign Oromia state in a multinational context. The paper also demonstrates that this kind of struggle is an uphill battle because the Oromo ...


Lean In Or Lean Back: Reproducing Sustainable Livelihoods In The Transnational Indigenous Art Market, Blaire Gagnon Feb 2014

Lean In Or Lean Back: Reproducing Sustainable Livelihoods In The Transnational Indigenous Art Market, Blaire Gagnon

Blaire Gagnon

No abstract provided.


Review Of Us Cultural Diplomacy And Archaeology Soft Power, Hard Heritage, Ignacio Rodríguez Temiño Dec 2013

Review Of Us Cultural Diplomacy And Archaeology Soft Power, Hard Heritage, Ignacio Rodríguez Temiño

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Dark Tourism And Dark Heritage: Emergent Themes, Issues And Consequences, Catherine Roberts, Philip R. Stone Dec 2013

Dark Tourism And Dark Heritage: Emergent Themes, Issues And Consequences, Catherine Roberts, Philip R. Stone

Dr Philip Stone

No abstract provided.


Blacksmithing Was A Camden Heritage Trade, Ian Willis Nov 2013

Blacksmithing Was A Camden Heritage Trade, Ian Willis

Ian Willis

In the pre-industrial era all towns and villages had a blacksmith. It is one of the oldest trades in human civilisation dating back to ancient times. Blacksmiths were essential to the daily life of a country town like Camden and relied on a mixture of work from local farmers and passing traffic on the main road.


Shared Heritage: An Anthropological Theory And Methodology For Assessing, Enhancing, And Communicating A Future-Oriented Social Ethic Of Heritage Protection, Angela M. Labrador Jan 2013

Shared Heritage: An Anthropological Theory And Methodology For Assessing, Enhancing, And Communicating A Future-Oriented Social Ethic Of Heritage Protection, Angela M. Labrador

Angela M Labrador

A common narrative in the late twentieth–early twenty-first centuries is that historic rural landscapes and cultural practices are in danger of disappearing in the face of modern development pressures. However, efforts to preserve rural landscapes have dichotomized natural and cultural resources and tended to “freeze” these resources in time. They have essentialized the character of both “rural” and “developed” and ignored the dynamic natural and cultural processes that produce them. In this dissertation I outline an agenda for critical and applied heritage research that reframes heritage as a transformative social practice in order to move beyond the hegemonic treatment ...


Heritage And Regional Development: An Indigenous Perspective, Robbie Collins, K. Mcmahon-Coleman Mar 2012

Heritage And Regional Development: An Indigenous Perspective, Robbie Collins, K. Mcmahon-Coleman

Kimberley McMahon-Coleman

Heritage is important to regional development in terms of promoting a sense of place and a sense of identity for those in the region. Heritage is often expressed through culture and the arts as a means of manifesting a community’s sense of what the community or region is about. For Indigenous communities this is particularly relevant given the lack of social capital as a result of colonialism and displacement. In these communities the value of the Indigenous way of viewing things and sense of place has been subjugated by hegemonic norms. There is a need for Indigenous peoples to ...


Beautiful, Good, Important, And Special: Cultural Heritage, Archaeology, Tourism And The Miniature In The Holy Land, Morag Kersel, Yorke Rowan Dec 2011

Beautiful, Good, Important, And Special: Cultural Heritage, Archaeology, Tourism And The Miniature In The Holy Land, Morag Kersel, Yorke Rowan

Morag M. Kersel

No abstract provided.


Entrusting The Commons: Agricultural Land Conservation And Shared Heritage Protection, Angela Labrador Dec 2011

Entrusting The Commons: Agricultural Land Conservation And Shared Heritage Protection, Angela Labrador

Angela M Labrador

The start of the twenty-first century is marked by new levels of globaliza- tion, environmental degradation, and social conflict that are endangering the cultural landscapes and agrarian heritage of rural areas. In the wake of these threats, heritage profes- sionals are imagining new, holistic models for shared cultural and natural heritage protec- tion that support active community engagement around issues of cultural identity, material and ecological sustainability, and shared ethical values. Agricultural land conservation is fertile terrain in which to theorize how heritage protection can contribute to the mobiliza- tion of social cohesion to restore a balanced human ecology. Agrarian ...


'If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Jane Austen': Literary Tourism And The Heritage Industry, Wenche Ommundsen Nov 2011

'If It's Tuesday, This Must Be Jane Austen': Literary Tourism And The Heritage Industry, Wenche Ommundsen

Wenche Ommundsen

No abstract provided.


The Circus Is In Town: Literary Festivals And The Mapping Of Cultural Heritage, Wenche Ommundsen Nov 2011

The Circus Is In Town: Literary Festivals And The Mapping Of Cultural Heritage, Wenche Ommundsen

Wenche Ommundsen

No abstract provided.


Symposium Program: War, Dictatorship & Memory In Spain, Jacqueline Urla Jan 2011

Symposium Program: War, Dictatorship & Memory In Spain, Jacqueline Urla

Jacqueline L. Urla

Program for the Interdisciplinary Symposium, War, Dictatorship and Memory in Spain. Organizers: Justin Crumbaugh, Sara Brenneis and Jacqueline Urla. Oct. 13015, 2011.


Vistas In Common: Sharing Stories About Heritage Landscapes, Angela Labrador Dec 2010

Vistas In Common: Sharing Stories About Heritage Landscapes, Angela Labrador

Angela M Labrador

Rural communities in the United States have faced mounting pressure to develop their local economies in ways that threaten their historic agrarian landscapes and cultural practices. However, these communities are often wary of, if not hostile to, top–down approaches to historic preservation and landscape conservation. Community-engaged heritage protection strategies shift the focus from managing cultural and natural heritage as discrete resources to envisioning heritage and its protection as a form of community development. This paper presents a case study from rural New England in which the intergenerational sharing of narratives about heritage landscapes moves beyond simply commemorating the past ...


Farming Williamsburg: A Collaborative Oral History Project Of Williamsburg's Agrarian Past, Angela Labrador Dec 2010

Farming Williamsburg: A Collaborative Oral History Project Of Williamsburg's Agrarian Past, Angela Labrador

Angela M Labrador

No abstract provided.


Zerain.Com: Cultural Landscape As A Framework For Integrating Sustainable Development, Heritage And Language Preservation, Jacqueline Urla May 2010

Zerain.Com: Cultural Landscape As A Framework For Integrating Sustainable Development, Heritage And Language Preservation, Jacqueline Urla

Jacqueline L. Urla

No abstract provided.


Conteted Heritage In The Ancient City Of Peace, William Feighery Dec 2009

Conteted Heritage In The Ancient City Of Peace, William Feighery

William Feighery

As the imperial capital of thirteen dynasties Xi’an, formerly known as Chang’an (eternal peace), houses a legacy of many of the most important periods of Chinese history and is one of the great archeological centers of the world. This legacy of political and cultural dominance places Xi’an at the forefront of debates on cultural heritage and its role in the evolution of China in the 21st century. Xi’an is currently under a triad of influences from processes of globalization, urban transition and domestic and international tourism. In recent decades and particularly since the dawn on the ...


Whatever You Say, Say Something: Remembering For The Future In Northern Ireland, Margo Shea Dec 2009

Whatever You Say, Say Something: Remembering For The Future In Northern Ireland, Margo Shea

Margo Shea

The question of how to ‘deal’ with the past in post‐conflict Northern Ireland preoccupies public conversation precisely because it separates a violent history from a fragile peace and an uncertain future. After a brief examination of contemporary Northern Ireland's culture of remembrance, this article provides some analysis of the potentials and dangers of efforts to confront the legacies of the Troubles. I argue here that the challenge for post‐conflict heritage work in Northern Ireland lies in forging practices that permit and facilitate different ways of encountering complex and contradictory histories. These new efforts to remember encourage citizens ...


Re-Locating Meaning In Heritage Archives: A Call For Participatory Heritage Databases, Angela M. Labrador, Elizabeth S. Chilton Dec 2008

Re-Locating Meaning In Heritage Archives: A Call For Participatory Heritage Databases, Angela M. Labrador, Elizabeth S. Chilton

Angela M Labrador

While the use of online digital archives is increasing in the various heritage-related fields, there are significant problems with traditional digital heritage databases. First, these databases often revolve around collecting and presenting information provided by domain experts and do little to engage end users in the interpretative process. In doing so they centralize the meaning making process and limit authority and, thus, access to non-expert users. Second, they presume a single, knowable community or heritage audience; and third, they presume a single interpretation of an information object, or at least a consensual interpretation from a larger, static group of stakeholders ...


The Politics Of Heritage In Tana Toraja, Indonesia: Interplaying The Local And The Global, Kathleen Adams Dec 2002

The Politics Of Heritage In Tana Toraja, Indonesia: Interplaying The Local And The Global, Kathleen Adams

Kathleen M. Adams

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Smithsonian Center For Latino Initiatives: Strategic Plan (2002-2007), Refugio I. Rochin Dec 1999

Smithsonian Center For Latino Initiatives: Strategic Plan (2002-2007), Refugio I. Rochin

Refugio I. Rochin

Synopsis of keynote address. Includes information and plan regarding the Smithsonian Institution's mandate to play a fundamental role in defining the parameters of Latina/o cultural identity: "How the Smithsonian views U.S. Latinos is important to all Americans, because the Smithsonian helps determine how all Americans see themselves--and how the rest of the world views the United States."