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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

From Oasis To Samvera: Three Decades Of Online Access To Osu’S Archives And Special Collections, Lawrence A. Landis Aug 2019

From Oasis To Samvera: Three Decades Of Online Access To Osu’S Archives And Special Collections, Lawrence A. Landis

OLA Quarterly

Oregon State University has been a leader in making unique resources accessible via the Internet. Individually or with collaborative partners, OSU made collection information, exhibits and entire collections available online. This timeline article presents OSU’s major projects and developments to promote online accessibility over the past thirty years.


Digital Repositories And Data Harvests Aug 2019

Digital Repositories And Data Harvests

OLA Quarterly

Today it’s hard to imagine life without a smartphone, but broadcast television, travel to the moon, MARC records, personal computers, email, the Internet, online library catalogs, cell phones, video on demand, virtual reality, and digital archive collections all came about in one human generation.

Throughout that generation of disruptive and innovative technologies, librarians have served the public good by providing the conceptual skills to organize and describe information and provide or facilitate access to it. Moreover, libraries, through cooperatives and information sharing agreements, have made possible the construction of massive data systems that serve our nation’s needs with ...


Volume 24 Issue 4 Introduction: From The Guest Editor, Maureen F. Battistella Aug 2019

Volume 24 Issue 4 Introduction: From The Guest Editor, Maureen F. Battistella

OLA Quarterly

Today it’s hard to imagine life without a smartphone, but broadcast television, travel to the moon, MARC records, personal computers, email, the Internet, online library catalogs, cell phones, video on demand, virtual reality, and digital archive collections all came about in one human generation.

Throughout that generation of disruptive and innovative technologies, librarians have served the public good by providing the conceptual skills to organize and describe information and provide or facilitate access to it. Moreover, libraries, through cooperatives and information sharing agreements, have made possible the construction of massive data systems that serve our nation’s needs with ...


Dpla In The Pacific Northwest: The Orbis Cascade Alliance Case, Mark Dahl, Zachariah Selley Aug 2019

Dpla In The Pacific Northwest: The Orbis Cascade Alliance Case, Mark Dahl, Zachariah Selley

OLA Quarterly

The Orbis Cascade Alliance’s journey to becoming a Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) Service Hub illustrates some important challenges and opportunities in the world of digital cultural heritage work. Released in 2013, DPLA brings together cultural heritage content on a national digital platform. Since 2014 the Alliance has moved towards DPLA membership as part of a broader strategy to aggregate its members’ digital cultural heritage collections and make them more discoverable. Competing strategies for making content discoverable, limited financial resources, and differences in missions between institutions have been obstacles as the Alliance has worked towards aggregated collections and ...


The Oregon Digital Newspaper Program’S Commitment To Open Access, Sarah Seymore Aug 2019

The Oregon Digital Newspaper Program’S Commitment To Open Access, Sarah Seymore

OLA Quarterly

The Oregon Digital Newspaper Program (ODNP) at the University of Oregon Libraries is an initiative to digitize historic and current Oregon newspapers, making them freely available to the public through a keyword-searchable online database. The ODNP is committed to open access and has included collaboration and data sharing with larger programs like the Library of Congress’ Chronicling America historic newspaper website. Since 2015, the ODNP has increased its open access mission by archiving and hosting born-digital newspaper content, as well as continuing digitization of historic newspapers from microfilm and print. This article outlines the ODNP’s past and current open ...


Building And Navigating A Path To Collaborative Digital Platforms For Oregon’S Libraries: There Are Many Ways To Get There, Arlene Weible, Ross Fuqua Aug 2019

Building And Navigating A Path To Collaborative Digital Platforms For Oregon’S Libraries: There Are Many Ways To Get There, Arlene Weible, Ross Fuqua

OLA Quarterly

Over the last several years, the State Library of Oregon has explored options and supported a variety of projects to promote collaboration among libraries to build and sustain Oregon digital collections. Activities such as hosted meetings, grant funding, and pilot projects have identified both opportunities and roadblocks to collaboration, especially for Oregon’s small public libraries. A clear and distinct path has proven to be somewhat elusive, and the journey itself has demonstrated that a one-size-fits-all solution is unlikely to emerge soon. Multiple pathways to a more robust digital collections platform may not only be inevitable but preferable, given the ...


Sharing Oregon’S Cultural Heritage: Harvesting Oregon Digital’S Collections Into The Digital Public Library Of America, Julia Simic, Ryan Wick Aug 2019

Sharing Oregon’S Cultural Heritage: Harvesting Oregon Digital’S Collections Into The Digital Public Library Of America, Julia Simic, Ryan Wick

OLA Quarterly

Oregon Digital, the library digital collections platform of Oregon State University and the University of Oregon, joined the Mountain West Digital Library (MWDL) and the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) in 2016 to increase the visibility of our collections. This article discusses the process of becoming participants in the hub-network structure of the two organizations, remediating metadata in compliance with best practices, and modifications to the digital collections platforms, both locally and at MWDL, to successfully harvest over 100,000 items into DPLA.


Surveying Oregon’S Digital Heritage Collections, Beth Dehn Aug 2019

Surveying Oregon’S Digital Heritage Collections, Beth Dehn

OLA Quarterly

In 2018, the Oregon Heritage Commission conducted a survey of heritage organizations across the state to capture data regarding digitization efforts. The goal of the survey was to collect a baseline of information on the types of digital collections in Oregon, existing digital infrastructure, and a level of interest in collaborative options. Data gathered was shared with our partners, including the Orbis Cascade Alliance, to aid their work in considering how to create an on-ramp for smaller collections to enter into the Digital Public Library of America. This work followed the 2013 Environmental Scan of Digital Collections conducted by the ...


Opportunities With Archives West: How A Small Academic Archive Benefits From Membership, Becca Evans Aug 2019

Opportunities With Archives West: How A Small Academic Archive Benefits From Membership, Becca Evans

OLA Quarterly

Like many smaller academic organizations, Southern Oregon University’s Hannon Library Special Collections and University Archives (SPEC) operates with a limited budget and minimal staffing. Membership to Archives West provides Hannon Library with a framework to enhance discovery, improve collection management, and promote growth and sustainability. The additional resources provided by Archives West and the Orbis Cascade Alliance allow SPEC to increase capacity and improve services to students and community researchers. The underlying framework consists of training sessions, best practices documents, affordable access to ArchivesSpace, and system support. While improved discoverability is often the primary motivator, libraries should not overlook ...


Indicators Of Urban Heritage Teaching In The Public Universities In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Ahmad Toman Jul 2019

Indicators Of Urban Heritage Teaching In The Public Universities In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Ahmad Toman

Emirates Journal for Engineering Research

The study reviewed the academic programs in the universities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to measure their attention to teaching the urban heritage through the analysis of curse description and apply the definition of urban heritage to this description, and then determine whether this article takes care of the teaching of urban heritage. In order to conduct the evaluation, a digital scale designed to evaluate the universities in terms of urban heritage teaching at four levels.

The study reached the following results:

• The number of universities that teach the urban heritage 12 out of 29 public universities, which is ...


“‘The Strata Of My History’: Reading The Ecological Chronotope In Wendell Berry’S That Distant Land”, Ellen M. Bayer Apr 2019

“‘The Strata Of My History’: Reading The Ecological Chronotope In Wendell Berry’S That Distant Land”, Ellen M. Bayer

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This article examines Wendell Berry’s short story collection, That Distant Land (2004) through the lens of the ecological chronotope. Berry’s characters cultivate an intimate relationship with their physical environment, and the land, in turn, inscribes their history within it. Furthermore, it is through a shared sense of responsibility to the land that the characters foster a sense of community, shared history, and timeless connection with each other. My analysis of Berry’s fiction employs the notion of the ecological chronotope as a lens for understanding the environmental implications encountered at the intersection between time and place in That ...


In The Name Of Profit: Canada’S Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve As Economic Development And Colonial Placemaking, Richard M. Hutchings, Marina La Salle Apr 2019

In The Name Of Profit: Canada’S Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve As Economic Development And Colonial Placemaking, Richard M. Hutchings, Marina La Salle

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Taking a critical heritage approach to late modern naming and placemaking, we discuss how the power to name reflects the power to control people, their land, their past, and ultimately their future. Our case study is the Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve (MABR), a recently invented place on Vancouver Island, located in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. Through analysis of representations and landscape, we explore MABR as state-sanctioned branding, where a dehumanized nature is packaged for and marketed to wealthy ecotourists. Greenwashed by a feel-good “sustainability” discourse, MABR constitutes colonial placemaking and economic development, representing no break with past practices.


Solastalgia, Nostalgia, Exhilarating, Immersive: Landscapes: Heritage Ii, David F. Gray Apr 2019

Solastalgia, Nostalgia, Exhilarating, Immersive: Landscapes: Heritage Ii, David F. Gray

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

Landscape: Heritage II presents the scholarly and creative contributions to Landscapes, Volume 9, Issue 1.


Vistas, Views, Prospects. Research And Design, Albert Fekete Jan 2019

Vistas, Views, Prospects. Research And Design, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The renewal of historic gardens, landscapes and sites has become more common in Eastern and Central European region. The Department of Garden Art and Garden Techniques of the Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design has been dealing with this since 1963, with landscape renewal on landscape, garden and settlement scale, based on scientific research. The more than 50-year experience has already proved the advantages of such “design by research” approach in the garden and landscape renewal processes, with Landscape Architecture being a discipline which has developed from a very practical basis in park and garden design ...


Education For Wholeness: La Womb De Mi Labor, Ginna Malley Campos Oct 2018

Education For Wholeness: La Womb De Mi Labor, Ginna Malley Campos

Summit to Salish Sea: Inquiries and Essays

Conventional education teaches and reinforces disconnection from ourselves and disengagement from the world. This presentation considers power, privilege, and the act of listening in educational settings and identity development and explores the importance of holistic education for transforming self and society. Through a personal journey that interweaves the complexities of colonial history, heritage and identity with spirit and healing; we invite all to engage inwardly with the suffering implicit in our existence in order to reconnect with the wholeness that enables our shared journey towards healing.


Complete Issue Jun 2018

Complete Issue

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

The complete issue 1 of volume 8, Landscapes Journal.


Shifting Rurality American Gothic, Iowa Nice, Biotech And Political Expectations In Rural America, William D. Nichols 890252 Mar 2018

Shifting Rurality American Gothic, Iowa Nice, Biotech And Political Expectations In Rural America, William D. Nichols 890252

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This paper traces the linkage between heritage landscape within the context of the election of Donal Trump. Trump's invocations of heritage riled certain regions of the US which had a distinct connection to Regionalism, both as a political idea and as an aesthetic practice. Focusing on Iowa, home to the quintessential American painting, American Gothic, the paper looks at modernity and agriculture, and how the two categories seem to rely on (but also negate) heritage. By examining what a genetically modified landscape might mean in relation to the historical image of the pastoral/provincial farmer, a network of frictions ...


Becoming Human In The Land: An Introduction To The Special Issue Of Heritage: Landscapes, Drew Hubbell Mar 2018

Becoming Human In The Land: An Introduction To The Special Issue Of Heritage: Landscapes, Drew Hubbell

Landscapes: the Journal of the International Centre for Landscape and Language

This introduction to the special issue of Landscapes theorizes the questions suggested by the theme, "Landscape: Heritage." Weaving personal narrative with literary criticism, cultural studies, human geography, and ecology, the essay examines the way humans become human by developing complex relationships with landscapes over time. As landscapes contain the physical traces of human habitation and development, certain narratives of human inhabitants are written and memorialized in and by those landscapes. The monumentalization of specific heritages leads to contests between human groups who require certain heritages to be memorialized, but not others. Greater awareness of one's humanity requires recovery of ...


Aligning Technology, Policy And Culture To Enhance Nuclear Security: A Comparative Analysis Of Nigeria And The U.S., Stephen Olumuyiwa Ariyo Dahunsi, John D. Auxier Ii, Joseph Ruric Stainback Iv, Howard Lewis Hall Sep 2017

Aligning Technology, Policy And Culture To Enhance Nuclear Security: A Comparative Analysis Of Nigeria And The U.S., Stephen Olumuyiwa Ariyo Dahunsi, John D. Auxier Ii, Joseph Ruric Stainback Iv, Howard Lewis Hall

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Around the world, current energy and climate change concerns have led to more nations adopting nuclear technology as an option for electricity generation. However, one of the challenges to the peaceful application of this technology is the possibility that it will be misused, or that terrorists with global reach may acquire nuclear materials. Nigeria is one country that has embraced the technology to solve its energy challenges, but the country is now faced with an upsurge in terrorism and uprisings staged by various ethnic groups. In addition, corruption is continually becoming a hindrance to national development. These challenges are critical ...


The Environmental Heritage And Wellness Assessment: Applying Quantitative Techniques To Traditional Ecological Knowledge And Wellness Relationships, Kristina Baines Jun 2016

The Environmental Heritage And Wellness Assessment: Applying Quantitative Techniques To Traditional Ecological Knowledge And Wellness Relationships, Kristina Baines

Journal of Ecological Anthropology

This paper quantifies relationships between health and traditional ecological knowledge/practices in a Mopan Maya community in southern Belize, illuminating how changes in daily practices might be related to changes in wellness. Findings from statistical analyses of data related to household practices are presented. These data were collected using a Likert survey designed based on previously collected ethnographic and pile sort data related to health and heritage, and then administered to households in the community (n=64). The paper concludes that the data, while exploratory, show links between higher scores on both the health and heritage indices and warrant further ...


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...


‘Resurrecting Harry Clarke’: Breathing Life Into Stained Glass Tourism In Ireland, Tony Kiely Dec 2014

‘Resurrecting Harry Clarke’: Breathing Life Into Stained Glass Tourism In Ireland, Tony Kiely

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Internationally, the exponential demand for ‘cultural/heritage’ tourism is increasingly being viewed by tourism stakeholders as an opportunity for value adding revenue generation, wherein both specialist and ‘media programmed’ tourists can seek out designated cultural attractions to satisfy their respective quests for authentic, and/or emotionally charged experiences. Indeed, this international ‘demand’ re-alignment is exemplified in the growth of churches and cathedrals who openly promote their artistic content as ‘must see attractions’. However, despite such utilitarian attractiveness, one wonders if the counter-influences of indifference, protectionism, or fear of heritage commodification, might act to scupper an opportunity to re-envision Harry Clarke ...


A Battle Of Remembrance: Memorialization And Heritage At The Newtown Battlefield, New York, Brant Venables Apr 2014

A Battle Of Remembrance: Memorialization And Heritage At The Newtown Battlefield, New York, Brant Venables

Northeast Historical Archaeology

On 29 August 1779, Loyalist soldiers and Native American warriors fought against overwhelming numbers of invading Continental forces in the Battle of Newtown. After Newtown, the Continental forces destroyed 40 Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) towns. In 1879, Newtown Battlefield, near present-day Elmira, New York, was transformed into a heritage landscape memorializing the victors and the early expansion of the United States. To analyze the changing rituals of memorialization from 1879 to 2012, I examined monuments, interpretive signage, and primary-source documents, such as speech transcripts and newspaper accounts. I concluded that the rituals of memorialization at Newtown reflected the U.S. national attitudes ...


Book Review: Ethnographies And Archaeologies: Iterations Of The Past, Edited By Lena Mortensen And Julie Hollowell, Christina J. Hodge Dec 2013

Book Review: Ethnographies And Archaeologies: Iterations Of The Past, Edited By Lena Mortensen And Julie Hollowell, Christina J. Hodge

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Ethnographies and Archaeologies: Iterations of the Past, edited by Lena Mortensen and Julie Hollowell, 2009, Cultural Heritage Studies Series, University Press of Florida, Gainesville, 288 pages, 9 illustrations, $69.95 (cloth).


The Emergence And Significance Of Heritage Areas In New York State And The Northeast, Paul M. Bray Jan 2013

The Emergence And Significance Of Heritage Areas In New York State And The Northeast, Paul M. Bray

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Heritage areas originally known as urban cultural parks are a form of park that emerged in the 1960s and has grown to include 49 national heritage areas and state heritage areas in New York State, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Maryland. As a park, heritage areas are urban settings or regional landscapes that expand the traditional elements of national and state parks in that they are a means under a heritage theme to preserve and manage an amalgam of natural and cultural resources to provide forms of recreation and foster sustainable economic development.

This paper will provide an overview of New York ...


National Heritage Areas: Evaluating Past Practices As A Foundation For The Future, Brenda Barrett Jan 2013

National Heritage Areas: Evaluating Past Practices As A Foundation For The Future, Brenda Barrett

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The United States National Heritage Areas (NHA) are congressionally designated lived-in landscapes that reflect the nation’s significant and diverse landscape. The management of these areas is based on a community-driven approach to heritage conservation and economic development. Beginning in 1984, the movement took root and rapidly grew to its present number of 49 NHAs with dozens of proposed areas under consideration (“National Heritage Areas” National Park Service). The idea was founded in many of same impulses as the early greenway approach. Glenn Eugester traces the evolution the idea to a number of separate, but related ideas to coordinate natural ...


Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney Jan 2013

Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

More than any other initiative affiliated with the National Park Service (NPS), the National Heritage Areas (NHA) program has emphasized preservation of sites associated with industrial heritage. Of the close to 400 NPS units, only a handful of locations focus specifically on stories and places associated with labor, while the majority of NHAs take this theme as a critical part of their mission. Whether textiles, railroads, coal, automobiles or steel, heritage areas have played a key role in protecting, interpreting and, when appropriate, imaginatively adapting landscapes linked to the history of work. This paper will examine the central role that ...


Reviving Heritage In Post-Soviet Eastern Europe: A Visual Approach To National Identity, Frances W. Harrison Jul 2012

Reviving Heritage In Post-Soviet Eastern Europe: A Visual Approach To National Identity, Frances W. Harrison

Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology

This paper seeks to demonstrate the controversial nature of heritage as it is expressed through visual media in the former Soviet republics. I explore Soviet-era emblems of cultural heritage in a post-Soviet context specifically to illuminate their influence on national identity. Drawing from imagery in the Baltic States, Belarus, and Ukraine I demonstrate how today’s lingering symbols of communist nationalism obscure the realization of national identity from being completely non-Soviet. Examples such as Grutas Park, Freedom Square and Minsk’s steadfast urban design illustrate how remembrance of the Soviet past through visual media poses a social conflict to transitional ...


The Potential For Development Of An Integrated Network Of Greenway Trails On Medieval Hedgerows Landscapes In The Czech Republic, Peter Kumble, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Elizabeth Brabec, Blanka Kottova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek Jan 2010

The Potential For Development Of An Integrated Network Of Greenway Trails On Medieval Hedgerows Landscapes In The Czech Republic, Peter Kumble, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Elizabeth Brabec, Blanka Kottova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Today in the Pilzen region of the Czech Republic, remnants of medieval fields known as “pluzinas” represent an extremely valuable historical landscape pattern. The character of a pluzina landscape is in many aspects comparable to the hedged field (bocage) landscapes that are well known as a symbol of some parts of Europe, e.g. Belgium (Flanders), England, Scotland, Wales, France (Brittany and Normandy) or the Irish highlands. The character of preserved pluzinas in the Czech Republic differs from that of typical bocage landscapes in some respects, especially in spatial composition. In pluzinas, long parallel plots connected to the individual farmsteads ...


From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc Jan 2010

From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Within the framework of research on green networks2, we have studied the evolution of the forms and functions of the bocage systems in two peri-urban areas, close to two major French cities, Angers and Rennes. Our work has focused more specifically on pollarded trees – known as “ragosses” in the Rennais region and “têtards” in the Anjou region – which are one of the components of this system made up of plots of land within a network of ditches, embankments and hedgerows, themselves subdivided into several layers (tree - pollarded trees -, shrub and herbaceous). The Angevin site is a vast area of wetland ...