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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Vistas, Views, Prospects. Research And Design, Albert Fekete Jan 2019

Vistas, Views, Prospects. Research And Design, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The renewal of historic gardens, landscapes and sites has become more common in Eastern and Central European region. The Department of Garden Art and Garden Techniques of the Szent István University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Urban Design has been dealing with this since 1963, with landscape renewal on landscape, garden and settlement scale, based on scientific research. The more than 50-year experience has already proved the advantages of such “design by research” approach in the garden and landscape renewal processes, with Landscape Architecture being a discipline which has developed from a very practical basis in park and garden design ...


Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang Jan 2016

Pressing Challenges In China’S Greenway Planning And Design: Promoting Or Diminishing Cultural Identities And Values?, Hongbing Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are networks of land containing linear elements that are planned, designed and managed for multiple purposes including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic, or other purposes compatible with the concept of sustainable land use (Ahern, 1995). The greenway movement is a new concept that integrates many established landscape architectural, planning and design ideas, concepts, and implementation techniques. (Fabos, 1995).

This paper is primarily focused on pressing challenges in the greenway movement taking place in many parts of China that are out of cultural and historic contexts, resulting in diminishing cultural identities and values. It attempts to re-examine the greenway planning strategies ...


A Conflict Of Interest? Negotiating Agendas, Ethics, And Consequences Regarding The Heritage Value Of Human Remains, Heidi J. Bauer-Clapp Jan 2016

A Conflict Of Interest? Negotiating Agendas, Ethics, And Consequences Regarding The Heritage Value Of Human Remains, Heidi J. Bauer-Clapp

Doctoral Dissertations

Since the mid-twentieth century growing public fascination with a heritage of violence has spurred an increase in sites of conscience and dark tourism. While scholars have demonstrated how this heritage can draw attention to events that may have been marginalized or ignored, little attention has been paid to complex ethical dilemmas involved in the commodification of violence through tourism. Even less attention has been paid to ethical treatment of the remains of victims whose suffering is central to dark tourism.

This dissertation demonstrates how heritage policies and codes of ethics can be strengthened to promote ethical treatment of the dead ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent May 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


The Emergence And Significance Of Heritage Areas In New York State And The Northeast, Paul M. Bray Jan 2013

The Emergence And Significance Of Heritage Areas In New York State And The Northeast, Paul M. Bray

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Heritage areas originally known as urban cultural parks are a form of park that emerged in the 1960s and has grown to include 49 national heritage areas and state heritage areas in New York State, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Maryland. As a park, heritage areas are urban settings or regional landscapes that expand the traditional elements of national and state parks in that they are a means under a heritage theme to preserve and manage an amalgam of natural and cultural resources to provide forms of recreation and foster sustainable economic development.

This paper will provide an overview of New York ...


National Heritage Areas: Evaluating Past Practices As A Foundation For The Future, Brenda Barrett Jan 2013

National Heritage Areas: Evaluating Past Practices As A Foundation For The Future, Brenda Barrett

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The United States National Heritage Areas (NHA) are congressionally designated lived-in landscapes that reflect the nation’s significant and diverse landscape. The management of these areas is based on a community-driven approach to heritage conservation and economic development. Beginning in 1984, the movement took root and rapidly grew to its present number of 49 NHAs with dozens of proposed areas under consideration (“National Heritage Areas” National Park Service). The idea was founded in many of same impulses as the early greenway approach. Glenn Eugester traces the evolution the idea to a number of separate, but related ideas to coordinate natural ...


Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney Jan 2013

Industrial Heritage At Risk: How National Heritage Areas Have Preserved The Landscapes Of American Labor And Why This Capacity Is Now In Jeopardy, Eleanor Mahoney

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

More than any other initiative affiliated with the National Park Service (NPS), the National Heritage Areas (NHA) program has emphasized preservation of sites associated with industrial heritage. Of the close to 400 NPS units, only a handful of locations focus specifically on stories and places associated with labor, while the majority of NHAs take this theme as a critical part of their mission. Whether textiles, railroads, coal, automobiles or steel, heritage areas have played a key role in protecting, interpreting and, when appropriate, imaginatively adapting landscapes linked to the history of work. This paper will examine the central role that ...


United In Difficulty: The European Union’S Use Of Shared Problems As A Way To Encourage Unity, Grace Cleary Jan 2012

United In Difficulty: The European Union’S Use Of Shared Problems As A Way To Encourage Unity, Grace Cleary

CHESS Student Research Reports

Since the European Union's inception, it has invested considerable resources into cultural programs aimed at fostering a sense of shared European heritage. However, these efforts have always been balanced alongside the need to leave space for diversity within and across EU nations. In this paper, which highlights the findings of my MA thesis, I examine the European Capital of Culture (ECC), which I studied in Córdoba, Spain during the spring of 2011. I look at how European identity is being defined in a specific context, and in particular how the contest is refocusing on new forms of shared heritage ...


Symposium Program: War, Dictatorship & Memory In Spain, Jacqueline Urla Jan 2011

Symposium Program: War, Dictatorship & Memory In Spain, Jacqueline Urla

Jacqueline L. Urla

Program for the Interdisciplinary Symposium, War, Dictatorship and Memory in Spain. Organizers: Justin Crumbaugh, Sara Brenneis and Jacqueline Urla. Oct. 13015, 2011.


An Assessment Of Regional Partnerships For Economic Development Through The National Heritage Area Collaborative Model, Kimberley Mckee Jan 2011

An Assessment Of Regional Partnerships For Economic Development Through The National Heritage Area Collaborative Model, Kimberley Mckee

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The National Heritage Area program administered by the National Park Service represents a collaborative partnership approach to managing large-scale natural and living landscapes. Heritage area management objectives integrate goals across disciplines including resource conservation, historic preservation, community revitalization and economic development. With the growing number of National Heritage Area designations over the past decade, increasing focus has turned towards efforts to measure program effectiveness and resulting economic impacts as a return on federal investment. Previous studies established a working program evaluation model that places emphasis on the importance of the partnership system in heritage area implementation and outcomes. The purpose ...


The Potential For Development Of An Integrated Network Of Greenway Trails On Medieval Hedgerows Landscapes In The Czech Republic, Peter Kumble, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Elizabeth Brabec, Blanka Kottova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek Jan 2010

The Potential For Development Of An Integrated Network Of Greenway Trails On Medieval Hedgerows Landscapes In The Czech Republic, Peter Kumble, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Elizabeth Brabec, Blanka Kottova, Katerina Pixova, Miroslav Salek

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Today in the Pilzen region of the Czech Republic, remnants of medieval fields known as “pluzinas” represent an extremely valuable historical landscape pattern. The character of a pluzina landscape is in many aspects comparable to the hedged field (bocage) landscapes that are well known as a symbol of some parts of Europe, e.g. Belgium (Flanders), England, Scotland, Wales, France (Brittany and Normandy) or the Irish highlands. The character of preserved pluzinas in the Czech Republic differs from that of typical bocage landscapes in some respects, especially in spatial composition. In pluzinas, long parallel plots connected to the individual farmsteads ...


From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc Jan 2010

From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Within the framework of research on green networks2, we have studied the evolution of the forms and functions of the bocage systems in two peri-urban areas, close to two major French cities, Angers and Rennes. Our work has focused more specifically on pollarded trees – known as “ragosses” in the Rennais region and “têtards” in the Anjou region – which are one of the components of this system made up of plots of land within a network of ditches, embankments and hedgerows, themselves subdivided into several layers (tree - pollarded trees -, shrub and herbaceous). The Angevin site is a vast area of wetland ...


'Al-Mouled' As A Cultural Greenway: A New Developing Tool In The Egyptian Context, Hossam Fathy Ahmed, M.S.C. Hoda Salah Ismail Jan 2010

'Al-Mouled' As A Cultural Greenway: A New Developing Tool In The Egyptian Context, Hossam Fathy Ahmed, M.S.C. Hoda Salah Ismail

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Egypt’s heritage is of worldwide interest and importance due to its continuity over a period of more than five thousand years. It encompasses various aspects of human civilization and represents a cultural as well as a natural heritage of national and international value. This wealth of archaeological sites, architecture, arts and folklore reflects the many stages of Egypt’s rich past, giving it the rich diversity that we see now. But, unfortunately, this context is deteriorating due to massive development trends, unplanned urban expansion, unclear planning strategies, lack of awareness of importance of landscape planning in conserving this context ...


More Than A Trail: Greenways And Heritage Tourism, Elisabeth Lardner, Jim Klein Jan 2010

More Than A Trail: Greenways And Heritage Tourism, Elisabeth Lardner, Jim Klein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Three recent projects demonstrate how communities have built supportive coalitions and expanded the value of their physical resources by layering and connecting linear corridors - greenways, roads, creek valleys and trails-- with heritage tourism and recreational, historic and interpretive opportunities. In this era of limited public resources, each project demonstrates a distinct and differing approach to leveraging a place’s assets with physical realities that, in combination, build a stronger community.

These projects are located in very different geographic regions in the eastern United States, from the rural, historic landscape of the Piedmont to the urban waterfront of southeastern Washington, D ...