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Communication

University of Massachusetts Amherst

Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Framing The Crisis In The Merrimack Valley: The Opioid Epidemic, White Despair And Authoritarian Populism On The New England Borderlands, Gyuri Kepes Oct 2019

Framing The Crisis In The Merrimack Valley: The Opioid Epidemic, White Despair And Authoritarian Populism On The New England Borderlands, Gyuri Kepes

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines how discourses and ideologies about the opioid crisis were framed, produced and constructed in the geographic specificity of the Merrimack Valley in the period leading up to the 2016 presidential election. Applying the theoretical and methodological frameworks offered by the cultural studies tradition, this dissertation project attempts to map out the complex interplay between the news media, law enforcement, policymakers, and citizens in producing, circulating, amplifying, framing and sustaining public anxiety about the opioid crisis in the Merrimack Valley and beyond. Employing a mix of qualitative and quantitative forms of inquiry, including interpretation of data collected through ...


Panel 6 Paper 6.2: Communication, Qualite Et Innovation Touristiques En Zones « Arides » Du Sud-Tunisien : Cas Du Village Berbere De Chenini, Mouna El Gaied, Hayat Zerouali, Loubna Mouna, Hicham Guenoun, Nozha Smati, Aissa Merah Oct 2019

Panel 6 Paper 6.2: Communication, Qualite Et Innovation Touristiques En Zones « Arides » Du Sud-Tunisien : Cas Du Village Berbere De Chenini, Mouna El Gaied, Hayat Zerouali, Loubna Mouna, Hicham Guenoun, Nozha Smati, Aissa Merah

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Les régions du Sud-est tunisien qualifiées de zones arides sont marquées par un contexte de grande fragilité naturelle et démographique, mais présentent en même temps de considérables richesses historiques et culturelles. A partir de là, il devient nécessaire de réfléchir, et notamment à travers l’exemple du village berbère de Chenini, aux possibilités de développement d’un tourisme responsable conciliant développement économique, préservation des ressources et valorisation de la culture locale. La qualité touristique (innovation et amélioration continues du service proposé) peut dans ce cas, produire d’un côté, une communication interculturelle allant de pair avec un tourisme responsable et ...


‘A Better Country To Die In’: Self-Determination, Drugs, And The Limits Of Medical Assistance In Dying In Canada, Wendy Pringle Jul 2019

‘A Better Country To Die In’: Self-Determination, Drugs, And The Limits Of Medical Assistance In Dying In Canada, Wendy Pringle

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines Canada’s legalization of medical assistance in dying (MAiD). Specifically, it focuses on how the debates surrounding the legalization process, the cultural history of euthanasia drugs, and the ethical dimensions of disability shaped assisted dying outcomes in the country in the period between the precedent-setting February 2015 Carter v. Canada Supreme Court case and the legislation, passed in June 2016, that enacted legalized MAiD. This mixed methods project uses discursive analysis of media texts, pharmacological history, and rhetorical analysis of first-person testimonies. The first analytic chapter, “Self-Determination, Euthanasia, and the Right to Die,” considers how the shift ...


Enhancing Interprofessional Collaboration And Communication With Art, Amy Moore, Dina Mckelvy May 2019

Enhancing Interprofessional Collaboration And Communication With Art, Amy Moore, Dina Mckelvy

ACRL New England Chapter Annual Conference

No abstract provided.


An (An)Archive Of Communication: Interactive Toys As Interlocutors, Nikita Braguinski Oct 2018

An (An)Archive Of Communication: Interactive Toys As Interlocutors, Nikita Braguinski

communication +1

In this article, I analyze the Speak & Spell electronic toy (Texas Instruments, 1978) from the perspective of the communication that it enables. I argue that such interactive devices can be seen as archives of future communication. As a media archaeologist working with electronic toys I often find the conceptualizations of these devices as mere tools for playing unsatisfactory. They seem to share more characteristics with archives than with instruments. Like archives, interactive toys hold in themselves a predefined choice of informations and interactions, thus enabling certain modes of inquiry and discouraging others. Especially the electronic toys that draw on algorithms ...


The Vital Network: An Algorithmic Milieu Of Communication And Control, Sandra Robinson Phd Sep 2016

The Vital Network: An Algorithmic Milieu Of Communication And Control, Sandra Robinson Phd

communication +1

The biological turn in computing has influenced the development of algorithmic control and what I call the vital network: a dynamic, relational, and generative assemblage that is self-organizing in response to the heterogeneity of contemporary network processes, connections, and communication. I discuss this biological turn in computation and control for communication alongside historically significant developments in cybernetics that set out the foundation for the development of self-regulating computer systems. Control is shifting away from models that historically relied on the human-animal model of cognition to govern communication and control, as in early cybernetics and computer science, to a decentred, nonhuman ...


Computational Interpersonal Communication: Communication Studies And Spoken Dialogue Systems, David J. Gunkel Sep 2016

Computational Interpersonal Communication: Communication Studies And Spoken Dialogue Systems, David J. Gunkel

communication +1

With the advent of spoken dialogue systems (SDS), communication can no longer be considered a human-to-human transaction. It now involves machines. These mechanisms are not just a medium through which human messages pass, but now occupy the position of the other in social interactions. But the development of robust and efficient conversational agents is not just an engineering challenge. It also depends on research in human conversational behavior. It is the thesis of this paper that communication studies is best situated to respond to this need. The paper argues: 1) that research in communication can supply the information necessary to ...


“Race Talk” In Organizational Discourse: A Comparative Study Of Two Texas Chambers Of Commerce, Natasha Shrikant Jul 2016

“Race Talk” In Organizational Discourse: A Comparative Study Of Two Texas Chambers Of Commerce, Natasha Shrikant

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation takes an interpretive, discursive approach to understanding how organizational members create meanings about race, and other identities, through their everyday communication practices in the workplace. This dissertation also explores how these everyday discourses about race might reproduce, negotiate, or challenge ideologies that maintain the dominant position of Whiteness in United States racial hierarchies. I draw from data collected during eight months of ethnographic fieldwork (from Jan-Aug 2014) with two chambers of commerce in a large Texas city: an Asian American Chamber of Commerce (AACC) and what I call the “North City” Chamber of Commerce (NCC). The AACC explicitly ...


John Lilly, The Mind Of The Dolphin, And Communication Out Of Bounds, Bruce Clarke Sep 2014

John Lilly, The Mind Of The Dolphin, And Communication Out Of Bounds, Bruce Clarke

communication +1

In this essay I develop a systems-theoretical observation of John Lilly’s cybernetics of communication in his 1967 work The Mind of the Dolphin. The eight-year-old project that The Mind of the Dolphin recounts for public consumption details his aspiration to achieve an unprecedented breakthrough beyond companionate communion to fully abstract linguistic communication across species boundaries. Between 1959 and 1968 Lilly wagered and lost his mainstream scientific career largely over this audacious, ultimately inconclusive bid to establish and document for scientific validation “communication with a nonhuman mind.” In that effort, however, he mobilized the best available tools, a cutting-edge array ...


Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent Aug 2014

Interpreting, Stephanie Jo Kent

Doctoral Dissertations

What do community interpreting for the Deaf in western societies, conference interpreting for the European Parliament, and language brokering in international management have in common? Academic research and professional training have historically emphasized the linguistic and cognitive challenges of interpreting, neglecting or ignoring the social aspects that structure communication. All forms of interpreting are inherently social; they involve relationships among at least three people and two languages. The contexts explored here, American Sign Language/English interpreting and spoken language interpreting within the European Parliament, show that simultaneous interpreting involves attitudes, norms and values about intercultural communication that overemphasize information and ...


Informational Ontology: The Meaning Of Gilbert Simondon’S Concept Of Individuation, Andrew Iliadis Sep 2013

Informational Ontology: The Meaning Of Gilbert Simondon’S Concept Of Individuation, Andrew Iliadis

communication +1

The French philosopher Gilbert Simondon (1924-1989) was the first true philosopher of information, yet he remains relatively unknown outside of his native France. This situation is curious, given the warm reception his work has received from a small group of internationally renowned thinkers. Simondon’s lifelong project was to expound the appearance of what I call an “informational ontology,” a subject that deserves to be addresses at length. This article limits itself by focusing on three aspects of Simondon’s philosophy of information. First, it situates Simondon within the French intellectual scene in post-World War II Europe to get sense ...


Remember Where We Came From: Globalization And Environmental Discourse In The Araucania Region Of Chile, Niall Stephens Feb 2013

Remember Where We Came From: Globalization And Environmental Discourse In The Araucania Region Of Chile, Niall Stephens

Open Access Dissertations

Based on an ethnographic investigation, the dissertation examines the emergence and significance of discourses around “the environment” in the Lake District of the Araucanía region of Chile (Araucanía Lacustre). These are understood as part of the discursive aspect of globalization – the process by which the territory and its population are integrated ever more tightly into the networks of global market society – and considered in conjunction with discourses around Mapuche indigenous identity. Drawing on mediacultural studies, actor network theory, and medium theory, the analysis seeks to advance an ecological concept of communication that does not privilege human consciousness and agency. Communication ...


A Watershed Event: Communicating Landscape Processes, Jeanmarie Hartman, Donna Webb Jan 2013

A Watershed Event: Communicating Landscape Processes, Jeanmarie Hartman, Donna Webb

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A watershed event was created to illustrate and quantify how water from precipitation moves across a land surface. This illustration is one of many that would be useful in developing the environmental literacy of greenway and open space supporters. The physical activity of marking the small sub-watersheds generated discussion and collaboration between volunteers. Stopping to watch the occasion of water shedding created a notable event. The materials assembled for documenting the event have provided materials for website presentation and lectures. The basic process is fairly easy to organize and recommended for use by greenway and open space groups who are ...


Discursive Games And Gamic Discourses, Gerald Voorhees Aug 2012

Discursive Games And Gamic Discourses, Gerald Voorhees

communication +1

Digital games are an increasingly prominent media form but are consistently ignored in critical communication scholarship. Several voices in the field of game studies have advocated the application of communication and rhetorical theory to the study of games, but this effort to cross-pollinate game studies and communication studies has not been reciprocated. This article addresses this lacunae, making the case for critical studies of communication to take up the study of digital games. I argue that digital games are both ready objects of inquiry well-suited for rhetorical methods and generative sites with the potential to stimulate thinking about communication processes ...


Communication And Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities And Challenges For The 21st Century, David J. Gunkel Aug 2012

Communication And Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities And Challenges For The 21st Century, David J. Gunkel

communication +1

This essay advocates for a significant reorientation and reconceptualization of communication studies in order to accommodate the opportunities and challenges introduced by increasingly intelligent machines, autonomous decision making systems, and smart devices. Historically the discipline of communication has accommodated new technology by transforming these innovations into a medium of human interaction and message exchange. With the computer, this transaction is particularly evident with the development of computer-mediated communication (CMC) in the later half of the 20th century. In CMC, the computer is understood and investigated as a more-or-less neutral channel of message transfer and instrument of human interaction. This ...


Expressing The Self Through Greeting Card Sentiment: Working Theories Of Authentic Communication In A Commercial Form, Emily West Jan 2010

Expressing The Self Through Greeting Card Sentiment: Working Theories Of Authentic Communication In A Commercial Form, Emily West

Emily E. West

As mass produced vehicles of sentiment, greeting cards draw attention to the use of socially constructed codes for communicating, even feeling, emotion. This paper describes the results of interviews with fifty-one greeting card consumers, focusing on what makes greeting cards ‘personal’ for them, despite their mass-produced nature. Consumers negotiate their relationships with pre-printed sentiments differently depending on whether their allegiance is stronger to an expressive individualist understanding of authenticity or a ritual perspective, and these allegiances tend to reflect cultural capital. Specifically, suspicion of pre-printed sentiments is common among people with higher cultural capital, while this is the feature of ...


Community Radio, Public Interest: The Low Power Fm Service And 21st Century Media Policy, Margo L. Robb Jan 2009

Community Radio, Public Interest: The Low Power Fm Service And 21st Century Media Policy, Margo L. Robb

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The introduction of the Low Power FM (LPFM) service by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) provided a unique glimpse into media policy-making. Because usual allies disagreed over the service, the usually invisible political nature of the debate was made transparent. The project of this thesis is to contextualize the histories of radio policy, non-commercial radio, and the public interest standard to shed light on why it was so challenging to implement even a small, local radio service. Secondly, the thesis will explore the theoretical understandings of the various players in the LPFM debate, as well as the practical functioning of ...


Ethnographic Perspectives On Culture And Communication, Donal Carbaugh Jan 2008

Ethnographic Perspectives On Culture And Communication, Donal Carbaugh

Donal Carbaugh

No abstract provided.


Rang De Basanti- Consumption,Citizenship And The Public Sphere, Meghana Dilip Jan 2008

Rang De Basanti- Consumption,Citizenship And The Public Sphere, Meghana Dilip

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

No abstract provided.


Trophy Children Don’T Smile: Fashion Advertisements For Designer Children’S Clothing In Cookie Magazine, Chris Boulton Jan 2007

Trophy Children Don’T Smile: Fashion Advertisements For Designer Children’S Clothing In Cookie Magazine, Chris Boulton

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This study examines print advertising from Cookie, an up-scale American parenting magazine for affluent mothers. The ads include seven designer clothing brands: Rocawear, Baby Phat, Ralph Lauren, Diesel, Kenneth Cole, Sean John, and DKNY. When considered within the context of their adult equivalents, the ads for the children’s lines often created a prolepsis—or flash-forward—by depicting the child model as a nascent adult. This was accomplished in three ways. First, the children’s ads typically contained structural continuities such as logo, set design, and color scheme that helped reinforce their relationship with the adult brand. Second, most of ...


Maximizing Masculinity: A Textual Analysis Of Maxim Magazine, Kirsten Wisneski Jan 2007

Maximizing Masculinity: A Textual Analysis Of Maxim Magazine, Kirsten Wisneski

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This study examines the story that Maxim tells about masculinity, with particular focus on the type of humor in the magazine and its function; the way the magazine echoes embodied male-male social interaction, particularly “male-bonding”; and how the magazine pits “real” women against the Maxim fantasy women.