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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Test Of The Transformational Leadership Model: The Case Of Iran, Raed Awamleh, Sohrab Khalili Jan 2005

A Test Of The Transformational Leadership Model: The Case Of Iran, Raed Awamleh, Sohrab Khalili

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study tested the transformational leadership theory among managers at functional levels in Iranian oil companies. It examined the effects of transformational and transactional leadership styles satisfaction and self-perceived performance of followers. Self-esteem and leadership disposition (Romance of Leadership) of employees were hypothesized to act as moderators. Data was collected from employees working in the oil industry in Iran. A multiple regression analysis indicated that transformational leadership style and self-esteem were related to job satisfaction and performance. In contrast, transactional leadership and romance of leadership did not show any impact on dependent variables. Proposed moderating variables were also insignificant. Results ...


An Automated Gis Method For Modeling Relative Wave Exposure Within Complex Reef-Island Systems: A Case Study Of The Great Barrier Reef, Marjetta L. Puotinen Jan 2005

An Automated Gis Method For Modeling Relative Wave Exposure Within Complex Reef-Island Systems: A Case Study Of The Great Barrier Reef, Marjetta L. Puotinen

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Patterns of wave energy play a significant role in shaping the long-term structure of coral reef communities worldwide. For example, sections of reefs have been shown to vary greatly in morphology (dominant size class, growth form) as coral colonies adapt in response to local-scale differences in the wave heights typically experienced. These differences result in zonation (crest, lagoon, and slope), producing characteristic growth forms and species assemblages that vary in their vulnerability to damage from waves (Done 1993). Those communities experiencing the greatest typical wave energy align themselves parallel to the water flow, adopt stream-lined forms and are usually smaller ...


Fatality After Deliberate Ingestion Of The Pesticide Rotenone: A Case Report., David Wood, Hadi Alsahaf, Peter Streete, Paul Dargan, Alison L. Jones Jan 2005

Fatality After Deliberate Ingestion Of The Pesticide Rotenone: A Case Report., David Wood, Hadi Alsahaf, Peter Streete, Paul Dargan, Alison L. Jones

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Rotenone is a pesticide derived from the roots of plants from the Leguminosae family. Poisoning following deliberate ingestion of these plant roots has commonly been reported in Papua New Guinea. However, poisoning with commercially available rotenone in humans has been reported only once previously following accidental ingestion in a 3.5-year-old child. Therefore, the optimal management of rotenone poisoning is not known. After deliberate ingestion of up to 200 ml of a commercially available 0.8% rotenone solution, a 47-year-old female on regular metformin presented with a reduced level of consciousness, metabolic acidosis and respiratory compromise. Metformin was not detected ...


An Investigation Of The Determinants Of User Acceptance Of Information Technology In A West African Nation: The Case Of Nigeria, Emmanuel Ikart Jan 2005

An Investigation Of The Determinants Of User Acceptance Of Information Technology In A West African Nation: The Case Of Nigeria, Emmanuel Ikart

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In today’s hypercompetitive business environments hardly anyone questions the important role that information technology plays. The conventional wisdom is that IT is necessary for business survival and that careful deployment and management of IT resources and capabilities leads to enhance value for the business (Ying and Ram, 2004). Despite this recognition of information technology as a key enabler of organisational strategy (Preston and Karahanna, 2004), and despite recent investment in IT in Nigerian economy (Ajayi, 2003) an increasing number of organisations in this economy have found themselves unable to apply IT effectively (Modum, 1983). For corporate IT to be ...


Country-Of-Origin Influence On Quality Perception Of Products Sold In Gcc Countries: A Case Study, Mokhtar M. Metwally Jan 2005

Country-Of-Origin Influence On Quality Perception Of Products Sold In Gcc Countries: A Case Study, Mokhtar M. Metwally

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper attempts to test the importance of country of origin in influencing the quality perception of products by GCC consumes.


Case Managers' Use Of Homework Assignments, Peter Kelly, Frank P. Deane Jan 2005

Case Managers' Use Of Homework Assignments, Peter Kelly, Frank P. Deane

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Homework refers to between-session activities that are tied to therapeutic goals. Homework has been suggested as being an important clinical adjunct to case management practices, however to date research has not examined case managers’ use of homework. Aims: To identify the degree that case managers use homework within their clinical practice and explore the way it is administered with people diagnosed with a persistent and recurring psychiatric illness. Method: A survey was completed by 122 case managers comprising of nurses, psychologists, social workers, occupational therapists and welfare/support workers. Results: Ninety-three percent of case managers implement homework, but only ...


Budget Deficit Financing And Its Macroeconomic Impact: The Case Of Lebanon, Charles Harvie, Ali Salman Saleh Jan 2005

Budget Deficit Financing And Its Macroeconomic Impact: The Case Of Lebanon, Charles Harvie, Ali Salman Saleh

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

the objective of this paper is to explore, from a primarily theoretical perspective, the macreconomic implications arising from the Lebanese governments approach to dealing with its crippling budget deficits.


Qualitative Case Study Research: A Research Project On Employee Participation In The Malaysian Private Sector, Balakrishnan Parasuraman Jan 2005

Qualitative Case Study Research: A Research Project On Employee Participation In The Malaysian Private Sector, Balakrishnan Parasuraman

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Employee participation is one of the important fields in industrial relations. Research on employee participation in Malaysia is usually conducted through large-scale surveys and quasi-experiments and only focuses on the public sector. Therefore, this research instead uses a qualitative case study approach in investigating employee participation practices in private sector companies in Malaysia. This paper discusses aspects of the methodology of case study research and qualitative data collection and the theory and arguments affecting the choice of research and data gathering strategy in this research. Concludes that carrying out qualitative case study research, in the author's experience, is first ...


Qualitative Case Study Research In Africa And Asia: Challenges And Prospects, Bubaker Shareia, Balakrishnan Parasuraman, Bernadine Cantrick-Brooks Jan 2005

Qualitative Case Study Research In Africa And Asia: Challenges And Prospects, Bubaker Shareia, Balakrishnan Parasuraman, Bernadine Cantrick-Brooks

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Much of the literature on research design has focussed on research conducted in developed, uni-cultural or primarily English speaking countries. Studies of qualitative case study research, the challenges and prospects, have been embedded in Western/Euro-centric society and social theories. Although there have been some theoretical studies, few empirical studies have been conducted to explore the nature of the challenges of qualitative case study in Africa and Asia. These challenges include cultural and language issues affecting access to companies and respondent issues and data analysis and financial issues. The authors while conducting qualitative case study research in Libya and Malaysia ...


Cointegration And Structural Change In The Exports-Gdp Nexus: The Case Of Iran, Mosayeb Pahlavani Jan 2005

Cointegration And Structural Change In The Exports-Gdp Nexus: The Case Of Iran, Mosayeb Pahlavani

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the major sources of economic growth in Iran using annual time series data (1960 to 2003). The time series properties of the data are analysed by Perrons innovational outlier and additive outlier models.


Is A Reduction In Government Expenditure A Good Strategy To Reduce Budget Deficits?: A Case Study From The Middle East, Ali Salman Saleh, Charles Harvie Jan 2005

Is A Reduction In Government Expenditure A Good Strategy To Reduce Budget Deficits?: A Case Study From The Middle East, Ali Salman Saleh, Charles Harvie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores the macroeconomic implications arising from the Lebanese governments approach to dealing with its budget deficit, which has become one of the highest amongst in the Middle East.


Attitudes Of Private Firms In Gcc Countries Towards Employing Indian Nationals: A Case Study, Mokhtar M. Metwally Jan 2005

Attitudes Of Private Firms In Gcc Countries Towards Employing Indian Nationals: A Case Study, Mokhtar M. Metwally

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper tries to find out how private firms engaged in different economic activities in GCC countries differ in terms of their preference ratings of various attributes of Indian employees.


Religion's Influence On Leaders: Case Evidence From Sri Lanka, Mario Fernando Jan 2005

Religion's Influence On Leaders: Case Evidence From Sri Lanka, Mario Fernando

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The present paper reports the findings of a study examining the influence of religion on business leaders. In the literature, spirituality and leadership have been considered in significantly different ways. Many links between the two are proposed but are not evident in the analysis of the leadership characteristics, nor from the limited amount of research. The study involved thirteen influential Sri Lankan business leaders drawn from Christian, Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim faiths. The findings suggest that role modelling played a significant role in participants' leadership. The study provides early empirical evidence of the influence of religion on business leaders in ...


Globalization And National Industrial Relations Systems: Theoretical Implications From The Singapore Case, Tan Ern Ser, Balakrishnan Parasuraman Jan 2005

Globalization And National Industrial Relations Systems: Theoretical Implications From The Singapore Case, Tan Ern Ser, Balakrishnan Parasuraman

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In the 1960’s, Kerr and his associates (1973[1960]) — Dunlop, Harbison, and Myers— proposed the convergence thesis, which resonates with the “end of ideology” thesis propounded by Bell (1962). Not surprisingly, the thesis about the inevitability of societal convergence prompted some scholars to look for continuing diversity, an oft-cited prime example being Japan (Dore, 1973). Indeed, until the late 1980’s, Japan was still touted as a critical case which not only defied the convergence thesis, but could also serve as a growth model worthy of emulation by developing countries aspiring to First World living standards and, paradoxically, even ...


Enhancing User Acceptance Of Mandated Technology Implementation In A Mobile Healthcare Setting: A Case Study, Carole Alcock, Lois Burgess, Joan Cooper, Damien Ryan, Jason P. Sargent Jan 2005

Enhancing User Acceptance Of Mandated Technology Implementation In A Mobile Healthcare Setting: A Case Study, Carole Alcock, Lois Burgess, Joan Cooper, Damien Ryan, Jason P. Sargent

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A paradigm shift is underway towards the acceptance and utility of Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) systems within mobile-based healthcare environments. This paper contends that intervening to address user concerns as they arise throughout the system development lifecycle will lead to greater levels of user acceptance, while ultimately enhancing the deliverability of a system that provides a ‘best fit’ with end user needs. It is envisaged this research will lead to the development of a framework based on an agile approach to user acceptance measurement. The results of an ongoing study of user perceptions towards a proposed mandated electronic point-of-care (ePOC ...


The Impact Of Owner/Manager's Mentality On The Financial Performance Of Smcs: The Case Of Sri Lanka, Hema Wijewardena, Anura De Zoysa Jan 2005

The Impact Of Owner/Manager's Mentality On The Financial Performance Of Smcs: The Case Of Sri Lanka, Hema Wijewardena, Anura De Zoysa

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Several studies have examined how different personality characteristics of owner/managers affect financial performance in small and medium enterprises. However, despite the fact that the mentality of owner/managers is an important aspect of their personality characteristics no prior study has made any attempt to examine its possible impact on enterprise performance. Moreover, even the studies that focused on the relationship between personality characteristics and enterprise performance have confined their investigations to a single period of time. Nevertheless, the literature shows that usually financial performance of enterprises varies dramatically during different stages of growth. Therefore, our study attempted to shed ...