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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Spanish Nominalizations And Case Assignment, Dr. Jeff Renaud, Tania Leal Oct 2019

Spanish Nominalizations And Case Assignment, Dr. Jeff Renaud, Tania Leal

Celebration of Learning

Nominalizations are syntactic structures wherein verbal roots co-occur with verbal and nominal properties, classifying them as verbal (VN) (El andar el niño tan tarde) or nominal (NN) (El andar errabundo del niño). While NNs mark agents genitive (del niño), VNs require nominative agents (el niño). NNs co-occur with adjectives (errabundo), whereas VNs co-occur with adverbs (tan tarde). Alexiadou et al. (2011) posit separate syntactic structures for the two. In this study, we investigate via self-paced reading task the types of case available in each structure, providing evidence of the processing of Spanish nominalizations and testing Alexiadou et al.'s (2011 ...


The Syntax Of Copular Clauses In Arabic, Bader Yousef Alharbi Dec 2017

The Syntax Of Copular Clauses In Arabic, Bader Yousef Alharbi

Theses and Dissertations

Copular clauses in several languages have received much attention in recent years, however in Arabic they have been largely overlooked. In general, copular clauses have been classified into four types: the predicational clause, the specificational clause, the identificational clause, and the identity clause. This thesis aims to characterize and analyze the various copular clause types in Arabic, and goes further to discuss the taxonomic status of the copular clause with a postcopular definite description and the nature of the pronominal element (PE) in Arabic copular clauses. The thesis then explores the predicational clause type in more depth, focusing specifically on ...


Creole Genesis And Universality: Case, Word Order, And Agreement, Gerald Taylor Snow Mar 2017

Creole Genesis And Universality: Case, Word Order, And Agreement, Gerald Taylor Snow

Theses and Dissertations

The genesis of creole languages is important to the field of linguistics for at least two reasons. As newly emerging languages, creoles provide a unique window on the human language faculty and on the development of language generally (Veenstra 2008). They also offer insight into what are arguably universal linguistic structures. Two opposing theories have been in contention in the literature with respect to creole genesis: (1) that creoles owe their origin to the lexifier and substrate languages of their speech community and to other environmental influences (McWhorter 1997); and alternatively, (2) that universal innate linguistic structures or principles are ...


Deriving Case, Agreement And Voice Phenomena In Syntax, Einar Freyr Sigurdsson Jan 2017

Deriving Case, Agreement And Voice Phenomena In Syntax, Einar Freyr Sigurdsson

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation places case, agreement and Voice phenomena in syntax. It argues that the derivation is driven by so-called derivational features, that is, structure-building features (Merge) and probe features (Agree) (Heck and M�ller 2007 and M�ller 2010; see also Chomsky 2000, 2001). Both types are essential in deriving case and agreement in the clausal domain and DP-internally. Feature values assigned by Merge take effect immediately whereas feature values assigned via Agree take effect at Spell-Out. This has the effect that Merge can overwrite Agree relations.

I argue for a clear boundary between the syntactic and the morphological component ...


Latin Nominatives With And Without Verbs, Joseph C. M. Davis Jan 2016

Latin Nominatives With And Without Verbs, Joseph C. M. Davis

Publications and Research

Although the nominative case has typically been viewed as a syntactic device marking the subject of the verb of a sentence, that case in Latin must instead be understood as a communicative tool operating at the discourse level if its entire distribution is to be accounted for. Attested instances of the Latin nominative case without any verb force this shift. Nominatives with and without verbs alike can be accounted for if concentration of attention at the discourse level is treated as the operative factor. Once the function of the Latin nominative case is properly understood, its distinction from other grammatical ...


Goals, Big And Small, Martin Walkow May 2012

Goals, Big And Small, Martin Walkow

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation explores the interaction of syntax and morphology in the morpholog- ical realization of AGREE-relations. I present two case studies of derivational interactions of AGREE-processes where the morphological realization of the later processes are affected by the earlier ones. The two cases studied differ in the way probes and goals interact. The first part of the dissertation explores restrictions on clitic combinations where two goals vie for the features of one probe. The second part discusses the reverse situation, where two probes are agreeing with the same goal.

The first configuration arises in restrictions on clitic combinations where v ...


Optionality And Variability: Syntactic Licensing Meets Morphological Spell-Out, Cherlon Ussery Sep 2009

Optionality And Variability: Syntactic Licensing Meets Morphological Spell-Out, Cherlon Ussery

Open Access Dissertations

This dissertation explores case and verbal agreement in Icelandic. Case and agreement generally pattern together, but there are exceptional instances in which case and agreement come apart. In Icelandic, verbs agree with Nominative DPs. However, in some constructions, agreement with a Nominative is optional. In the standard account of case and agreement (Chomsky 2000), both types of features are determined simultaneously via the same syntactic operation. The standard theory, therefore, predicts that case and agreement should pattern the same way, and that neither should be optional. Moreover, based on fieldwork conducted at the University of Iceland, I present data that ...


Case, A Deeper Matter, Kumiko Takahara Dec 1971

Case, A Deeper Matter, Kumiko Takahara

Colorado Research in Linguistics

The case markers wa and ga in Japanese are analyzed in a framework similar to Fillmore's case grammar. I argue on both semantic and syntactic grounds that wa- and ga-noun phrases are transformationally derived from conjoined sentences, the markers wa and ga being morphophonemic variants of the conjunctions ba 'if' and wa 'but'. It is shown that the relationship expressed by wa and ga cannot be determined by the underlying semantic relationships alone.