Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2019

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 29858

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Metaphorical Cities - Behind The Cover Art, Elana Melissa Hill Dec 2019

Metaphorical Cities - Behind The Cover Art, Elana Melissa Hill

The STEAM Journal

This is a reflection on how cities function like organisms. An artist's interpretation of the spaces surrounding them.


Metaphorical Cities, Elana Melissa Hill Dec 2019

Metaphorical Cities, Elana Melissa Hill

The STEAM Journal

This is a reflection on how cities function like organisms. An artist's interpretation of the spaces surrounding them.


Exposure To Violence And Sleep Inadequacies Among Men And Women Living In A Shelter Setting, Pooja Agrawal, Julie Neisler, Michael S. Businelle Phd, Darla E. Kendzor Phd, Daphne C. Hernandez, Chisom Odoh, Lorraine R. Reitzel Dec 2019

Exposure To Violence And Sleep Inadequacies Among Men And Women Living In A Shelter Setting, Pooja Agrawal, Julie Neisler, Michael S. Businelle Phd, Darla E. Kendzor Phd, Daphne C. Hernandez, Chisom Odoh, Lorraine R. Reitzel

Health Behavior Research

Exposure to violence may explain sleep inadequacies reported by homeless adults, with women being potentially more susceptible to violence and sleep disturbances than men. This study examined the association between violence and sleep inadequacies among homeless adults and explored differences by sex. Adult participants were recruited from a shelter (n = 194; 71.1% men, Mage = 43.8+12.2). Participants self-reported victimization and/or witnessing violence (mugging, fight, and/or sexual assault) at the shelter, sleep duration (over an average 24 hours), insufficient sleep (days without sufficient rest/sleep), and unintentional daytime sleep (days with unintentional sleep) in the ...


Mammography Social Support For Women Living In A Midwestern City: Toward Screening Promotion Via Social Interactions, Wasantha P. Jayawardene, Mohammad R. Torabi, David K. Lohrmann, Ahmed H. Youssefagha Dec 2019

Mammography Social Support For Women Living In A Midwestern City: Toward Screening Promotion Via Social Interactions, Wasantha P. Jayawardene, Mohammad R. Torabi, David K. Lohrmann, Ahmed H. Youssefagha

Health Behavior Research

Notwithstanding recommendations and interventions, the percentage of 50 – 74-year-old U.S. women who reported having had a mammography in the past two years remained below target coverage. Social interactions may influence mammography rates. To measure characteristics of social interactions in a Midwestern city as they relate to social support for mammography received by women older than 40 years of age. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bloomington, Indiana, sending mail surveys to 3,000 telephone directory addresses selected by simple random sampling. An anonymous, self-administered, closed-ended, questionnaire with eight checklist items (for demographics) and six multipart semantic differential scale items ...


What Determines Young Adults’ Attitudes, Perceived Norms, And Perceived Behavioral Control Towards Healthy Sleep Behaviors? A Reasoned Action Approach, Paul Branscum, Katie Qualls Fay Dec 2019

What Determines Young Adults’ Attitudes, Perceived Norms, And Perceived Behavioral Control Towards Healthy Sleep Behaviors? A Reasoned Action Approach, Paul Branscum, Katie Qualls Fay

Health Behavior Research

A common limitation to the design of public health sleep interventions is the overall lack of using theory. Previous researchers have utilized the theory of planned behavior and the reasoned action approach (RAA) to predict healthy sleep behaviors, however much of this research was done using reflective (or generalized) measures, which alone is likely inadequate to equip health practitioners with tangible information they can use to translate theory into practice. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to use formative (or belief-based) measures of the RAA to evaluate the determinants of attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) of ...


The Spread And Utility Of Social Network Analysis Across A Group Of Health Behavior Researchers, Megan S. Patterson, Tyler Prochnow Med, Patricia Goodson Dec 2019

The Spread And Utility Of Social Network Analysis Across A Group Of Health Behavior Researchers, Megan S. Patterson, Tyler Prochnow Med, Patricia Goodson

Health Behavior Research

Social network analysis (SNA), both as theory and methodology, is a powerful framework for delimiting and studying health behaviors. Using SNA allows scholars to answer new research questions, innovatively investigate the social and systemic contexts of health and behavior, and collaborate on multi- or inter-disciplinary projects. As a result, SNA is growing in popularity within health behavior research and practice. Despite SNA’s contribution and appeal, few health behavior researchers and practitioners have access to formal SNA education; much of the current training efforts occur outside degree-granting curricula. Therefore, the aims of this paper were to: 1) assess the diffusion ...


Advancing Academic Careers Through Formal Professional Mentorship: The Research Scholars Mentorship Program (Rsmp), Matthew Lee Smith, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Jessica M. Rath, Lisa Benz Scott, David Wyatt Seal Dec 2019

Advancing Academic Careers Through Formal Professional Mentorship: The Research Scholars Mentorship Program (Rsmp), Matthew Lee Smith, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Jessica M. Rath, Lisa Benz Scott, David Wyatt Seal

Health Behavior Research

Mentorship is an essential component of professional development for young and emerging scholars. In partnership with the Kellogg Health Scholars Program, the American Academy of Health Behavior (AAHB) developed the 12-month Research Scholars Mentorship Program (RSMP) as a mechanism to facilitate high-quality mentorship interactions among junior and seasoned investigators within the Academy. This article provides a rationale, history, and description of the RSMP, as well as the collective scholarly achievements of the Cohorts and future directions. To date, 44 Pairs have initiated or completed the program. Products written and submitted by the Pairs during the 12-month mentorship period have included ...


Advancing Health Behavior Research And Scholarship Through Mentorship Of First Generation, Underrepresented Undergraduate Students, Daphne C. Hernandez, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Isabel M. Leal Dec 2019

Advancing Health Behavior Research And Scholarship Through Mentorship Of First Generation, Underrepresented Undergraduate Students, Daphne C. Hernandez, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Isabel M. Leal

Health Behavior Research

This article provides perspectives about mentorship of undergraduate mentees from directors of formal, externally funded training programs within the context of one of the most ethnically diverse national universities. The authors reflect about their mentorship of first generation and underrepresented undergraduate students and offer recommendations for others training similar students.


Reflections On A Mentoring Partnership Journey, David Wyatt Seal, Nathan Grant Smith, Christina J. Sun, Erika L. Thompson Dec 2019

Reflections On A Mentoring Partnership Journey, David Wyatt Seal, Nathan Grant Smith, Christina J. Sun, Erika L. Thompson

Health Behavior Research

This commentary offers reflection on the mentoring partnership journey between a senior Fellow of the American Academy of Health Behavior (AAHB) and three early- or mid-career AAHB members. Their partnership was supported by the AAHB Research Scholars Mentorship Program. The authors discuss the nature of their working relationship, products they generated, and other lessons learned from the experience. The authors also offer their perspectives on effective mentorship characteristics.


A Model For Research-Based Mentorship And Professional Development, Matthew Lee Smith Dec 2019

A Model For Research-Based Mentorship And Professional Development, Matthew Lee Smith

Health Behavior Research

This article has no abstract. It serves as the editorial/overview for the special issue on mentorship. However, rather than simply introducing the special issue, a mentorship model is provided. As such, a commentary article type was selected.


Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2019, Cedarville University Dec 2019

Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2019, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Repository Additions, December 2019, Cedarville University Dec 2019

Repository Additions, December 2019, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


2019 Youth Peacebuilding Bibliogaphy, Carole Kersten Dec 2019

2019 Youth Peacebuilding Bibliogaphy, Carole Kersten

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


Mass Immigrations In The 21st Century. Case Of Belgium And The Netherlands, Ryszard Żelichowski Dec 2019

Mass Immigrations In The 21st Century. Case Of Belgium And The Netherlands, Ryszard Żelichowski

European Spatial Research and Policy

The uncontrolled wave of immigrants to the European Union countries, which reached its peak in 2015, challenged not only the well-established system of asylum policies in the Member States but also revealed the fundamental differences among them concerning the so-called “immigration issue”. The article focuses on the mechanisms and institutions which evolved during the different waves of immigrants in Belgium and the Netherlands. It also looks for an answer to the question: is mass immigration to Europe a threat or an opportunity? Depending on one’s attitude to the topic, the answer may be positive or negative.


Migration – Germany’S Past And Present. Thoughts And Figures, Markus Eltges, Wendelin Strubelt Dec 2019

Migration – Germany’S Past And Present. Thoughts And Figures, Markus Eltges, Wendelin Strubelt

European Spatial Research and Policy

In this article, the history of emigration from Germany and the immigration to Germany especially in relation to its changing borders in the 20th century is discussed. After 1945 Germany was confronted with the integration of a million German refugees. Starting in the 1950s, Germany intentionally attracted foreign workers, and integrated them fairly well. The article analyses the current discussions in Germany in relation to the impact of massive immigration of refugees from non-European areas around 2015. It concludes with a position that in the time of globalisation migration needs a society-focussed and political learning process which has not yet ...


Accessibility And Iot / Smart And Connected Communities, John Rochford Dec 2019

Accessibility And Iot / Smart And Connected Communities, John Rochford

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

The Internet of things (IoT) has unlimited potential to empower the lives of everyone. IoT devices increasingly appear in homes and power smart and connected communities. Related user experience design efforts must involve and consider people with disabilities, including the world’s rapidly aging population of seniors. They must be able to use IoT device and app interfaces. While secure and private IoT device data collection and communication are important for everyone, people with disabilities have unique related needs. Many current resources and developing efforts that can benefit UX designers to address these needs exist.


From Biochemistry To Patent Law: An Undergraduate Journey, Brianna Lupo Dec 2019

From Biochemistry To Patent Law: An Undergraduate Journey, Brianna Lupo

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

A University of Iowa student, Sophia Vogeler, pursues discovery in the research lab of Dr. Charles Brenner in the Department of Biochemistry. While her undergraduate major, biochemistry, is a popular one on campus, Vogeler’s future directions will take her to Law School.

Biochemistry and Law School seem like a disconnect to many, but this was the logical path for Vogeler. For a future in patent law, participation in research as an undergraduate was instrumental to her understanding of how research leads to the creation of patents and development of drugs.

In this article, Vogeler and Dr. Brenner highlight the ...


Stem At Stead: Catapults, Aubree Larson Dec 2019

Stem At Stead: Catapults, Aubree Larson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

STEM at Stead consists of three experiment kits aimed at assisting patients in the Stead Family Children’s Hospital with science, engineering, and math education. These experiment kits and discussion materials were created to help fill the gap of information patients were experiencing during their stay at the hospital and consequently their absence from school. The three experiments include building a catapult, creating a bouncy ball, and discovering effective handwashing techniques. The pictures listed with this post show examples from the experiments. The experiments are split into three different levels: beginner, practiced, and advanced scientists. These materials can be found ...


Stem At Stead: Bouncy Balls, Aubree Larson Dec 2019

Stem At Stead: Bouncy Balls, Aubree Larson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

STEM at Stead consists of three experiment kits aimed at assisting patients in the Stead Family Children’s Hospital with science, engineering, and math education. These experiment kits and discussion materials were created to help fill the gap of information patients were experiencing during their stay at the hospital and consequently their absence from school. The three experiments include building a catapult, creating a bouncy ball, and discovering effective handwashing techniques. The pictures listed with this post show examples from the experiments. The experiments are split into three different levels: beginner, practiced, and advanced scientists. These materials can be found ...


From Mendelian Inheritance To Molecular Genomics: A Brief Appreciation Of Genetics, Tim Nguyen Dec 2019

From Mendelian Inheritance To Molecular Genomics: A Brief Appreciation Of Genetics, Tim Nguyen

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

Biology is one of many sciences advancing society and the human conquest for knowledge. Its transition from speculation to lifestyle has been a turbulent ride for centuries, but nevertheless, implications for health improvement has only allowed the field to be advocated by more and more people beyond the professions. Revolutionary findings in genetics increased rapidly for either the advancement of knowledge or its promise for medicine, and while its celebration is heard in academia and achievements like Nobel Prizes, many of the details and reasons for these celebrations are not fully understood. In this mini retrospect, I reflect on a ...


Solving The Mystery Of The "Cyanide Bomb", Tyler A Jackson Dec 2019

Solving The Mystery Of The "Cyanide Bomb", Tyler A Jackson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

A man who's career began as a biochemist and ended as a botanist. A man who under the instruction of a Professor Butt realized what he wanted to do for the rest of his life. This was the story of Professor Jonathan Poulton, Emeritus Faculty at the University of Iowa. He comes from an English family with a religious background and ended up in the sciences when he decided to pursue biochemistry over a dinner with a family friend. He earned his PhD at Oxford University and traveled abroad to conduct research. Poulton eventually landed himself at the University ...


Showcasing The Importance Of Pathogens Through Images, Pooja Patel Dec 2019

Showcasing The Importance Of Pathogens Through Images, Pooja Patel

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

The goal of this project is to increase the awareness of viruses that cause human disease using art. Images were drawn digitally using OneNote. The viruses that are displayed as a part of the project include: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Ebola virus, Influenza, Zika virus, Hantavirus, Dengue virus, Bacteriophage that causes Cholera, Rabies virus, Hepatitis A/B/C virus, and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). These viruses all impact humans around the world and cause substantial disease.


Nih Basic Resources: Discovering Health And Finding Wellness, Catherine Martin Dec 2019

Nih Basic Resources: Discovering Health And Finding Wellness, Catherine Martin

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

This one-hour presentation is a plethora of National Institute of Health resources for all consumers. Use each section to promote evidence-based material that encourage a healthier lifestyle. Showcase undiscovered gems such as disaster management and environmental concerns which are embedded in MedlinePlus. Bring hot topics to the foreground such as e-cigarette use and vaping with teens. Discuss how to have the talk about end of life decisions and promote ways to enhance memory with the rapidly aging population using the National Institute on Aging website. Promote the National Network of Library of Medicine’s All of Us Research Program as ...


Bibliography Of Nonviolent Peacebuilding Materials 2019 Ed., Colleen Mills Dec 2019

Bibliography Of Nonviolent Peacebuilding Materials 2019 Ed., Colleen Mills

Citizens for Peace

Introduction to the 2019 Bibliography of Peace and Justice Materials


2019 Adult Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle Dec 2019

2019 Adult Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


Scholars' Mine Quick Facts December 2019, Nancy S. Krost Dec 2019

Scholars' Mine Quick Facts December 2019, Nancy S. Krost

Scholars’ Mine Statistics

Scholars' Mine Quick Facts are monthly reports of downloads, page hits, and other information about works in the institutional repository of Missouri S&T. A map with downloads by region is also included.


To Disclose Or Not To Disclose? Self-Disclosure Of Mental Health In The Workplace, Samantha Margaret Reynolds Dec 2019

To Disclose Or Not To Disclose? Self-Disclosure Of Mental Health In The Workplace, Samantha Margaret Reynolds

Dissertations and Theses

When making the decision to disclose a mental illness, individuals may be met with a number of factors that impact disclosure. This study examines the relationship between self-stigma, psychological safety, social support and self-disclosure of mental illness in the workplace. The present study surveyed 756 participants and found a positive relationship between stigma and self-disclosure as well as a positive relationship between social support and self-disclosure. For work outcomes, there was a negative relationship between both job satisfaction and productivity in relation to self-disclosure. This study potentiates the antecedents and consequences of self-disclosure of mental illness and how it impacts ...


Foreword From Handling Editor – 6th Edition, Astari Dwiranti Dec 2019

Foreword From Handling Editor – 6th Edition, Astari Dwiranti

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

We are delighted to present the 6th edition of AJCE, published in December 2019. We have selected eight of the best articles for this edition, consisted of five Research Articles, one Review Article, and two Case-Based Articles. These articles presented the valuable and interesting information with the broad ranges covering three sub-themes, i.e. education (parenting, urban community housing, assessment training, revolution 4.0-related teaching method, climate change), Economy (entrepreneurship capacity building), and Health (smartphone application for quality assurance).

We want to express our thanks to the reviewers who gave inputs and contributions to improve the quality of the ...


Coal Mining Sector Contribution To Environmental Conditions And Human Development Index In East Kalimantan Province, Kunny Izza Indah Afkarina, Sindhung Wardana, Poerborini Damayanti Dec 2019

Coal Mining Sector Contribution To Environmental Conditions And Human Development Index In East Kalimantan Province, Kunny Izza Indah Afkarina, Sindhung Wardana, Poerborini Damayanti

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Coal mining has been one of the issues that led to pros and cons in Indonesia. Research shows that mining activities are one of the factors that affect people’s incomes and local and national economic development. However, mining is a lucrative activity that leads to construction booms that attract population growth and lead to deforestation, thus affecting the environmental conditions of a region. The coal mining industry of Indonesian province of East Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo, provides most of the economic base needed to build the infrastructure and provide energy of the country. Kalimantan Province accounts for ...


Estimates Of Broad Age Groups By County 2019, Portland State University. Population Research Center Dec 2019

Estimates Of Broad Age Groups By County 2019, Portland State University. Population Research Center

Oregon Population Estimates and Reports

Estimates of Population Age Groups (under 18, 18-64, 65 and over) for Oregon and Its Counties, July 1, 2019.