Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2019

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 27117

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Metaphorical Cities - Behind The Cover Art, Elana Melissa Hill Dec 2019

Metaphorical Cities - Behind The Cover Art, Elana Melissa Hill

The STEAM Journal

This is a reflection on how cities function like organisms. An artist's interpretation of the spaces surrounding them.


Metaphorical Cities, Elana Melissa Hill Dec 2019

Metaphorical Cities, Elana Melissa Hill

The STEAM Journal

This is a reflection on how cities function like organisms. An artist's interpretation of the spaces surrounding them.


Exposure To Violence And Sleep Inadequacies Among Men And Women Living In A Shelter Setting, Pooja Agrawal, Julie Neisler, Michael S. Businelle Phd, Darla E. Kendzor Phd, Daphne C. Hernandez, Chisom Odoh, Lorraine R. Reitzel Dec 2019

Exposure To Violence And Sleep Inadequacies Among Men And Women Living In A Shelter Setting, Pooja Agrawal, Julie Neisler, Michael S. Businelle Phd, Darla E. Kendzor Phd, Daphne C. Hernandez, Chisom Odoh, Lorraine R. Reitzel

Health Behavior Research

Exposure to violence may explain sleep inadequacies reported by homeless adults, with women being potentially more susceptible to violence and sleep disturbances than men. This study examined the association between violence and sleep inadequacies among homeless adults and explored differences by sex. Adult participants were recruited from a shelter (n = 194; 71.1% men, Mage = 43.8+12.2). Participants self-reported victimization and/or witnessing violence (mugging, fight, and/or sexual assault) at the shelter, sleep duration (over an average 24 hours), insufficient sleep (days without sufficient rest/sleep), and unintentional daytime sleep (days with unintentional sleep) in the ...


Mammography Social Support For Women Living In A Midwestern City: Toward Screening Promotion Via Social Interactions, Wasantha P. Jayawardene, Mohammad R. Torabi, David K. Lohrmann, Ahmed H. Youssefagha Dec 2019

Mammography Social Support For Women Living In A Midwestern City: Toward Screening Promotion Via Social Interactions, Wasantha P. Jayawardene, Mohammad R. Torabi, David K. Lohrmann, Ahmed H. Youssefagha

Health Behavior Research

Notwithstanding recommendations and interventions, the percentage of 50 – 74-year-old U.S. women who reported having had a mammography in the past two years remained below target coverage. Social interactions may influence mammography rates. To measure characteristics of social interactions in a Midwestern city as they relate to social support for mammography received by women older than 40 years of age. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bloomington, Indiana, sending mail surveys to 3,000 telephone directory addresses selected by simple random sampling. An anonymous, self-administered, closed-ended, questionnaire with eight checklist items (for demographics) and six multipart semantic differential scale items ...


What Determines Young Adults’ Attitudes, Perceived Norms, And Perceived Behavioral Control Towards Healthy Sleep Behaviors? A Reasoned Action Approach, Paul Branscum, Katie Qualls Fay Dec 2019

What Determines Young Adults’ Attitudes, Perceived Norms, And Perceived Behavioral Control Towards Healthy Sleep Behaviors? A Reasoned Action Approach, Paul Branscum, Katie Qualls Fay

Health Behavior Research

A common limitation to the design of public health sleep interventions is the overall lack of using theory. Previous researchers have utilized the theory of planned behavior and the reasoned action approach (RAA) to predict healthy sleep behaviors, however much of this research was done using reflective (or generalized) measures, which alone is likely inadequate to equip health practitioners with tangible information they can use to translate theory into practice. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to use formative (or belief-based) measures of the RAA to evaluate the determinants of attitudes, perceived norms, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) of ...


The Spread And Utility Of Social Network Analysis Across A Group Of Health Behavior Researchers, Megan S. Patterson, Tyler Prochnow Med, Patricia Goodson Dec 2019

The Spread And Utility Of Social Network Analysis Across A Group Of Health Behavior Researchers, Megan S. Patterson, Tyler Prochnow Med, Patricia Goodson

Health Behavior Research

Social network analysis (SNA), both as theory and methodology, is a powerful framework for delimiting and studying health behaviors. Using SNA allows scholars to answer new research questions, innovatively investigate the social and systemic contexts of health and behavior, and collaborate on multi- or inter-disciplinary projects. As a result, SNA is growing in popularity within health behavior research and practice. Despite SNA’s contribution and appeal, few health behavior researchers and practitioners have access to formal SNA education; much of the current training efforts occur outside degree-granting curricula. Therefore, the aims of this paper were to: 1) assess the diffusion ...


Advancing Academic Careers Through Formal Professional Mentorship: The Research Scholars Mentorship Program (Rsmp), Matthew Lee Smith, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Jessica M. Rath, Lisa Benz Scott, David Wyatt Seal Dec 2019

Advancing Academic Careers Through Formal Professional Mentorship: The Research Scholars Mentorship Program (Rsmp), Matthew Lee Smith, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Jessica M. Rath, Lisa Benz Scott, David Wyatt Seal

Health Behavior Research

Mentorship is an essential component of professional development for young and emerging scholars. In partnership with the Kellogg Health Scholars Program, the American Academy of Health Behavior (AAHB) developed the 12-month Research Scholars Mentorship Program (RSMP) as a mechanism to facilitate high-quality mentorship interactions among junior and seasoned investigators within the Academy. This article provides a rationale, history, and description of the RSMP, as well as the collective scholarly achievements of the Cohorts and future directions. To date, 44 Pairs have initiated or completed the program. Products written and submitted by the Pairs during the 12-month mentorship period have included ...


Advancing Health Behavior Research And Scholarship Through Mentorship Of First Generation, Underrepresented Undergraduate Students, Daphne C. Hernandez, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Isabel M. Leal Dec 2019

Advancing Health Behavior Research And Scholarship Through Mentorship Of First Generation, Underrepresented Undergraduate Students, Daphne C. Hernandez, Lorraine R. Reitzel, Isabel M. Leal

Health Behavior Research

This article provides perspectives about mentorship of undergraduate mentees from directors of formal, externally funded training programs within the context of one of the most ethnically diverse national universities. The authors reflect about their mentorship of first generation and underrepresented undergraduate students and offer recommendations for others training similar students.


Reflections On A Mentoring Partnership Journey, David Wyatt Seal, Nathan Grant Smith, Christina J. Sun, Erika L. Thompson Dec 2019

Reflections On A Mentoring Partnership Journey, David Wyatt Seal, Nathan Grant Smith, Christina J. Sun, Erika L. Thompson

Health Behavior Research

This commentary offers reflection on the mentoring partnership journey between a senior Fellow of the American Academy of Health Behavior (AAHB) and three early- or mid-career AAHB members. Their partnership was supported by the AAHB Research Scholars Mentorship Program. The authors discuss the nature of their working relationship, products they generated, and other lessons learned from the experience. The authors also offer their perspectives on effective mentorship characteristics.


A Model For Research-Based Mentorship And Professional Development, Matthew Lee Smith Dec 2019

A Model For Research-Based Mentorship And Professional Development, Matthew Lee Smith

Health Behavior Research

This article has no abstract. It serves as the editorial/overview for the special issue on mentorship. However, rather than simply introducing the special issue, a mentorship model is provided. As such, a commentary article type was selected.


Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2019, Cedarville University Dec 2019

Digitalcommons@Cedarville Statistical Report For December 2019, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Repository Additions, December 2019, Cedarville University Dec 2019

Repository Additions, December 2019, Cedarville University

DigitalCommons@Cedarville Monthly Reports

No abstract provided.


Estimates Of Broad Age Groups By County 2019, Portland State University. Population Research Center Dec 2019

Estimates Of Broad Age Groups By County 2019, Portland State University. Population Research Center

Oregon Population Estimates and Reports

Estimates of Population Age Groups (under 18, 18-64, 65 and over) for Oregon and Its Counties, July 1, 2019.


Foreword From Handling Editor – 6th Edition, Astari Dwiranti Dec 2019

Foreword From Handling Editor – 6th Edition, Astari Dwiranti

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

We are delighted to present the 6th edition of AJCE, published in December 2019. We have selected eight of the best articles for this edition, consisted of five Research Articles, one Review Article, and two Case-Based Articles. These articles presented the valuable and interesting information with the broad ranges covering three sub-themes, i.e. education (parenting, urban community housing, assessment training, revolution 4.0-related teaching method, climate change), Economy (entrepreneurship capacity building), and Health (smartphone application for quality assurance).

We want to express our thanks to the reviewers who gave inputs and contributions to improve the quality of the ...


The Entrepreneurship Capacity Building Program And Empowering Fisherwomen Sawohan Village, East Java, Vindaniar Putri, Andhita Yukihana, Arsya Shafira, Arny Tasya, Badra Al-Aufa Dec 2019

The Entrepreneurship Capacity Building Program And Empowering Fisherwomen Sawohan Village, East Java, Vindaniar Putri, Andhita Yukihana, Arsya Shafira, Arny Tasya, Badra Al-Aufa

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

Research on women in a coastal area tends to focus only on their roles as processors and vendors of fishery products. However, their contribution to the family economy is rarely overlooked. This descriptive study is an initial examination of the fisherwoman’s role on household income in Sawohan Village, East Java, Indonesia. The village, which is famous for the fishery products it turns out, is classified as a poor village because the local income is far below the East Java average minimum wage. The purpose of this study is twofold: first, to empower fisherwomen to improve the economy of the ...


The Concept Of Green Rusunawa For The Urban Community In Indonesia, Sri Hapsari Wijayanti, Weny Savitri S. Pandia, Herman Yosep Sutarno Dec 2019

The Concept Of Green Rusunawa For The Urban Community In Indonesia, Sri Hapsari Wijayanti, Weny Savitri S. Pandia, Herman Yosep Sutarno

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

With the inevitability of population growth and urbanization, governments have initiated the development and spatial planning of smart and green cities. By conducting direct observation and focus group discussion (FGD) with management unit representatives and residents, this study identified three priority issues in Rusunawa Muara Baru, Pluit, North Jakarta: access to clean water, management of household waste, and the lack of a public area for social activities or interaction. This paper aims to solve these problems through the implementation of an integrated model of Green Rusunawa, especially in Towers 5, 6, and 7. The stages of this program include preparation ...


Reflections On Critical Pedagogy In America Latina: La Lucha Continua, Peter Mclaren Dec 2019

Reflections On Critical Pedagogy In America Latina: La Lucha Continua, Peter Mclaren

Education Faculty Articles and Research

"When I speak in Mexico, I support efforts there to create a revolutionary critical pedagogy—one that has not been domesticated and depotentiated by neoliberal dogma. This means the inclusion of a decolonial pedagogy which challenges the “coloniality of power” (patron de poder colonial) that still resides at the heart of post-colonial societies. I would advise as a central, overarching goal of critical pedagogy the struggle for a socialist alternative to the “value form of labor” that exists in capitalist societies throughout North and South America, and that such efforts must be transnational in scope since capitalism is now transnational ...


Solution Concerning Climate Change And Utilization Of Wind Turbine And Floating Pv In Coastal Area, Rifka Sofianita, Adi Surjosatyo, Sri Rachmawati Siregar Dec 2019

Solution Concerning Climate Change And Utilization Of Wind Turbine And Floating Pv In Coastal Area, Rifka Sofianita, Adi Surjosatyo, Sri Rachmawati Siregar

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

The global average sea level is rising at a rate of 3.2 mm per year according to recent observations of the IPCC. One of the main factors in sea level rise is thermal expansion, where greenhouse gases, especially CO2, accumulate and generate heat (climate change), thereby melting glaciers in the polar regions. Two villages in Kampung Bungin Bekasi, Indonesia, have already been experiencing flooding. Climate change can be addressed by environmental conservation and utilization of renewable energy to reduce CO2 production. Environmental conservation can be conducted by planting mangroves, while renewable energy is achieved by using natural renewable resources ...


Foreword From Handling Editor - 3rd Edition, Ahyahudin Sodri Dec 2019

Foreword From Handling Editor - 3rd Edition, Ahyahudin Sodri

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

We are delighted to present the 3rd edition of JESSD, published in December 2019. We have selected eight of the best articles for this edition and one invited article from Environmental Science and Sustainable Development topic.


Showcasing The Importance Of Pathogens Through Images, Pooja Patel Dec 2019

Showcasing The Importance Of Pathogens Through Images, Pooja Patel

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

The goal of this project is to increase the awareness of viruses that cause human disease using art. Images were drawn digitally using OneNote. The viruses that are displayed as a part of the project include: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Ebola virus, Influenza, Zika virus, Hantavirus, Dengue virus, Bacteriophage that causes Cholera, Rabies virus, Hepatitis A/B/C virus, and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). These viruses all impact humans around the world and cause substantial disease.


To Disclose Or Not To Disclose? Self-Disclosure Of Mental Health In The Workplace, Samantha Margaret Reynolds Dec 2019

To Disclose Or Not To Disclose? Self-Disclosure Of Mental Health In The Workplace, Samantha Margaret Reynolds

Dissertations and Theses

When making the decision to disclose a mental illness, individuals may be met with a number of factors that impact disclosure. This study examines the relationship between self-stigma, psychological safety, social support and self-disclosure of mental illness in the workplace. The present study surveyed 756 participants and found a positive relationship between stigma and self-disclosure as well as a positive relationship between social support and self-disclosure. For work outcomes, there was a negative relationship between both job satisfaction and productivity in relation to self-disclosure. This study potentiates the antecedents and consequences of self-disclosure of mental illness and how it impacts ...


Environmental Analysis Of Tofu Production In The Context Of Cleaner Production: Case Study Of Tofu Household Industries In Salatiga, Indonesia, Gefa Satria Fajar Nugroho, Ravika Sulistyaningrum, Reindra Prastiwa Melania, Widhi Handayani Dec 2019

Environmental Analysis Of Tofu Production In The Context Of Cleaner Production: Case Study Of Tofu Household Industries In Salatiga, Indonesia, Gefa Satria Fajar Nugroho, Ravika Sulistyaningrum, Reindra Prastiwa Melania, Widhi Handayani

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Tofu is a soy-based food that is frequently consumed by Indonesian as a protein source. It is usually produced by household industries using traditional technology, which currently experiencing environmental problems with respect to the inefficiency of resource usage and inadequate waste disposal. Therefore, cleaner production strategy is potential to be implemented by previously mapping the current problems faced by the industries. This study aims to present an environmental analysis on tofu production in Salatiga in the context of cleaner production. In addition to provides information about the current production process and explains waste management performed by the industries, this study ...


Maintaining Economic Stabilization In Indonesia And South Korea Through Digital Farming, Aprillia Christianawati Dec 2019

Maintaining Economic Stabilization In Indonesia And South Korea Through Digital Farming, Aprillia Christianawati

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Digital farming is a type of digital economy that cannot be separated from essential elements, such as data availability and farmers themselves. Digital farming is found easily in many developed or agricultural countries, such as southern Europe and Brazil, nor to Indonesia and South Korea. However, Indonesia and South Korea experienced internet utilization and agricultural land area discrepancies which come to similar result, still developing sustainable agriculture. Thus, subjects of the study are Indonesia and South Korea due to their location in the Asian continent and similar history as developing countries in the past. Using farmer households and land agricultural ...


Coal Mining Sector Contribution To Environmental Conditions And Human Development Index In East Kalimantan Province, Kunny Izza Indah Afkarina, Sindhung Wardana, Poerborini Damayanti Dec 2019

Coal Mining Sector Contribution To Environmental Conditions And Human Development Index In East Kalimantan Province, Kunny Izza Indah Afkarina, Sindhung Wardana, Poerborini Damayanti

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Coal mining has been one of the issues that led to pros and cons in Indonesia. Research shows that mining activities are one of the factors that affect people’s incomes and local and national economic development. However, mining is a lucrative activity that leads to construction booms that attract population growth and lead to deforestation, thus affecting the environmental conditions of a region. The coal mining industry of Indonesian province of East Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo, provides most of the economic base needed to build the infrastructure and provide energy of the country. Kalimantan Province accounts for ...


Indigenous And Local Knowledge Promoting Sdgs In Indonesia: The Case Of The Sumbanese Cultural Festival, Makoto Koike Dec 2019

Indigenous And Local Knowledge Promoting Sdgs In Indonesia: The Case Of The Sumbanese Cultural Festival, Makoto Koike

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

From the perspective of anthropology, this article aims to explore why movements seeking environmental preservation and religious and cultural revitalization have been launched on the island of Sumba, and how the results of this research have contributed to promoting the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially “Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation” and “Goal 15: Life on Land.” Sumba is one of the most sparsely populated and impoverished regions in Indonesia. Since the 2000, the process of marginalization of the Sumbanese has been drastic. They have suffered from the pressures of expanding agro-industry and mining. Most land on the beachside ...


Characteristics Of Habitat, Distribution, And Diversity Of Anopheles Spp In Kemelak Bindung Langit Village, Ogan Komering Ulu Regency, South Sumatra, Giri Maretasari, Yuanita Windusari, Syafrina Lamin, Laila Hanum, Dwi Septiawati Dec 2019

Characteristics Of Habitat, Distribution, And Diversity Of Anopheles Spp In Kemelak Bindung Langit Village, Ogan Komering Ulu Regency, South Sumatra, Giri Maretasari, Yuanita Windusari, Syafrina Lamin, Laila Hanum, Dwi Septiawati

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by Plasmodium andis transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles vector. Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) is a district in South Sumatra that is endemic to malaria. The study aims to determine habitat type, environmental factors that influence larvae development, and distribution of Anopheles larvae. The experiment was conducted from January to February 2019 in the Kelurahan Kemelak Bindung Langit, OKU. Species identification was carried out in the Entomology Laboratory, Baturaja Health Research and Development Center, OKU. Sampling locations were determined based on field observations, through simple purposive sampling. Identification of mosquito larvae which ...


Nih Basic Resources: Discovering Health And Finding Wellness, Catherine Martin Dec 2019

Nih Basic Resources: Discovering Health And Finding Wellness, Catherine Martin

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

This one-hour presentation is a plethora of National Institute of Health resources for all consumers. Use each section to promote evidence-based material that encourage a healthier lifestyle. Showcase undiscovered gems such as disaster management and environmental concerns which are embedded in MedlinePlus. Bring hot topics to the foreground such as e-cigarette use and vaping with teens. Discuss how to have the talk about end of life decisions and promote ways to enhance memory with the rapidly aging population using the National Institute on Aging website. Promote the National Network of Library of Medicine’s All of Us Research Program as ...


Accessibility And Iot / Smart And Connected Communities, John Rochford Dec 2019

Accessibility And Iot / Smart And Connected Communities, John Rochford

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

The Internet of things (IoT) has unlimited potential to empower the lives of everyone. IoT devices increasingly appear in homes and power smart and connected communities. Related user experience design efforts must involve and consider people with disabilities, including the world’s rapidly aging population of seniors. They must be able to use IoT device and app interfaces. While secure and private IoT device data collection and communication are important for everyone, people with disabilities have unique related needs. Many current resources and developing efforts that can benefit UX designers to address these needs exist.


“Find That Balance:” The Impact Of Cultural Consonance And Dissonance On Mental Health Among Utah And Mormon Women, Francois Dengah Dec 2019

“Find That Balance:” The Impact Of Cultural Consonance And Dissonance On Mental Health Among Utah And Mormon Women, Francois Dengah

Francois Dengah

Cultural consonance and religious participation are both associatedwith salutogenic
mental health outcomes. Yet studies of religious and other cultural models must take
into account multiple and conflicting cultural norms. In this article, we explore the
consequences of trying to adhere to the oppositional cultural models of religious
(Latter-day Saint or Mormon) and secular American gender roles as perceived by
college-aged women at a Utah university. Using cultural consensus and cultural
consonance analysis, we demonstrate that while conforming with one model may
provide social and mental health benefits, striving for consonance with both results
in increased perceived stress levels for Latter-day ...


Transfer Student Success: Yet More Support For Learning Communities, Charisse T.M. Coston Dec 2019

Transfer Student Success: Yet More Support For Learning Communities, Charisse T.M. Coston

Learning Communities Research and Practice

Transfer students face an array of difficulties upon entering colleges and universities. As a result, many institutions have begun creating learning communities in order to help transfer students integrate and cope with the changes that come with the transfer process associated with enrolling in college or university. This paper describes the development and examines the efficacy of learning communities for transfer students entering a university. This article presents descriptive, demographic, academic and social outcomes from data gathered from the participants in the Criminal Justice Learning Community (CJLC) at The University of North Carolina at Charlotte as well as those of ...