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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Intimacy: Men's Understandings And Experiences, Atholl James Murray Dec 2016

Intimacy: Men's Understandings And Experiences, Atholl James Murray

Theses

One of the problems faced by researchers of intimacy is that there is no widely shared understanding of how intimacy is defined. Although various definitions agree that intimacy is an experience associated with positive emotions, a smaller number of definitions suggest that intimacy can also be experienced in situations involving relationship conflict and abuse that do not involve positive emotions. Using Kegan’s (1982) constructive-developmental theory of the evolving self, I argue that the diverse experiences described in these various definitions share a common source – the self. In offering an understanding of the self as evolving in predictable ways that ...


The Effect Of Posture On Classroom Participation, Janine Cerutti Jun 2016

The Effect Of Posture On Classroom Participation, Janine Cerutti

Honors Theses

Past research suggested that students with low self-esteem participate less in class than students with high self-esteem. Separately, prior research investigated the effects of nonverbal behavior on different variables such as confidence and performance. In the current research, we explored the effect of posture on the level of class participation (i.e. the number of times participants raised their hand to participate during a question-answer session). First, participants were asked to take a self-esteem questionnaire before participating in a simulated lecture. Next, participants were randomly assigned to either a slumped or upright posture condition. During the lecture, participants watched a ...


The Psychology Of Romantic Relationships, Darby Dietrich Jun 2016

The Psychology Of Romantic Relationships, Darby Dietrich

Honors Theses

Prior research on self-monitoring suggests that high self-monitors are more likely to choose a romantic partner based on status and appearance. Conversely, low self-monitors put a greater emphasis on shared values and interests. In the current research, we examined the self-monitoring differences in both dating relationships and marriages. Participants were given a survey in which they answered personal questions, questions about their past relationships, qualities that are important in potential dating and marriage partners, and the Snyder and Gangestad (1986) 18-item Self-Monitoring scale. Trends were consistent with previous research, such that high self-monitors were more likely to divorce than low ...


Practicing Collective Biography, Roberta Hawkins, Karen Falconer Al-Hindi, Pamela Moss, Leslie Kern Apr 2016

Practicing Collective Biography, Roberta Hawkins, Karen Falconer Al-Hindi, Pamela Moss, Leslie Kern

Geography and Geology Faculty Publications

Collective biography uses researchers' written memories about a set of experiences as texts for collective analysis. As a feminist approach to research, collective biography draws centrally on the idea that significant memories are critical in the constitution of the self, and maintains that in analyzing memories collectively, researchers can begin to tap into wider social processes and structures. Though rarely used in geography, collective biography could be useful in data collection and analysis for geographers. In this paper, we provide a brief history and description of collective biography. We situate collective biography in relation to life writing methods. We then ...


Functional Brain Imaging Predicts Public Health Campaign Success, Emily B. Falk, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Steven Tompson, Richard Gonzalez, Sonya Dal Cin, Victor J. Strecher, Kenneth M. Cummings, Lawrence An Feb 2016

Functional Brain Imaging Predicts Public Health Campaign Success, Emily B. Falk, Matthew B. O'Donnell, Steven Tompson, Richard Gonzalez, Sonya Dal Cin, Victor J. Strecher, Kenneth M. Cummings, Lawrence An

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Mass media can powerfully affect health decision-making. Pre-testing through focus groups or surveys is a standard, though inconsistent, predictor of effectiveness. Converging evidence demonstrates that activity within brain systems associated with self-related processing can predict individual behavior in response to health messages. Preliminary evidence also suggests that neural activity in small groups can forecast population-level campaign outcomes. Less is known about the psychological processes that link neural activity and population-level outcomes, or how these predictions are affected by message content. We exposed 50 smokers to antismoking messages and used their aggregated neural activity within a ‘self-localizer’ defined region of medial ...


Rational And Self-Adaptive Evolutionary Extreme Learning Machine For Electricity Price Forecast, Chixin Xiao, Zhao Y. Dong, Yan Xu, Ke Meng, Xun Zhou, Xin Zhang Jan 2016

Rational And Self-Adaptive Evolutionary Extreme Learning Machine For Electricity Price Forecast, Chixin Xiao, Zhao Y. Dong, Yan Xu, Ke Meng, Xun Zhou, Xin Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Electricity price forecast is of great importance to electricity market participants. Given the sophisticated time-series of electricity price, various approaches of extreme learning machine (ELM) have been identified as effective prediction approaches. However, in high dimensional space, evolutionary extreme learning machine (E-ELM) is time-consuming and difficult to converge to optimal region when just relying on stochastic searching approaches. In the meanwhile, due to the complicated functional relationship, objective function of E-ELM seems difficult also to be mined directly for some useful mathematical information to guide the optimum exploring. This paper proposes a new differential evolution (DE) like algorithm to enhance ...


Features Of A Self-Mixing Laser Diode Operating Near Relaxation Oscillation, Bin Liu, Yanguang Yu, Jiangtao Xi, Yuanlong Fan, Qinghua Guo, Jun Tong, R A. Lewis Jan 2016

Features Of A Self-Mixing Laser Diode Operating Near Relaxation Oscillation, Bin Liu, Yanguang Yu, Jiangtao Xi, Yuanlong Fan, Qinghua Guo, Jun Tong, R A. Lewis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

When a fraction of the light reflected by an external cavity re-enters the laser cavity, both the amplitude and the frequency of the lasing field can be modulated. This phenomenon is called the self-mixing effect (SME). A self-mixing laser diode (SM-LD) is a sensor using the SME. Usually, such LDs operate below the stability boundary where no relaxation oscillation happens. The boundary is determined by the operation condition including the injection current, optical feedback strength and external cavity length. This paper discovers the features of an SM-LD where the LD operates beyond the stability boundary, that is, near the relaxation ...


Young's Modulus Measurement Using Fibre-Coupled Self-Mixing Laser Diode, Ke Lin, Yanguang Yu, Jiangtao Xi, Qinghua Guo, Jun Tong, Hui Jun Li Jan 2016

Young's Modulus Measurement Using Fibre-Coupled Self-Mixing Laser Diode, Ke Lin, Yanguang Yu, Jiangtao Xi, Qinghua Guo, Jun Tong, Hui Jun Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A new fibre-coupled self-mixing laser diode is developed for measurement of Young's modulus. Instead of transmission in free space, the light path is coupled in a fibre, which enables the measuring system easily and feasibly to be installed in many application cases. A specimen made of aluminium alloy 6061 is tested by the system designed. The obtained value of Young's modulus is 70.02 GPa with 0.16% measurement accuracy, showing a high repeatability and a good agreement with the standard values reported in literatures.


A Review On Numerical Solutions To Self-Heating Of Coal Stockpile: Mechanism, Theoretical Basis, And Variable Study, Jian Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Yuntao Liang, Zhongwei Wang Jan 2016

A Review On Numerical Solutions To Self-Heating Of Coal Stockpile: Mechanism, Theoretical Basis, And Variable Study, Jian Zhang, Ting X. Ren, Yuntao Liang, Zhongwei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Self-heating or even spontaneous combustion of stockpiled coal, which is likely to outbreak under favourable circumstances during its transport, process, and storage, is a long-standing thermal dynamic hazard. This hazard is harmful in diverse aspects: causing loss of coal resource and caking property, raising safety concerns upon occurrence of open fire, and giving off noxious/greenhouse effect gases. Due to the complexity of involved physical process (e.g. heat and mass transport) and chemical process (e.g. coal oxidation), formulating an analytical solution to the problem with or even without a transient approach would be a daunting task and the ...


Iterates Of Holomorphic Self-Maps On Pseudoconvex Domains Of Finite And Infinite Type In Cn, Tran Vu Khanh, Ninh Van Thu Jan 2016

Iterates Of Holomorphic Self-Maps On Pseudoconvex Domains Of Finite And Infinite Type In Cn, Tran Vu Khanh, Ninh Van Thu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Using the lower bounds on the Kobayashi metric established by the first author, we prove a Wolff-Denjoy-type theorem for a very large class of pseudoconvex domains in Cn. This class includes many pseudoconvex domains of finite type and infinite type.


Using Concept Maps And Goal-Setting To Support The Development Of Self-Regulated Learning In A Problem-Based Learning Curriculum, Lisa K. Thomas, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer Jan 2016

Using Concept Maps And Goal-Setting To Support The Development Of Self-Regulated Learning In A Problem-Based Learning Curriculum, Lisa K. Thomas, Sue Bennett, Lori Lockyer

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Problem-based learning (PBL) in medical education focuses on preparing independent learners for continuing, self-directed, professional development beyond the classroom. Skills in self-regulated learning (SRL) are important for success in PBL and ongoing professional practice. However, the development of SRL skills is often left to chance. This study presents the investigated outcomes for students when support for the development of SRL was embedded in a PBL medical curriculum. This investigation involved design, delivery and testing of SRL support, embedded into the first phase of a four-year, graduate-entry MBBS degree. The intervention included concept mapping and goal-setting activities through iterative processes of ...


Primary Healthcare System Of Pakistan: Challenges To Self-Management Of Type 2 Diabetes, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar Jan 2016

Primary Healthcare System Of Pakistan: Challenges To Self-Management Of Type 2 Diabetes, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This review article is aimed at describing the primary healthcare system of Pakistan and its challenges in the face of epidemic of type 2 diabetes, focusing particularly on the middle-aged population of rural area of Pakistan. The main concern in Pakistan is that its middle-aged population is facing the onslaught of obesity and overweight due to lack of physical activity. In addition unhealthy eating habits making it more difficult for this population to control their weight. All these factors are contributing to a high risk of type 2 diabetes for the population of Pakistan. This article provides insight into the ...


Relative Visual Oscillation Can Facilitate Visually Induced Self-Motion Perception, Shinji Nakamura, Stephen Palmisano, Juno Kim Jan 2016

Relative Visual Oscillation Can Facilitate Visually Induced Self-Motion Perception, Shinji Nakamura, Stephen Palmisano, Juno Kim

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Adding simulated viewpoint jitter or oscillation to displays enhances visually induced illusions of self-motion (vection). The cause of this enhancement is yet to be fully understood. Here, we conducted psychophysical experiments to investigate the effects of different types of simulated oscillation on vertical vection. Observers viewed horizontally oscillating and nonoscillating optic flow fields simulating downward self-motion through an aperture. The aperture was visually simulated to be nearer to the observer and was stationary or oscillating in-phase or counter-phase to the direction of background horizontal oscillations of optic flow. Results showed that vection strength was modulated by the oscillation of the ...


Learning From Instructor-Managed And Self-Managed Split-Attention Materials, Chloe Gordon, Sharon Tindall-Ford, Shirley Agostinho, Fred Paas Jan 2016

Learning From Instructor-Managed And Self-Managed Split-Attention Materials, Chloe Gordon, Sharon Tindall-Ford, Shirley Agostinho, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Summary: Instructor-managed physical integration of mutually dependent, but spatially separated materials, is an effective way to overcome negative effects of split-attention on learning. This study examined whether teaching students to self-manage split-attention materials would be effective for learning. Seventy-eight primary-school students learned about the water cycle, either by studying split-attention examples, integrated examples or self-managed split-attention examples. It was hypothesised that students who study instructor-integrated materials and students who study self-integrated materials would outperform students who study split-attention materials. The results showed that students learned more from instructor-integrated materials than from split-attention materials, thereby confirming the split-attention effect. The implications ...


Exploring The Qualitative Research On Diabetes Self-Management In Middle-Aged Population Of Rural Area Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar Jan 2016

Exploring The Qualitative Research On Diabetes Self-Management In Middle-Aged Population Of Rural Area Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This review article aimed at exploring the qualitative health research in self-management of type 2 diabetes and patient's perceptions and experiences of undertaking physical activity and eating behaviour as part of their diabetes self-management. In addition, the study analyzed how the health issue related to diabetes is viewed and addressed in the community of Pakistan and used the concepts of socio-ecological approach to self-management of type 2 diabetes and explored the factors affecting the self-management practices in that country. The other objective of this review was to examine the role of physical inactivity and obesity in the development of ...


A Quantitative Research On Self-Management Of Type 2 Diabetes In Middle-Aged Population Of Rural Area Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar Jan 2016

A Quantitative Research On Self-Management Of Type 2 Diabetes In Middle-Aged Population Of Rural Area Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: In Pakistan, the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes is high ranging from 7.6 % (5.2 million populations) to 11 % as compared to the prevalence rate of 8.3% in the world. The high prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the country has been attributed to high-risk factors such as lack of physical activity, unhealthy food and eating habits among the Pakistani population. Aims: The main aim of this study is to use the quantitative method to explore the association between illness and cultural beliefs, family and healthcare provider support and self-management behaviours of patients of type 2 diabetes ...


Systematic Review Of Type 2 Diabetes Self-Management: Focusing On The Middle-Aged Population Of Rural Area Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar Jan 2016

Systematic Review Of Type 2 Diabetes Self-Management: Focusing On The Middle-Aged Population Of Rural Area Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The systematic literature review was carried out to identify and analyse qualitative and quantitative articles published in the last 20 years relevant to the self-management of type 2 diabetes. The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize the contemporary qualitative and quantitative research on the self-management of type 2 diabetes focusing on the factors that play an important role in self-management of diabetes in Pakistan. This systematic review synthesized the knowledge and identified the gap in the literature regarding type 2 diabetes self-management among the middle-aged population of Pakistan. The review has revealed that there is lack of ...


Application Of Chronic Care Model For Self-Management Of Type 2 Diabetes: Focus On The Middle-Aged Population Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar Jan 2016

Application Of Chronic Care Model For Self-Management Of Type 2 Diabetes: Focus On The Middle-Aged Population Of Pakistan, Rashid M. Ansari, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Nicholas Arnold Zwar

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article discusses the potential application of Chronic Care Model (CCM) for self-management of type 2 diabetes focusing on the middle-aged population of rural area of Pakistan. The article further highlights the variations of chronic care model and the evidence for its efficacy and elaborating the elements of the model that are used in primary health care. The features of Chronic Care Model (CCM) have been highlighted including the socio-ecological approach to diabetes self-management and community-based partnership for improving chronic disease management. The two components of the chronic care model such as patient self-management support (SMS) and delivery system design ...


Opinion: Everyday Activities Can Teach Self-Regulation, Steven J. Howard Jan 2016

Opinion: Everyday Activities Can Teach Self-Regulation, Steven J. Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The evidence is in: improving young children's self-regulation can help them onto more positive life trajectories. But how can we generate these improvements? In contrast to a growing trend called brain training, it seems there are everyday things that can yield similar benefits.


The Role Of Self-Focused Cognition In Emotion Regulation, Ana Maria Draghici Jan 2016

The Role Of Self-Focused Cognition In Emotion Regulation, Ana Maria Draghici

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present dissertation reports a set of three studies that sought to characterize the effects of self-focused cognition on emotion regulation, specifically, cognitive reappraisal. Across the three studies, I investigated the effects of self-distancing, disengagement of self-focused thought, and changing the content of self-focused thought on multiple measures of emotion regulation success and emotion regulation difficulty. Results broadly suggested that disengaging self-focused cognition provides distinct advantages for emotion regulation, which are independent of effects on emotional reactivity. Specifically, I observed that other-focused cognition resulted in equally successful, but less difficult emotion regulation, the ability to more quickly disengage from self-focused ...


Meeting Country And Self To Initiate An Embodiment Of Knowledge: Embedding A Process For Aboriginal Perspectives, Anthony D. Mcknight Jan 2016

Meeting Country And Self To Initiate An Embodiment Of Knowledge: Embedding A Process For Aboriginal Perspectives, Anthony D. Mcknight

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Social justice is often the primary framework that directs academics to embed Aboriginal perspectives into teacher education programmes. The effectiveness and limitations of social justice as a catalyst and change agent was examined when six school of education academics from an Australian regional university were introduced to Yuin Country as knowledge holder. This paper argues that social justice in Australian education systems can contribute to the colonial control of knowledge production. At the same time, however, social justice may provide a means for non-Aboriginal people to experience Aboriginal ways of knowing and thereby to diversify their thinking. A cultural experience ...