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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2016

CISR

Articles 1 - 30 of 494

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Emerging Patterns Of Erw Injuries In Laos, Stacey Pizzino, Colette Mcinerney, Jo Durham Nov 2016

Emerging Patterns Of Erw Injuries In Laos, Stacey Pizzino, Colette Mcinerney, Jo Durham

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The year 2016 marks the beginning of a new era for international development, with the adoption of seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) that will drive global development efforts until 2030. In post-conflict countries, humanitarian mine action will be an important enabler in achieving a number of SDGs, including goal 3: “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.” Of particular relevance is target 3.9 of the SDGs, which specifies the need to reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from soil pollution and contamination. At present this relates primarily to indoor and outdoor air pollution. However ...


Effectiveness And Impact Of Undp Mine Action Support: Lessons Learned, Charles Downs, Alan Fox Nov 2016

Effectiveness And Impact Of Undp Mine Action Support: Lessons Learned, Charles Downs, Alan Fox

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has supported mine action in more than 40 countries since its first involvement in Cambodia in 1992. UNDP support generally focuses on the development of national mine action management capacities. In early 2016, the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) of UNDP concluded the first global evaluation of the results of UNDP support in mine action, with particular attention to its effectiveness and impact. The evaluation reviewed documentation relating to all national, UNDP-supported mine action programs, in-depth desk reviews of support to 14 countries, and background for field case studies of three national programs (Laos, Mozambique ...


Explosive Remnants Of War Contamination Response In Libya, Damir Djakovic, Katarina Cvikl Balić Nov 2016

Explosive Remnants Of War Contamination Response In Libya, Damir Djakovic, Katarina Cvikl Balić

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Abu Grain is a town located 106 km (66 mi) east of Misrata and 138 km (86 mi) west of Sirte with an estimated population of 2,000 inhabitants. The town is known for its strategic road intersection connecting the Mediterranean cities of Misrata and Sirte with the desert district of Jufra. Between February and March 2016, Abu Grain’s population fled as Islamic State (IS) group forces advanced into town in an attempt to expand control toward the west of its stronghold in Sirte. According to the Libyan Red Crescent, Abu Grain’s inhabitants mostly fled to Bani Walid ...


Working From A Distance In War-Affected Libya, Nikolaj Søndergaard Nov 2016

Working From A Distance In War-Affected Libya, Nikolaj Søndergaard

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

A unique partnership between DanChurchAid (DCA) and Lebanese authorities facilitates explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) training for Libyan authorities, who can now start their own national EOD teams and begin the clearance process.


Gendered Vulnerabilities To Small Arms In South Central Somalia, Abigail Jones, Nicola Sandhu, Lucas Musetti Nov 2016

Gendered Vulnerabilities To Small Arms In South Central Somalia, Abigail Jones, Nicola Sandhu, Lucas Musetti

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Somalia is a very young nation demographically; estimates place half the population under the age of 14 and less than five percent over the age of 60. A large portion of the population grew up during incredible civil instability and violence, making exposure to armed violence an ever-present prospect. Further, the presence of more than one million displaced persons and refugees exacerbates the difficulties of protecting vulnerable groups from violence.


Rbm And Theories Of Change, Russell Gasser Nov 2016

Rbm And Theories Of Change, Russell Gasser

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

“Give me your money; I’m busy doing things” is not the most convincing fundraising appeal. Instead, “Look at the difference our program has made to the lives of the people that were helped” is far more likely to get a positive response. The overall purpose of mine action is to improve people’s lives and livelihoods, to reduce casualties, and increase compliance with political commitments like the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC). Although this is widely known, standard reporting excessively includes information on how many people received risk education, how many square meters of land were cleared, or how ...


The Role Of Research In Mine Action: A Response To Gasser, Ian Mclean, Rebecca Sargisson Nov 2016

The Role Of Research In Mine Action: A Response To Gasser, Ian Mclean, Rebecca Sargisson

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Some years ago, a businessman came to me and said that he would like to start commercially farming lobsters, something that had not been attempted at the time. His key question was, “How long will the development research take?”

“I would think two to four years before a scaling-up exercise to make it commercially viable,” I answered.

Looking genuinely surprised he replied, “Really! I was thinking it should take about two weeks.”

This anecdote portrays a problem that emerges in almost every area of human enterprise. Those-who-do want and need to do right now. Those-who-create need time to design, build ...


From The Director, Ken Rutherford Nov 2016

From The Director, Ken Rutherford

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Here at CISR, our team is busy planning the 13th Senior Managers’ Course (SMC), which will take place in Biograd na Moru, Croatia, from 20 March to 7 April 2017. With the help of our local partner, the Croatian Mine Action Centre, CISR will implement a course designed specifically to address the needs of senior managers working in greater Southeast Europe as the region’s mine action programs undergo planned transitions. The course in Croatia will be our third regional SMC (Tajikistan in 2014 and Vietnam in 2015) since we began implementing the regional format in 2014; we hope to ...


The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 20.3 (2016), Cisr Jmu Nov 2016

The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 20.3 (2016), Cisr Jmu

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Feature: SA/LW and CWD | Spotlight: Libya | Special Report: Solomon Islands’ Explosive Legacy | Plus: Editorial, Field Notes, Research and Development


Let's Go About Our Work, Dennis Barlow Aug 2016

Let's Go About Our Work, Dennis Barlow

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The partnerships and spirit which develop within the context of mine action activities sometimes seem almost as important as the remediation of landmines itself.


Mine Action In Egypt: The Landmine Struggle Center And Arabic Mine Action Campaign, Jenny Lange Aug 2016

Mine Action In Egypt: The Landmine Struggle Center And Arabic Mine Action Campaign, Jenny Lange

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Egypt’s land is plagued with almost 20 million mines/UXO dating back to WWII. The government does not want to remove them without help from those who planted them. In response, the Landmine Struggle Center and Arabic Mine Action Campaign were formed to help those who are affected.


Mine Field Breaching In Desert Storm, Thomas Houlahan Aug 2016

Mine Field Breaching In Desert Storm, Thomas Houlahan

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

During the Gulf War, Iraqi troops laid over seven million mines throughout Kuwait, which resulted in a need for advanced techniques allowing American troops to quickly breach landmine-afflicted areas.


Humanitarian Mine Action In Northern Iraq, Tim Carstairs Aug 2016

Humanitarian Mine Action In Northern Iraq, Tim Carstairs

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Through sustained efforts, the Mines Advisory Group has made significant progress in the demining of war-torn Northern Iraq. Cooperation with local villagers has been a key to their success.


The Landmines Resource Center For Lebanon, Habbouba Aoun Aug 2016

The Landmines Resource Center For Lebanon, Habbouba Aoun

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

After 15 years of war and 22 years of occupation, Lebanon is littered with landmines. The Landmines Resource Center (LMRC) seeks to improve the situation by collecting, analyzing and disseminating related data.


Strategic Planning In Yemen, Tim Lardner, Matt Craig Aug 2016

Strategic Planning In Yemen, Tim Lardner, Matt Craig

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The first ever Landmine Impact Survey was completed in Yemen in July 2000 by the Mine Clearance Planning Agency. With the help of Cranfield Mine Action, Yemen has been developing a strategy to maximize the efficiency of its mine action program.


Red Cross/Red Crescent Mine Action Involvement In The Middle East, Laurence Desvignes Aug 2016

Red Cross/Red Crescent Mine Action Involvement In The Middle East, Laurence Desvignes

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The Middle East is an area significantly impacted by landmines, and there is a great need for the spread of mine awareness in mine-affected countries. The Red Cross and Red Crescent are hard at work in the region, attempting to raise mine awareness among the citizens of these nations.


Background On The Mine/Uxo Problem, Mohamed Ahmen Aug 2016

Background On The Mine/Uxo Problem, Mohamed Ahmen

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Twenty-two years of conflict have left a significant number of unfenced and unmarked mine fields in southern Lebanon, requiring strong coordination between various organizations in order to meet emergency demands.


The United States Central Command’S Role In The Middle East, Margaret S. Busé Aug 2016

The United States Central Command’S Role In The Middle East, Margaret S. Busé

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The U.S. CENTCOM humanitarian mine action program provides a successful interaction between US military trainers, the host country, the indigenous community and the non-governmental organizations while ridding the host country of landmines. Their train-the-trainer approach insures that there is an indigenous demining operation in place before U.S. forces exit the country.


Goons, Lemons, And Saviors, Dennis Barlow Aug 2016

Goons, Lemons, And Saviors, Dennis Barlow

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

For about five years now, it has been accepted wisdom that the national mine action centers (MAC) are the critical nodes of humanitarian demining activity. MACs are at the virtual cross roads of mine action, with policy "coming down" and tactical results "going up." MAC managers are asked to implement standards, evaluate clearance techniques and equipment, integrate the various components of mine action (marking and monitoring, clearance, mine risk education, victim assistance), help prioritize programs and activities, answer to donors, report to the host government, provide information to the UN, master GIS systems, fill empty data bases, develop the perfect ...


Ronco: Back In Afghanistan, Jj Scott Aug 2016

Ronco: Back In Afghanistan, Jj Scott

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

More than 10 years after helping develop its demining capability, RONCO returns to Afghanistan, renewing old partnerships to tackle new problems.


Sapper, Juan Carlos Ruan Aug 2016

Sapper, Juan Carlos Ruan

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Jose Antonio, a sapper working on demining operations in Nicaragua, explains the daily requirements of the work he does, which he explains is both demanding and rewarding.


Gichd Mechanical Mine Clearance Equipment Catalogue, Detlef Shroeder Aug 2016

Gichd Mechanical Mine Clearance Equipment Catalogue, Detlef Shroeder

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

In order to create the definitive list of demining machines that are currently available on the international market, GICHD created the GICHD Mechanical Mine Clearance Equipment Catalogue. It highlights numerous machines and will be updated annually, as its creators hope that it will better aid the attempt to eradicate the world’s landmines by 2010.


Three-Man Team Hikes Japanese Mountains To Raise Money For Mine Clearance, Nicole Kreger Aug 2016

Three-Man Team Hikes Japanese Mountains To Raise Money For Mine Clearance, Nicole Kreger

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

An expedition in 2001 that led three men through the mountains of Japan raised money and awareness for landmine clearance.


The Latin America Conference: Sharing Ideas To Improve Mine Action, Nicole Kreger Aug 2016

The Latin America Conference: Sharing Ideas To Improve Mine Action, Nicole Kreger

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

In early December of 2001, mine action affiliates gathered in Miami to discuss the past, present and future of mine action efforts in Latin America. The three-day conference gave all who attended a better idea of what lies ahead and allowed them to share ideas on how to reach their mutual goals.


Troubleshooting Afghanistan, Timothy Gusinov Aug 2016

Troubleshooting Afghanistan, Timothy Gusinov

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Now, when the days of Taliban’s rule in Afghanistan are over and American troops have established their land bases and continue a full scale hunt for Al-Qaeda and Taliban leaders, more dangers await American and international security forces, as well as humanitarian convoys, in this country.


Update: The Mine Action Situation In Afghanistan, Susanna Sprinkel Aug 2016

Update: The Mine Action Situation In Afghanistan, Susanna Sprinkel

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Mine action operations in Afghanistan were halted after September 11th as security conditions in the area worsened. Now that stability has been restored, all 15 of the NGOs operating in Afghanistan have returned to the country, in order to resume activities and continue expanding the mine action capacity.


From The Himalayas To The Indian Ocean: The World’S Largest Mine Field?, Jj Scott Aug 2016

From The Himalayas To The Indian Ocean: The World’S Largest Mine Field?, Jj Scott

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The latest conflict between India and Pakistan has spurred both countries to renew the mining of their borders. This could result in the creation of the largest mine field the world has ever seen.


Behind The Scenes Of Mine Action, Mary Ruberry Aug 2016

Behind The Scenes Of Mine Action, Mary Ruberry

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Mine Action work involves numerous dangers and risks. Yet the field of Mine Action and the stark beginnings of a mine action center often beget warm bonds. Stories from men involved in demining show what life is like handling munitions, and setting up and running mine programs.


Peacemakers Along The Dmz: Non-Self Destruct Landmines In The Republic Of Korea, Albert Marin, Michael Litzelman Aug 2016

Peacemakers Along The Dmz: Non-Self Destruct Landmines In The Republic Of Korea, Albert Marin, Michael Litzelman

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The need for landmines in Korea will remain the same without a change in the terrain or the proximity of either the threat or the enemy, unless we successfully find a viable, fully fielded alternative.


Paradis: A Prototype For Assisting Rational Activities In Humanitarian Demining Using Images From Satellites, Vinciane Lacroix, M. Acheroy, Eleonore Wolff Aug 2016

Paradis: A Prototype For Assisting Rational Activities In Humanitarian Demining Using Images From Satellites, Vinciane Lacroix, M. Acheroy, Eleonore Wolff

The Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The PARADIS project aims to improve the planning of humanitarian demining campaigns with a software package working from the country scale to the field scale. A demining organization and an image interpretation team work together to put this system to use and benefit mine-affected areas.