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2012

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Articles 22711 - 22740 of 22919

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Design And Implementation Of U.S. Climate Policy, Don Fullerton, Catherine Wolfram Dec 2011

The Design And Implementation Of U.S. Climate Policy, Don Fullerton, Catherine Wolfram

Don Fullerton

No abstract provided.


Introduction And Summary, Don Fullerton, Catherine Wolfram Dec 2011

Introduction And Summary, Don Fullerton, Catherine Wolfram

Don Fullerton

While economic models have already proven useful to analyze big picture questions about climate policy such as the choice between a carbon tax or cap-and-trade permit system, the 19 chapters in this book show how economic models also are useful to address the many remaining smaller questions that arise as policy is implemented. For example, chapters consider: the tradeoffs policymakers confront in deciding whether to implement the policy upstream on energy producers or downstream on energy users; how to monitor and enforce climate policy; how Federal actions might interact with climate policies at other levels of government or with other ...


Dialogue Between Friedman And Keynes, Howard J. Sherman Dec 2011

Dialogue Between Friedman And Keynes, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This is an imaginary dialogue between Milton Friedman, the greatest conservative economist of the 20th century, and John Maynard Keynes, the greatest liberal economist of the 20th century.


A Role For Policymakers In Improving The Status Of Black Male Students In U.S. Higher Education, Shaun R. Harper, Frank Harris Iii Dec 2011

A Role For Policymakers In Improving The Status Of Black Male Students In U.S. Higher Education, Shaun R. Harper, Frank Harris Iii

Frank Harris III

No abstract provided.


Nostalgia For The Liberal Hour: Talkin' 'Bout The Horizons Of Norman Jewison's Generation, Daniel Mcneil Dec 2011

Nostalgia For The Liberal Hour: Talkin' 'Bout The Horizons Of Norman Jewison's Generation, Daniel Mcneil

Daniel McNeil

Throughout his career as a filmmaker Norman Jewison has confronted stereotypes that depict white liberals as hypocritical and insincere do-gooders. He has also seized and contested the position of victim against radicals on the left and right. This paper outlines some of the commonalities between the Canadian filmmaker and Robin Winks and Michael Banton, two prominent academics in the United States and the United Kingdom who also opposed the "unacceptable face of capitalism" and the “overly politicized” scholarship of radical intellectuals. My conclusion provides a counterpoint to the liberal humanism of Jewison, Winks and Banton by turning to the new ...


War, Forced Displacement And Growth In Laotian Adults, Patrick F. Clarkin Dec 2011

War, Forced Displacement And Growth In Laotian Adults, Patrick F. Clarkin

Patrick F. Clarkin

Background: Evidence from several populations suggests

that war negatively impacts civilian nutrition, physical growth and overall health. This effect is often enduring or permanent, particularly if experienced early in life.

Aim: To assess whether the number of lifetime displacement

experiences and being displaced in infancy were associated with adult height, sitting height, leg length and the sitting height ratio.

Subjects and methods: Retrospective questionnaires on

displacement and resettlement experiences and

anthropometric data were collected from a sample of Laotian adult refugees (ethnic Hmong and Lao; n ¼ 365). All were born in Laos or Thailand and had resettled in French ...


Paradigm Dramas In American Geography, Karen M. Morin Dec 2011

Paradigm Dramas In American Geography, Karen M. Morin

Karen M. Morin

No abstract provided.


Moving Toward Comparability: Assessing Per-Student Costs In K-12, Robert J. Eger Iii, Bruce D. Mcdonald Iii Dec 2011

Moving Toward Comparability: Assessing Per-Student Costs In K-12, Robert J. Eger Iii, Bruce D. Mcdonald Iii

Bruce D. McDonald, III

The current classifications for public school costs are provided by the National Center for Educational Statistics. To improve comparability between school districts, this paper provides an alternative classification with fewer numbers of expenditure categories and sub-categories. We also introduce distinctions between school-based and non-school based administration costs and between elementary and secondary schools to provide an identification of possible sources of inefficiency. The new classification is then applied to five comparable urban school districts Atlanta, Boston, Mobile, Nashville, and Newark. We find (1) that teacher salaries per student are affected by school level disaggregation; (2) that separating administrative costs into ...


Community Benefits Agreements In A Value Capture Context, Laura Wolf-Powers Dec 2011

Community Benefits Agreements In A Value Capture Context, Laura Wolf-Powers

Laura Wolf-Powers

No abstract provided.


Designing An Urban Industrial Future: Philadelphia’S Lower Schuylkill Industrial District, Laura Wolf-Powers Dec 2011

Designing An Urban Industrial Future: Philadelphia’S Lower Schuylkill Industrial District, Laura Wolf-Powers

Laura Wolf-Powers

No abstract provided.


Aligning Secondary And Post-Secondary Credentialization With Economic Development Strategy, Or If Low Educational Attainment = Poor Metropolitan Competitiveness, What Can Be Done About It?, Laura Wolf-Powers, Stuart Andreason Dec 2011

Aligning Secondary And Post-Secondary Credentialization With Economic Development Strategy, Or If Low Educational Attainment = Poor Metropolitan Competitiveness, What Can Be Done About It?, Laura Wolf-Powers, Stuart Andreason

Laura Wolf-Powers

No abstract provided.


Phonotactics As Phonology: Knowledge Of A Complex Restriction In Dutch, René Kager, Joe Pater Dec 2011

Phonotactics As Phonology: Knowledge Of A Complex Restriction In Dutch, René Kager, Joe Pater

Joe Pater

The Dutch lexicon contains very few sequences of a long vowel followed by a consonant cluster, where the second member of the cluster is a non-coronal. We provide experimental evidence that Dutch speakers have implicit knowledge of this gap, which cannot be reduced to the probability of segmental sequences or to word-likeness as measured by neighborhood density. The experiment also suggests that the ill-formedness of this sequence is mediated by syllable structure: it has a weaker effect on judgments when the last consonant begins a new syllable. We provide an account in terms of Hayes and Wilson's Maximum Entropy ...


Examining The Role Of Identity In Negotiation Decision Making: The Case Of Cyprus, Cigdem V. Sirin Dec 2011

Examining The Role Of Identity In Negotiation Decision Making: The Case Of Cyprus, Cigdem V. Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

This study examines the effects of ethnic and social identities on negotiation decision making in the context of the Cyprus conflict. I conduct a theory-driven case study of the 1959 Zurich-London agreements on Cyprus, analyzing the positions of Turkey, Greece, Britain, and the Turkish and Greek Cypriot communities during the negotiation process. I find that even in the presence of adversarial ethnic ties, decision makers who have a shared (and salient) social identity are more likely to employ collective-serving decision strategies and seek evenhanded solutions that will not jeopardize their mutual interests. In contrast, decision makers with severe ethnic fragmentation ...


Judicial Non-Compliance In A Non-Hierarchical Legal Order: Isolated Accident Or Omen Of Judicial Armageddon?, Arthur Dyevre Dec 2011

Judicial Non-Compliance In A Non-Hierarchical Legal Order: Isolated Accident Or Omen Of Judicial Armageddon?, Arthur Dyevre

Arthur Dyevre

In a multi-level, non-hierarchical court system, where courts at the upper echelon do not have the power to reverse the decisions of courts at the lower level, judicial cooperation appears crucial to the effectiveness of the higher-level law. For this reason, the recent judgment of the Czech Constitutional Court, which declared the decision of the Court of Justice in the Landtová case ultra vires, would seem to deal a terrible blow to the authority of European Union law. As doomsayers will be quick to point out, the Czech decision could set a dangerous precedent that may well one day bring ...


Black Men In College: Implications For Hbcus And Beyond, Robert T. Palmer, Phd, J. Luke Wood, Phd Dec 2011

Black Men In College: Implications For Hbcus And Beyond, Robert T. Palmer, Phd, J. Luke Wood, Phd

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Black Men in College provides vital information about how to effectively support, retain, and graduate Black male undergraduates. This edited collection centers on the notion that Black male collegians are not a homogenous group; rather, they are representative of rarely acknowledged differences that exist among them. This valuable text suggests that understanding these differences is critical to making true in-roads in serving Black men. Chapter contributors describe the diverse challenges Black men in HBCUs face and discuss how to support and retain high-achieving men, gay men, academically unprepared men, low-income men, men in STEM, American immigrants, millennials, collegiate fathers, those ...


Creating Conditions Of Mattering To Enhance Persistence For Black Males At An Historically Black University., Robert T. Palmer, Phd, Dina C. Maramba, Phd Dec 2011

Creating Conditions Of Mattering To Enhance Persistence For Black Males At An Historically Black University., Robert T. Palmer, Phd, Dina C. Maramba, Phd

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

strong body of research has documented the supportive environments of historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs), and discussed their impact on facilitating student success. Notwithstanding the consistency of these findings, recent evidence indicates low graduation rates at HBCUs, especially among Black men. Using the voices of four student affairs practitioners and Schlossberg’s theory of marginality and mattering, data from this article suggest that HBCUs could be more proactive in creating conditions of mattering to enhance persistence for Black men. Implications for institutional practice and future research are discussed.


"Diamond In The Rough:” The Impact Of A Remedial Program On College Access And Opportunity For Black Males At An Historically Black Institution, Robert T. Palmer, Ryan J. Davis Dec 2011

"Diamond In The Rough:” The Impact Of A Remedial Program On College Access And Opportunity For Black Males At An Historically Black Institution, Robert T. Palmer, Ryan J. Davis

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

Researchers, policymakers, and administrations have shown great concern over the efficacy of college remediation, which has prompted some states to eliminate remedial programs from public 4-year institutions. However, research suggests that eliminating these programs may have unintended consequences on college access and opportunity for underrepresented minority students, particularly African Americans. This study explores the impact of a remedial program on 11 African-American male students at a public 4-year historically Black institution. Findings illuminate the importance of college remediation in promoting college access and opportunity for underprepared Black male students, and how remedial programs increase academic and social integration for these ...


An Andragogical Approach To Developing Dialogic Learning Through Wikis, Brian J. Bowe, Jennifer Hoewe, Geri Alumit Zeldes Dec 2011

An Andragogical Approach To Developing Dialogic Learning Through Wikis, Brian J. Bowe, Jennifer Hoewe, Geri Alumit Zeldes

Brian J. Bowe

This article examines the effectiveness of using wikis for collaborative projects in college journalism classrooms, with the principles of andragogy as a framework. The use of wikis in two journalism courses at a large university in the American Midwest illustrates how wikis can encourage learners to become more self-directed by engaging in online collaborative writing about how best to produce reports about diverse populations. Two case studies are related to journalistic best practices in the coverage of two sensitive topics: Islam and immigration. The content of these wikis was compiled into best-practices documents that informed the students’ subsequent coursework. The ...


A Brain Full Of Contraband: The Islamic Gonzo Writing Of Michael Muhammad Knight, Brian J. Bowe Dec 2011

A Brain Full Of Contraband: The Islamic Gonzo Writing Of Michael Muhammad Knight, Brian J. Bowe

Brian J. Bowe

Over the past forty-plus years, the term “Gonzo” has insinuated itself into everyday usage. What began as a style of writing rooted in 1960s drug-fueled counterculture has been transformed into the name of a popular Muppet, a style of marketing, a realistic genre of participant-filmed pornography, and a lecture style used in higher education business courses. The precise origins of the term are shrouded in myth and difficult to determine with any certainty. A common etymology of the term places it in Irish South Boston slang that denotes “those who use craziness as a form of self-expression, who push it ...


Minimum Quality Standard Regulation Under Imperfect Quality Observability, Min Chen, Konstantinos Serfes Dec 2011

Minimum Quality Standard Regulation Under Imperfect Quality Observability, Min Chen, Konstantinos Serfes

Konstantinos Serfes

No abstract provided.


Patent Settlements As A Barrier To Entry, Konstantinos Serfes, Anne Duchene Dec 2011

Patent Settlements As A Barrier To Entry, Konstantinos Serfes, Anne Duchene

Konstantinos Serfes

No abstract provided.


Location Decisions Of Competing Platforms, Konstantinos Serfes, Eleftherios Zacharias Dec 2011

Location Decisions Of Competing Platforms, Konstantinos Serfes, Eleftherios Zacharias

Konstantinos Serfes

No abstract provided.


Citizens United And The Ineluctable Question Of Corporate Citizenship, Amy Sepinwall Dec 2011

Citizens United And The Ineluctable Question Of Corporate Citizenship, Amy Sepinwall

Amy J. Sepinwall

As a result of the Supreme Court’s decision in Citizens United, corporations and individuals now enjoy the same rights to spend money on ads supporting or opposing candidates for office. Those concerned about the role of money in politics have much to decry about the decision. But the threat to democracy posed by allowing wealthy corporations to function as political speakers arises as well under a regime that allows wealthy individuals to do so. If we are not prepared to limit individuals’ expenditures on political speech, we will have to find a way to distinguish individuals’ and corporations’ free ...


Crecimiento Económico Y Política Industrial En México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Cuauhtémoc Calderón Dec 2011

Crecimiento Económico Y Política Industrial En México, Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez, Cuauhtémoc Calderón

Isaac Sánchez-Juárez

En este artículo se analiza un problema que resulta crucial para el desarrollo económico de México: el bajo crecimiento económico y la consecuente imposibilidad para generar los empleos necesarios. Se supone, en base a la teoría del crecimiento kaldoriana, que dicha problemática es resultado de errores de política económica, básicamente el abandono de la política industrial activa orientada al cambio estructural y desarrollo económico. Se proporciona evidencia que da cuenta de la alta correlación entre el bajo crecimiento económico y el bajo crecimiento del producto manufacturero, resultado que es compatible con los hallazgos de otros investigadores. De haberse implementado una ...


Seaford Pharmacy Shooting, Aisha Al-Muslim Dec 2011

Seaford Pharmacy Shooting, Aisha Al-Muslim

Aisha Al-Muslim

No abstract provided.


What Is Going On With Our Economy, Tom Campbell Dec 2011

What Is Going On With Our Economy, Tom Campbell

Tom Campbell

The financial crisis was caused by two factors. First was the abnormally easy money policy followed by the Federal Reserve for many years, keeping down interest rates, and creating a bubble in real estate. The second was the influence of the federal government, under both parties, and through both Congress and the President, to increase home ownership whether or not individuals were financially able to carry the mortgage. The first factor fed the second as higher real estate prices gave the impression that refinancing would be able to pay off mortgages even if a borrower's income could not. Solutions ...


Rights Adjudication And Constitutional Pluralism In Germany And Europe, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2011

Rights Adjudication And Constitutional Pluralism In Germany And Europe, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Courts, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2011

Constitutional Courts, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Neofunctionalism And Supranational Governance (Unabridged Version), Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2011

Neofunctionalism And Supranational Governance (Unabridged Version), Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


The European Court Of Justice, State Non-Compliance, And The Politics Of Override, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2011

The European Court Of Justice, State Non-Compliance, And The Politics Of Override, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.