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2012

Archaeology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 125

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Spatial Analysis And Archaeological Resources In The Fingerlakes National Forest, Thomas W. Cuddy Dec 2012

Spatial Analysis And Archaeological Resources In The Fingerlakes National Forest, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The objective of this article is to' test how some of the more sophisticated analytical capabilities of GIS can be applied to the data set of the Hector Backbone site in the Finger Lakes National Forest. In doing so it demonstrates how GIS can be used to model the spatial characteristics of the data compiled from the site.


Concluding Thoughts On The Finger Lakes National Forestarchaeology Project, James A. Delle Dec 2012

Concluding Thoughts On The Finger Lakes National Forestarchaeology Project, James A. Delle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This is a conclusion to the research compiled in this issue. Delle impresses the importance of GIS for this research as a burgeoning technology with much potential in this field of study.


Analyzing The Settlement Pattern Of The Burnt Hill Study Area, Karen B. Wehner, Karen G. Holmberg Dec 2012

Analyzing The Settlement Pattern Of The Burnt Hill Study Area, Karen B. Wehner, Karen G. Holmberg

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article examines the strategies used by communities of farmers when faced wih economic decline. This is accomplished by analyzing historic map data from 1850-1940 to recreate and interpret settlement changes.


The Artifact Assemblage From The Finger Lakes Nationalforest Archaeology Project, Janet Six, Patrick J. Heaton, Susan Malin-Boyce, James A. Delle Dec 2012

The Artifact Assemblage From The Finger Lakes Nationalforest Archaeology Project, Janet Six, Patrick J. Heaton, Susan Malin-Boyce, James A. Delle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article examines the arifact assemblage from the Burnt Hill Study Area and reveals the utility of GIS databases for historical information available in the GIS database.


Farmsteads And Finances In The Finger Lakes: Using Archivalresources In A Gis Database, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

Farmsteads And Finances In The Finger Lakes: Using Archivalresources In A Gis Database, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article discusses the importance of the examination of archival resources concerning the formerly existing farmsteads in the Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project.


Analyzing Farm Layout And Farmstead Architecture, Mark Smith, James Boyle Dec 2012

Analyzing Farm Layout And Farmstead Architecture, Mark Smith, James Boyle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article refines the analysis through a discussion of how arhcaeological data recovered from individual farmstead ites were incorporated into the GIS database.


Introduction To The Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project, James A. Delle, James Boyle, Thomas W. Cuddy Dec 2012

Introduction To The Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project, James A. Delle, James Boyle, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

An introduction to the volume, which presents research conducted at the convergence of two projects. One, a survey


Volume Abstract, David B. Landon, James A. Delle, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

Volume Abstract, David B. Landon, James A. Delle, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This volume presents research conducted at the convergence of two projects: the first a survey, inventory, and assessment of historic sites located within the boundaries of the Finger Lakes National Forest, a small national forest located in central New York; the second a pedagogical experiment conducted in the spring of 1998, the goal of which was to assess how a rather typical CRM project could be used to train graduate students in archaeology in manipulating Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to control and interpret archaeological data. This convergence resulted in the construction of a GIS-based data management system for historic-period ...


Contextualizing The Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site (40wg59): Understanding Landscape Change At An Upland South Farmstead., Daniel Whitaker Howard Brock Dec 2012

Contextualizing The Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site (40wg59): Understanding Landscape Change At An Upland South Farmstead., Daniel Whitaker Howard Brock

Masters Theses

This thesis focuses on a contextual archaeological approach to investigate the historic landscape of the Tipton-Haynes State Historic Site. Tipton-Haynes is a late eighteenth- through twentieth-century upland south farmstead located in Johnson City, TN. Home to two prominent Tennessee families and occupied until acquired by the state in the 1960s, the site has experienced many alterations to the landscape over time. The analysis presented views the landscape as material culture investigated through a multidisciplinary approach including historic research, architectural survey, geophysical survey, dendrochronology, and archaeology. To make sense of the complex nature of the Tipton-Haynes site, multiple methods were used ...


Prehistoric Human Ecodynamics In The Rub Al-Khali Desert: Results Of Remote Sensing And Excavations In Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Jason T. Herrmann Dec 2012

Prehistoric Human Ecodynamics In The Rub Al-Khali Desert: Results Of Remote Sensing And Excavations In Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Jason T. Herrmann

Theses and Dissertations

Archaeological investigations in the Emirate of Dubai, UAE conducted by the Dubai Department of Archaeology and the University of Arkansas demonstrate that the desert inland of the Oman Peninsula was occupied not only during the Arabian Neolithic (8000-4400 BC), when the region experienced a moist period referred to as the Holocene Climatic Optimum (HCO), but also during the more arid millennia following the decline of the HCO into the Christian Era. During this period, desert settlement clustered near a band of oases, in contrast to the more widespread spatial distribution of remains of nomadic pastoralists from the Neolithic. Excavations at ...


Taking Archaeology To The Classroom: A Model For A Fifth Grade In-Class Fieldtrip, Tamara J. Luce Nov 2012

Taking Archaeology To The Classroom: A Model For A Fifth Grade In-Class Fieldtrip, Tamara J. Luce

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

Public archaeology has grown over the last decade due to interest in the field and Cultural Resource Management requirements (Smith and Smardz 2000:25). One group that is often overlooked in outreach efforts is children.

For my thesis I designed an in-class archaeology fieldtrip for fifth grade students. The overarching goal of my program is to introduce children to the field of archaeology in an age-appropriate way that teaches basic archaeological concepts and generates interest and awareness of the field. To create the strongest program possible I conducted research on outreach programs, and surveyed public archaeologists and teachers to determine ...


Appendix: Creating A Gis Project In Arcview, Thomas W. Cuddy Nov 2012

Appendix: Creating A Gis Project In Arcview, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This appendix was designed to introduce the unfamiliar to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), which the Finger Lakes Archaeological Project was designed in application for. This appendix provides the terminology and concepts surrounding the GID technology. It gives a condesnsed overview of the methods of GIS as well as some of the details of the application, ArcView, also used in the Finger Lakes Archaeological Project.


Book Review Of "Digging New Jersey's Past: Historical Archaeology In The Garden State" By Richard Veit, Sherene Baugher Nov 2012

Book Review Of "Digging New Jersey's Past: Historical Archaeology In The Garden State" By Richard Veit, Sherene Baugher

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A book review of Richard Veit's introduction to the hisotrical archaeology of New Jersey.


Book Review Of "Site Du Palais De L'Lntendant Chantier-Ecol De L'An 2000" By Marie-Michelle Dionne, Desiree-Emmanuelle Duchaine And Richard Lapointe, Pauline Desjardins Nov 2012

Book Review Of "Site Du Palais De L'Lntendant Chantier-Ecol De L'An 2000" By Marie-Michelle Dionne, Desiree-Emmanuelle Duchaine And Richard Lapointe, Pauline Desjardins

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A book review of this volume which deals with the research conducted in historical archaeology at the Universite Laval in Quebec City, Canada.


Book Review Of "Unearthing Gotham: The Archaeology Of New York City" By Anne-Marie Cantwell And Diana Dizerega Wall, Nancy J. Brighton Nov 2012

Book Review Of "Unearthing Gotham: The Archaeology Of New York City" By Anne-Marie Cantwell And Diana Dizerega Wall, Nancy J. Brighton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A book review of Unearthing Gotham, which illustrates the over 11,000 years of prehistory and history represented by artifacts and archaeological remains recovered from beneath the streets of New York City.


Book Review Of "Myth, Memory, And The Making Of The American Landscape", Edited By Paul A. Shackel, Sherene Baugher Nov 2012

Book Review Of "Myth, Memory, And The Making Of The American Landscape", Edited By Paul A. Shackel, Sherene Baugher

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A review of Paul Shackel's edited volume which focuses on how important historical places have been interpreted to the public and why those interpretations have changed over time.


Whose Trash Is It, Anyway? A Stratigraphic And Ceramicanalysis Of The South Grove Midden (44fx762/17), Mountvernon, Virginia, Eleanor E. Breen Nov 2012

Whose Trash Is It, Anyway? A Stratigraphic And Ceramicanalysis Of The South Grove Midden (44fx762/17), Mountvernon, Virginia, Eleanor E. Breen

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Throughout the twenty-year history of professional archaeological excavations at George Washington's Mount Vernon, a single refuse feature represents the only deposit unearthed that can speak to the material manifestations of changes in the Washington households within a pre-Revolutionary War context. With the discovery of the large, oval-shaped feature that came to be known as the South Grove Midden (44FX762/17), Mount Vernon archaeologists realized they had uncovered a stratified deposit that could link the successive Washington households with their material culture. This paper asks: whose trash is it, anyway? To answer this question, I employ the methodology of increasingly ...


The Mississauga At The Head-Of-The-Lake: Examiningresponses To Cultural Upheaval At The Close Of The Fur Trade, John R. Triggs Nov 2012

The Mississauga At The Head-Of-The-Lake: Examiningresponses To Cultural Upheaval At The Close Of The Fur Trade, John R. Triggs

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Between 1780 and 1810 the Missis~auga, a member of the Algonquian speaking family of native groups in southern Ontario, experienced the disintegration of a 150 year old subsistence economy based on aseasonal round of hunting, gathering, fishing, and participation in the fur trade. Faced with a decreasing demand for furs and the loss of land through a series of surrenders to the Crown, the Mississauga were excluded from participation in the new agricultural economy, and within a period of two decades they bet;ame a marginalized people within Upper Canadian society. Excavations at the Beasley site, in Hamilton, Ontario ...


Excavations At The Thaddeus Stevens And Lydia Hamiltonsmith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Archaeological Evidencefor The Underground Railroad, James A. Delle, Mary Ann Levine Nov 2012

Excavations At The Thaddeus Stevens And Lydia Hamiltonsmith Site, Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Archaeological Evidencefor The Underground Railroad, James A. Delle, Mary Ann Levine

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article reports on archaeological investigations conducted at the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Site in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. The Stevens and Smith Site stands in the footprint of Ii proposed convention center and hotel complex, and will be partially destroyed by the construction. Stevens, a noted anti-slavery legislator, and Smith, his African American housekeeper and companion, are reputed to have been actively involved in the Underground Railroad during the 1850s. While little concrete evidence exists to corroborate the degree to which Stevens and Smith assisted fugitives escaping from enslavement, our excavations uncovered a modified cistern that may have been ...


The Rise Of The Industrial Rural Tenant Laborers And The Rise Of The Industrial Economy: Historical Ethnography Of The Heminitz Property ,Site (36lh267), Upper Macungie Township, Lehigh County,Pennsylvania, Daniel N. Bailey, John W. Lawrence, Paul W. Schopp Nov 2012

The Rise Of The Industrial Rural Tenant Laborers And The Rise Of The Industrial Economy: Historical Ethnography Of The Heminitz Property ,Site (36lh267), Upper Macungie Township, Lehigh County,Pennsylvania, Daniel N. Bailey, John W. Lawrence, Paul W. Schopp

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This paper presents the results of excavations at the Heminitz Property Site (36LH267), a rural domestic site in Upper Macungie Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania; Excavation, .'of several spatially and temporally discrete features and midden deposits in yards surrounding the house produced 6,875 artifacts. Documentary research revealed that the ca. 1843 house was intended to house tenant families engaged in agricultural labor. Analysis of the archaeological and documentary records associated with this site and the region shows that inthe mid-1800s, agricultural laborers possessed similar material. culture to neighboring independent farmers, while subsisting at a lower level of consumption. The transiiionfromagricultural ...


Irritating Intimates: The Archaeoentomology Of Lice, Fleas, And Bedbugs, Allison Bain Nov 2012

Irritating Intimates: The Archaeoentomology Of Lice, Fleas, And Bedbugs, Allison Bain

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Ectoparasites, in the form of lice, fleas, and bedbugs, are often found in archaeological samples as indicated by archaeoentomological investigations in Europe, the Near East, Greenland, Iceland, and more recently in North America. Many historical texts, some dating as far back as the Classical Period, discuss ectoparasites, providing a lively repository of folk remedies. While archaeoentomological finds of ectoparasites are relatively new to the Northeast, these irritating intimates are found when care is taken to look for them.


What The Warners Wore: An Archaeological Investigation Ofvisual Appearance, Carolyn L. White Nov 2012

What The Warners Wore: An Archaeological Investigation Ofvisual Appearance, Carolyn L. White

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Clothing fasteners, jewelry, and several fragmentary accessories were recovered in 18th-century contexts during excavations at the Warner House in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. These artifacts provide insight into the clothing and accessories worn by members of the three households that resided in the Warner House during the 18th and early-19th centuries. The visual appearance of the residents communicates information about gender and class affiliations on an individual basis and also places the individuals as members of larger gender and class groupings.


"Ashes To Ashes And Dust To Dust": Observations On Humanskeletal Taphonomy At Two Historic Cemeteries In Northernrhode Island, Joseph N. Waller Jr. Nov 2012

"Ashes To Ashes And Dust To Dust": Observations On Humanskeletal Taphonomy At Two Historic Cemeteries In Northernrhode Island, Joseph N. Waller Jr.

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This paper reports on a study of human bone taphonomy at two historic period cemeteries in northern Rhode Island. The analyses demonstrate that various local factors contributed to the degradation of human bone at the two cemeteries under investigation. Factors investigated as part of this study include soil pH, soil texture, time elapsed since burial, and the age of the deceased at the time of death. The . study concludes that soil texture and soil permeability were more correlated with bone deterioration at the two historic cemeteries than soil acidity, which is commonly assumed to cause rapid bone deterioration in southern ...


The Social And Material Lives Of The Agricultural Elite: The18th-Century Tyngs Of Dunstable, Massachusetts, Christa M. Beranek Nov 2012

The Social And Material Lives Of The Agricultural Elite: The18th-Century Tyngs Of Dunstable, Massachusetts, Christa M. Beranek

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The Tyngs were a wealthy family in Dunstable (now Tyngsborough), Massachusetts in the late- 17th and 18th centuries. They were descended from a Boston merchant, and maintained many commercial connections. Some members of the family became rural storekeepers in Dunstable. Historical research and archaeological data from Eleazer Tyng's house site show the different ways in which the Tyngs related themselves to the urban coastal elite, and participated in the culture of gentility and refinement. Through architecture, social connections, and material goods such as tea wares, they lived as rural elites with connections to the coast. Rather than directly mimicking ...


Towards A Historical Archaeology Of The German-Canadiansof Markham's Berczy Settlement, Eva M. Macdonald Nov 2012

Towards A Historical Archaeology Of The German-Canadiansof Markham's Berczy Settlement, Eva M. Macdonald

Northeast Historical Archaeology

In his book In Small Things Forgotten, James Deetz (1977) challenged archaeologists to use material culture as a source of information about human actions that may not be represented widely in the written record. Consequently, studies of ethnic minority groups became popular in American historical archaeology from the 1970s onwards. Equally invisible, however, are immigrant groups who wish to blend in with-or whose character resembles that of-the charter group in a given region. This article presents a model that seeks to distinguish German and English ethnic identity through an analysis of ceramic vessels from five domestic sites occupied by some ...


Introduction, David B. Landon Nov 2012

Introduction, David B. Landon

Northeast Historical Archaeology

A brief overview of the publications in this volume. This includes the awards for excellence in service, the winners of the student paper ocmpetition, the paper topics of the volume including use of material culture from a 19th century laborer's home, archaebiology and urban salvage archaeology in downtown Lancaster, Pennsylvania.


Award For Excellence In Service, Ann-Eliza Lewis Nov 2012

Award For Excellence In Service, Ann-Eliza Lewis

Northeast Historical Archaeology

Mary Beaudry was given the Award for Excellence in Service for encouraging future generations of archaeologists, her commitment and professional service to CNEHA and for her many presentations over the years.


Award For Excellence In Service, Sherene Baugher Nov 2012

Award For Excellence In Service, Sherene Baugher

Northeast Historical Archaeology

For the 20th anniversary of the Journal, the Award for Excellence in Service was awarded to Paul Huey and Lois Feister for their dedicated involvment to the Journal for a number of years.


An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Sources On Thearchaeology Of Old World Dutch Material Culture In The16th, 17th, And 18th Centuries, Paul R. Huey Nov 2012

An Annotated Bibliography Of Selected Sources On Thearchaeology Of Old World Dutch Material Culture In The16th, 17th, And 18th Centuries, Paul R. Huey

Northeast Historical Archaeology

An annotated bibliography of sources used for the Archaeology of Old World Dutch and Material Culture in the 16-18th centuries.


The Archaeology Of 17th-Century New Netherland Since1985: An Update, Paul R. Huey Nov 2012

The Archaeology Of 17th-Century New Netherland Since1985: An Update, Paul R. Huey

Northeast Historical Archaeology

In 1985, a number of goals and research questions were proposed in relation to the archaeology of' pre-1664 sites in the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Significant Dutch sites were subsequently ~xcavated in Albany, Kingston, and other places from 1986 through 1988, while a series of useful publications continued to be produced after 1988. Excavations at historic period Indian sites also continued after 1988 . . Excavations in 17th-century sites from Maine to Maryland have revealed extensive trade contacts with New Netherland and the Dutch, while the Jamestown excavations have indicated the influence of the Dutch !n the early history of Virginia ...