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Articles 1 - 30 of 108

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Depression And Quality Of Life In Cancer Survivors: Is There A Relationship With Physical Activity?, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Depression And Quality Of Life In Cancer Survivors: Is There A Relationship With Physical Activity?, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Background Evidence is growing on the benefit of physical activity to improve well-being following a cancer diagnosis. This study examined changes in physical activity from pre to post diagnosis and explored this relationship with quality of life and depression. Methods Participants were recruited by posters and by letter of invitation. The questionnaire was completed by 59 prostate and 32 breast cancer survivors. Results Physical activity decreased by 72 minutes per week from pre to post diagnosis, although 20.9% reported having increased activity post diagnosis. Over 30% were considered depressed. Breast cancer participants who increased physical activity post diagnosis reported ...


Do Australian Primary School Environments Affect Children's Playground Physical Activity Levels?, Anne-Maree Parrish, Donald Iverson, Kenneth Russell, Heather Yeatman Jun 2012

Do Australian Primary School Environments Affect Children's Playground Physical Activity Levels?, Anne-Maree Parrish, Donald Iverson, Kenneth Russell, Heather Yeatman

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Review And Critique Of The Quality Of Exercise Recommendations For Cancer Patients And Survivors, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Review And Critique Of The Quality Of Exercise Recommendations For Cancer Patients And Survivors, Nancy Humpel, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

The benefit of exercise for cancer patients is starting to become recognized. The purposes of this paper were to review the literature to examine whether research findings are being converted into guidelines for patients and survivors and to examine the quality of evidence on which they were based. A computer search of major health databases was conducted for peer-reviewed literature and books on exercise and cancer, and an Internet search was conducted for cancer websites reporting any exercise guidelines/recommendations for cancer patients. Seven peer-reviewed articles, eight books and eight cancer websites were identified that suggested exercise guidelines for cancer ...


But I Already Wash My Hands! The Importance Of Consumer Orientation In Developing A Social Marketing Strategy For A Potential Pandemic, Sandra Jones, Louise Waters, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

But I Already Wash My Hands! The Importance Of Consumer Orientation In Developing A Social Marketing Strategy For A Potential Pandemic, Sandra Jones, Louise Waters, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

The influenza A (H5N1) virus is currently the focus of the worlds attention and, while avian flu viruses are not known to infect humans, there have been recent cases where the H5N1 has spread from human to human (Butler 2006; Ungchusak et al. 2005; Wulandari and Lyn 2006). Concern about a possible pandemic is based on a number of factors including the potential of the virus to be transmitted from migratory birds to domestic poultry; the absence of demonstrated effective treatment options or an available vaccine; and lack of collaboration in the planning of responses between neighbouring countries. This research ...


Analysis Of The Costs Of A Large Prevention Trial, Nicole Urban, Steven Self, Larry Kessler, Ross Prentice, Maureen Henderson, Donald Iverson, Donovan Thompson, David Byar, William Insull, Sherwood Gorbach, C Clifford, Susan Goldman Jun 2012

Analysis Of The Costs Of A Large Prevention Trial, Nicole Urban, Steven Self, Larry Kessler, Ross Prentice, Maureen Henderson, Donald Iverson, Donovan Thompson, David Byar, William Insull, Sherwood Gorbach, C Clifford, Susan Goldman

Don C. Iverson

Total direct costs of the Women's Health Trial (WHT), alarge multicenter preventiontrial, were reduced by more than 50% by means of research costanalysis conducted during the trial design phase. The unit costs of specific trial activities were estimated so that total direct costs of the trial could be predicted from design parameters. The relative costs of screening, treatment, and follow-up, and the fixed costs associated with each clinical center in a multicenter preventiontrial were taken into account. Direct costs of the WHT were reduced from $195 million to $95 million by refinement of the trial protocol, selection of an ...


School-Based Cancer Education Programs: An Opportunity To Affect The National Cancer Problem, Donald Iverson, J Scheer Jun 2012

School-Based Cancer Education Programs: An Opportunity To Affect The National Cancer Problem, Donald Iverson, J Scheer

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Research In School Health Education: A Needs Assessment, Lloyd Kolbe, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Research In School Health Education: A Needs Assessment, Lloyd Kolbe, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Federal Data Bases For Health Education Research, Ronald Wilson, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Federal Data Bases For Health Education Research, Ronald Wilson, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Described are some of the national health related databases which are useful in conducting health education research. Among areas covered by the projects are hypertension, myocardial infarction, neighborhood health centers, alcoholism, and over the counter drugs.


Is Sleep Duration Associated With Obesity In Older Australian Adults?, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi, Don C. Iverson Jun 2012

Is Sleep Duration Associated With Obesity In Older Australian Adults?, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi, Don C. Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between sleep duration and obesity in older Australian adults. Method: Self-reported health data were collected through the 45 and Up Study. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to test the relationship between sleep duration and body mass index, controlling for a range of demographic and health-related variables. Results: The sample included 45,325 Australian adults aged 55 to 95 years. The regression models demonstrated that short and long sleep were associated with obesity in 55- to 64-year-olds but not in those aged 65 years and above. Discussion: The present results suggest that the relationships between ...


The Danger Of Applying Uniform Clincal Policies Across Populations: The Case Of Breast Cancer In American Indians, Paul Nutting, Ned Calonge, Donald Iverson, Larry Green Jun 2012

The Danger Of Applying Uniform Clincal Policies Across Populations: The Case Of Breast Cancer In American Indians, Paul Nutting, Ned Calonge, Donald Iverson, Larry Green

Don C. Iverson

OBJECTIVES. This study examined the implications of annual screening mammography for cost and mortality in American Indian populations with differing baseline breast cancer rates. METHODS. A decision tree compared annual screening mammography and screening clinical breast examination with referral for diagnostic mammography when appropriate. The decision tree was constructed to examine the effect of different base-line cancer rates, stage at diagnosis, and stage-specific survival. Outcomes included 5-year relative survival, deaths prevented at 5 years, cost per death prevented, and total costs. RESULTS. The findings suggest that the total cost of breast cancer is 3.6 times higher with the screening ...


Workgroup Iv: Public Education. Uicc International Workshop On Facilitating Screening For Colorectal Cancer, Oslo, Norway 2002, R Hiatt, J Wardle, S Vernon, J Austoker, L Bistanti, S Fox, R Gnauck, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Workgroup Iv: Public Education. Uicc International Workshop On Facilitating Screening For Colorectal Cancer, Oslo, Norway 2002, R Hiatt, J Wardle, S Vernon, J Austoker, L Bistanti, S Fox, R Gnauck, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

The Workgroup on public education was brought together to formulate an international perspective on public education for the important public health challenge of increasing colorectal cancer screening. The focus of the group did not include professional education, which is an important channel for public education, since another Workgroup covered that topic. The results of the Workgroup represent an expression of expert opinion and did not include a comprehensive review of the literature. However, the recommendations for further research may stimulate a more in-depth examination of the literature in some areas and generate ideas for investigation.


A Link Between Chronic Sleep Restriction And Obesity: Methodological Considerations, Christopher Magee, Donald Iverson, Xu-Feng Huang, Peter Caputi Jun 2012

A Link Between Chronic Sleep Restriction And Obesity: Methodological Considerations, Christopher Magee, Donald Iverson, Xu-Feng Huang, Peter Caputi

Don C. Iverson

Emerging evidence suggests that chronicsleeprestriction contributes to obesity. Targeting short sleep duration may therefore offer a novel and effective method of preventing and treating obesity. However, this area of research is only in its infancy, and a complete understanding of how chronicsleeprestriction and obesity are linked is currently lacking. The aim of this paper is to briefly review epidemiological evidence for an association between chronicsleeprestriction and obesity in adults, and outline the key methodological limitations of these studies. Particular attention is paid to the methods used to measure sleep and obesity, as well as the need to control for potential ...


A Study Of Headache In North American Primary Care: Report For The Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network, L A. Becker, Donald C. Iverson, F M. Read, N Calogne, R S. Miller, W L. Freeman Jun 2012

A Study Of Headache In North American Primary Care: Report For The Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network, L A. Becker, Donald C. Iverson, F M. Read, N Calogne, R S. Miller, W L. Freeman

Don C. Iverson

Headache is a common symptom in primary care about which surprisingly little is known. Over a 14-month period 3847 patients making 4940 consecutive visits for headache to 38 primary care practices in the USA and Canada were studied. The clinical characteristics of patients, as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies employed by their doctors, were examined. Visits for headache represented 1.5% of all visits during this period. Most patients (72.0%) made only one visit, and nearly half of the headaches reported were new. Only a small number of patients (3.0%) received a computerized tomographic scan; other ...


Comprehensive School Health Education Programs, Lloyd Kolbe, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Comprehensive School Health Education Programs, Lloyd Kolbe, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Involving Providers And Patients In Cancer Control And Prevention Efforts. Barriers To Overcome, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Involving Providers And Patients In Cancer Control And Prevention Efforts. Barriers To Overcome, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Although progress has been made in providing cancer prevention and control services to the population, there remain sizeable segments of the population that are either uninvolved or underinvolved with national and state efforts. One method of reaching most of the population, including those segments currently not involved or underinvolved, is through primary care clinicians. Effective, albeit imperfect, strategies to increase the involvement of primary care clinicians in cancer prevention and control are available, and there is emerging evidence that these strategies are making a difference. Unfortunately, the progress made to date is at risk of being lost because of economic ...


What Australians Know And Believe About Bird Flu: Results Of A Population Telephone Survey, Sandra Jones, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

What Australians Know And Believe About Bird Flu: Results Of A Population Telephone Survey, Sandra Jones, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

The avian influenza A (A/H5N1) virus has attracted the attention of governments and health organizations throughout the world because of its pandemic potential. Despite the emerging nature of A/H5N1, there is limited research on public knowledge and perceptions of this disease. This study is based on a computer-assisted telephone interviewing survey conducted in May 2006 to determine the Australian publics knowledge of A/H5N1, their willingness to engage in preventive behaviors, and their acceptance of potential messages for communication campaigns. Awareness and concern about bird flu is low (lower than a recent survey of U.S. residents). There ...


The Clinician’S Health Promotion Handbook, R Fried, Donald Iverson, J Nagel Jun 2012

The Clinician’S Health Promotion Handbook, R Fried, Donald Iverson, J Nagel

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Worksite Health Promotion In Colorado, Mary Davis, Karen Rosenberg, Donald Iverson, Thomas Vernon, Jeff Bauer Jun 2012

Worksite Health Promotion In Colorado, Mary Davis, Karen Rosenberg, Donald Iverson, Thomas Vernon, Jeff Bauer

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Verification Of Data Reported By Practices For A Study Of Spontaneous Abortion, L Green, F Reed, R Miller, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Verification Of Data Reported By Practices For A Study Of Spontaneous Abortion, L Green, F Reed, R Miller, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Little is known about the accuracy of data reported in practice based primary care research. The Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network (ASPN) undertook a 100% audit of 226 patients included in a study of spontaneous abortion (SAB). The audit was conducted to assess the feasibility of conducting audits in primary care research networks dispersed over large geographic areas, verify that patients met inclusion criteria, and assess the frequency of reporting errors using the medical record as a standard. Of the originally reported SABs, 24% could not be verified. The overall error rate was 4.5%, a total of 106 errors out ...


Physician Communication Skills: Results Of A Survey Of General/Family Practitioners In Newfoundland, F Ashbury, Donald Iverson, Boris Kralj Jun 2012

Physician Communication Skills: Results Of A Survey Of General/Family Practitioners In Newfoundland, F Ashbury, Donald Iverson, Boris Kralj

Don C. Iverson

Purpose: To describe the attitudes related to communication skills, confidence in using commnication skills, and use of communication skills during the physician-patient encounter among a population-based sample of family physicians. Procedures: A mailed survey, distributed to all family physicians and general practitioners currently practicing in Newfoundland. The questionnaire was designed to collect data in five general areas participant demographics, physician confidence in using specific communication strategies, perceived adequacy of time spent by physicians with their patients, physician use of specific communication strategies with the adult patients they saw in the prior week, and physician use of specific communication strategies during ...


Feasibility Studies Of Low-Fat Diet To Prevent Or Retard Breast Cancer, P Greenwald, C Clifford, R Butrum, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Feasibility Studies Of Low-Fat Diet To Prevent Or Retard Breast Cancer, P Greenwald, C Clifford, R Butrum, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


An Overview And Analysis Of The Health Style Campaign, Mary Davis, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

An Overview And Analysis Of The Health Style Campaign, Mary Davis, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

In 1981, the Office of Health Information and Health Promotion of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services launched a national health promotion media campaign titled Health Style. The purposes of the Health Style campaign were: (1) to increase public awareness of the effects of life-style on health; (2) to enable persons to assess which life-style changes would be most conducive to their health; (3) to stimulate information-seeking behavior and; (4) to foster the development of local health promotion activities and referral networks. The campaign was implemented in nine test communities across the United States. This article: (1 ...


Toddler Milk Advertising In Australia: Infant Formula Advertising In Disguise?, Nina Berry, Sandra Jones, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Toddler Milk Advertising In Australia: Infant Formula Advertising In Disguise?, Nina Berry, Sandra Jones, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

The Marketing in Australia of Infant Formula: Manufacturers' and Importers' Agreement prevents manufacturers and importers from advertising infant formula. However, toddler milks, which share brand identities with infant formula, are advertised freely; and recent research suggests consumers fail to distinguish between advertising for infant formula and for toddler milk. This study examined whether Australian parents recalled having seen advertisements for 'formula'. Most respondents (66.8%) reported seeing an advertisement for infant formula, with those who had only seen non-retail advertising more than twice as likely to believe that they had seen such an advertisement as those who had only seen ...


Preventing Hiv Infection Among Adolescents: Evaluation Of A School-Based Education Program, D Main, Donald Iverson, J Mcgloin, S Banspach, J Collins, D Rugg, Lloyd Kolbe Jun 2012

Preventing Hiv Infection Among Adolescents: Evaluation Of A School-Based Education Program, D Main, Donald Iverson, J Mcgloin, S Banspach, J Collins, D Rugg, Lloyd Kolbe

Don C. Iverson

Background. This article reports the results of the impact of aschool-based HIV prevention intervention on students′ knowledge, attitudes, and behavior related to HIV infection. Methods. Seventeen schools within six Colorado school districts were assigned to either intervention or comparison conditions. Students in 10 schools received a 15-session, skills-based HIV prevention curriculum implemented by trained teachers. A total of 2,844 students completed at least one survey during the study period; surveys were matched using demographic questions, yielding a cohort of 979 students who had baseline and 6-month follow-up data. Results. Intervention students exhibited greater knowledge about HIV and greater intent ...


Spontaneous Abortion In Primary Care: A Report From Aspn, L Green, L Becker, W Freeman, E Elliott, Donald Iverson, F Reed Jun 2012

Spontaneous Abortion In Primary Care: A Report From Aspn, L Green, L Becker, W Freeman, E Elliott, Donald Iverson, F Reed

Don C. Iverson

The Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network (ASPN) conducted an observational study of usual primary care of spontaneous abortion (SAB). Forty-nine practices in 18 states and four Canadian provinces reported and audited 171 SABs. Contrary to recommendations in some texts, 40 percent were managed completely in the office and/or at home, and only 51 percent had a dilation and curettage (D&C). SABs occurring later in pregnancy were more likely to be managed in the emergency room/hospital, receive consultation, and have a D&C. Patients managed with D&C had a greater frequency of excessive blood loss at diagnosis, but ...


Occupational Factors And Sick Leave In Australian Employees, Christopher Magee, Natalie Stefanic, Peter Caputi, Don Iverson Jun 2012

Occupational Factors And Sick Leave In Australian Employees, Christopher Magee, Natalie Stefanic, Peter Caputi, Don Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Objectives: To investigate occupational factors associated with sick leave over a 4-year period in Australian employees. Methods: Longitudinal data (self-report) from 2861 Australian full-time employees (69.4% male) were used. Occupational factors and relevant covariates were assessed at baseline with sick leave assessed yearly over a 4-year period. The data were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression models. Results: Job strain and longer commuting time were associated with long sick leave, whereas long work hours were inversely associated with long sick leave. Conclusions: These results provide further evidence that certain aspects of work are associated with sick leave, whereas other work ...


Implementing Comprehensive Health Education: Educational Innovations And Social Change, Lloyd Kolbe, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Implementing Comprehensive Health Education: Educational Innovations And Social Change, Lloyd Kolbe, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

The effectiveness of health education is ultimately determined by whether it is implemented, and how it is implemented. Although a given health education innovation may be designed and experimentally assessed to promote well-being with some measure of effectiveness and efficiency, the actual impact of the innovation will depend upon the manner in which it is disseminated, initiated, and maintained. The implementation of health education programs in schools or elsewhere is a function of the types of innovations available, certain characteristics of those innovations that influence their use, and the manner in which the innovations are brought into practice. This paper ...


Program Principles Associated With Successful Health Education And Health Promotion Intervention, Donald Iverson, D Vernon Jun 2012

Program Principles Associated With Successful Health Education And Health Promotion Intervention, Donald Iverson, D Vernon

Don C. Iverson

No abstract provided.


Dementia And Driving Retirement: Making Decisions, Catherine Andrew, Victoria Traynor, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Dementia And Driving Retirement: Making Decisions, Catherine Andrew, Victoria Traynor, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

To identify appropriate elements to include in a decisional support resource which may enhance acceptance of potential driving retirement for drivers with dementia.


Mechanomyography; Lasers For Non-Invasive Quantification Of Muscle Recovery From Exercise Induced Fatigue, Nicholas Rosser, Darryl Mcandrew, Donald Iverson Jun 2012

Mechanomyography; Lasers For Non-Invasive Quantification Of Muscle Recovery From Exercise Induced Fatigue, Nicholas Rosser, Darryl Mcandrew, Donald Iverson

Don C. Iverson

Muscle fatigue is a common clinical sign and possible precursor to musculoskeletal injury. Existing methods of detecting muscle fatigue qualify changes within muscle or across joints, but are expensive, invasive or difficult to use. A technique of mechanomyography utilising maximal percutaneous stimulation (known as the Muscle Displacement Laser {MDL}) is an easy non-invasive assessment tool, which may have considerable application in measuring muscle fatigue and determining recovery. Specifically, this study attempted to validate the MDL as a tool to measure muscle fatigue and determine the time-course of recovery from Delayed Onset of Muscle Soreness in human biceps brachii muscle. Methods ...