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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2012

University of Colorado, Boulder

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Articles 1 - 30 of 145

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Overlap Between Humanities Faculty Citations And Library Monograph Collections 2005-2009, Charlene Kellsey, Jennifer Knievel Nov 2012

Overlap Between Humanities Faculty Citations And Library Monograph Collections 2005-2009, Charlene Kellsey, Jennifer Knievel

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

The authors wished to evaluate whether their collection housed the resources that their humanities faculty needed (and actually used) for their research, with the hope of providing additional illumination about general resource use by humanities scholars. This study asks not whether anyone used what was already owned, but instead whether the library owned what was needed. The answer to this question might have implications for storage or weeding decisions, approval plans for collections, and interlibrary loan. A citation analysis of 28 monographs published by their institution’s humanities faculty between 2004 and 2009 was used to assess how many of ...


Leveraging Linked Data To Enhance Subject Access - A Case Study Of The University Of Colorado Boulder's World War I Collection Online, Thea Lindquist, Eero Hyvönen, Juha Törnroos, Eetu Mäkelä Aug 2012

Leveraging Linked Data To Enhance Subject Access - A Case Study Of The University Of Colorado Boulder's World War I Collection Online, Thea Lindquist, Eero Hyvönen, Juha Törnroos, Eetu Mäkelä

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

Academic users often find work with online primary sources both rewarding and challenging. Improving subject access in these sources is essential as digital collections propagate and work with primary sources becomes increasingly important in humanities curricula. A user needs assessment was conducted with humanities users at the University of Colorado Boulder to facilitate engagement with these sources. Two of the major user needs identified were improving findability and context, particularly for historical subjects. Linked Data can help meet these needs by linking related concepts in the sources using a specialized vocabulary, enriching them with outside resources, and enabling semantically rich ...


Listening To Our Users: Comparing Feedback And Insights From Multiple Surveys And Points Of Contact, Leslie J. Reynolds, Michael L. Maciel Jul 2012

Listening To Our Users: Comparing Feedback And Insights From Multiple Surveys And Points Of Contact, Leslie J. Reynolds, Michael L. Maciel

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

The Texas A&M University Libraries annually conducts several surveys and focus groups that seek to understand and identify the needs and expectations of Users. The purpose of this paper and presentation will be to collate the findings of these separate listening devices and then report the similar and desperate themes that came out of these collected works. We will also discuss how effective and interactive these tools can be when delivered at critical points within our library services.

Each year the University Libraries conducts two surveys and one focus group project. These are the Association of Research Libraries’ LibQUAL ...


Integrating ‘E’ And ‘P’: Building A New Approval Infrastructure, Sarah Forzetting, Gabrielle Wiersma, Jenny Hudson, Rebecca Schroeder Jun 2012

Integrating ‘E’ And ‘P’: Building A New Approval Infrastructure, Sarah Forzetting, Gabrielle Wiersma, Jenny Hudson, Rebecca Schroeder

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

eBooks are becoming a preferred format for many libraries; however, acquiring eBooks on an approval plan can be challenging. This presentation will discuss how two university libraries have partnered with approval plan vendors to integrate “e” (eBook) and “p” (print book) acquisition into approval profiles. Presenters will describe the challenges of managing eBook selection and acquisition, discuss how libraries and approval vendors deal with evolving publishing patterns, and suggest strategies for acquiring eBooks as a preferred format.


History On The Semantic Web As Linked Data - An Event Gazetteer And Timeline For World War I, Eero Hyvönen, Thea Lindquist, Juha Törnroos, Eetu Mäkelä Jun 2012

History On The Semantic Web As Linked Data - An Event Gazetteer And Timeline For World War I, Eero Hyvönen, Thea Lindquist, Juha Törnroos, Eetu Mäkelä

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

Events are an essential component of cultural heritage Linked Data: they link actors, places, times, objects, and other events into larger narrative structures, providing a rich basis for semantic searching, recommending, analysis, and visualization of cultural heritage data. This paper argues that shared vocabularies (gazetteers, ontologies) of events, such as the “Battle of Normandy” or “Crucifixion of Jesus”, are necessary to facilitate the aggregation and linking of heterogeneous content from various collections. For example, biographies, histories, photos, and paintings often reference or depict events. A set of general requirements for an event gazetteer is presented, based on the needs of ...


Making Verb Argument Adjunct Distinctions In English, Jena D. Hwang Jun 2012

Making Verb Argument Adjunct Distinctions In English, Jena D. Hwang

Colorado Research in Linguistics

In natural language processing, identifying a verbs argument structure is important for many tasks including parsing, text simplification, and semantic role labeling. However, while most formal theories of grammar generally agree that there is a distinction between constituents that are arguments and those that are adjuncts, linguists do not yet agree on how to define what it means to be an argument or an adjunct. Nevertheless, these efforts have been fruitful in gaining a general understanding of some of the characteristics of arguments and adjuncts. This paper will explore the distinct approaches taken by the linguistics community, focusing on verb ...


Semantic Representations Of English And German Motion Verbs, Katherine S. Phelps, Steve Duman Jun 2012

Semantic Representations Of English And German Motion Verbs, Katherine S. Phelps, Steve Duman

Colorado Research in Linguistics

It has been argued that real-world structure constrains the semantic representations of verbs, resulting in cross-linguistic convergence of naming patterns for motion events. This study explores the nature of this real-world structure by manipulating individual features of human locomotion in video stimuli and comparing the responses of English and German speakers in an elicitation task. We show that individual features influence naming patterns and that languages encode these features differently. Furthermore, the semantic representations of several German motion verbs sharply contrast with their English equivalents.


Political News Interviews: From A Conversation Analytic And Critical Discourse Analytic Perspective, Nina Jagtiani Jun 2012

Political News Interviews: From A Conversation Analytic And Critical Discourse Analytic Perspective, Nina Jagtiani

Colorado Research in Linguistics

This paper employs Conversation Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis to examine institutionalized interaction. The majority of the data is taken from American and British political news interviews. The focus is on the found similarities between the two approaches in regard to institutional discourse, viz. the formalistic features which both conversation analysts and critical discourse analysts investigate. It should be noticed, however, that there are still remaining differences between the two approaches, since critical discourse analysts, compared to conversation analysts, also focus on broader discursive issues of talk.


Quantitative Optical Imaging And Sensing By Joint Design Of Point Spread Functions And Estimation Algorithms, Sean Albert Quirin Apr 2012

Quantitative Optical Imaging And Sensing By Joint Design Of Point Spread Functions And Estimation Algorithms, Sean Albert Quirin

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The joint application of tailored optical Point Spread Functions (PSF) and estimation methods is an important tool for designing quantitative imaging and sensing solutions. By enhancing the information transfer encoded by the optical waves into an image, matched post-processing algorithms are able to complete tasks with improved performance relative to conventional designs. In this thesis, new engineered PSF solutions with image processing algorithms are introduced and demonstrated for quantitative imaging using information-efficient signal processing tools and/or optical-efficient experimental implementations. The use of a 3D engineered PSF, the Double-Helix (DH-PSF), is applied as one solution for three-dimensional, super-resolution fluorescence microscopy ...


Optimal Data Scheduling Of Clients Serviced Using Beamforming Antennas In Mobile Scenarios, Daniel T. Bennett Apr 2012

Optimal Data Scheduling Of Clients Serviced Using Beamforming Antennas In Mobile Scenarios, Daniel T. Bennett

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The use of beamforming antennas has received significant attention over the last decade. I consider beamforming applied to dynamic operations such as networked UAV hubs which interconnect with users on the ground. The key problem involves understanding how to optimally manage the users' data requirements while considering mobility and a dynamic radio environment serviced by one or more hubs with beamforming antenna capability.

In this work I break the problem down into scheduling, tracking and ultimately execution. I develop a regularized linear programming based scheduling algorithm along with developing a very efficient scheduling with uncertainty receding horizon based relaxation and ...


A Unified Microwave Radiative Transfer Model With Jacobian For General Stratified Media, Miao Tian Apr 2012

A Unified Microwave Radiative Transfer Model With Jacobian For General Stratified Media, Miao Tian

Electrical, Computer & Energy Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A unified microwave radiative transfer (UMRT) model is developed for rapid, stable and accurate level-centric calculation of the thermal radiation emitted from any geophysical medium comprised of planar layers of either densely or tenuously distributed, moderately sized spherical scatterers. The formulation includes rapid calculation of the tangent linear relationship (i.e., Jacobian) between the observed brightness temperature and any relevant radiative and geophysical layer parameters, such as the scattering and absorption coefficients, temperature, temperature lapse rate, and medium layer thickness.

UMRT employs a rapid multistream scattering-based discrete ordinate eigenanalysis solution with a layer-adding algorithm stabilized by incorporating symmetrization of the ...


They Have To See Us: An Ethnography Of Deaf People In Tanzania, Jessica Chantelle Lee Apr 2012

They Have To See Us: An Ethnography Of Deaf People In Tanzania, Jessica Chantelle Lee

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation explores the relationship between Tanzanian deaf people and mainstream society, as well as dynamics within deaf communities. I argue that deaf people who do participate in NGOs and other organizations that provide support to deaf people, do so strategically. In order to access services and improve their own lives and the lives of their families, deaf people in Tanzania move comfortably and fluidly between identity groups that are labeled as disabled or only as deaf. Through intentional use of the interventions provided by various organizations, deaf people are able to carve out deaf spaces that act as places ...


Insulin Resistance In Hispanic Male Meatpackers, Roberta Rita Martine Apr 2012

Insulin Resistance In Hispanic Male Meatpackers, Roberta Rita Martine

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Insulin resistance is the first stage in the development of diabetes. This study attempted to determine whether the physical fitness acquired through on-the-job physical activity influences whether an individual becomes insulin resistant and exhibits high fasting insulin levels. The biomarkers of adiponectin and apoB were also studied. The study suggests that a meatpacker's adiponectin level is directly related to his level of physical fitness. Similarly, the study has shown, that fasting insulin, and therefore, insulin resistance, is inversely related to the meatpacker's level of physical fitness. For the studied population of male Hispanic meatpackers in Dodge City, Kansas ...


Ecology Of Ring-Tailed Lemurs (Lemur Catta) At The Tsimanampetsotsa National Park, Madagascar: Implications For Female Dominance And The Evolution Of Lemur Traits, Marni Lafleu Apr 2012

Ecology Of Ring-Tailed Lemurs (Lemur Catta) At The Tsimanampetsotsa National Park, Madagascar: Implications For Female Dominance And The Evolution Of Lemur Traits, Marni Lafleu

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Lemurs are an ancient, extant primate radiation and have a number of traits (e.g. female dominance, low basal metabolic rate, weaning synchrony, cathemerality) which are unusual when compared to other primates, or even other mammals. The Energy Conservation Hypothesis (ECH) posits that the lemur traits are part of an adaptive complex selected to enable lemurs to conserve and extract energy from their seasonally and stochastically resource-poor environments. Data were collected on two groups of ring-tailed lemurs in the dry spiny forests of the Tsimanampetsotsa National Park, Madagascar, and tested aspects of the ECH through the following hypotheses: 1) ring-tailed ...


Maasai And The Tanzanite Trade: New Facets Of Livelihood Diversification In Northern Tanzania, Nicole M. Smith Apr 2012

Maasai And The Tanzanite Trade: New Facets Of Livelihood Diversification In Northern Tanzania, Nicole M. Smith

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Beginning in the early 1990s, Maasai in the northern Tanzanian district of Simanjiro have worked in the nearby area of Mererani--the only place in the world where the gemstone tanzanite is found and mined. Here, men work as middlemen, buying and selling tanzanite, and women have small businesses selling milk and beadwork. While the work at Mererani represents one of several forms of livelihood diversification for Maasai in Simanjiro, it is very distinct. In this dissertation I examine the changes occurring in the context of the tanzanite trade. I reveal both the transformations Maasai themselves perceive to be important and ...


Open Pit Pottery Firing On The High Plains: The Evidence From The Central Plains Tradition King Site (25dw166), Sarah Gabrielle Laundry Apr 2012

Open Pit Pottery Firing On The High Plains: The Evidence From The Central Plains Tradition King Site (25dw166), Sarah Gabrielle Laundry

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis is primarily focused on the evaluation of evidence for ceramic production, specifically open pit firing, at the King site (25DW166), a Central Plains tradition site located near the Pine Ridge in Dawes County, northwestern Nebraska. A tandem goal of this work is to better understand the nature of the occupation of the King site. Several different spatial analyses are employed to provide a general understanding of the function of the site, range of activities performed at the site, the duration of the occupation and, subsequently, the context of and evidence for ceramic firing activities. These spatial analyses are ...


Chimney Rock, An Eleventh Century Chacoan Great House: Export, Emulation, Or Something Else?, Brenda Kaye Todd Apr 2012

Chimney Rock, An Eleventh Century Chacoan Great House: Export, Emulation, Or Something Else?, Brenda Kaye Todd

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation asks the question: was Chimney Rock Great House an "export" or an "emulation" of Chaco Canyon? This question - a classic formulation in Chacoan studies, is addressed by a controlled comparison of specific variables of the architecture and ceramic assemblages from Chimney Rock Great House, Pueblo Alto in Chaco Canyon, and the Bluff Great House in Utah. Each Great House is compared to an associated, smaller community site (29SJ 627 in Chaco Canyon, the Ravine Site near Chimney Rock, and the Corral Canyon Site near Bluff) to determine if there are significant differences in architectural traits or ceramic assemblages ...


Typological And Geochemical Analysis Of Obsidian Artifacts: A Diachronic Study From The Lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico, David Thomas Williams Apr 2012

Typological And Geochemical Analysis Of Obsidian Artifacts: A Diachronic Study From The Lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico, David Thomas Williams

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This thesis examines the acquisition and use of over 5200 obsidian artifacts throughout prehispanic times (ca. 1800 BC-AD 1522) in the lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. This research represents the first systematic study of obsidian artifacts in the region, and focuses on two aspects of the obsidian artifacts. First, I present a technological analysis of artifacts collected from primary contexts which correspond to each prehispanic period. The second part of the thesis presents a geochemical survey of obsidian acquisition through time. Results indicate that each prehispanic period of coastal Oaxaca contained multiple sets of long-distance trade networks centered on ...


Investigating Childhood Diet And Early Life History Events In The Archaeological Record Using Biogeochemical Techniques, Paul A. Sandberg Apr 2012

Investigating Childhood Diet And Early Life History Events In The Archaeological Record Using Biogeochemical Techniques, Paul A. Sandberg

Anthropology Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Stable isotopic approaches to studying childhood diet in prehistory have become common in bioarchaeology and have provided researchers with a means to reconstruct life history patterns such as weaning in past human populations. These methods, however, typically rely on isotopic patterning in bone collagen by age-at-death, and lack the resolution to reconstruct weaning in much detail, much less the process in individuals that survived childhood. In this dissertation, I refine two high-resolution intra-tooth stable isotope techniques for investigating childhood diet and the weaning process in the archaeological record; laser ablation analysis of tooth enamel, and serial micro-sampling of dentine. As ...


Analyzing La Cuna : New Approaches For Mentoring In Professional Associations, Alison Hicks Jan 2012

Analyzing La Cuna : New Approaches For Mentoring In Professional Associations, Alison Hicks

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

This case study explores the implementation of La Cuna, an online mentoring forum in a small, subject-based professional association, the Seminar for the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials (SALALM). Designed using the social network software Ning, the forum functioned as an informal learn-ing community for 38 members and was an innovative response to geographical challenges and changing technological skills. Using participation data and a questionnaire to analyze the implementation and de-velopment of the hybrid e-mentoring community, this study reveals challenges and benefits that should be considered when managing similar professional development activities. While the forum failed to maintain sustained ...


Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian And Student Mental Models Of Research Guides, Caroline Sinkinson, Stephanie Alexander, Alison Hicks, Meredith Kahn Jan 2012

Guiding Design: Exposing Librarian And Student Mental Models Of Research Guides, Caroline Sinkinson, Stephanie Alexander, Alison Hicks, Meredith Kahn

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

This article details an open card sort study administered to undergraduate students, graduate students, and librarians at the University of Colorado at Boulder in order to reveal perceptions of library research guides. The study identifies user group preferences for organization and content of research guides, as well as themes emerging from the collected study data that contrast librarian and user mental models. Interested librarians will gain insights into student perceptions and use of research guides in academic libraries today as well as recommendations for guide design.


End User Development Of Digital Collection Mash-Ups: A Survey To Assess The Suitability Of Current Infrastructure, Holley Long Jan 2012

End User Development Of Digital Collection Mash-Ups: A Survey To Assess The Suitability Of Current Infrastructure, Holley Long

University Libraries Faculty & Staff Contributions

No abstract provided.


La Comunidad Efímera: Círculos De Artistas En La Novela Hispanoamericana Del Siglo Xx (Argentina, Cuba Y México), Luis Hernán Castañeda Jan 2012

La Comunidad Efímera: Círculos De Artistas En La Novela Hispanoamericana Del Siglo Xx (Argentina, Cuba Y México), Luis Hernán Castañeda

Spanish and Portuguese Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation studies the motif of the circle of artists in six Spanish American novels of the 20th century: "Los siete locos" (1929)/"Los lanzallamas" (1931) by Roberto Arlt, "Adán Buenosayres" (1948) by Leopoldo Marechal, "Rayuela" (1963) by Julio Cortázar, "Tres tristes tigres" (1967) by Guillermo Cabrera Infante, "Palinuro de México" (1978) by Fernando del Paso, and "Los detectives salvajes" (1995) by Roberto Bolaño. These novels showcase a collective protagonist: a small and subversive group of artists and intellectuals who embrace a revolutionary plan. Rebellious and (post)avangardist in their nature, their goal is to transform life into art by ...


What Elements Of The Technical, Economic, And Policy Factors Influence The Use Of Texting In Electronic Healthcare Applications?, Suzana Brown Jan 2012

What Elements Of The Technical, Economic, And Policy Factors Influence The Use Of Texting In Electronic Healthcare Applications?, Suzana Brown

Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Graduate Theses & Dissertations

With explosion of availability and use of mobile phones, in particular in developing countries, they are becoming a new platform to provide healthcare services. One of services on mobile phones, text messaging, is widely used in health care. Compared to voice text messaging has an advantage in unfavorable conditions, such as the edge of coverage, because it requires only several seconds of strong signal to transmit. The influence of telecommunications policy on its adoption is evaluated by interviewing experts from seventeen developing countries. Several obstacles to adoption are identified but no strong regional division found. Comparison of a specific application ...


Spreading The Word: Communicating About Veganism, Brendon Bosworth Jan 2012

Spreading The Word: Communicating About Veganism, Brendon Bosworth

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Veganism, a practice that involves excluding animal products from one's diet and life, chiefly due to ethical concerns, is largely at odds with contemporary cultural norms. Scholars have framed vegans as members of a movement that seeks to affect change at the cultural level. This study addresses the role individual vegans play in promoting veganism to non-vegans, based on the assumption that vegans have the potential to attract others to veganism, normalize the vegan lifestyle, and increase the movement's numbers.

This study employs a qualitative design and directed interview method. Based on responses from a sample (n = 19 ...


Revolution And Restoration: Mediating The Experience Of The Red Brigades., Marco Briziarelli Jan 2012

Revolution And Restoration: Mediating The Experience Of The Red Brigades., Marco Briziarelli

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The study explores the communicative practices of the Italian radical group Red Brigades (BR), the relationship the group established with the Italian press, and the specific social historical context in which the BR developed both its own self-understanding and the complex dialectical connection with the social whole. I provide an interpretation of the experience of the BR as a group that wanted to make history and ended up being subjected to it.

In relation to both scholarly treatment and popular perceptions, which tend for the most part to depict the BR as an "absolute negation" of the constitutive values of ...


The Making Of Modernity In South Korea: A Discourse Analysis Of Jazz In The Mass Media From The 1920s To 2011, Donghyup Ryu Jan 2012

The Making Of Modernity In South Korea: A Discourse Analysis Of Jazz In The Mass Media From The 1920s To 2011, Donghyup Ryu

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation explores how the discourse of modernity played a critical role in creating the meanings of jazz in the topography of South Korean popular culture. Based upon a discourse analysis of Korean media coverage about jazz from the 1920s to 2011, this study examines how jazz as a component of US popular culture shaped the social meanings of modernity in Korea. Before delving into an analysis of jazz discourse in Korea, the study explains the historical development of jazz by reviewing published literature including books, journal articles and other historical texts. Modernity and post-colonialist theories are suggested as two ...


Communitarian And Care Ethics: A Return To Community In The Digital Age, Robin Kathleen Donovan Jan 2012

Communitarian And Care Ethics: A Return To Community In The Digital Age, Robin Kathleen Donovan

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study investigates the role that communitarian and care ethics play in online user-generated content. As humans move through an ever growing "information age," people’s ethical awareness and understanding of new media has come into question. New media includes on-demand audio and video, social networking sites, and mobile device technologies. The rate at which new media is being developed and the accelerating pace at which people implement it have left many ethical considerations unanswered.

The community-based website EdHat Santa Barbara was as the data source for this study. Messages were analyzed using communitarian and care ethics criteria because of ...


Critical Media Literacy In Action: Uniting Theory, Practice And Politics In Media Education, Benjamin Joseph Thevenin Jan 2012

Critical Media Literacy In Action: Uniting Theory, Practice And Politics In Media Education, Benjamin Joseph Thevenin

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

As media literacy is a growing field, there exist a number of distinct approaches to media education with varied political significance. Approaches such as protectionism, media arts education, and critical media literacy draw upon diverse theoretical traditions. Often overlooked in these traditions is the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School. By implementing some key theoretical concepts from the work of the Frankfurt School into the design of a media education program, this project intends to test an approach to media literacy education that encourages critical political participation among young people. This program was conducted at an high school in Denver ...


“You’Ve Got To Be Realistic”: The Political And Economic Challenges Of Documentary Filmmakers In Boulder And Denver, Colorado, Anthony Reichl Collebrusco Jan 2012

“You’Ve Got To Be Realistic”: The Political And Economic Challenges Of Documentary Filmmakers In Boulder And Denver, Colorado, Anthony Reichl Collebrusco

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Documentary film is an increasingly popular genre and due to cheap filmmaking technologies, there are more documentary films being produced than ever before. Yet, despite the democratization of production, documentary filmmakers still face a number of challenges when it comes to funding, producing, and distributing their films. Copyright issues are a popular area of focus, but the cost of copyright clearance is not the only difficulty facing filmmakers. This qualitative study of documentary filmmakers explores the particular challenges faced by documentary filmmakers in Boulder and Denver, Colorado and places them in the context of historical figures and films of the ...