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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2012

Portland State University

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Rethinking Information Literacy In A Globalized World, Laurie Kutner, Alison Armstrong Dec 2012

Rethinking Information Literacy In A Globalized World, Laurie Kutner, Alison Armstrong

Communications in Information Literacy

As a profession, librarians have an important and unique role to play in higher education in producing information literate students equipped to be successful in a complex, twenty-first century global society. It is our contention that our guiding professional information literacy definitions and standards need to be reconsidered in order to remain relevant within the global learning context. Our preliminary conclusion is that the predominantly skills-based approach facilitated by the current ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education, is not sufficient to facilitate teaching of twenty-first century "deep information literacy," which we feel encompasses additional content-based engagement with the ...


Collaboration And Problem-Based Learning: Integrating Information Literacy Into A Political Science Course, Peg Cook, Mary Barbara Walsh Dec 2012

Collaboration And Problem-Based Learning: Integrating Information Literacy Into A Political Science Course, Peg Cook, Mary Barbara Walsh

Communications in Information Literacy

This paper details the collaborative efforts of a reference librarian and a political science professor to seamlessly meld the study of politics with the acquisition of information literacy skills using a problem-based learning approach. Students in an introductory American Government class were engaged in a group project in which they acted as media consultants for the political candidate of their choice. Two information literacy sessions were embedded into the project. ACRL Information Literacy Standards were used to generate and assess performance outcomes. Student feedback, as well as pre-test and post-test results, indicate that a problem-based approach to enhancing information literacy ...


Considering Information Literacy Skills And Needs: Designing Library Instruction For The Online Learner, Swapna Kumar, Marilyn Ochoa, Mary Edwards Dec 2012

Considering Information Literacy Skills And Needs: Designing Library Instruction For The Online Learner, Swapna Kumar, Marilyn Ochoa, Mary Edwards

Communications in Information Literacy

This paper reports on a library instruction needs assessment conducted with incoming doctoral students (n=34) in two online programs in education. The differences in the prior skills and experiences of the two groups highlighted the importance of both needs assessments and learner analysis as well as course- or program-specific instructional design in information literacy instruction for online students. Based on students' reported skills, education librarians structured both the content and format of instruction to help students succeed in online activities in the doctoral program.


Information Literacy On The Web: How College Students Use Visual And Textual Cues To Assess Credibility On Health Websites, Katrina L. Pariera Dec 2012

Information Literacy On The Web: How College Students Use Visual And Textual Cues To Assess Credibility On Health Websites, Katrina L. Pariera

Communications in Information Literacy

One of the most important literacy skills in today's information society is the ability to determine the credibility of online information. Users sort through a staggering number of websites while discerning which will provide satisfactory information. In this study, 70 college students assessed the credibility of health websites with a low and high design quality, in either low or high credibility groups. The study's purpose was to understand if students relied more on textual or visual cues in determining credibility, and to understand if this affected their recall of those cues later. The results indicate that when viewing ...


Measuring The Impact Of Library Instruction On Freshmen Success And Persistence: A Quantitative Analysis, Jason M. Vance, Rachel Kirk, Justin G. Gardner Dec 2012

Measuring The Impact Of Library Instruction On Freshmen Success And Persistence: A Quantitative Analysis, Jason M. Vance, Rachel Kirk, Justin G. Gardner

Communications in Information Literacy

This study examines the relationship between formal library instruction and undergraduate student performance and persistence in higher education. Researchers analyzed two years of academic and demographic data collected from first-time freshmen at Middle Tennessee State University in an attempt to quantify the effect of librarian-led one-shot classroom instruction on students' grade point averages and their likelihood of returning to school for the sophomore year.


Embedding Affective Learning Outcomes In Library Instruction, Ellysa Stern Cahoy, Robert Schroeder Dec 2012

Embedding Affective Learning Outcomes In Library Instruction, Ellysa Stern Cahoy, Robert Schroeder

Communications in Information Literacy

While information literacy in higher education has long been focused on cognitive learning outcomes, attention must be paid to students' affective, emotional needs throughout the research process. This article identifies models for embedding affective learning outcomes within information literacy instruction, and provides strategies to help librarians discover, articulate, and address students' self-efficacy, motivation, emotions and attitudes. Worksheets to assist in creating affective learning outcomes are included to bring structure to an area of learning that is often challenging to articulate and measure. Also included in the article are the results of a recent survey of instruction librarians' familiarity and inclusion ...


Engineering Integration: Building A Quick And Effective Faculty Seminar, Kate Peterson, Jon Jeffryes Dec 2012

Engineering Integration: Building A Quick And Effective Faculty Seminar, Kate Peterson, Jon Jeffryes

Communications in Information Literacy

In the spring of 2010, the Science & Engineering Library of the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities partnered with the Information Literacy Librarian and offered a faculty seminar to the College of Science and Engineering. The seminar's goals included 1.) refreshing and expanding faculty's knowledge of information and 21st century literacies and 2.) creating a community of faculty committed to developing student skills in finding, evaluating and synthesizing information in their academic coursework and into their professional careers. Overall, the seminar increased faculty understanding of services and expertise of the libraries, and 21st century literacies. It also developed and strengthened ...


Notes From The Field: 10 Short Lessons On One-Shot Instruction, Megan Oakleaf, Steven Hoover, Beth Woodard, Jennifer Corbin, Randy Hensley, Diana Wakimoto, Christopher V. Hollister, Debra Gilchrist, Michelle Millet, Patty Iannuzzi Dec 2012

Notes From The Field: 10 Short Lessons On One-Shot Instruction, Megan Oakleaf, Steven Hoover, Beth Woodard, Jennifer Corbin, Randy Hensley, Diana Wakimoto, Christopher V. Hollister, Debra Gilchrist, Michelle Millet, Patty Iannuzzi

Communications in Information Literacy

Librarians teach. It might not be what they planned to do when they entered the profession, or it may have been a secret hope all along. Either way, librarians teach, and one teaching scenario remains quintessential: the one-shot library instruction session. In recognition of the centrality of the "one-shot," this article shares several authors' "notes from the field." The notes provide a range of strategies for developing pedagogically sound one-shot library instruction sessions, grouped loosely into three categories: planning, delivery, and integration. The authors offer these insights in their own words in hopes that other teaching librarians may benefit from ...


Teaching Matters: The Necessity And Challenge Of Teaching Information Ethics, Patrick P. Ragains Dec 2012

Teaching Matters: The Necessity And Challenge Of Teaching Information Ethics, Patrick P. Ragains

Communications in Information Literacy

This issue's column provides an overview of issues related to academic integrity in higher eduction.


Predictors Of Student's Attitudes Toward Science Literacy, Irina I. Holden Dec 2012

Predictors Of Student's Attitudes Toward Science Literacy, Irina I. Holden

Communications in Information Literacy

Being information and science literate are crucial in an age when scientific developments influence the political arena and vice versa. In order to become active and responsible citizens, students must understand such issues as global warming and stem cell research. Furthermore, they must be lifelong learners, capable of researching and educating themselves about new scientific developments. These are some of the complex issues that information literacy educators must address. This article reports on the results of a survey of student's attitudes towards science literacy and lifelong learning, and on variables associated with their attitudes. Most of the students' attitudes ...


Research Proposal For Study: Can Artifical Emulation Of Synesthesia Aid Visual Word Recognition?, Lucas Charles Jul 2012

Research Proposal For Study: Can Artifical Emulation Of Synesthesia Aid Visual Word Recognition?, Lucas Charles

Anthós

The field of synesthesia has largely been unexplored beyond mere analysis of the condition and only a few papers on the topic of new applications have been published within the last decade. The condition can potentially provide great benefits to the study of the psychology of language along with its role in language use itself. As understanding of this condition continues to grow, one can draw links between it and its effect on language use, thereby enabling a greater understanding of the language process itself. Synesthesia involves the stimulation of one sense along with involuntary activation of another sensory pathway ...


Toward A Culture Of Healing: Why Alternative Therapies And A Feminist Framework Are Needed In The Care Of Pregnant Women And Treatment Of Postpartum Mood Disorders, Angela Leonardo Jul 2012

Toward A Culture Of Healing: Why Alternative Therapies And A Feminist Framework Are Needed In The Care Of Pregnant Women And Treatment Of Postpartum Mood Disorders, Angela Leonardo

Anthós

Pregnancy, birth, and early motherhood are areas of human development that have systematically migrated away from their roots as a series of natural life events to a highly, and perhaps unnecessarily, medicalized arena. This shift has been detrimental for women, especially for poor, socially isolated, single, and/or ethnic minority women. In this paper, I outline my concerns with the increased medicalization of birth and postpartum care, as well as with the status of mothers in the United States, and critically examine the patriarchal context in which this shift has occurred. My focus is on maternal health and mortality, including ...


Entanglement: Health, Healing And Society In Africa, Haley Noel Jul 2012

Entanglement: Health, Healing And Society In Africa, Haley Noel

Anthós

As a continent, Africa has been explored, exploited, and largely abandoned by the West. During the colonial era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, foreign powers encountered diverse cultures, superstitions and disease before promptly labeling the entire continent a dangerous and primitive place. For early explorers and colonialists, disease and the threat of ill health is what defined Africa. They overlooked the pre-existing strategies and practices that Africans had adapted to guard against certain diseases, either ignoring them or labeling the misunderstood safety nets as primitive. Also overlooked was the importance of societal organization and communal cooperation among ...


It’S Not What You Do, It’S Who You Are: Adjectives As Identity-Conferrers, C.B. Rodgers Jul 2012

It’S Not What You Do, It’S Who You Are: Adjectives As Identity-Conferrers, C.B. Rodgers

Anthós

To see how positive identity assessments are created, I investigated two statements, both released by organizations that can broadly be described as part of Portland’s liberal or left community. Each statement responds to assertions that the actions of the organization, or one of its members, provides a platform for anti-Semitic, white supremacist, and/or fascist political organizers to make inroads in Portland. One set of data is a statement from Citybikes, a workerowned cooperative, that was published on Portland IndyMedia, a web-based independent media center; the other is a statement from a Portland community art space, The Variant, that ...


Re-Conceptualizing Access: The New Role Of Information Literacy In Post-Secondary Education, Jennifer Andreae, Erin Anderson Apr 2012

Re-Conceptualizing Access: The New Role Of Information Literacy In Post-Secondary Education, Jennifer Andreae, Erin Anderson

Communications in Information Literacy

In this paper, we propose a new conceptual model of access in which information literacy plays a vital role in understanding and utilizing information to its fullest potential. The traditional approach, where access is equated to a static item (such as a computer lab or a list of links on a website), limits post-secondary students in their capacity to effectively navigate through the ever expanding plethora of information. Our new model, in which technological and information literacies are equally combined to form a true access outcome, offers a simple framework for post-secondary institutions to re-conceptualize access.


Academic Libraries And The Credit-Bearing Class: A Practical Approach, Margaret G. Burke Apr 2012

Academic Libraries And The Credit-Bearing Class: A Practical Approach, Margaret G. Burke

Communications in Information Literacy

Academic librarians are expanding their teaching roles and increasing numbers are involved in teaching information literacy by means of the credit-bearing class. Librarians at the Axinn Library at Hofstra University have been teaching credit-bearing classes since 2001. While doing research on the subject, the author found that the literature contained very little practical information concerning this important responsibility for academic librarians. In order to answer some questions that arose from Axinn librarians' experiences with credit-bearing classes, a survey was conducted using the Association of College and Research Libraries' Information Literacy Instruction's Discussion List as the study group. Among the ...


The Case For Graphic Novels, Steven Hoover Apr 2012

The Case For Graphic Novels, Steven Hoover

Communications in Information Literacy

Many libraries and librarians have embraced graphic novels. A number of books, articles, and presentations have focused on the history of the medium and offered advice on building and maintaining collections, but very little attention has been given the question of how integrate graphic novels into a library's instructional efforts. This paper will explore the characteristics of graphic novels that make them a valuable resource for librarians who focus on research and information literacy instruction, identify skills and competencies that can be taught by the study of graphic novels, and will provide specific examples of how to incorporate graphic ...


Biology And Nursing Students' Perceptions Of A Web-Based Information Literacy Tutorial, Sharon Weiner, Nancy Pelaez, Karen Chang, John Weiner Apr 2012

Biology And Nursing Students' Perceptions Of A Web-Based Information Literacy Tutorial, Sharon Weiner, Nancy Pelaez, Karen Chang, John Weiner

Communications in Information Literacy

This study assessed student perceptions about an online information literacy tutorial, CORE (Comprehensive Online Research Education, to plan for the next generation of tutorials. The CORE tutorial includes seven modules: "Planning Your Project," "Topic Exploration," "Types of Information," "Search Tools," "Search Strategies," "Evaluating Sources," and "Copyright, Plagiarism, and Citing Sources." First-year students in biology and nursing courses responded to a survey after they completed the CORE modules. The students liked learning through an online tutorial. They thought that the tutorial could be improved with shorter modules and the addition of video and audio content. Few students reported learning important information ...


Teaching Matters: Is There A Text In This Class? E-Readers, E-Books, And Information Literacy, Janelle M. Zauha Apr 2012

Teaching Matters: Is There A Text In This Class? E-Readers, E-Books, And Information Literacy, Janelle M. Zauha

Communications in Information Literacy

This column explores current issues with e-books and e-readers in academic classrooms. It suggests ways the academic library can explore and meet the information literacy needs of students, faculty, and staff who are using these new devices or seeing them in use in their classrooms.


Team-Based Learning In An Information Literacy Course, Trudi E. Jacobson Apr 2012

Team-Based Learning In An Information Literacy Course, Trudi E. Jacobson

Communications in Information Literacy

The author implemented team-based learning (TBL) in a credit-bearing information literacy course that meets a general education requirement at the University at Albany. TBL is a highly structured teaching method that includes a number of components not found in more traditional use of teams in the classroom. It required substantive changes in the course, which were notably repaid by the impact on student preparedness and engagement. The main elements of team-based learning are explained in the setting of this course.


Share And Share Alike: Barriers And Solutions To Tutorial Creation And Management, Anne-Marie Deitering, Hannah Gascho Rempel Apr 2012

Share And Share Alike: Barriers And Solutions To Tutorial Creation And Management, Anne-Marie Deitering, Hannah Gascho Rempel

Communications in Information Literacy

Using data gathered in a nationwide survey, we found the most important barriers to tutorial creation for instruction librarians are time and technological expertise. Drawing on our experience extending the content management system used to build class pages and subject guides, we suggest using a content management system, like Library à la Carte, or LibGuides to build tutorials suggests a path around these common barriers.


Guiding Students From Consuming Information To Creating Knowledge: A Freshman English Library Instruction Collaboration, Carolyn B. Gamtso, Susanne F. Paterson Apr 2012

Guiding Students From Consuming Information To Creating Knowledge: A Freshman English Library Instruction Collaboration, Carolyn B. Gamtso, Susanne F. Paterson

Communications in Information Literacy

In this paper we examine how faculty and librarians' own approaches to and attitudes toward library tools, as well as their assumptions about student research practices, impede students' ability to view learning as a recursive, creative, and ongoing inquiry. We propose first that librarians and faculty examine the assumptions of knowledge that characterize their respective university constituencies; second that they dismantle some of the disciplinary boundaries that separate these constituencies; third that they collaborate to craft analytical assignments that stress knowledge as process; and fourth that they transform library instruction from tool-based demonstrations to analytical, problem-based learning exercises. Finally, we ...


Design To Learn, Learn To Design: Using Backward Design For Information Literacy Instruction, Bruce E. Fox, John J. Doherty Apr 2012

Design To Learn, Learn To Design: Using Backward Design For Information Literacy Instruction, Bruce E. Fox, John J. Doherty

Communications in Information Literacy

Using backward design coupled with a focus on intentional learning, a series of platform-independent podcasts were created to address the need to increase student information literacy competency. The design team used a collaborative process where all members of the team worked in an iterative fashion, from the specification of student learning outcomes to the creation of the final assessments. The project brought to light the importance of clearly specifying student learning outcomes, creating meaningful assessments, strong project management, and the composition and dynamics of the design team.


Designing And Implementing An Information Literacy Course In The Humanities, Ellen Daugman, Leslie Mccall, Kaeley Mcmahan Apr 2012

Designing And Implementing An Information Literacy Course In The Humanities, Ellen Daugman, Leslie Mccall, Kaeley Mcmahan

Communications in Information Literacy

As instructors in the Z. Smith Reynolds Library information literacy program at Wake Forest University, we are expanding beyond our introductory course model to teach discipline-specific information literacy courses. Z. Smith Reynolds Library initiated an information literacy program in 2002 and currently offers a 1-credit elective, taught in 15 sections per semester. Advanced discipline-specific courses were added in Spring 2008, and include courses in the social sciences, business and economics, and the sciences. As the subject specialists for art, dance, literature, music, religion and theatre, we were charged with creating a credit-bearing arts and humanities information literacy course, LIB250: Humanities ...