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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 916

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Investigation Of Volunteer-Student Relationship Trajectories Within School-Based Youth Mentoring Programs, Thomas Keller, Julia Pryce Feb 2016

An Investigation Of Volunteer-Student Relationship Trajectories Within School-Based Youth Mentoring Programs, Thomas Keller, Julia Pryce

Julia Pryce

This prospective, mixed-method study investigates the development of school-based mentoring relationships using direct observations, in-depth interviews, and questionnaires from the perspective of mentors and students. A pattern-oriented analysis of qualitative data explores the diversity observed in the life-course of mentor-student relationships. Systematic variation in developmental trends across relationships revealed four distinctive groupings. Some relationships showed progressive improvement in strength and quality. Others started well but reached a plateau and did not become particularly close. A third group struggled throughout to make a connection. Finally, some relationships succeeded after a breakthrough to overcome their challenges. These inductively derived categories are corroborated ...


Remote Access Technologies For Library Collections: Tools For Library Users And Managers, Diane Fulkerson Dec 2014

Remote Access Technologies For Library Collections: Tools For Library Users And Managers, Diane Fulkerson

Diane Fulkerson

No abstract provided.


Students Of The Great Recession: Learning From An Intensive Undergraduate Research Training Project, Arthur Scarritt, Sergio Romero Jul 2014

Students Of The Great Recession: Learning From An Intensive Undergraduate Research Training Project, Arthur Scarritt, Sergio Romero

Sergio Romero

This year marks the maiden voyage of the Inter-Mountain Social Research Lab (IMSRL) of the Department of Sociology.

In a yearlong intensive research training program, faculty guide a small group of undergraduate students through developing and executing all aspects of an original research project, from inception to dissemination.

This presentation discusses the general contours of this program, and the challenges we have encountered in attempting to integrate teaching into a rigorous research project.


Family Justice Centers: The Next Evolution In A Coordinated Community Response, Lisa Bostaph, Andrew Giacomazzi Dec 2013

Family Justice Centers: The Next Evolution In A Coordinated Community Response, Lisa Bostaph, Andrew Giacomazzi

Lisa Growette Bostaph

No abstract provided.


Changing Lives: How Do Community Organizations Facilitate Transformative Learning?, Jeral Kirwan, Becky Smeltzer, Andi Damewood, Emily Gray, Mary Ziegler Oct 2013

Changing Lives: How Do Community Organizations Facilitate Transformative Learning?, Jeral Kirwan, Becky Smeltzer, Andi Damewood, Emily Gray, Mary Ziegler

Andi Damewood

The objective of this research is to understand what leaders of local organizations mean by the phrase changing people's lives as it occurs in their mission statements or in their materials for public distribution.


Self-Regulation Or Self-Direction? An Investigation Of Learner Personality, Jeral Kirwan, Becky Smeltzer, Jeffrey Beard, Andi Damewood Oct 2013

Self-Regulation Or Self-Direction? An Investigation Of Learner Personality, Jeral Kirwan, Becky Smeltzer, Jeffrey Beard, Andi Damewood

Andi Damewood

This paper examines self-regulated learning (SRL) as a personality trait; that is, as a relatively enduring, trans-situational, dispositional attribute of individual learners. We first review our rationale for doing so, then present of empirical findings that illuminate the nomological network and construct validity of SRL.


Maternal Mental Health And Child Health And Nutrition, Karen Mccurdy, Kathleen Gorman, Tiffani Kisler, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras Apr 2013

Maternal Mental Health And Child Health And Nutrition, Karen Mccurdy, Kathleen Gorman, Tiffani Kisler, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras

Karen McCurdy

No abstract provided.


Family Food Environment And Child Overweight In Low-Income Families, Karen Mccurdy, Tiffani Kisler, Kathleen Gorman, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras Apr 2013

Family Food Environment And Child Overweight In Low-Income Families, Karen Mccurdy, Tiffani Kisler, Kathleen Gorman, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras

Karen McCurdy

No abstract provided.


Political Embeddedness And Academic Corruption In Chinese Universities, Qian Forrest Zhang Dec 2012

Political Embeddedness And Academic Corruption In Chinese Universities, Qian Forrest Zhang

Qian Forrest ZHANG

No abstract provided.


Agricultural Modernization In China And Its Impact On Cities: From The Perspective Of Rural-Urban Linkage, Qian Forrest Zhang Dec 2012

Agricultural Modernization In China And Its Impact On Cities: From The Perspective Of Rural-Urban Linkage, Qian Forrest Zhang

Qian Forrest ZHANG

No abstract provided.


Private Exchanges Of Agricultural Land In Zhejiang, China: A Road To Agrarian Capitalism Or Path-Dependent Transformation?, Qian Forrest Zhang Dec 2012

Private Exchanges Of Agricultural Land In Zhejiang, China: A Road To Agrarian Capitalism Or Path-Dependent Transformation?, Qian Forrest Zhang

Qian Forrest ZHANG

No abstract provided.


Observatory Of Trends In Software Related Microblogs, Achananuparp Palakorn, Nelman Lubis Ibrahim, Yuan Tian, David Lo, Ee Peng Lim Dec 2012

Observatory Of Trends In Software Related Microblogs, Achananuparp Palakorn, Nelman Lubis Ibrahim, Yuan Tian, David Lo, Ee Peng Lim

David LO

Microblogging has recently become a popular means to disseminate information among millions of people. Interestingly, software developers also use microblog to communicate with one another. Different from traditional media, microblog users tend to focus on recency and informality of content. Many tweet contents are relatively more personal and Opinionated, compared to that of traditional news report. Thus, by analyzing microblogs, one could get the up-to-date information about what people are interested in or feel toward a particular topic. In this paper, we describe our microblog observatory that aggregates more than 70,000 Twitter feeds, captures software-related tweets, and computes trends ...


Automatic Classification Of Software Related Microblogs, Philips Kokoh Prasetyo, David Lo, Achananuparp Palakorn, Yuan Tian, Ee Peng Lim Dec 2012

Automatic Classification Of Software Related Microblogs, Philips Kokoh Prasetyo, David Lo, Achananuparp Palakorn, Yuan Tian, Ee Peng Lim

David LO

Millions of people, including those in the software engineering communities have turned to microblogging services, such as Twitter, as a means to quickly disseminate information. A number of past studies by Treude et al., Storey, and Yuan et al. have shown that a wealth of interesting information is stored in these microblogs. However, microblogs also contain a large amount of noisy content that are less relevant to software developers in engineering software systems. In this work, we perform a preliminary study to investigate the feasibility of automatic classification of microblogs into two categories: relevant and irrelevant to engineering software systems ...


Sandtray Therapy: A Tool To Help Clients Change, April Schottelkorb, Karrie Swan, Rhyan Garcia-Briggs Dec 2012

Sandtray Therapy: A Tool To Help Clients Change, April Schottelkorb, Karrie Swan, Rhyan Garcia-Briggs

Karrie L Swan

In this presentation, attendees learned with what populations sandtrays can be utilized, what materials are needed, and how to process sandtray sessions with clients. Role play and videotaped segments of sessions were utilized to facilitate learning.


Playing With Clay: Deepening Therapeutic Processes Through Expressive Arts Techniques, Karrie Swan, April Schottelkorb, Rhyan Garcia-Briggs Dec 2012

Playing With Clay: Deepening Therapeutic Processes Through Expressive Arts Techniques, Karrie Swan, April Schottelkorb, Rhyan Garcia-Briggs

Karrie L Swan

Through experiential activities, attendees learned several expressive arts techniques for promoting holistic development. Participants were exposed to sand tray, puppetry, clay, and art. Adlerian and Child-Centered theories were used as frameworks for understanding children’s growth.


Combining Mbr And Nf/Ro Membrane Filtration For The Removal Of Trace Organics In Indirect Potable Water Reuse Applications, William Price, Nichanan Tadkaew, Long Nghiem, Stuart Khan, Abdulhakeem Alturki, James Mcdonald Dec 2012

Combining Mbr And Nf/Ro Membrane Filtration For The Removal Of Trace Organics In Indirect Potable Water Reuse Applications, William Price, Nichanan Tadkaew, Long Nghiem, Stuart Khan, Abdulhakeem Alturki, James Mcdonald

Long D Nghiem

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the complementarities of combining membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment with nanofiltration (NF) or reverse osmosis (RO) membrane filtration for the removal of trace organic contaminants for potential indirect potable water recycling applications. Four commercially available NF/RO membranes, namely NF270, NF90, BW30 and ESPA2, were selected for this investigation. Challenge tests were conducted with 40 trace organic compounds at concentrations of approximately 2 ng/L in initial wastewater solutions using a laboratory scaleMBRsystem and a cross-flow NF/RO rig. The results suggest that the MBR system effectively removes hydrophobic and biodegradable trace organic ...


Examining The Necessity For And Utility Of The Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (Ppi-R) Validity Scales, Jaime Anderson, Martin Sellborn, Dustin Wygant, John Edens Dec 2012

Examining The Necessity For And Utility Of The Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised (Ppi-R) Validity Scales, Jaime Anderson, Martin Sellborn, Dustin Wygant, John Edens

Dustin B. Wygant

The present study aimed to investigate the need for and utility of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory—Revised (PPI–R) Deviant Responding (DR) and Virtuous Responding (VR) validity scales in identifying overreporting and underreporting, respectively. Since the PPI–R was published, there has not been an independent peer-reviewed examination of these scales. Participants were 384 undergraduate individuals asked to respond to the PPI–R under standard, underreporting, or overreporting instructions. A comparison group consisting of 200 forensic psychiatric patients was also used for the overreporting analyses. Effects of response bias on mean elevations on the PPI–R substantive scales were examined ...


Borrow Or Buy? Cost-Effective Delivery Of Monographs, James Van Fleet, Jennifer Clarke Dec 2012

Borrow Or Buy? Cost-Effective Delivery Of Monographs, James Van Fleet, Jennifer Clarke

Jennifer Clarke

In an effort to reduce Interlibrary borrowing activity, while enhancing the Library collection, the Bertrand Library has initiated a program to purchase current monographs requested through ILL by Bucknell University students and faculty. The results have been a successful reduction in ILL workload, and a cost-effective means of document delivery as measured by average delivery time, cost-per-title, processing costs, and circulation statistics. This procedure reflects an overall change in our philosophy concerning document access and delivery, which led to the reorganization of ILL services and staff in the Bertrand Library.


Foundations Of Ontology-Based Mas Methodologies, Ghassan Beydoun, Numi Tran, Graham Low, Brian Henderson-Sellers Dec 2012

Foundations Of Ontology-Based Mas Methodologies, Ghassan Beydoun, Numi Tran, Graham Low, Brian Henderson-Sellers

Associate Professor Ghassan Beydoun

Support for software extensibility, interoperability and reuse are critical concerns for long term commercial viability of any MAS and they underpin the eventual adoption of agent technology by industry. Existing AOSE methodologies lack adequate support for these concerns. We argue in this paper that a methodology that uses ontologies as a central modelling artifact, beyond the analysis phase, is better equipped to address those concerns.

We observe that the influence of ontologies in Knowledge-based Systems (KBS) methodologies extended well beyond the initial analysis phase, leading to domain-independent KBS methodologies in the ’90s. We reflect on those lessons and on the ...


Optimal Population Size And Urban-Rural Composition Of A Distant, Large, Arid Island: A Model And Some Numerical Simulations, Amnon Levy, Reza Zamani Dec 2012

Optimal Population Size And Urban-Rural Composition Of A Distant, Large, Arid Island: A Model And Some Numerical Simulations, Amnon Levy, Reza Zamani

Dr Reza Zamani

Low population density and large distance from civilization centers generate high costs of isolation. Immigration reduces these costs for veteran residents but reduces social and cultural cohesion, increases the demand for scarce resources and affects the rate of urban unemployment. An expected net benefit maximization model for determining the optimal population size and the equilibrium urban-rural composition of an island similar to Australia is constructed. The model is simulated for various agricultural water prices. The simulation results illustrate the central role of the effect of immigration on urban unemployment rate in the determination of the island’s optimal population size.


A New Phase Unwrapping Algorithm Based On Three Wavelength Phase Shift Profilometry Method, Limei Song, Xiaoxiao Dong, Jiangtao Xi, Yanguang Yu, Chaokui Yang Dec 2012

A New Phase Unwrapping Algorithm Based On Three Wavelength Phase Shift Profilometry Method, Limei Song, Xiaoxiao Dong, Jiangtao Xi, Yanguang Yu, Chaokui Yang

Dr Yanguang Yu

Phase Shift Profilometry (PSP) method is widely used in 3D shape measurement. The advantage of the PSP method is that it is less sensitive to the surface reflectivity variations and the object can be measured point by point. But if only a single wavelength λ1 is used, the step height cannot be larger than λ1/4. In order to measure step height object, Gray Code (GC) and Multi-Wavelength Phase Shift Profilometry (MWPSP) method are used. But the GC method cannot solve the problem of the objects with a variety of colors under different illumination. The shortcoming of MWPSP ...


Geant4 Physics Processes For Microdosimetry Simulation: Design Foundation And Implementation Of The First Set Of Models, S. Chauvie, Z. Francis, S. Guatelli, S. Incerti, B. Mascialino, P. Moretto, P. Nieminen, Maria Pia Dec 2012

Geant4 Physics Processes For Microdosimetry Simulation: Design Foundation And Implementation Of The First Set Of Models, S. Chauvie, Z. Francis, S. Guatelli, S. Incerti, B. Mascialino, P. Moretto, P. Nieminen, Maria Pia

Susanna Guatelli

New physical processes specific for microdosimetry simulation are under development in the Geant4 Low Energy Electromagnetic package. The first set of models implemented for this purpose cover the interactions of electrons, protons and light ions in liquid water; they address a physics domain relevant to the simulation of radiation effects in biological systems, where water represents an important component. The design developed for effectively handling particle interactions down to a low energy scale and the physics models implemented in the first public release of the software are described.


Monotremes Provide A Key To Understanding The Evolutionary Significance Of Epididymal Sperm Maturation, Brett Nixon, Russell Jones, Jean-Louis Dacheux, Heath Ecroyd Dec 2012

Monotremes Provide A Key To Understanding The Evolutionary Significance Of Epididymal Sperm Maturation, Brett Nixon, Russell Jones, Jean-Louis Dacheux, Heath Ecroyd

Heath Ecroyd

"It has been widely accepted that mammalian spermatozoa are infertile when they leave the testes and require a period of maturation in both the epididymis and the female reproductive tract before acquiring the ability to fertilize an oocyte. However, the necessity for such a complex process of posttesticular sperm maturation appears to be unique to mammals because it is well established that these processes do not directly influence the fertilizing ability of the spermatozoa of birds, reptiles, and other lower vertebrates. Because of their key evolutionary position and form of reproduction, we contend that monotremes (platypus and echidna) provide a ...


Nmr Spectroscopy Of 14-3-3zeta Reveals A Flexible C-Terminal Extension: Differentiation Of The Chaperone And Phosphoserine-Binding Activities Of 14-3-3zeta, H Fu, Danielle Williams, Heath Ecroyd, John Carver, Lixin Zhang, Huanqin Dai, Joanna Woodcock, K Goodwin Dec 2012

Nmr Spectroscopy Of 14-3-3zeta Reveals A Flexible C-Terminal Extension: Differentiation Of The Chaperone And Phosphoserine-Binding Activities Of 14-3-3zeta, H Fu, Danielle Williams, Heath Ecroyd, John Carver, Lixin Zhang, Huanqin Dai, Joanna Woodcock, K Goodwin

Heath Ecroyd

Intracellular 14-3-3 proteins bind to many proteins, via a specific phosphoserine motif, regulating diverse cellular tasks including cell signalling and disease progression. The 14-3-3 isoform is a molecular chaperone, preventing the stressinduced aggregation of target proteins in a manner comparable with that of the unrelated sHsps (small heat-shock proteins). 1H-NMR spectroscopy revealed the presence of a flexible and unstructured C-terminal extension, 12 amino acids in length, which protrudes from the domain core of 14-3-3 and is similar in structure and length to the C-terminal extension of mammalian sHsps. The extension stabilizes 14-3-3, but has no direct role in chaperone action ...


Enhanced Molecular Chaperone Activity Of The Small Heat-Shock Protein Alphab-Cystallin Following Covalent Immobilization Onto A Solid-Phase Support, V Bellotti, Heath Ecroyd, J Carver, H J Griesser, B Thierry, J G Shapter, S S Griesser, S Giorgetti, M R Nussio, J A Gerrard, J Garvey Dec 2012

Enhanced Molecular Chaperone Activity Of The Small Heat-Shock Protein Alphab-Cystallin Following Covalent Immobilization Onto A Solid-Phase Support, V Bellotti, Heath Ecroyd, J Carver, H J Griesser, B Thierry, J G Shapter, S S Griesser, S Giorgetti, M R Nussio, J A Gerrard, J Garvey

Heath Ecroyd

The well-characterized small heat-shock protein, alphaB-crystallin, acts as a molecular chaperone by interacting with unfolding proteins to prevent their aggregation and precipitation. Structural perturbation (e.g., partial unfolding) enhances the in vitro chaperone activity of alphaB-crystallin. Proteins often undergo structural perturbations at the surface of a synthetic material, which may alter their biological activity. This study investigated the activity of alphaB-crystallin when covalently bound to a support surface; alphaB-crystallin was immobilized onto a range of solid material surfaces, and its characteristics and chaperone activity were assessed. Immobilization was achieved via a plasma-deposited thin polymeric interlayer containing aldehyde surface groups and ...


Capitalizing A Future Unsustainable: Finance, Energy And The Fate Of Market Civilization, Timothy Dimuzio Dec 2012

Capitalizing A Future Unsustainable: Finance, Energy And The Fate Of Market Civilization, Timothy Dimuzio

Timothy DiMuzio

Liberal capitalist polities are being held up as the ultimate civilizational achievement precisely at a point in time when the energy-demanding built environments and growth imperatives of these societies are threatened by global climate change and the coming end of cheap and abundant carbon energy. Throughout the twentieth century, this pattern of energy-intensive social reproduction was largely shaped by the oil and gas sector creating what I call a petro-market civilization. However, given the challenges presented by peak oil and global warming, transitioning to a low-carbon or green energy future has gathered increasing attention and investment. In this paper, I ...


Unintended Effects Of Implementation Intentions On Goal Pursuit Initiation Vs. Persistence: Substitution And Acceleration, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, Jose Rosa Dec 2012

Unintended Effects Of Implementation Intentions On Goal Pursuit Initiation Vs. Persistence: Substitution And Acceleration, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, Jose Rosa

Leona Tam

This research develops new insights into implementation intentions' effects on goal striving initiation vs. persistence. Across three studies, we identify and empirically explore two novel effects of implementation intentions under different conditions of regulatory fit – namely substitution and acceleration effects.


Enacting Change In Strategic Marketing Decisions: The Role Of Regulatory Focus In Teams, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, William Qualls, Jonathan Bohlmann Dec 2012

Enacting Change In Strategic Marketing Decisions: The Role Of Regulatory Focus In Teams, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, William Qualls, Jonathan Bohlmann

Leona Tam

No abstract provided.


Privacy- The Times They Are A-Changin', M.G. Michael, Katina Michael Dec 2012

Privacy- The Times They Are A-Changin', M.G. Michael, Katina Michael

Professor Katina Michael

This special section is dedicated to privacy in the information age. Since the rise of mobile social media in particular and the advent of cloud computing few can dispute that the times have changed. Privacy is now understood in context, and within a framework that is completely different to what it once was. The right to be let alone physically seemingly has been replaced by the right to give away as much information as you want virtually. What safeguards can be introduced into such a society? We cannot claim to wish for privacy as a right if we ourselves do ...


Video-Recorded Usability Testing Of A Web-Based Self-Administered Dietary Assessment, Yasmine Probst, David Steel, Linda Tapsell Dec 2012

Video-Recorded Usability Testing Of A Web-Based Self-Administered Dietary Assessment, Yasmine Probst, David Steel, Linda Tapsell

Professor David Steel

No abstract provided.