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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 264

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

It's All About Connections:Utilizing Webinars And Online Learning To Enhance Education, Diane Fulkerson Dec 2014

It's All About Connections:Utilizing Webinars And Online Learning To Enhance Education, Diane Fulkerson

Diane Fulkerson

No abstract provided.


E-Granthalaya: A Digital Agenda For Library Automation And Networking, Suresh Kumar Pk Dr. Dec 2012

E-Granthalaya: A Digital Agenda For Library Automation And Networking, Suresh Kumar Pk Dr.

SURESH KUMAR PK Dr.

No abstract provided.


Not Your Mother’S Pda: The Transition From Pda Pilot To Full Acquisitions Integration, Harriet Rykse, Bruce Fyfe, Nicole Nolan, Nazi Torabi, Erin Gallagher, Yves Vanier Dec 2012

Not Your Mother’S Pda: The Transition From Pda Pilot To Full Acquisitions Integration, Harriet Rykse, Bruce Fyfe, Nicole Nolan, Nazi Torabi, Erin Gallagher, Yves Vanier

Nazi Torabi

Western Libraries, an academic library with an FTE of 34,000, and Ingram Coutts, have worked together to implement an e-preferred Patron Driven Acquisition (PDA) program at Western Libraries. This implementation has required collaboration between Coutts and Western Libraries collection librarians to develop effective profiles. These profiles allow the PDA collection to be filtered according to subject and non-subject parameters. There are several aspects of this project that make it unique. First, every e-book that is selected by a PDA-preferred profile will automatically be loaded into the catalogue for PDA. Patrons will trigger a purchase if the book is accessed ...


Juvenile Gangs In Schools: Characteristics, Causes, And Possible Solutions, Gordon A. Crews Dec 2012

Juvenile Gangs In Schools: Characteristics, Causes, And Possible Solutions, Gordon A. Crews

Gordon A Crews

The purpose of this seminar is to acquaint participants with the ever-changing characteristics, often conflicting issues of causation, and various proposed solutions to the myriad of problems associated with gangs in schools. Special attention is given to the evolving nature of gangs in K-12 educational institutions (e.g., new types of juvenile groups developing and their associated behavior). Traditional subjects such as gang recruitment, initiation, and criminal activity are examined by discussing the many ways they manifest themselves in the school setting. Finally, a conceptual framework is presented by which a school can identify, understand, and begin to address a ...


Juvenile Delinquency And Violence: Examining International Police And Societal Response, Gordon A. Crews, Angela West Crews Dec 2012

Juvenile Delinquency And Violence: Examining International Police And Societal Response, Gordon A. Crews, Angela West Crews

Angela Crews

This presentation comparatively examines relationships in the United States, Eastern and Central Europe, Scandinavia, and parts of the Middle East among juvenile violence, "heavy metal" music, substance abuse, and participation in occult and "alternative" youth groups (e.g., Wicca, Satanism, vampirism, Goth). We trace the movement of certain groups, behaviors, and preferences and make a correlation between some of these movements and an increase in youth violence and substance abuse. The authors use results from surveys and participant observations in the U.S., Copenhagen, Germany, the Netherlands, & the Middle East (Egypt & Turkey) that indicate, however, that mere participation in these ...


Citizen And Officer Perceptions Of Community Policing In Ghana: Policing Of, By, And For The People, Or Just To The People?, Angela West Crews, Gordon A. Crews Dec 2012

Citizen And Officer Perceptions Of Community Policing In Ghana: Policing Of, By, And For The People, Or Just To The People?, Angela West Crews, Gordon A. Crews

Angela Crews

This presentation presents initial results of an evaluation of citizen and officer perceptions of policing in Ghana. The Ghana Police Service (GPS) is attempting to transition from a para-militaristic philosophy to a more community-centered approach, developing a domestic violence unit in the past decade and, more recently, a community policing unit. Community policing philosophies, however, face unique challenges in Ghanaian society, such as a deep-rooted (and historically well-founded) mistrust of the police, and a culture with a well-established and trusted “traditional” system wherein matters are settled within communities and impacted by religion, spirituality, and mysticism. This project used official reported ...


Juvenile Delinquency And Violence: Examining International Police And Societal Response, Gordon A. Crews, Angela West Crews Dec 2012

Juvenile Delinquency And Violence: Examining International Police And Societal Response, Gordon A. Crews, Angela West Crews

Gordon A Crews

This presentation comparatively examines relationships in the United States, Eastern and Central Europe, Scandinavia, and parts of the Middle East among juvenile violence, "heavy metal" music, substance abuse, and participation in occult and "alternative" youth groups (e.g., Wicca, Satanism, vampirism, Goth). We trace the movement of certain groups, behaviors, and preferences and make a correlation between some of these movements and an increase in youth violence and substance abuse. The authors use results from surveys and participant observations in the U.S., Copenhagen, Germany, the Netherlands, & the Middle East (Egypt & Turkey) that indicate, however, that mere participation in these ...


Citizen And Officer Perceptions Of Community Policing In Ghana: Policing Of, By, And For The People, Or Just To The People?, Angela West Crews, Gordon A. Crews Dec 2012

Citizen And Officer Perceptions Of Community Policing In Ghana: Policing Of, By, And For The People, Or Just To The People?, Angela West Crews, Gordon A. Crews

Gordon A Crews

This presentation presents initial results of an evaluation of citizen and officer perceptions of policing in Ghana. The Ghana Police Service (GPS) is attempting to transition from a para-militaristic philosophy to a more community-centered approach, developing a domestic violence unit in the past decade and, more recently, a community policing unit. Community policing philosophies, however, face unique challenges in Ghanaian society, such as a deep-rooted (and historically well-founded) mistrust of the police, and a culture with a well-established and trusted “traditional” system wherein matters are settled within communities and impacted by religion, spirituality, and mysticism. This project used official reported ...


Hong Kong Happiness Index Survey 2012, Lok Sang Ho Dec 2012

Hong Kong Happiness Index Survey 2012, Lok Sang Ho

Hong Kong Happiness Index 香港快樂指數調查

The “Hong Kong Happiness Index Survey 2012” indicates a slight slip of Hong Kong people’s happiness index to 70.5, from 71.3 last year on a scale of 0-100. As before, females continue to command a premium over males in happiness, and older people tend to be happier.

Both work pressures, particularly excessively long hours, and financial pressures are important causes of unhappiness among Hong Kong people. According to the survey results, low-income families are generally less happy than those better off. The lowest happiness score, at 66.9, however, goes to the sandwich class with monthly income ...


Promoting And Developing Oromummaa (Power Point), Asafa Jalata Dec 2012

Promoting And Developing Oromummaa (Power Point), Asafa Jalata

Sociology Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Educating For A Common Collective : Pedagogies Of Sharing And Caring, Anita Rampal Dec 2012

Educating For A Common Collective : Pedagogies Of Sharing And Caring, Anita Rampal

South South Forum 南南論壇

Declaring an ‘educational arms race’ with India and China, President Obama warned his country against ‘unilateral disarmament’ with budget cuts, because ‘countries that out-educate us today will out-compete us tomorrow.’ Militaristic jingoism leads to new terms such as ‘out-think’ and ‘out-educate’, reflecting a crassly competitive commodification of knowledge. This is contrary to the spirit of transformative education, which looks at education to reduce inequalities, to ensure sustainable development and to address social justice for all through collective action. Despite the Jomtien World Declaration on ‘Education For All’ with an ‘expanded vision’ - for the empowerment of children, youth and adults – national ...


梁漱溟乡村建设中心的当代实践 = Introduction Of Liang Shuming Rural Reconstruction Center, Lanying Zhang Dec 2012

梁漱溟乡村建设中心的当代实践 = Introduction Of Liang Shuming Rural Reconstruction Center, Lanying Zhang

South South Forum 南南論壇

梁漱溟乡村建设的核心思想是人的建设和社会的重建。在过去的20年里,一批年轻人在梁漱溟等先人思想的感召下,面对全球化带来的一些列社会问题的挑战,全身心地投入到乡村重建的工作中,从90年支持农民的维权行动,发展到2000年开展综合的新农村建设,坚持不懈地直到今天的生态文明建设的工作。梁漱溟乡村建设中心一直积极地参与到这些工作中,尤其是在组织大学生支农调研维权,到支持农民合作组织来建设农村的自治组织,通过社区支持农业来建构城市和农村互相支持的平台等方面发挥了重要的作用。

在多年的实践中,梁漱溟乡村建设中心意识到要实现乡村建设的目标是需要一个长期的努力过程,尤其是在培养人才,进而形成内生的自我解决社会问题的力量。在这个过程中,如何协助参与这个过程的人群的学习,不仅是我们自己,还有我们的合作伙伴-农民,作为主体能够意识到自身所处的小乡村的命运与大社会变革的关系,进而转化为主动型维护自身阶层利益的能力,是非常重要的,也是我们目前所面对的巨大挑战。

Liang Shuming’s core philosophy for rural reconstruction is human reconstruction and social reconstruction. In the past 20 years, a group of people, who believe the philosophy of rural reconstruction, have taken the challenges of globalization through supporting farmers’ legal appeal to protect their rights in the 1990s, supporting government’ new socialist rural reconstruction program in 2000s, and further to build ecological civilization in the society in 2010s. Liang Shuming Rural Reconstruction Center has actively participated ...


当代乡村建设的实践与反思, Jiaen Pan, Xiaohui Yan Dec 2012

当代乡村建设的实践与反思, Jiaen Pan, Xiaohui Yan

South South Forum 南南論壇

跳出生态看生态——以中国当代乡村建设实践为例 (潘家恩)

日益“时尚化”的生态议题绝不是少数人制造出来的末日预言,它是真实发生在我们身边的普遍现实,同时也是当代乡村建设的重要工作内容与面向,更是乡村建设结合其它工作进行深入思考的独特角度。所以,乡村建设必须直接回应生态与可持续议题,但需要结合以更广阔的整体视野。本文结合笔者所参与的三组当代乡村建设实际案例展开分析,希望将其放回具体和历史的脉络中,结合以经济、文化、政治等多种面向,尝试指出:生态有问题,不只是生态问题!乡村生态的改善之道自然不可就事论事。

As opposed to being an apocalyptic prophecy advocated by a small group of people, the increasingly “fashionable” ecological issues are not only popular realities happening in our daily life, but also important tasks and aspects of Contemporary Rural Reconstruction and a unique perspective for reflection in amalgamating discussions in Rural Reconstruction with other related tasks and disciplines. Therefore Rural Reconstruction must respond directly to the issues of Ecology and Sustainability but in doing so, requires the incorporation of a ...


Youth Involvement In Alternative Subcultures, Groups, Belief Systems, And Lifestyles: Examining International Police And Societal Response, Gordon A. Crews Dec 2012

Youth Involvement In Alternative Subcultures, Groups, Belief Systems, And Lifestyles: Examining International Police And Societal Response, Gordon A. Crews

Gordon A Crews

This presentation comparatively examines relationships in the United States, Eastern and Central Europe, Scandinavia, and parts of the Middle East among juvenile violence, "heavy metal" music, substance abuse, and participation in occult and "alternative" youth groups (e.g., Wicca, Satanism, vampirism, Goth). We trace the movement of certain groups, behaviors, and preferences and make a correlation between some of these movements and an increase in youth violence and substance abuse. The authors use results from surveys and participant observations in the U.S., Copenhagen, Germany, the Netherlands, & the Middle East (Egypt & Turkey) that indicate, however, that mere participation in these ...


人以何为本?合初人的反思与探索, Yi Zhu Dec 2012

人以何为本?合初人的反思与探索, Yi Zhu

South South Forum 南南論壇

我们认为当今中国以及全球的诸多社会问题和生态危机的关键在于:人们知道“以人为本”,却不知道“人以何为本”,人们追求幸福却不认识幸福的真相。

不认识幸福的真相,如何能找到幸福?不知道“人的本”是什么,“以人为本”将如何实现,又将带给人什么呢?

重庆民间非营利公益组织合初人文化传播社,就是在对这个问题的困惑与思考中创办的,也是在对这个问题的回答中找到了力量的源泉,并在持续的行动中不断地探索着现实的道路——从“本体健康”理念的提出,到健康文化的倡导,到农耕身心康复的尝试……

从帮助城市农民工的自我认知、自我认同、心理健康与人文社会公益教育,到城乡互助与CSA本地化实践……

从合初人自然农园雇佣劳动力从事农耕生产到扶持生态小农户的生态生计,再到“新农夫实习计划”……

从帮助农民工融入城市到“发现与复兴中国乡村社会的魅力”愿景……

从生态农业的试验到生态社区的设计……

从九年前用1万元注册机构组织到三年前1.5万元启动生态农园……

“幸福生活社区课堂”从城市到乡村……

合初人正在探索着如何不依赖政府和资本,如何靠普通人的互助,靠社会力量的支持,靠清醒的信念和本源的力量去持之以恒,走出属于普通人的更多自主、更多合作与更多快乐、幸福的生态生存与永续生活之路……


安龙村合作社经验, Fei Zhang Dec 2012

安龙村合作社经验, Fei Zhang

South South Forum 南南論壇

No abstract provided.


合作、教育、文化、综合 = Cooperation, Education, Culture, Synthesis, Yong Yuan Dec 2012

合作、教育、文化、综合 = Cooperation, Education, Culture, Synthesis, Yong Yuan

South South Forum 南南論壇

简阳市新天地水稻种植专业合作社推广生态农业模式创新

简阳市新天地水稻种植专业合作社成立于2010年3月,历时不到3年,合作社发展迅速,有机生产在全村得到全面推广。

1、合作是基础。新天地合作社在合作主体上由传统的纯农民变为“农户+专家+乡镇农技员”,整合了三方优势,提高了合作社整体素质。在管理上引进参与式方法,实现了民主,激发了农户自主性。

2、教育是关键。提高农户综合素质,特别是实现农户自我学习和自我教育,是推广生态农业的关键。合作社成立了文化中心,农民田间学校,采取举办专题研修班、读书日等方式,对农户进行生态农业、社交礼仪、营养保健、传统文化等多方面的培训学习,将教育作为合作社的首要工作和农民的最大福利。

3、文化是保障。在合作社开展文化建设是保证发展方向、提供发展动力的最佳办法。合作社成立了老年协会、妇女协会和文艺队,在农闲和各种节假日组织各种歌舞等文艺活动,并鼓励农户自己创作,激发农户创新热情。

4、综合促发展。针对农户的综合需求,提供养生保健、市场营销、文化教育、环境治理、儿童支教、统一生产管理等综合服务,促进社区综合发展。

An Innovative attempt to extend Eco-agricultural model by Xintiandi Rice-Planting Cooperative of Jianyang

Xintiandi Rice-planting cooperative of Jianyang was founded in March 2010. The cooperatives developed rapidly in the past three years and spread organic production all over the village.

1. Cooperation is the foundation of the cooperative. Xintiandi Cooperative changed ...


重庆市忠县自强残疾人服务站, Yuying Chen Dec 2012

重庆市忠县自强残疾人服务站, Yuying Chen

South South Forum 南南論壇

组织简介

重庆市自强残疾人服务站是一家成立于2002年5月,在民政部门登记注册残联业务主管的专为外出民工、工伤工友、职业病患者、残疾人、留守儿童等社会弱势群体提供资讯服务,推动自身能力建设的民办非企业单位。

组织理念

助人自助 自强不息

组织愿景

推动外出民工、工伤工友、职业病工友、残疾人、留守儿童等社会边缘群体自身能力建设,改良生存状况和生活质量,倡导团结协作、自强不息,促进社会不同成员公平地享有可持续发展的机会和环境。

服务内容

心理支持:

1、热线咨询、接待来访

为外出务工人员、职业灾害伤残工友提供信息服务和心理支持。

2、探访辅导

探访工伤工友、残疾人士,鼓励他们树立良好的心态,积极、乐观地面对生活,大胆融入社会,努力实现自立、自强。

3、励志启动

开展励志讲座,通过个案分享勉励大家勇于面对困难,树立实现人生价值的信念;书籍借阅,激励服务群体积极面对生活。

4、危机介入

对遭遇工伤、职业病、自然灾害、伤残等危机人群进行心理调适和治疗,使其摆脱危机影响。

生计发展

1、生计帮扶

通过个案访谈了解个体需求,辅助服务群体解决生计困境,并促进其自身能力的增强,实现可持续发展。

2、技能培训

组织开展技能培训,帮助服务群体发展生活能力,重建信心,通过提高自己的能力去改良生活环境。

职业干预

1、务工知识普及及培训

向外出务工人员普及务工知识;对职校学生开展务工前职业安全健康知识的培训,改善农民工务工环境。

2、职业康复锻炼

走访、调查,掌握实际情况,组建职业病康复锻炼网络,整合资源,以小组模式开展职业病的康复工作。

公众倡导

1、 派发资料,宣传演讲,倡导社会关注、尊重弱势群体。促进社会公正、和谐。

2、搭建交流平台,关注社会现状,推动服务群体生存状况的改良。

机构项目发展:在2002年5月成立重庆市忠县自强残疾人服务站,在2003年成立拔山镇社区尘肺病康复项目办公室,在2011年成立公益图书室。


田桂荣工作介绍 = Introduction Of Tian Guirong, Guirong Tian Dec 2012

田桂荣工作介绍 = Introduction Of Tian Guirong, Guirong Tian

South South Forum 南南論壇

2002年5月,新乡市环保志愿者协会正式成立,十年来,我们带领广大环保志愿者,以大力开展“保护母亲河”活动和拓展壮大环保志愿者队伍相结合为奋斗目标,为提升公众环保意识和推动民间环保事业开展了卓有成效的工作

2008年,我在北京参加中国人民大学举办的环保论坛,接触到了社区支持农业CSA项目,此后,我便开始寻找合适的区域来实施CSA项目。三年来,在各位领导朋友的帮助下,多次邀请专家规划生态园建设,确定了翔实的建设计划,目前已经初步建成一个林木环抱、自然植被丰富,生态结构、生物多样性保持完整的生态农庄。通过从事社区支持农业CAS项目,我们开创了农业生态建设的一条新路。特别是让广大青少年学生参加CSA健康有益的体验,对于丰富孩子们的课外生活,培养孩子的劳动意识与热爱大自然的情怀起到了积极的作用。

从环境角度来说,这里也是发展生态农业园的理想区域。无论男女老少,既可以在这里收获健康的身体又能够获得心灵上的愉悦。

在今后的工作中,我们将继续秉承“支持生态农业、发展绿色消费、促进城乡互助”的理念,借鉴国内外社区支持农业经验,立足于农村丰富的土地、劳动力资源,在先进的生态农业技术和传统的农耕技术的结合下,努力打造一个以生产、休闲、教育为特色的生态农业观光园。

In May, 2002, the Xin Xiang Environmental Volunteer Association was founded. Since then, with the goal of developing the “ProtectingMotherRiver” campaign as well as increasing the number of volunteers enrolled, we have leaded a lot of volunteers to evoke the public’s awareness of environmental preservation, and facilitated non-governmental environmental protection activities.

In2008, I attended a conference ...


王殿敏与王老兴粮食专业合作社简介, Dianmin Wang Dec 2012

王殿敏与王老兴粮食专业合作社简介, Dianmin Wang

South South Forum 南南論壇

王殿敏:

王殿敏,56岁,安徽阜南县柴集镇王老兴粮食专业合作社及妇女手工艺小组发起人。“全球千名妇女争评2005年诺贝尔和平奖”被提名人之一。她为了改变自己和村民的命运,先后建立了老年人协会、文艺演出队、王老兴粮食专业合作社。她带领村民学习法律政策并开展合法维权,发动大家集体出工修平了王老村的路,组织妇女们制作传统的手工千层底布鞋并在公益机构的协助下向城市推广。这样不仅改善了村民的生活又延续了中国灿烂的手工艺文化。

几十年来,王殿敏亲身经历了中国农村社会的种种变迁,仍然用最大的坚韧与勇气克服着各种阻力在艰难的乡村建设道路上前进着。

王老兴粮食专业合作社简介

王老兴粮食专业合作社位于安徽省阜南县柴集镇,2003年由王殿敏组织的老年人协会和文艺演出队发展而来。在2007年11月正式注册成立为合作社。合作社建立的目的是为了确保当地村民能够相对方便地买到各种农资,促进农活开展,服务于群众。现今合作社成员有300—400人,占整个村庄的1/5以上。该合作社经过民主选举的方式产生了会长,副会长,会计等一共7人的理事会,同时为了该合作社能够民主、平等、和谐地运作又设立了监事会,一共3人。

针对村民的不同需求,合作社采取不同的对策,比如,春节村民需要鞭炮就购入合格的鞭炮;春忙和秋收时节需要种子、化肥和农药,都会保质保量而且以合适的价格购入货物,节省村民的时间和发动村民的集体行动,让村民能够更好的进行农业生产。

合作社也会在村民的生活方面给予关心和照顾。村民们会互相了解对方农活的轻与重,互相帮助,合作社方面也会了解他们的生活和难处,达到互相关心,互相体谅,团结一心共同生活的和谐状态,拉近彼此的距离。

合作社会组织社员去邻近的村庄进行文化宣传和文艺表演,让各个村庄之间互相了解与交流。合作社也经常得到乡村建设志愿者的帮助,从2009年至今,在中国滋根乡村教育与发展促进会的支持下,与全球和平妇女中国办事处一起开展了传统手工艺及健康饮食的项目。合作社负责人王殿敏及妇女骨干代表多次到北京、山西等地进行学习、交流。妇女们的手工千层底布鞋在北京等地由志愿者协助义卖。大学生志愿者也到村庄进行访谈,记录了传统布鞋和当地传统食物的制作方法和制作者的故事,继承和推广了具有地方特色的传统手工艺文化。


工农社区大学与互助教育建设, Jiansheng Qiu Dec 2012

工农社区大学与互助教育建设, Jiansheng Qiu

South South Forum 南南論壇

今天世界的一个根本问题在于,资本主义“适者生存”的竞争逻辑被运用到了社会的各个方面,其中包括教育。中国教育在这一逻辑下走向产业化,从此乱象丛生,教育在城乡之间,在地区之间造成了严重的不平等,而单一的全球化知识系统则窒息了这个社会。所以,探讨以在地化知识系统的重构为基础的互助型经济、教育系统的构建成了摆在我们面前的迫切任务。福建乡村建设与平民教育团队自五年前开始进行工农社区大学的建设,分别在沿海工业区及内地农村设立社区大学,进行知识的再生产和传播,希望以互助教育的建设为纽带,构建互助型而非斗争型的社会生态。互助教育系统倡导“三平主义”与“三民主义”的教育,即平等的新民教育,公平的民生教育,和平的民权教育。


新工人文化教育及组织建设, Heng Sun Dec 2012

新工人文化教育及组织建设, Heng Sun

South South Forum 南南論壇

一、中国新工人三亿人群历史及现状

1、中国改革开放、城市化、工业化的三十年也是中国新工人群体形成的三十年

2、三亿新工人、一亿新生代工人、八千万流动留守儿童,回不去的乡村,待不下的城市,迷失流动在城乡之间

3、中国新工人阶级形成的三个条件:自在阶级、阶级意识、自我组织

二、新工人文化教育

1、打工子女教育

2、劳工教育

3、工人文化

三、新工人组织建设

1、工人社区组织

2、劳工NGO组织

3、工人组织网络

四、城乡互助

1、城市的工人组织

2、农村的农民组织

3、城乡互助


中国滋根乡村教育与发展促进会简介, Lei Liu Dec 2012

中国滋根乡村教育与发展促进会简介, Lei Liu

South South Forum 南南論壇

中国滋根乡村教育与发展促进会(以下简称“中国滋根”)成立于1995年,是在国家民政部正式登记的全国性、非营利性社会团体。

中国滋根的宗旨,是支持以人为中心、可持续的发展。

中国滋根支持的对象,是中国贫困农村的农民,以及在城市里艰难谋生的农民工。

支持的重点是人的基本需求,包括基础教育、成人教育、基本医疗卫生、小型经济文化项目和环境保护技术的推广。

“一校一村”:村校互动,打造乡村综合发展参与平台

自2009年以来,中国滋根在长期支持乡村教育与乡村发展的基础之上,从“项目合理布局、资金适度集中、长期扎根基层、立足能力建设”出发,开发了“一校一村”项目群实施计划。

“一校一村”项目“以学校为中心,以村庄为基础”。重视乡村小学作为村庄的中心、社区的公共空间、乡土文化和民族文化传承的平台所起到的重要作用,也是对中国自2001年以来实施的“撤点并校”政策进行的反思,以及就如何保留并建设乡村小学进行多元化的尝试,并就“撤点并校”政策的改进进行试点和政策倡导。

“一校一村”项目以教育为切入点,注重整合学校、社区和家庭的教育功能,鼓励村民和学生家长参与到学校发展中来,组织“家长—教师”协会参与学校发展事务,开展乡土文化进课堂,并在学校基础设施建设中投工投劳。继而鼓励村民和学生家长参与到村庄的其他公共事务中,如村庄垃圾处理、道路修建、乡村文艺队、小型合作经济、合作社建设等。

“一校一村”项目强调村民的能力建设,并为村民提供多样化的学习渠道和交流机会。开展不同省份项目点的互访、不同地区发展经验的交流以及参加各种有关乡村发展的交流会;同时和各级政府部分、各类培训机构合作,直接到村,解决村庄生活生产发展难题。

“一校一村”项目从学校教育、成人教育出发,向基本医疗卫生、小型经济文化项目和环境保护技术的推广迈进,使得项目种类更加多样化,项目内容更加切合当地的特点和需要。其中较为关键的就是让当地人自己去发现问题,讨论解决问题的方法,并一起行动起来去促进问题的解决。

“一校一村”项目都是由由当地人提出申请、提出解决方案。中国滋根工作人员所起到的作用就是和当地人一起发现问题,找到切实有效的解决问题的思路,参与当地项目的实施,总结乡村可持续发展的经验。

“一校一村”项目注重和地方各级政府部门的合作,注重各方社会公益力量的参与,从而打造一个乡村综合发展的参与平台,对公益力量和社会资源进行有效整合,推动城乡互动、村校互动、村民互动,从而促进着村庄的综合发展。


略论农村合作社三大集团与统筹城乡共同发展长效机制, Bolin Jiang Dec 2012

略论农村合作社三大集团与统筹城乡共同发展长效机制, Bolin Jiang

South South Forum 南南論壇

No abstract provided.


信即可得证 : 农信之家与三大集团建设, Yongmo Xie Dec 2012

信即可得证 : 农信之家与三大集团建设, Yongmo Xie

South South Forum 南南論壇

北京农信之家的前身是百信资金互助社制度推广团队,并于2011年8月11日由吉林、河南、江苏、浙江、河北等地的10家资金互助组织共同出资在北京设立机构,农信之家的使命是:传播农民信用合作文化,提高农民信用组织化。农信之家成立1年多以来,在河南濮阳、山东菏泽等地推动了30家资金互助组织的成立。

农信之家未来的发展方向和目标是:认真践行科学发展观,通过联合与合作打造中国最大的金融集团、投资集团、消费集团!通过三大集团推动新农村建设和城乡共同发展,参与国际竞争与合作,构建世界最有社会责任的企业社团组织!

将交流以下问题:

一、农信之家成立的背景

二、农信之家的具体开展的工作及具体做法

三、农信之家取得的经验和成效

四、农信之家遇到的困难

五、农信之家的战略规划


Sustainability In Rural Development Projects In Mexico = 墨西哥农村发展项目的可持续性, Aylin Topal Dec 2012

Sustainability In Rural Development Projects In Mexico = 墨西哥农村发展项目的可持续性, Aylin Topal

South South Forum 南南論壇

This paper aims to scrutinize the concept of sustainability in rural development projects by focusing on two recently established “sustainable rural cities” inChiapas,Mexico. First, it will analyze how the International Development Institutions and the Mexican state authorities have employed the concept of rural sustainability. Second, it will lay a historical background to examine why and how these sustainable rural cities have become a policy priority of the Mexican state since 2010. Finally, the paper will present and discuss the findings of the fieldwork carried out in sustainable rural cities of San Juan Grijalva and Santiago el Pinar. The paper ...


西班牙老区的社区发展实践 = Projects Of Community Development In An Old Community In Spain, Hang Xia Dec 2012

西班牙老区的社区发展实践 = Projects Of Community Development In An Old Community In Spain, Hang Xia

South South Forum 南南論壇

On a small town by the Ebro River the European economic model caused strong reactions in the local population. The social cultural movement protests against the serious problems regarding immigration, environment and social coexistence and its impacts.

Our three year practice of Community Intercultural Intervention in the old neighborhood of Tortosa tapped into the history of the social movement struggling against the transposition of the Ebro River in 2005 and evolved into the anti-nuclear movement. During the winter in 2007-08 radioactive particles were released from the Ascó nuclear power plant and the private company that concealed the incident was fined ...


Csas In Canada And China: Innovation And Paradox, Anthony M. Fuller, Theresa Schumilas, Zhenzhong Si Dec 2012

Csas In Canada And China: Innovation And Paradox, Anthony M. Fuller, Theresa Schumilas, Zhenzhong Si

South South Forum 南南論壇

In recent years thousands of diverse alternative food networks and ventures have emerged around the world. Critical food scholars have argued that these alternatives are in response to a global agro-industrial system which disconnects people from food production and associated ecologies, and that this in turn results in a number of environmental, social, and economic crises vulnerabilities (cf Gomiero, Pimentel & Maurizio, 2011; Weis, 2010). Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) initiatives were among the earliest of these alternatives.

In the original CSA approach, a group of consumers (usually referred to as ‘members’ or ‘shareholders’ support a producer by purchasing a share of the farm ...


Gerplasm Property Regimes And The Dilemma Of Sovereignty = 种质产权和维护主权的两难, Tung-Yi Kho Dec 2012

Gerplasm Property Regimes And The Dilemma Of Sovereignty = 种质产权和维护主权的两难, Tung-Yi Kho

South South Forum 南南論壇

This presentation examines intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes as they apply to agricultural germplasm in the context of global North-South relations. The issue is pertinent particularly since TRIPs (Trade-related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) became enshrined in the statutes of the World Trade Organization in 1994, institutionalizing the notion of "germplasm as property" throughout the globe. Yet, the idea of "germplasm as property" is historically a notion culturally specific to the global North. It is perhaps no surprise that many germplasm patents are being held on biological matter that originated in the South – in the Vavilovian "centers of diversity". This ...


逆流而上 : 巴西与中国农民合作社比较 = Against The Grain : A Comparison Of Peasants’ Cooperatives In Brazil And China, Bing Zheng, Tsui Sit Dec 2012

逆流而上 : 巴西与中国农民合作社比较 = Against The Grain : A Comparison Of Peasants’ Cooperatives In Brazil And China, Bing Zheng, Tsui Sit

South South Forum 南南論壇

1980-1990年代,新自由主义风行于全世界。当时巴西危机四伏,(外)债台高筑、通胀恶化、失业率上升、罪案频发,社会冲突此起彼落。越来越多的人一无所有,无以为计,无耕种之地,无栖身之所。另一边厢,中国推行经济改革,采取出口导向的政策,企图在世界中心占一席位。结果引致成千上万的国有工厂工人下岗,农民涌入城市打工。中国现代化借着市场化与商品化的推动,急速发起来,在这股浩浩荡荡的浪潮下,三农(农民、农村、农业)日趋衰落,极待解决。面对急速的现代化、城市化与资本化的主流意识形态,小农村社似乎没有将来可言。被国家权力机构边缘化和忽略的庶民,生存条件越趋恶劣,越见其直面困难的韧力和创造力。本文尝试了解与比较庶民自发组织的力量与实践,他们在寻求生存之道的同时,往往给我们提供了走向摆脱目前困境的、不一样的未来的启示。

本文以巴西无地农民运动(Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra,MST) 于1988年,Santa Catarina 州,成立的西部农牧生产合作社(COOPERATIVA DE PRODUÇÃO AGROPECUARIA UNIÃO DO OESTE, 简称COOPERUNIÃO),及1998年成立的中国山西省永济市浦韩农村社区为例,阐述民众如何自发组织起来,解决两大难题: (1)公共资源的私有化;(2)以金钱为本的人际关系。MST乃巴西最大的社会运动之一,为争取土地改革而奋斗了超过25年。COOPERUNIÃO被喻为MST合作社模范之一; 浦韩农村社区前身是永济市农民协会,是中国第一家注册的农民组织。现在被喻为农民协会的典范。

两地农村社区努力保存农民的身份及付诸实践: 种地为生,兼经营小工业。两个合作社采取集体管理公共资源像土地与劳动力。COOPERUNIÃO在占领土地之后便成立合作社。蒲韩农村社区成立数个合作社,抗拒个人主义与私有化的浪潮。他们的目的并非有朝一日变成大型粮农企业或者屈从其下。两者的社会结构乃家庭为单位,兼由村社共同治理。两者不断推动体现生态与伦理价值的有机耕作。还有,透过农产品的公平贸易,达至城乡良性互动与合作。

除了经济活动,两者均组织文化与社区活动。被边缘的群体像妇女、老人、青少年、残疾人等都获得机会参加各式各样重建社区的活动。两者均以青年教育与领袖培训为建设未来农村社会工作的重中之重。

两者全力推行以上所有活动乃基于此信念:人民真正的财富乃培育互为依存的、互助互惠的、互相敬重的社会关系,而非以金钱为核心价值的资本主义的社会关系。

During the ...