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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Public Libraries And Homeless Lgbtq Youth: Creating Safe Spaces Through Cultural Competence, Julie Ann Winkelstein Dec 2012

Public Libraries And Homeless Lgbtq Youth: Creating Safe Spaces Through Cultural Competence, Julie Ann Winkelstein

Doctoral Dissertations

This social justice research case study was conducted in an effort to understand the role of the public library in the daily lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) homeless youth. Concerns about the influences of space, power, human rights, and marginalization informed the researcher and served as critical guides. To gain insight into this question, one-on-one interviews were conducted with public librarians, service providers who work with homeless youth, and the youth themselves. Grounded theory provided a basis for the analysis of the collected conversations.

Six theoretical concepts of time, attitude, building relationships, welcoming, feeling safe ...


Re-Conceptualizing The Information Use Environment: Enablers Of And Constraints To Human Information Behavior In Hospice Care Volunteerism In The Southeastern Appalachian Region, Sheri L. Edwards Dec 2012

Re-Conceptualizing The Information Use Environment: Enablers Of And Constraints To Human Information Behavior In Hospice Care Volunteerism In The Southeastern Appalachian Region, Sheri L. Edwards

Doctoral Dissertations

Hospice care has seen an explosive growth in the last decade, with 42% of all deaths in 2010 in the US occurring under the care of a hospice program. A central aspect of hospice care is (unpaid) volunteer work, which is unique among other types of volunteer work in that it is strictly regulated by the Medicare hospice benefit, in which 94% of all hospices currently participate. As a cost-saving measure, Medicare requires that at least 5% of total patient care hours are undertaken by volunteers. However, hospice care faces a number of challenges, including a rapidly aging society that ...


The Relationship Between Self-Directed Learning And Information Literacy Among Adult Learners In Higher Education, Tiffani Reneau Conner Dec 2012

The Relationship Between Self-Directed Learning And Information Literacy Among Adult Learners In Higher Education, Tiffani Reneau Conner

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-directed learning and information literacy. Participants completed the Personal Orientation in Self-Directed Learning Scale ([PRO-SDLS], Stockdale, 2003) and the Information Literacy Test ([ILT], James Madison University, 2003). The PRO-SDLS is a self-report scale consisting of 25 statements about self-directed learning preferences in college classrooms. The ILT is a 60-item multiple-choice test that assesses the information literacy skills of college students. Correlation, ANOVA, and multiple regressions were used to test relationships and differences between self-directed learning and information literacy. Despite claims that teaching information literacy creates self-directed learners, composite scores ...


What Does It Take Them Just To Get The Job? An Analysis Of Employability Skills Of Today’S Lis Graduates: Implications For Lis Curricula, Stan Trembach, Liya Deng, Andy Thomas Nov 2012

What Does It Take Them Just To Get The Job? An Analysis Of Employability Skills Of Today’S Lis Graduates: Implications For Lis Curricula, Stan Trembach, Liya Deng, Andy Thomas

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

The information world is changing every day and so are the skills and competencies that an information professional needs. The school curricula, however, cannot be changed so fast. Therefore, a good curriculum has not only to be able to cover today’s needs but also to be adaptive enough to accommodate tomorrow’s needs. In order to have a better understanding of the information skills and competencies, the School of Library and Information Science at the University of South Carolina conducted a survey in 2010. Although there was limited response to the survey (17 in total), the results revealed that ...


Cultural Heritage Informatics Leadership (Chil), Md Hassan Zamir Nov 2012

Cultural Heritage Informatics Leadership (Chil), Md Hassan Zamir

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

This research work examines the prospects and challenges of LIS education worldwide and introduces the doctoral fellowship program, Cultural Heritage Informatics Leadership (CHIL), launched by the School of Library and Information Science (SLIS) of University of South Carolina. It describes the major features and outcomes of CHIL. The Fall 2011 CHIL fellows are interviewed in this regard; later on a structured interview is also conducted with CHIL fellows. Initial findings of the interview indicate that the learning objectives and professional backgrounds of the selected fellows harmonize with the outcomes and targets of the CHIL program. The paper also specifies that ...


Cultural Heritage Informatics Leadership (Chil), Md Hassan Zamir Nov 2012

Cultural Heritage Informatics Leadership (Chil), Md Hassan Zamir

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

This research work examines the prospects and challenges of LIS education worldwide and introduces the doctoral fellowship program, Cultural Heritage Informatics Leadership (CHIL), launched by the School of Library and Information Science (SLIS) of University of South Carolina. It describes the major features and outcomes of CHIL. The Fall 2011 CHIL fellows are interviewed in this regard; later on a structured interview is also conducted with CHIL fellows. Initial findings of the interview indicate that the learning objectives and professional backgrounds of the selected fellows harmonize with the outcomes and targets of the CHIL program. The paper also specifies that ...


Citizen Participation In The Biological Sciences: A Literature Review Of Citizen Science, Todd Suomela, Erica Johns Nov 2012

Citizen Participation In The Biological Sciences: A Literature Review Of Citizen Science, Todd Suomela, Erica Johns

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

The growth of citizen science over the past decade is shown by the increasing number of references to the topic tracked by bibliographic databases such as the Web of Science. The current survey examines the literature on citizen science in the biological and environmental sciences. A number of projects have studied insects and pollinators, avian migration, invasive species, horticulture, marine species, phenology, wildlife behavior, and ecosystems. The projects share a number of themes: including field study of distributed populations, questions about data accuracy, and benefits for the public such as improving public participation in science, expanding the number of people ...


Challenges To Sharing Data Among Environmental Scientists And Data Managers In The Southeastern United States, Mary Beth Ross West, Miriam L.E. Steiner Davis Nov 2012

Challenges To Sharing Data Among Environmental Scientists And Data Managers In The Southeastern United States, Mary Beth Ross West, Miriam L.E. Steiner Davis

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

Poster Submission

The Increasing Biological Information Sources: Technical Assistance and Support for Delivery and Technology Transfer (IBIS) project was funded by the United States Geological Survey’s National Biological Infrastructure (NBII) to identify relevant data sets in areas of research that served NBII’s stakeholders: environmental decision makers, researchers and scientists including citizen scientists, and teachers and students. The IBIS project also developed biodiversity information tools and services to address the accessibility of USGS provided biodiversity information.

For this report, forty data sets were identified and analyzed by the IBIS researchers; the results of the data set interviews are presented ...


Biodiversity Information For Natural Resource Management: Information Needs And Practices In Southern Appalachia, Miriam Davis, Carol Tenopir Nov 2012

Biodiversity Information For Natural Resource Management: Information Needs And Practices In Southern Appalachia, Miriam Davis, Carol Tenopir

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

Introduction

Natural resource managers rely on high quality, current and complete environmental information to make decisions about how resources and landscapes are managed for biodiversity conservation and human use. As such, they represent a unique combination of research scientist, decision maker and practicing professional. In addition, given the applied nature of their work, relating to conservation, resource use and policy, they are frequently required to make timely decisions with real world consequences. However, wading through the vast amounts of currently available scientific and technical knowledge to find needed information can be a challenge. To be useful, this information must be ...


The Information Behavior Of Hospice Volunteer Coordinators, Sheri Edwards Nov 2012

The Information Behavior Of Hospice Volunteer Coordinators, Sheri Edwards

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

This study explores the information behavior of hospice volunteer coordinators employed in hospice care in Southern Appalachia. The study is conceptualized according to Taylor's Information Use Environment (IUE) and uses a qualitative approach by employing the critical incident technique (CIT) in order to elicit emic descriptions of participants' memorable episodes of information behavior and enablers of and constraints on that behavior. Fifteen of twenty volunteer coordinators have participated. Data analysis incorporates a dual method of grounded theory and structuration theory. Preliminary analysis of the data reveals that company manuals and colleagues are the most widely-used sources of information, and ...


Data Curation Education In Research Centers Poster, Chris Eaker Nov 2012

Data Curation Education In Research Centers Poster, Chris Eaker

Annual Research Symposium of the College of Communication and Information

The volume of scientific data is growing exponentially across all scientific disciplines. Competent information professionals are needed to sort, catalog, store, and retrieve this data for future research and education requirements. In response to this need, the goal of the Data Curation Education in Research Centers (DCERC) project is to develop curriculum to educate information science students in the critical field of scientific data curation. Three masters degree students at University of Tennessee (UT) and three doctoral students at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign are completing year one of the program. Each brings to the field of data curation skills ...


Universities Should Rethink The Publishing Model, Linda L. Phillips Sep 2012

Universities Should Rethink The Publishing Model, Linda L. Phillips

Other Library Publications and Works

In response to Chronicle of Higher Education article ("Documents Show U. of Missouri Press Suffered Years of Mixed Signals, Aug 3, 2012, pp. A-16-17) letter advocates for universities to develop business models to protect their investments in scholarly publishing.


Organizational Storytelling In Academic Libraries: Roles, Addressees And Perceptions, Monica Colon-Aguirre Aug 2012

Organizational Storytelling In Academic Libraries: Roles, Addressees And Perceptions, Monica Colon-Aguirre

Doctoral Dissertations

Libraries have survived throughout millennia while retaining particular characteristics that help define them as organizations. This study focuses on academic libraries, by exploring the world of the academic library employee through one of the most recent alternatives to organizational studies: knowledge management. Knowledge management is a relatively new approach to management, which focuses on people as the main components of organizations, and explores ways in which the knowledge created by them allows organizations to innovate and compete successfully. Storytelling is one of the ways knowledge is transferred among employees. This qualitative study explores the perceptions academic reference librarians have regarding ...


The Internet And Health Information: Differences In Pet Owners Based On Age, Gender, And Education, Lori R. Kogan, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Ann R. Viera Jul 2012

The Internet And Health Information: Differences In Pet Owners Based On Age, Gender, And Education, Lori R. Kogan, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Ann R. Viera

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Small Animal Clinical Sciences

Objective:

The research assessed the attitudes and behaviors of pet owners pertaining to online search behavior for pet health information.

Methods:

A survey was conducted with a random sample of pet owners drawn from two US metropolitan areas and surrounding cities. Participating clinics were chosen randomly, and each participating clinic was asked to distribute 100 surveys to their clients until all surveys were disbursed.

Results:

Although some perceptions and behaviors surrounding the use of the Internet for pet health information differ based on gender, age, or education level of pet owners, there are many aspects in which there are no ...


The Information Landscape Of A Wicked Problem: An Evaluation Of Web-Based Information On Colony Collapse Disorder For A Spectrum Of Citizen Information Seekers, Reid Isaac Boehm May 2012

The Information Landscape Of A Wicked Problem: An Evaluation Of Web-Based Information On Colony Collapse Disorder For A Spectrum Of Citizen Information Seekers, Reid Isaac Boehm

Masters Theses

The following research takes a mixed method approach to understanding the information landscape of a wicked problem. Wicked problems are defined as being uncertain in cause, having many stakeholders with conflicting interests, and inevitably have no foreseeable solution. Through the study a framework is implemented that assesses a portion of the landscape of colony collapse disorder information from the federal government via the web. Using a government information valuation framework that takes into account a spectrum of citizen user needs, the research was able to look at the information content within the context of the public sphere and to apply ...


Potential Effects Of Institutional Repositories On Nursing Research Dissemination, Sarah Jane Mcclung May 2012

Potential Effects Of Institutional Repositories On Nursing Research Dissemination, Sarah Jane Mcclung

Masters Theses

Institutional repositories (IRs) might be important tools for nursing faculty to utilize as they have the potential to improve research dissemination on a timely basis to the nursing community at large. This topic is worth investigating because the field of nursing has been struggling for many decades to facilitate the relationship between theory and methods by transferring the knowledge gained from nursing research to the approaches used in nursing practice. The recent focus on evidence-based practice in nursing education is proof of the field’s attempts at shrinking the information gap between nurse researcher and nurse clinician. Methods for dissemination ...


Lawyers And Their Books: The Augusta County Law Library Association, 1853-1883, Gregory Harkcom Stoner May 2012

Lawyers And Their Books: The Augusta County Law Library Association, 1853-1883, Gregory Harkcom Stoner

Masters Theses

During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, law books of various types contained the vital information needed by Virginia’s practicing attorneys and judges. Access to these resources, however, was generally limited to personal collections and a handful of libraries. Despite numerous calls for the creation of libraries by theVirginiagovernment, state legislators took little action of note.

This study explores the history and origins of law libraries in Virginia by focusing on the formation and evolution of the Augusta County Law Library Association, one of the first libraries organized in Virginia under state legislation enacted in 1853 that authorized the creation ...


Interface, Spring 2012, School Of Information Sciences Apr 2012

Interface, Spring 2012, School Of Information Sciences

Interface Newsletter

Behind the unflagging spirit of SIS there are three themes that resonate throughout this issue of Interface. First, the School continues to be client-centric and is working hard to reach out to all of its constituencies—the students, the alumni and to its many friends and partners. Second, we have become more focused setting priorities and aligning our resources to achieve our goals and outperform as never before in research, teaching and service. And third, how we look is part of who we are—professional, innovative, and successful. You will discover these themes as you read about personnel changes that ...


How To Create A Great Video Tutorial (Pre Conference Workshop), Michelle Brannen, Alan H. Wallace Mar 2012

How To Create A Great Video Tutorial (Pre Conference Workshop), Michelle Brannen, Alan H. Wallace

Other Library Publications and Works

This pre-conference will cover the basics of planning, editing and publishing a video tutorial or tour. The presenters will cover the basics of creating a high quality product. We will discuss and demonstrate audio recording. Attendees will be given video samples to practice hands on editing with iMovie software. At the end of the workshop, students should be comfortable with the process and motivated to plan and produce their own videos.


Deeken: Writers In The Libraries, Joanne Deeken Mar 2012

Deeken: Writers In The Libraries, Joanne Deeken

Other Library Publications and Works

WIL for ACRL


Data Curation Education In Research Centers Poster, Christopher Eaker, Erica Johns, Kayla Siddell Feb 2012

Data Curation Education In Research Centers Poster, Christopher Eaker, Erica Johns, Kayla Siddell

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

The volume of scientific data is growing exponentially across all scientific disciplines. Competent information professionals are needed to sort, catalog, store, and retrieve this data for future research and education requirements. In response to this need, the goal of the Data Curation Education in Research Centers (DCERC) project is to develop curriculum to educate information science students in the critical field of scientific data curation. Three masters degree students at University of Tennessee (UT) and three doctoral students at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign are completing year one of the program. Each brings to the field of data curation skills ...


The Value Of Scholarly Reading In The Life Sciences, Carol Tenopir, Rachel Volentine Jan 2012

The Value Of Scholarly Reading In The Life Sciences, Carol Tenopir, Rachel Volentine

School of Communication Studies Publications and Other Works

Surveys of academic staff in six universities in the U.K. provide insights for publishers and universities into scholarly article, book, and other publication reading patterns of academics and differences based on academic discipline of readers. These surveys were part of the 2011 UK Scholarly Reading and the Value of the Library Study funded by JISC Collections and based on Tenopir and King Studies conducted since 1977. Reading patterns of life and environmental scientists differ from other disciplines, in particular social sciences. Scholarly articles, especially those obtained from the library’s e-journal collections, are vital to the work of all ...


An Exploratory Study Of The Nature And Composition Of Current Library And Information Science Programs In Indian State Universities, Bharat Mehra, Devendra Potnis, Jennifer Morden Jan 2012

An Exploratory Study Of The Nature And Composition Of Current Library And Information Science Programs In Indian State Universities, Bharat Mehra, Devendra Potnis, Jennifer Morden

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- EECS

This brief article explores the current state of library and information science (LIS) programs in terms of their nature and composition in state universities in India. Preliminary findings were based on a content analysis of representative information regarding LIS education available on the websites of all state universities and colleges that offer LIS programs in India. Findings indicated broad trends in administrative structuring and nomenclature of LIS programs which requires standardization. The type of degrees awarded, the composition of faculty positions, student places per year and student-faculty ratios was also found to be varied among the different institutions. The lack ...


Cognitions, Emotions, And Applications: Participants’ Experiences Of Learning About Strengths In An Academic Library, Allison Sharp, Jeanine Williamson Jan 2012

Cognitions, Emotions, And Applications: Participants’ Experiences Of Learning About Strengths In An Academic Library, Allison Sharp, Jeanine Williamson

Other Library Publications and Works

No abstract provided.


The Embedded Repository: Introducing An Institutional Repository To A New Audience Via Location-Aware Social Networking, Robin A. Bedenbaugh, Holly Mercer Jan 2012

The Embedded Repository: Introducing An Institutional Repository To A New Audience Via Location-Aware Social Networking, Robin A. Bedenbaugh, Holly Mercer

Faculty: Peer-Reviewed Publications -- UT Libraries

The authors report the outcome of a partnership between a university marketing and communications department and a university library. The research aimed to determine whether providing links to institutional digital repository content on location-based social media is a viable marketing approach. Foursquare tips were added to locations on the Texas A&M University campus with links to repository content. The authors subsequently monitored repository traffic using Google Analytics to determine how many users were being referred by the Foursquare service. Research indicates that users will click through links on Foursquare to visit the institutional repository, and that they will explore ...


The Library Development Review 2011-2012, University Of Tennessee Libraries Jan 2012

The Library Development Review 2011-2012, University Of Tennessee Libraries

Library Development Review

No abstract provided.