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2012

Labor Economics

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Articles 1 - 30 of 424

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Vocational Rehabilitation (Vr) Approaches To Job Development, Catherine Ipsen, University Of Montana Rural Institute Dec 2012

Vocational Rehabilitation (Vr) Approaches To Job Development, Catherine Ipsen, University Of Montana Rural Institute

Employment

Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies provide a range of services to help people with disabilities become employed. How services are delivered, however, depends on several factors including client interests and abilities as well as economic opportunities within the local community. For better or worse, rural and urban clients face vastly different employment landscapes. For instance, USDA Economic Resource Service data indicate that rural people earn lower wages and experience lower employment rates (ERS, 2012). Rural counties also have fewer full-time jobs per capita, particularly in skilled labor sectors (ERS, 2012; Parker, 2003). Urban areas have higher employment rates in professional and ...


Odd Couple: International Trade And Labor Standards In History. By Michael Huberman. New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press, 2012. Pp. Xii, 237. $65.00, Cloth., Joshua L. Rosenbloom Dec 2012

Odd Couple: International Trade And Labor Standards In History. By Michael Huberman. New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press, 2012. Pp. Xii, 237. $65.00, Cloth., Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Joshua L. Rosenbloom

The years between 1870 and 1914 constituted a first episode of globalization, characterized by rising levels of international trade and robust economic growth. They were also, at least in Europe, the time when important elements of the welfare state—insurance against the risks of unemployment, sickness, industrial accidents, and old age—as well as labor protections—such as factory inspection and limits on the hours of work of women and children—were first introduced.


Information And Employee Evaluation: Evidence From A Randomized Intervention In Public Schools, Jonah E. Rockoff, Douglas O. Staiger, Thomas J. Kane, Eric S. Taylor Dec 2012

Information And Employee Evaluation: Evidence From A Randomized Intervention In Public Schools, Jonah E. Rockoff, Douglas O. Staiger, Thomas J. Kane, Eric S. Taylor

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

We examine how employers learn about worker productivity in a randomized pilot experiment which provided objective estimates of teacher performance to school principals. We test several hypotheses that support a simple Bayesian learning model with imperfect information. First, the correlation between performance estimates and prior beliefs rises with more precise objective estimates and more precise subjective priors. Second, new information exerts greater influence on posterior beliefs when it is more precise and when priors are less precise. Employer learning affects job separation and productivity in schools, increasing turnover for teachers with low performance estimates and producing small test score improvements ...


Pre- And Post- Wage Differences Of Trade Adjustment Assistance Job Training Participants In Arkansas, Kimberley Hall Gordon Dec 2012

Pre- And Post- Wage Differences Of Trade Adjustment Assistance Job Training Participants In Arkansas, Kimberley Hall Gordon

Theses and Dissertations

A number of costs are associated with the implementation of trade agreements not the least of which is the cost to the American workforce. The information age ushered in an era of globalization unlike anything the world economy had experienced before. As countries raced forward to dominate emerging markets and grow market share, millions of American workers were left in the wake. A remedy to the plight of the dislocated worker was found in trade adjustment assistance, specifically in job training benefits.

This study examined the wage differences experienced by Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) job training participants served through the ...


The Striking Success Of The National Labor Relations Act, Michael L. Wachter Dec 2012

The Striking Success Of The National Labor Relations Act, Michael L. Wachter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Although often viewed as a dismal failure, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) has been remarkably successful. While the decline in private sector unionization since the 1950s is typically viewed as a symbol of this failure, the NLRA has achieved its most important goal: industrial peace.

Before the NLRA and the 1947 Taft-Hartley Amendments, our industrial relations system gave rise to frequent and violent strikes that threatened the nation’s stability. For example, in the late 1870s, the Great Railroad Strike spread throughout a number of major cities. In Pittsburg alone, strikes claimed 24 lives, nearly 80 buildings, and over ...


Neoclassical Labor Economics: Its Implications For Labor And Employment Law, Michael L. Wachter Dec 2012

Neoclassical Labor Economics: Its Implications For Labor And Employment Law, Michael L. Wachter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Whereas law and economics appears throughout business law, it never caught on in legal commentary about labor and employment law. A major reason is that the goals of the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), the country’s foundational labor law, are at war with basic principles of economics. The lack of integration is unfortunate if understandable. Notwithstanding the NLRA’s normative goal to keep wages out of competition, economic analysis applies as centrally to labor markets as to any other market.

One of the NLRA’s primary goals is to equalize bargaining power. Its drafters envisioned achieving this goal through ...


Teaching New Markets Old Tricks: The Effects Of Subsidized Investment On Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman Nov 2012

Teaching New Markets Old Tricks: The Effects Of Subsidized Investment On Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

This paper examines the effects of investment subsidized by the federal government’s New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program, which provides tax incentives to encourage private investment in low-income neighborhoods. I identify the impacts of the program by taking advantage of a discontinuity in the rule determining the eligibility of census tracts for NMTC-subsidized investment. Using this discontinuity as a source of quasi-experimental variation in commercial development across tracts, I find that subsidized investment has modest positive effects on neighborhood conditions in low-income communities. Though spillovers appear to be small and crowd out incomplete, the results suggest that some of ...


A Methodology For Setting State And Local Regression-Adjusted Performance Targets For Workforce Investment Act Programs, Randall W. Eberts, Wei-Jang Huang, Jing Cai Nov 2012

A Methodology For Setting State And Local Regression-Adjusted Performance Targets For Workforce Investment Act Programs, Randall W. Eberts, Wei-Jang Huang, Jing Cai

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

Beginning with PY2009, the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration (USDOL/ETA) adopted a regression-adjusted approach for setting national targets for several federal workforce development programs, including WIA Adult, Dislocated Worker, and Youth programs. Prior to that time, national targets were based on past performance and the desire to encourage continuous improvement in the workforce programs. The continuous improvement approach typically increased target levels from year to year without a systematic way of accounting for changes in economic conditions or the ability to meet previous targets. The onset of the 2007–2009 recession drew into question ...


Successful Initiatives For Disability Prevention: Site Visits Provide Practical Suggestions For Employers, Rochelle Habeck, H. Hunt Nov 2012

Successful Initiatives For Disability Prevention: Site Visits Provide Practical Suggestions For Employers, Rochelle Habeck, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Expert Advisory Panel On Occupational Health And Safety, H. Hunt Nov 2012

Expert Advisory Panel On Occupational Health And Safety, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

This project developed a set of recommendations to improve occupational health and safety in Ontario, Canada. The project addressed the roles and responsibilities of the occupational health and safety system partners and the role of the joint health and safety committees. It evaluated the information and data collection and exchange, the use of technology, and incentives in the system. Supply chain and subcontracting issues were also discussed.


Institute Research And Public Policy On Disability, H. Allan Hunt Nov 2012

Institute Research And Public Policy On Disability, H. Allan Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Introduction [To Inflation Protection For Workers' Compensation Claimants In Michigan], H. Hunt Nov 2012

Introduction [To Inflation Protection For Workers' Compensation Claimants In Michigan], H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Adequacy Of Earnings Replacement In Workers' Compensation Programs: A Report Of The Study Panel On Benefit Adequacy Of The Workers' Compensation Steering Committee, National Academy Of Social Insurance, H. Allan Hunt Nov 2012

Adequacy Of Earnings Replacement In Workers' Compensation Programs: A Report Of The Study Panel On Benefit Adequacy Of The Workers' Compensation Steering Committee, National Academy Of Social Insurance, H. Allan Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

The Workers’ Compensation Steering Committee of the National Academy of Social Insurance formed the Benefit Adequacy Study Panel to review the literature on benefit adequacy and to develop an approach to document what is currently known—and not known—about benefit adequacy in WC programs. The panel documents the extent to which WC cash benefits replace workers’ lost wages, and assesses the adequacy of that wage replacement.


Washington Pension System Review, H. Allan Hunt Nov 2012

Washington Pension System Review, H. Allan Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Recent Trends In Clerical Employment: The Impact Of Technological Change, H. Hunt, Timothy Hunt Nov 2012

Recent Trends In Clerical Employment: The Impact Of Technological Change, H. Hunt, Timothy Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Clerical Employment And Technological Change: A Review Of Recent Trends And Projections, H. Allan Hunt, Timothy L. Hunt Nov 2012

Clerical Employment And Technological Change: A Review Of Recent Trends And Projections, H. Allan Hunt, Timothy L. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Employee Retention And Integrated Disability Management Practices As Demand Side Factors, Rochelle Habeck, H. Hunt, Colleen Rachel, John Kregel, Fong Chan Nov 2012

Employee Retention And Integrated Disability Management Practices As Demand Side Factors, Rochelle Habeck, H. Hunt, Colleen Rachel, John Kregel, Fong Chan

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Understanding The New Policy Environment, H. Hunt Nov 2012

Understanding The New Policy Environment, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


The Business Climate: Costs Approach, Timothy Hunt, H. Hunt Nov 2012

The Business Climate: Costs Approach, Timothy Hunt, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


The Michigan Disability Prevention Study: Research Highlights, H. Allan Hunt, Rochelle Virginia Habeck Nov 2012

The Michigan Disability Prevention Study: Research Highlights, H. Allan Hunt, Rochelle Virginia Habeck

H. Allan Hunt

This 3-year collaborative research project was designed to provide empirical evidence to substantiate the impact of various employer policies and practices on the prevention and management of workplace disability. It studied a random sample of 220 Michigan establishments with more than 100 employees from seven different industries who responded to a mail survey in the first half of 1991. The study correlates differences in employer-reported levels of achievement on policy and practice dimensions with performance on disability outcome measures, while controlling for a set of establishment characteristics in a multivariate regression analysis.


Implementation Of The Job Training Partnership Act: Final Report, Robert Cook, Caricia Fisher, H. Hunt, Sarah Liebschutz, Gretchen Maclachlan, Susan Macmanus, Mark Morlock, Kenneth Palmer, Alex Pattakos, V. Rawlins, Kalman Rupp, Wayne Turnage Nov 2012

Implementation Of The Job Training Partnership Act: Final Report, Robert Cook, Caricia Fisher, H. Hunt, Sarah Liebschutz, Gretchen Maclachlan, Susan Macmanus, Mark Morlock, Kenneth Palmer, Alex Pattakos, V. Rawlins, Kalman Rupp, Wayne Turnage

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


The Robots Are Coming, H. Hunt, Timothy Hunt Nov 2012

The Robots Are Coming, H. Hunt, Timothy Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Introduction [To Adequacy Of Earnings Replacement In Workers' Compensation Programs], H. Hunt Nov 2012

Introduction [To Adequacy Of Earnings Replacement In Workers' Compensation Programs], H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Intrastate Differences In Workers' Compensation Costs: October 1986 Closed Case Study, H. Allan Hunt, Leslie E. Lance Nov 2012

Intrastate Differences In Workers' Compensation Costs: October 1986 Closed Case Study, H. Allan Hunt, Leslie E. Lance

H. Allan Hunt

It is the goal of this study to present an empirical description of the Michigan workers' compensation system as of 1986 which will enable the comparison of the operation of the current system with the 1978 system in order to measure the impact of the policy changes implemented in the early 1980s.


Two Rounds Of Workers' Compensation Reform In Michigan, H. Hunt Nov 2012

Two Rounds Of Workers' Compensation Reform In Michigan, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


The Workers' Compensation System Of British Columbia: Still In Transition, H. Allan Hunt, Peter S. Barth, Michael J. Leahy Nov 2012

The Workers' Compensation System Of British Columbia: Still In Transition, H. Allan Hunt, Peter S. Barth, Michael J. Leahy

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Successful Employer Strategies For Preventing And Managing Disability, Rochelle Habeck, Susan Scully, Brett Vantol, H. Hunt Nov 2012

Successful Employer Strategies For Preventing And Managing Disability, Rochelle Habeck, Susan Scully, Brett Vantol, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Accountability: Comparing And Benchmarking Performance Of Wc Systems, H. Allan Hunt Nov 2012

Accountability: Comparing And Benchmarking Performance Of Wc Systems, H. Allan Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


The Incidence Of Workers' Compensation Claims In Michigan: Final Report, H. Allan Hunt Nov 2012

The Incidence Of Workers' Compensation Claims In Michigan: Final Report, H. Allan Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.


Michigan Closed Case Survey: Origins And Technical Description, H. Hunt Nov 2012

Michigan Closed Case Survey: Origins And Technical Description, H. Hunt

H. Allan Hunt

No abstract provided.