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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Taxation And The Australian Superannuation System: An International Comparison, Corinne Cortese, John Glynn Oct 2012

Taxation And The Australian Superannuation System: An International Comparison, Corinne Cortese, John Glynn

John J Glynn

This study demonstrates the taxation burden applied to Australian superannuation. The superannuation schemes and supporting taxation systems of five OECD countries are reviewed. A hypothetical scenario is applied to demonstrate the imbalance of the Australian system relative to comparable nations. Given concerns about the aging population, this research supports calls for further reforms to the taxation of superannuation in Australia, highlighting the need to make superannuation taxation policies more consistent with government efforts to encourage superannuation savings and self-funded retirement.


Taxing Our Future: The Burden Of The Australian Superannuation Taxation System, Corinne Cortese, John Glynn Oct 2012

Taxing Our Future: The Burden Of The Australian Superannuation Taxation System, Corinne Cortese, John Glynn

John J Glynn

This study provides an examination of the Australian superannuation system and demonstrates the onerous taxation burden applied to Australian superannuation contributions and earnings. Using Canada, New Zealand, the UK, and the USA as a basis for comparison, the superannuation schemes and supporting taxation systems of each of the five countries of the study are reviewed. A scenario is developed and applied that demonstrates the inequity of the Australian system relative to comparable nations. Given concerns about the ageing population, this research supports calls for further reforms to the taxation of superannuation in Australia, which highlight the need to make superannuation ...


Our Retirement In Their Hands: A User Perspective, Cotinne Cortese, David Aylward, John Glynn Oct 2012

Our Retirement In Their Hands: A User Perspective, Cotinne Cortese, David Aylward, John Glynn

John J Glynn

This research reports on the results of a survey of Australian retirees which provide information on attitudes surrounding financial planning advice before, at or after retirement. These results demonstrate that, despite government initiatives aimed at enhancing consumer confidence in the financial services market, most retirees continue to feel dissatisfied with, and lack confidence in, the services provided by their financial advisors. This suggests an increased role for financial planners to provide not only the additional information required under government policy, but also to provide information that is understandable and useful to the retirees that rely on it.


Unit Root Tests And Structural Breaks: A Survey With Applications, John Glynn, Nelson Perera, Reetu Verma Oct 2012

Unit Root Tests And Structural Breaks: A Survey With Applications, John Glynn, Nelson Perera, Reetu Verma

John J Glynn

The theme of unit roots in macroeconomic time series have received a great amount of attention in terms of theoretical and applied research over the last three decades. Since the seminal work by Nelson and Plosser (1982), testing for the presence of a unit root in the time series data has become a topic of great concern. This issue gained further momentum with Perron’s 1989 paper which emphasized the importance of structural breaks when testing for unit root processes. This paper reviews the available literature on unit root tests taking into account possible structural breaks. An important distinction between ...


Organization-Based Social Marketing: An Alternative Approach For Organizations Adopting Sustainable Business Practices, Mary Franks Papakosmas, Gary Noble, John Glynn Oct 2012

Organization-Based Social Marketing: An Alternative Approach For Organizations Adopting Sustainable Business Practices, Mary Franks Papakosmas, Gary Noble, John Glynn

John J Glynn

This article conceptualizes a new area for social marketing practitioners by focusing on individual behavior change that might occur within organizations. Organization-Based Social Marketing (OBSM) draws from organization change theory and internal marketing theory, while maintaining social marketing’s focus on beneficial behavior modification. The article argues that as such, OBSM represents a viable approach for organizations seeking to address the increasing demand for change strategies that promote proenvironmental behavior among their employees


Sme Innovation Within The Australian Wine Industry: A Cluster Analysis, David Aylward, John Glynn Oct 2012

Sme Innovation Within The Australian Wine Industry: A Cluster Analysis, David Aylward, John Glynn

John J Glynn

This paper assesses core innovation activity among SMEs within different levels of cluster development. The aim of the paper, using empirical data from the Australian wine industry, is to demonstrate that innovation levels and activity intensify as an industry cluster develops. By dividing wine clusters into ‘innovative’ (highly developed) and ‘organised’ (less developed) models, the paper uses selected core indicators of innovation activity to explore levels of integration within each model. This integration is examined in the context of Porter’s theory of ‘competitive advantage’, with implications for SMEs in particular, and lessons for industry clusters in general.


The Accord: Mark Two, And Beyond, James Hagan, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Accord: Mark Two, And Beyond, James Hagan, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Regulation Of Aboriginal Labour In Queensland: Protectors, Agreements And Trust Accounts 1897/ 1965, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Regulation Of Aboriginal Labour In Queensland: Protectors, Agreements And Trust Accounts 1897/ 1965, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Social Contract - A New Path To Economic Recovery, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Social Contract - A New Path To Economic Recovery, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Ilo And The Australian Contribution To The International Labour Standards Debate, Chris Nyland, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Ilo And The Australian Contribution To The International Labour Standards Debate, Chris Nyland, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

Summarizes the debate between those who are urging the World Trade Organization to adopt a social clause that links the right to engage in international trade with basic labour rights, and those who believe that this would harm the ability of developing countries to compete with the advanced economies because it would prevent them paying lower wages to their workers. Sets out the background to this debate, before examining how it has been carried forward in Australia, looking at the submissions made to the Duffy Report, published in 1996, and the subsequent debate. Analyses the positions taken by the Australian ...


Centuries Of Aboriginal Unemployment In Nsw, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Centuries Of Aboriginal Unemployment In Nsw, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Politics In The Oxley Region 1894-1920, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Politics In The Oxley Region 1894-1920, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Share Farming And The Development Of The Dairy Industry In New South Wales 1890‐1940, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Share Farming And The Development Of The Dairy Industry In New South Wales 1890‐1940, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

This article assesses the role of share fanning in the NSW dairy industry until the second world war. It examines the origins of the industry and the effects of the 'Dairy Revolution' on the production of milk, cream and butter in the context of the NSW government's policy of 'closer settlement'. It considers the advantages and disadvantages of share farming for both landlords and share farmers and traces some of the social and economic consequences for the industry and the people involved. In doing so it offers a new explanation for the expansion of the industry and the problems ...


A Century Of Aboriginal Unemployment In Nsw, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

A Century Of Aboriginal Unemployment In Nsw, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Political Economy Of Australian Capitalism, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Political Economy Of Australian Capitalism, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Can The Accord Survive?, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Can The Accord Survive?, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Government Sector And The Private Sector: An Input-Output Analysis For Australia, Robert Castle, J Guest Jun 2012

Government Sector And The Private Sector: An Input-Output Analysis For Australia, Robert Castle, J Guest

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Actu And The Accord, James Hagan, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Actu And The Accord, James Hagan, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Child Labour In South Asia: Domestic And International Initiatives Including Ilo And Wto, D P Chaudhri, Robert Castle, Chris Nyland Jun 2012

Child Labour In South Asia: Domestic And International Initiatives Including Ilo And Wto, D P Chaudhri, Robert Castle, Chris Nyland

Robert G. Castle

South Asia has the largest concentration of child labour and of children not participating in school education. This paper aims to examine the trends in the incidence of child labour in five countries of the region, for the period 1965-1995 and to to delineate patterns in socio-economic correlates relevant to this issue. Multilateral organizations and national governments need to focus the greater part of their efforts on the children most at risk-i.e., those in morally and physically hazardous occupations. The national governments must focus more on agriculture and home-based occupations in the informal sector which account for a large ...


Seasonal Work And Aboriginal Employment In Two Rural Areas Of New South Wales, 1921–78, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Seasonal Work And Aboriginal Employment In Two Rural Areas Of New South Wales, 1921–78, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

This paper has several areas of focus. It chronicles the history of Aboriginal employment in Australia in two contrasting areas; it identifies the characteristics of that employment and traces the nature of its change over time; it outlines the attitude of Aborigines towards their work, and the impact of that work on Aboriginal society; it also considers the attitudes of white Australians towards Aborigines and their employment. Finally, it draws some conclusions concerning the responses of the Aborigines to pressures put on them by the economy and society of the white man.


The Economic Summit: A New Style In Planning For Recovery, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Economic Summit: A New Style In Planning For Recovery, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Accord - Principles, Performance And Prospects, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

The Accord - Principles, Performance And Prospects, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Settlers And The State: The Creation Of An Aboriginal Workforce In Australia, Robert Castle, Jim Hagan Jun 2012

Settlers And The State: The Creation Of An Aboriginal Workforce In Australia, Robert Castle, Jim Hagan

Robert G. Castle

White settlement of Australia began a process whereby the Aboriginal people who had settled the Australian continent for 40,000 years were dispossessed of their land, economy, society and often their lives. Henry Reynold's 'Law of the Land'' demonstrates the impact of the application of the doctrine of 'Terra Nullius' on Aboriginal society and the subsequent development of black-white relations in Australia. Land was the foundation of Aboriginal life - of an economic, religious and cultural system centred on hunting and gathering which provided a basis for a sustainable and stable society. The alienation of Aboriginal land and the resulting ...


Dependence And Independence: Aboriginal Workers On The Far South Coast Of Nsw 1920-75, R Castle, J Hagan Jun 2012

Dependence And Independence: Aboriginal Workers On The Far South Coast Of Nsw 1920-75, R Castle, J Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Jim Hagan: A Memoir, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Jim Hagan: A Memoir, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

Jim Hagan died suddenly on 20 October 2009, three days short of his eightieth birthday. He was one of the last of a group of left-wing Australian historians whose world view was formed by the Depression of the 1930s. Its impact influenced his intellectual development, his focus as an historian and his wider political and social activities.


Examining Higher School Certificate Economics, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Examining Higher School Certificate Economics, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Trade Unions And An Australian Labour Government: A Social Contract For The 80s?, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Trade Unions And An Australian Labour Government: A Social Contract For The 80s?, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Labour Clauses, The World Trade Organisation And Child Labour In India, Robert Castle, D P Chaudhri, Chris Nyland Jun 2012

Labour Clauses, The World Trade Organisation And Child Labour In India, Robert Castle, D P Chaudhri, Chris Nyland

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Deregulation Debate, Robert Castle Jun 2012

The Deregulation Debate, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Boston-Area Haswic Research Circle: An Innovative Participatory Method For Coloring In The Picture Of A Special Work Environment, Susan Moir, Lenore Azaroff Feb 2012

The Boston-Area Haswic Research Circle: An Innovative Participatory Method For Coloring In The Picture Of A Special Work Environment, Susan Moir, Lenore Azaroff

Susan Moir

Recent qualitative studies have investigated some of the hazards affecting women in non-traditional trades such as construction. However, one-time interactions among researcher participants, and between researchers and participants, in standard settings such as focus groups and interviews, cannot provide the time, space, and relationships to fully explore tradeswomen's in-depth knowledge of their work environment. This study applied a Scandinavian method called the Research Circle to convene a group of experienced women construction workers repeatedly over a period of two years so they could collaborate with researchers in explaining workplace issues. The results both validated and expanded upon previous findings ...