Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Grouping And Prioritizing Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia?, Robert Macgregor, Charles Harvie, Peter Hyland Nov 2012

The Grouping And Prioritizing Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia?, Robert Macgregor, Charles Harvie, Peter Hyland

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

Increasing use of ICT technologies in medical practices has led to a number of studies examining their use in rural as well as urban settings. The purpose of this study is to examine how GPs in rural and urban practice group and prioritise the driving forces for ICT adoption. Correlation and factor analysis was performed on the data sets (198 GPs, 122 Rural - 76 urban) obtained by means of a survey questionnaire. Not only do the results show that the drivers can be 'simplified' from 16 to 2 or 3, but they also show that there are differences both in ...


Do Organisational Characteristics Explain The Differences Between Drivers Of Ict Adoption In Rural And Urban General Practices In Australia, Robert C. Macgregor, Peter N. Hyland, Charles Harvie Nov 2012

Do Organisational Characteristics Explain The Differences Between Drivers Of Ict Adoption In Rural And Urban General Practices In Australia, Robert C. Macgregor, Peter N. Hyland, Charles Harvie

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

A number of studies have compared general medical practices in rural locations with those in urban locations. Some of these studies have concentrated on the reasons why a GP might choose to work in a rural or urban setting. Others have examined the type of work required to be undertaken by medical professionals. Increasing use of information and communications technology (ICT) in medical practices has led to some studies examining their use in rural as well as urban settings. However, little if any research has examined whether ICT adoption drivers differ between rural and urban GPs based on their organisational ...


The Grouping And Prioritising Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie, Robert Macgregor Nov 2012

The Grouping And Prioritising Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie, Robert Macgregor

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Propensity Of Chinese University Students For Leisure Travel Within Australia, Yun Zhang, Lois Burgess, Gregory M. Kerr Nov 2012

Understanding The Propensity Of Chinese University Students For Leisure Travel Within Australia, Yun Zhang, Lois Burgess, Gregory M. Kerr

Lois Burgess

The provision of education to international students in Australia is increasingly important tothe higher education sector as well as other industry sectors including tourism. Althoughprevious studies have identified the contributions of international students to tourism, thereare limited studies investigating leisure travel behaviour based on student nationality andsegments within nationalities. As the first stage of a broader study, this research by way ofopen-ended interviews, investigates the propensity of Chinese university students to travelwithin Australia. By way of qualitative data analysis the findings reveal a number ofparadoxes which need to be addressed in further research to better understand the attitudesand behaviours of ...


Is The Rising Cost Of Education Uniform Across All Of Australia's Capital Cities?, Abbas Valadkhani, Shima Hassan Zadeh Forughi, Amir Arjomandi Oct 2012

Is The Rising Cost Of Education Uniform Across All Of Australia's Capital Cities?, Abbas Valadkhani, Shima Hassan Zadeh Forughi, Amir Arjomandi

Amir Arjomandi

This paper compares and contrasts the aggregate cost of education in Australia with the cost of education in each of its eight capital cities surveyed in the Consumer Price Index. It appears that education is becoming a relatively more expensive item among Australian households with rising substantial differences across various geographical areas. Over the last three decades on average the Australian economy witnessed an overall annual inflation rate of 4.2 per cent, whereas the growth of education cost was 7.3 per cent per annum. It is interesting to note that the rising cost of education was not the ...


Investing In Australia: A Cultural And Practical Guide, John Glynn, Martin O'Shannessy, Rob Goodfellow Oct 2012

Investing In Australia: A Cultural And Practical Guide, John Glynn, Martin O'Shannessy, Rob Goodfellow

John J Glynn

This practical guide for overseas investors and visitors to Australia who want to consider setting up a new business operation or investing in business there provides the background to the country's business culture. It also includes a directory listing agencies and selected resources.


Taxation And The Australian Superannuation System: An International Comparison, Corinne Cortese, John Glynn Oct 2012

Taxation And The Australian Superannuation System: An International Comparison, Corinne Cortese, John Glynn

John J Glynn

This study demonstrates the taxation burden applied to Australian superannuation. The superannuation schemes and supporting taxation systems of five OECD countries are reviewed. A hypothetical scenario is applied to demonstrate the imbalance of the Australian system relative to comparable nations. Given concerns about the aging population, this research supports calls for further reforms to the taxation of superannuation in Australia, highlighting the need to make superannuation taxation policies more consistent with government efforts to encourage superannuation savings and self-funded retirement.


On The Motivations Of Corporate Giving In Australia, John Cantrell Aug 2012

On The Motivations Of Corporate Giving In Australia, John Cantrell

John Cantrell

This paper proposes further research be conducted to advance our knowledge in the field of non-profit marketing through the development of frameworks to help identify the drivers of corporate giving in Australia. Existing conceptualisations are predominately based on limited overseas research, and take little account of the commercial realities of corporate life and the increasing pressures facing many organisations in achieving concrete outcomes from their giving behaviour. In an environment of increased competition for scarce resources amongst non-profits, the better understanding of how and why corporations provide support will be beneficial. It will enable non-profit organisations to better communicate with ...


An Analysis Of The Financial Services Regulations Of Australia, Shyam S. Bhati Aug 2012

An Analysis Of The Financial Services Regulations Of Australia, Shyam S. Bhati

Shyam Bhati

The purpose of this paper is to critically analyse various aspects of Australian Financial Services Regulation in terms of Llewellyn’s Theory of Financial Services Regulation and offer suggestions for the improvement of FSR based on the analysis. A discussion based approach is used to conduct this analysis. It is observed that the FSR Act, 2001 of Australia does not cover credit products thereby leaving an important segment of the market outside the purview of the Act. The policies developed by Australian Securities and Investment Commission (ASIC) on FSR Act relies on Industry self regulation as mechanism of creating trust ...


Evolution Of Australian Government Industry Statement: Building A Competitive Australia, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Evolution Of Australian Government Industry Statement: Building A Competitive Australia, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Regional Problems In The Implementation Of Labout Market Programs: Aboriginal Employment Programs In Australia, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Regional Problems In The Implementation Of Labout Market Programs: Aboriginal Employment Programs In Australia, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


The Economic Imperative For Restructuring In Australia And New Zealand, Robert Castle, Nigel Haworth Jun 2012

The Economic Imperative For Restructuring In Australia And New Zealand, Robert Castle, Nigel Haworth

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Government Sector And The Private Sector: An Input-Output Analysis For Australia, Robert Castle, J Guest Jun 2012

Government Sector And The Private Sector: An Input-Output Analysis For Australia, Robert Castle, J Guest

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


“Unfree" Labour On The Cattle Stations Of Northern Australia, The Tea Gardens Of Assam, And The Rubber Plantations Of Indo-China, 1920–50, Robert Castle, James Hagan, Andrew Wells Jun 2012

“Unfree" Labour On The Cattle Stations Of Northern Australia, The Tea Gardens Of Assam, And The Rubber Plantations Of Indo-China, 1920–50, Robert Castle, James Hagan, Andrew Wells

Robert G. Castle

This chapter examines unfree labour in three industries in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. It focuses on the forms and consequences of protest which arose amongst workers in these industries in response to the conditions under which they were employed. The Assamese tea industry, Vietnamese rubber plantations and Northern Australian cattle ranching used differing means of production, technology and investment but all relied on colonial governments to enable them to recruit and retain a 'contracted' labour force. The forms of the labour relationship varied but led to protests which often took on a wider meaning in struggles for liberation.


Settlers And The State: The Creation Of An Aboriginal Workforce In Australia, Robert Castle, Jim Hagan Jun 2012

Settlers And The State: The Creation Of An Aboriginal Workforce In Australia, Robert Castle, Jim Hagan

Robert G. Castle

White settlement of Australia began a process whereby the Aboriginal people who had settled the Australian continent for 40,000 years were dispossessed of their land, economy, society and often their lives. Henry Reynold's 'Law of the Land'' demonstrates the impact of the application of the doctrine of 'Terra Nullius' on Aboriginal society and the subsequent development of black-white relations in Australia. Land was the foundation of Aboriginal life - of an economic, religious and cultural system centred on hunting and gathering which provided a basis for a sustainable and stable society. The alienation of Aboriginal land and the resulting ...


Australia And The World In The Twentieth Century, Josephine Castle, Robert Castle, Chris Fisher, Allan Healy, Jim Hagan Jun 2012

Australia And The World In The Twentieth Century, Josephine Castle, Robert Castle, Chris Fisher, Allan Healy, Jim Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Economic Imperatives For Restructuring In Australia, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Economic Imperatives For Restructuring In Australia, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Social And Economic Change In Australia In World War Ii, Robert Castle Jun 2012

Social And Economic Change In Australia In World War Ii, Robert Castle

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Australia Since 1945, Robert Castle, James Hagan Jun 2012

Australia Since 1945, Robert Castle, James Hagan

Robert G. Castle

No abstract provided.


Balancing The Seesaw: How Australia's Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Can Fail, Andrew S. Tan, Mary A. Kaidonis, Lee C. Moerman Apr 2012

Balancing The Seesaw: How Australia's Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Can Fail, Andrew S. Tan, Mary A. Kaidonis, Lee C. Moerman

Mary Kaidonis

Australia’s ratification of the Kyoto Protocol and the recent release of the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Green Paper affirm the Government’s commitment toward carbon emissions reduction and the advancement of the environmental cause. Using a naïve model which maximises the environmental cause at the expense of financial impact on the economy, this paper highlights how the failure of the first phase of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme can be attributed to the over-relaxation of parameters crucial to the success of the scheme as measured by verified reduction in emissions. The Government’s preferred position as elucidated in ...


A Longitudinal Study Of The Use Of The Web By Regional Tourism Organisations (Rtos) In Australia, Lois Burgess, Belinda Parrish, Joan Cooper, Carole Alcock Apr 2012

A Longitudinal Study Of The Use Of The Web By Regional Tourism Organisations (Rtos) In Australia, Lois Burgess, Belinda Parrish, Joan Cooper, Carole Alcock

Belinda Gibbons

The information-intensive nature of the tourism and travel industry suggests an important role for Web technology in the promotion and marketing of tourist destinations. The rapid development of the Internet is also having profound impacts on the industry. In fact, travel and tourism has become the single largest category of products sold over the Internet (Tourism White Paper, 2007). With reports of travel purchases and reservations being one of the fastest growing segments of the Internet community it is no surprise that the number of tourism operators on the Web has increased considerably over the past few years. This paper ...


A Conceptual Model Of The Factors Affecting The Choice Of Nonprofit Organisation By Large Corporations In Australia, John Cantrell, Elias Kyriazis, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Algie Apr 2012

A Conceptual Model Of The Factors Affecting The Choice Of Nonprofit Organisation By Large Corporations In Australia, John Cantrell, Elias Kyriazis, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Algie

Gary Noble

This paper develops a new conceptualisation of corporate giving which advances our knowledge in the field of nonprofit marketing through the development of a model which assists in identifying the drivers of corporate giving in Australia. Existing conceptualisations are limited in that the commercial realities of corporate life and the pressures that many organizations face in achieving concrete outcomes from their giving behaviour have not been properly reflected in research results. In an environment of increased competition amongst nonprofits for donations in terms of money, resources, and volunteers the better understanding of how and why corporations give will enable nonprofit ...


A Conceptual Model Of The Factors Affecting The Choice Of Nonprofit Organisation By Large Corporations In Australia, John Cantrell, Elias Kyriazis, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Algie Apr 2012

A Conceptual Model Of The Factors Affecting The Choice Of Nonprofit Organisation By Large Corporations In Australia, John Cantrell, Elias Kyriazis, Gary I. Noble, Jennifer Algie

John Cantrell

This paper develops a new conceptualisation of corporate giving which advances our knowledge in the field of nonprofit marketing through the development of a model which assists in identifying the drivers of corporate giving in Australia. Existing conceptualisations are limited in that the commercial realities of corporate life and the pressures that many organizations face in achieving concrete outcomes from their giving behaviour have not been properly reflected in research results. In an environment of increased competition amongst nonprofits for donations in terms of money, resources, and volunteers the better understanding of how and why corporations give will enable nonprofit ...


Distinguished Fellow Of The Economic Society Of Australia, 2008: Alan Woodland, Edgar J. Wilson Apr 2012

Distinguished Fellow Of The Economic Society Of Australia, 2008: Alan Woodland, Edgar J. Wilson

Edgar Wilson

This citation acknowledges Professor Alan Woodland as an eminent Australian economist and surveys his exceptional international record of scholarship and research with a selection of his insightful contributions to the understanding of the complex issues of international trade, taxation and welfare. These issues are at the forefront of our nation's economic priorities and it is appropriate that we formally recognise his outstanding contributions to the discipline study of economics with the award of Distinguished Fellow of the Economic Society of Australia.


The Relocation Of The International Market For Australian Wool, Simon Ville Apr 2012

The Relocation Of The International Market For Australian Wool, Simon Ville

Simon Ville

The marketplace for Australian wool relocated from London to the Australian capital cities in the half century after 1880. This represented a major institutional shift that underpinned the development of the Australian economy and made Australia the centre of the international wool market. We analyse the principal demand and supply changes underlying this market shift. Consolidation of worsted manufacturing, demand diversification, improved transport and communications, Australian dominance of international wool production, and the growth of the small grazier shifted the relative market efficiency in favour of Australian auctions.


Long-Run Mortality Effects Of Vietnam-Era Army Service: Evidence From Australia's Conscription Lotteries, Peter Siminski, Simon Ville Apr 2012

Long-Run Mortality Effects Of Vietnam-Era Army Service: Evidence From Australia's Conscription Lotteries, Peter Siminski, Simon Ville

Simon Ville

We estimate the effect of Vietnam-era Army service on mortality, exploiting Australia's conscription lotteries for identification. We utilize population data on deaths during 1994-2007 and military personnel records. The estimates are identified by over 51,000 compliers induced to enlist in the Army. We find no statistically significant effects on mortality overall, nor for any cause of death. The estimated relative risk (RR) of death associated with Army service is 1.03 (95% CI: 0.92, 1.19). On the assumption that Army service affected mortality only for those who served in Vietnam, the estimated RR is 1.06 ...


Social Capital Renewal And The Academic Performance Of International Students In Australia, Frank V. Neri, Simon Ville Apr 2012

Social Capital Renewal And The Academic Performance Of International Students In Australia, Frank V. Neri, Simon Ville

Simon Ville

Many believe that social capital fosters the accumulation of human capital. Yet international university students arrive in their host country generally denuded of social capital and confronted by unfamiliar cultural and educational institutions. This study investigates how, and to what extent, international students renew their social networks, and whether such investments are positively associated with academic performance. We adopt a social capital framework and conduct a survey of international students at a typical Australian university in order to categorise and measure investments in social capital renewal, and test a multivariate model of academic performance that includes social capital variables, amongst ...


Do Organisational Characteristics Explain The Differences Between Drivers Of Ict Adoption In Rural And Urban General Practices In Australia, Robert C. Macgregor, Peter N. Hyland, Charles Harvie Apr 2012

Do Organisational Characteristics Explain The Differences Between Drivers Of Ict Adoption In Rural And Urban General Practices In Australia, Robert C. Macgregor, Peter N. Hyland, Charles Harvie

Charles Harvie

A number of studies have compared general medical practices in rural locations with those in urban locations. Some of these studies have concentrated on the reasons why a GP might choose to work in a rural or urban setting. Others have examined the type of work required to be undertaken by medical professionals. Increasing use of information and communications technology (ICT) in medical practices has led to some studies examining their use in rural as well as urban settings. However, little if any research has examined whether ICT adoption drivers differ between rural and urban GPs based on their organisational ...


Schizophrenia – The Costs, Ciorstan J. Smark Apr 2012

Schizophrenia – The Costs, Ciorstan J. Smark

Ciorstan Smark

By looking at a particular subset of mental illness in Australia, (schizophrenia), this article reflects on the way in which direct costs falling within the parametres of the health budget are privileged (inscribed) above indirect costs which fall outside this boundary (and thus fail to be appropriately inscribed). This article concludes that, from a social accounting point of view, this boundary is arbitrary and an example of poor accounting.


Modus Vivendi Of E-Business, Joze Kuzic, Julie Fisher, Angela Scollary, Linda Dawson, Milan Kuzic, Rod Turner Mar 2012

Modus Vivendi Of E-Business, Joze Kuzic, Julie Fisher, Angela Scollary, Linda Dawson, Milan Kuzic, Rod Turner

Associate Professor Linda Dawson

This paper reports on an investigation into relationships between challenges and success factors in e-business, from the perspective of the acknowledged benefits achieved by large organizations operating within the Australian context. To enable organisations to achieve benefits from e-business, it is imperative for companies to recognise challenges before them as well as to identify critical success factors necessary for their success. The outcome of the research reported in this paper is a key set of critical success factors, challenges and benefits that can be used as a modus vivendi to overcome problems by applying appropriate solutions in order to achieve ...