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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Stylistic Elements Of Asian Dress As Used In 20th Century Fashion Design, Ja-Young Hwang, Sara B. Marcketti Nov 2012

Stylistic Elements Of Asian Dress As Used In 20th Century Fashion Design, Ja-Young Hwang, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this paper was to analyze stylistic elements of Asian dress that 20th century fashion designers have borrowed from. The objective was to provide an overview of how Chinese, Japanese, Indian and Korean traditional costumes have influenced Western 20th century fashion.


Aflatoxin: Crop Insurance, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Chad E. Hart Sep 2012

Aflatoxin: Crop Insurance, Charles R. Hurburgh Jr., Chad E. Hart

Integrated Crop Management News

Aflatoxin is covered under multi-peril crop insurance. The settlement is done as a deducted percentage of actual yield depending on the aflatoxin level. Producers will receive the grain after settlement.


A Test For Complementarities Among Multiple Technologies That Avoids The Curse Of Dimensionality, Li Yu, Terrance Hurley, James Kliebenstein, Peter F. Orazem Sep 2012

A Test For Complementarities Among Multiple Technologies That Avoids The Curse Of Dimensionality, Li Yu, Terrance Hurley, James Kliebenstein, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

We propose a strategy to identify the complementarity or substitutability among technology bundles. Differences between the observed distribution of technology choices can be subjected to statistical tests. Combinations of technologies that occur with greater frequency than would occur under independence are complementary technologies. Combinations that occur with less frequency are substitute technologies. We use the strategy to evaluate multiple technology adoptions on US hog farms. As the number of bundled technologies increases, they are increasingly likely to be complementary with one another, even if subsets are substitutes when viewed in isolation.


Insurance Coverage For Drought-Damaged Crops, William M. Edwards Jul 2012

Insurance Coverage For Drought-Damaged Crops, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Nearly 90 percent of the corn and soybean acres in Iowa are covered by multiple peril crop insurance. Drought damage is an insurable loss under these policies. Producers should consult with their crop insurance agents before harvesting or destroying any drought-damaged crops, however.


Creating Training For Foodservice Employees: A Smart Phone Adaptable Website For The Millennial Workforce, Ana-Paula Correia, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine Strohbehn, Janell R. Meyer Jun 2012

Creating Training For Foodservice Employees: A Smart Phone Adaptable Website For The Millennial Workforce, Ana-Paula Correia, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine Strohbehn, Janell R. Meyer

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper describes the need, context and problem behind the design and development of a responsive design website to train foodservice Millennial employees on safe food handling practices. Critical messages, learning goals and objectives, and website features are introduced. Lessons learned and best practices are shared as result of full development and beta testing.


Farmland Rental Rates Show Continued Strength In 2012, William M. Edwards, Ann M. Johanns May 2012

Farmland Rental Rates Show Continued Strength In 2012, William M. Edwards, Ann M. Johanns

Integrated Crop Management News

Anyone who is involved with the rental market for Iowa farmland knows that rental rates have been pushed significantly higher by the favorable corn and soybean prices that farmers have enjoyed since 2010. This trend continued in 2012.


Early Planted Acres May Lose Replant Insurance, William M. Edwards Apr 2012

Early Planted Acres May Lose Replant Insurance, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Unusually warm and dry weather has allowed crop producers to start spring field work earlier than can be remembered by most people. Getting an early start on tillage and planting reduces the risk of getting behind schedule later if an extended period of rainy weather occurs, but it also has its risks. The Risk Management Agency (USDA) has some specific rules about early planted crops with regard to crop insurance coverage. For each insurable crop RMA has set an “early planting date.” The earliest planting dates allowed for counties in the state of Iowa are April 11 for corn and ...


Important Crop Insurance Dates, William M. Edwards Feb 2012

Important Crop Insurance Dates, William M. Edwards

Integrated Crop Management News

Even the best crop insurance plan is of little use if the right information is not collected and submitted on time. Likewise, if certain actions are not completed by the necessary date, producers may not receive full benefit from the risk protection that they have selected.


Current Economic Climate Of The Beef Cattle Industry, Derrell S. Peel Jan 2012

Current Economic Climate Of The Beef Cattle Industry, Derrell S. Peel

Cornbelt Cow-Calf Conference

2011 was, in many ways, a year of contrasts for the cattle industry. Regionally, extreme drought conditions in the Southern Plains were contrasted with excellent forage conditions in much of the northern half of the country. As a result of these climate extremes, herd expansion, that began in some northern states in 2010 and continued in 2011, was more than offset by the largest single year cattle liquidations from the states of Oklahoma and Texas. The result as another year of declining beef cow inventories in the U.S. despite record calf prices that provides considerable incentive to rebuild the ...


Maintaining Competitiveness With Today’S High Grain Prices, Derrell S. Peel Jan 2012

Maintaining Competitiveness With Today’S High Grain Prices, Derrell S. Peel

Cornbelt Cow-Calf Conference

The availability of cheap feed grain for many years influenced the structure of the beef cattle industry and the types of production systems used in very fundamental ways. These impacts are only just now being truly recognized as the industry struggles to adapt to an economic environment that appears to have fundamentally changed and the changes appear to be permanent. These changes begin as direct short run impacts on the feedlot sector but ultimately will have long impacts that will affect every aspect of cattle production.


Iowa Immigrant And Refugee Incubator Farm Program, Nicholas Wuertz, Linda Gobberdiel Jan 2012

Iowa Immigrant And Refugee Incubator Farm Program, Nicholas Wuertz, Linda Gobberdiel

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

A one-year planning grant was used by a Des Moines (IA) area group to plot the most effective ways to encourage and support refugees and immigrants interested in starting farm enterprises in the region around Des Moines.


Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt Jan 2012

Mapping Potential Foodsheds In Iowa: A System Optimization Modeling Approach, Guiping Hu, Randy Boeckenstedt, Lizhi Wang, Susan W. Arendt

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Linear programming tools are used to gauge regional potential for local diversified agriculture required to meet the dietary needs of the population.


The Status Of Labor-Saving Mechanization In U.S. Fruit And Vegetable Harvesting, Wallace E. Huffman Jan 2012

The Status Of Labor-Saving Mechanization In U.S. Fruit And Vegetable Harvesting, Wallace E. Huffman

Economics Publications

Regional communities are made up of thousands, even millions of people, without an official hierarchy and with no single individual in charge. The establishment of a change agenda for such an entity and management of an action plan to implement the change are formidable challenges even for highly skilled organizational development experts. Virtually all individuals, however, belong to just such an organization, because they live and work in a regional community. According to the Brookings Institution (2011), 83% of the U.S. population lives in metropolitan regions, 85% of jobs are based there, and these regions represent the nation’s ...


Joint Characteristic Function Of Stock Log-Price And Squared Volatility In The Bates Model And Its Asset Pricing Applications, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy Jan 2012

Joint Characteristic Function Of Stock Log-Price And Squared Volatility In The Bates Model And Its Asset Pricing Applications, Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy

Economics Publications

The model of Bates specifies a rich, flexible structure of stock dynamics suitable for applications in finance and eco- nomics, including valuation of derivative securities. This paper analytically derives a closed-form expression for the joint conditional characteristic function of a stock’s log-price and squared volatility under the model dynamics. The use of the function, based on inverting it, is illustrated on examples of pricing European-, Bermudan-, and American-style options. The discussed approach for European-style derivatives improves on the option formula of Bates. The suggested approach for American-style derivatives, based on a compound-option technique, offers an alternative solution to exist- ...


Understanding Cheating: From The University Classroom To The Workplace, Charles B. Shrader, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Sue P. Ravenscroft Jan 2012

Understanding Cheating: From The University Classroom To The Workplace, Charles B. Shrader, Jeffrey B. Kaufmann, Sue P. Ravenscroft

Management Publications

Cheating is defined as taking information, credit, or reward that one neither deserves nor did the work to achieve. Cheating behavior is often seen as a driver behind many of our current economic problems and the temptation to cheat has been associated with our downward slide in business practice for the past two decades. For example, the current housing crisis has been explained in part as banks cheating in terms of qualifying people for loans. Additionally, current headlines focus on legislators and Wall Street analysts who cheat investors by unfairly taking advantage of inside information not publicly available to others ...


Iowa Consumer Trends And Participation In Agritourism Activities, Melissa S. Nasers, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2012

Iowa Consumer Trends And Participation In Agritourism Activities, Melissa S. Nasers, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

As the agritourism industry grows and develops in Iowa, it is important to identify the knowledge and participation levels of prospective agritourism consumers. This article focuses on current consumer trends and participation levels in Iowa agritourism activities. The results revealed a majority of Iowans believe they have at least some understanding of agriculture and food production and have participated in agritourism activities, but were relatively unfamiliar with agricultural-related tourism terms. The results can be used by Extension educators, state agricultural and economic development organizations, and the agritourism owner/operator to create a consumer profile and understand their prospective audiences.


Iowa Consumer Motivations And Preferences For Agritourism Activities, Melissa S. Norby, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2012

Iowa Consumer Motivations And Preferences For Agritourism Activities, Melissa S. Norby, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The study reported here sought to ascertain the agritourism attraction preferences of Iowa consumers based on population category. Respondents were asked questions regarding their motivation and preferences related to participation in agritourism activities. The results revealed that individuals enjoy participating in agritourism activities to spend time with family and friends while supporting local farmers. They placed considerable importance on the availability of fresh produce, on-site restrooms, and a convenient location. The information regarding consumer motivation and preferences may be used by Extension educators, state organizations, and the agritourism owner/operator to create a consumer profile and target market prospective audiences.


Who Do People Trust For Financial Advice? Iowans Rate The Credibility Of Information Channels For Financial Information, Karl Henry Lang Iii Jan 2012

Who Do People Trust For Financial Advice? Iowans Rate The Credibility Of Information Channels For Financial Information, Karl Henry Lang Iii

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to determine the channels Iowans find trustworthy and expert in providing information regarding financial matters. It also examines how perceptions of trust and expertise relate to people's assessment of their financial literacy. Data were gathered through an online survey of 207 adults. The results show that Iowans made the most use of family and friends, community banks and credit unions, and newspapers. They rated national banks, websites, and government agencies as offering the most useful information. The most trusted sources were family members and third-party consultants and advisors, community banks and credit unions, and the banks ...


Youth Sports Make Managers Proponents Of Change, James Arthur Williams, Chris Roberts, Robert Bosselman Jan 2012

Youth Sports Make Managers Proponents Of Change, James Arthur Williams, Chris Roberts, Robert Bosselman

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Youth sports experiences are used to develop instinctive and creative knowledge in crisis or complex situations. According to Socrates, true knowledge was conjured up by stimulating past experiences. Participation in youth sports might improve individuals’ ability to evaluate contingencies, while identifying characteristics and behaviors that produce opportunities in demanding situations. Effective change required collaboration from involved participants, and required transparent communication to build team confidence throughout the implementation process.


Sustainable Fashion Consumption: An Expanded Theory Of Planned Behavior, Srikant Manchiraju, Ann Marie Fiore, Daniel W. Russell Jan 2012

Sustainable Fashion Consumption: An Expanded Theory Of Planned Behavior, Srikant Manchiraju, Ann Marie Fiore, Daniel W. Russell

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This study is an effort to understand consumers' perceptions of sustainable consumption towards fashion, including their beliefs, attitude, and behavioral intention toward purchase sustainable fashion products, which may be used to increase demand for sustainable fashion, thus diminishing the negative impact of fashion products on the environment.


How Cultural Values Affect Materialism Through Desired Benefits Of Pop-Up Retail By Chinese (Taiwanese) Consumers, Wei-Chen Chen, Ann Marie Fiore Jan 2012

How Cultural Values Affect Materialism Through Desired Benefits Of Pop-Up Retail By Chinese (Taiwanese) Consumers, Wei-Chen Chen, Ann Marie Fiore

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Based on materialism theory, the present study measured the effects of cultural differences on desired values, the effects of cultural differences on materialism, and the effect of desired values on materialism.


The Recovery Experiences Of Child Identity Theft Victims: Preliminary Results, Axton Betz, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Gong-Soog Hong Jan 2012

The Recovery Experiences Of Child Identity Theft Victims: Preliminary Results, Axton Betz, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Gong-Soog Hong

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Identity theft occurs when personal information is stolen and used for the thief’s gain (Cullen, 2007; Sullivan, 2004). Nine million new cases of identity theft are reported each year (Federal Trade Commission, n.d.). Many more cases occur that are not reported or occur without the victim’s knowledge. Anyone with a Social Security number (Sharp, Shreve-Neiger, Fremouw, Kane, & Hutton, 2004) can become a victim of identity theft. For example, it is estimated that 500,000 U.S. children are victimized annually (Office of the Florida Attorney General, 2008) with incidents of child identity theft rising more quickly than any other type of identity theft (Cullen, 2007). As with adult victims, thieves may use a child’s identity to obtain loans, establish credit accounts and obtain employment (California Office of Privacy Protection, 2006; Collins, 2006). Consequences of identity theft include severely hindered financial security (e.g., inability to obtain loans, obtain rental housing, or gain employment), and impaired mental and physical health. Surprisingly, identity theft, while affecting millions of Americans, has captured limited ...


Charting The Growth Of Entrepreneurship: A Citation Analysis Of Fer Content, 1981–2008, Jeffrey D. Kushkowski Jan 2012

Charting The Growth Of Entrepreneurship: A Citation Analysis Of Fer Content, 1981–2008, Jeffrey D. Kushkowski

Reference and Instruction Publications and Papers

Since 1981 the Babson College Entrepreneurship Research Conference (BCERC) has published cutting edge entrepreneurship research. Using bibliometric techniques, this study examined the 3395 items included in Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research (FER), the BCERC proceedings, between 1981 and 2008. The results show that entrepreneurship is a highly collaborative, interdisciplinary field with an increasingly international focus. The results offer an understanding of the demographic, institutional, and topical trends within the field. This research provides valuable insights into the structure of entrepreneurship that librarians can use to provide better assistance to their entrepreneurship scholars.


Essays On Gmo Effects On Crop Yields, The Effects Of Pricing Errors On Implied Volatilities And Smoothing For Seasonal Time Series With A Long Cycle, Zheng Xu Jan 2012

Essays On Gmo Effects On Crop Yields, The Effects Of Pricing Errors On Implied Volatilities And Smoothing For Seasonal Time Series With A Long Cycle, Zheng Xu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The dissetation includes three main parts, with the first part studies investigate empirically whether or not and to what extent the GM technology has improved realized yields. We study this question for non-irrigated U.S. maize and soybean yields over 1964-2010, having controlled for local effects, weather, fertilization and the pre-existing (non-GM) crop improvement trend. For maize we find that GM varieties have increased realized yields, with a stronger gain in the Central Corn Belt. For soybeans, GM varieties appear to have slightly reduced yields. For both crops we nd a strong trend in yield growth, which may have accelerated ...


Taxonomy Of Sustainable It Values, Alka Mysore Jan 2012

Taxonomy Of Sustainable It Values, Alka Mysore

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sustainable IT is the effort towards design, manufacture, use and disposal of computer hardware efficiently and effectively with minimal or no impact to the environment. This implies biodegradability of defunct products and factory waste and energy efficiency. The performance of Green IT is a function of the `green' steps taken towards sustainable IT. The development of green IT is a dynamic process and in the future may also have to address human health concerns. Several educational institutions of higher learning and technology companies have pioneered sustainable IT initiatives to achieve environmental and organizational sustainability.

This study is a modest attempt ...


An Implicit Approach To Object Valuation And Psychological Ownership, Kam Leung Yeung Jan 2012

An Implicit Approach To Object Valuation And Psychological Ownership, Kam Leung Yeung

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the role of ownership in the endowment effect. It used the Implicit Association Test to investigate the influence of effort cues on psychological ownership and object monetary valuation. It also examined whether factual ownership or loss aversion contributed to the endowment effect. Pariticipants were either given a pen or not and either squeezed a stress ball or held it. They actually sold or purcahsed the pen, giving both selling and buying price for another person and either selling (owner) or buying (non-owner) price for themselves. Results support both loss aversion and psychological ownership but not factual ownership.


Empowerment In The Context Of Climate Change: How Community-Based Organizations Can Play A Role In Engaging Citizens, Annie Thompson Heuscher Jan 2012

Empowerment In The Context Of Climate Change: How Community-Based Organizations Can Play A Role In Engaging Citizens, Annie Thompson Heuscher

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Climate change has been noted by many as "perhaps the most profound challenge ever to have confronted human social, political, and economic systems" (Dryzek, Norgaard, and Schlosberg 2011, 3). Humans around the world though, have failed to develop an effective response. Significant research in the past has explored the reasons why people choose not to take action on climate change; this research seeks to understand the motivations and experiences of those who do choose to take action on climate change. Through a case study methodology, this research uses in-depth interviews with participants of a Transition Initiative in southern Appalachia to ...


An Experience Economy Analysis Of Tourism Development Along The Chautauqua-Lake Erie Wine Trail, Donna Leigh Quadri Jan 2012

An Experience Economy Analysis Of Tourism Development Along The Chautauqua-Lake Erie Wine Trail, Donna Leigh Quadri

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Global growth in wine tourism mirrors that of wine consumption and rural tourism. Existing research reveals that wine tourists look for dining, shopping, cultural, and recreational activities (Getz & Brown, 2006b) and are driven to escape and enjoy socializing with friends (Getz & Carlsen, 2008; Mitchel & Hall, 2006). Together these motivations suggest the value of hedonic and experiential consumption theories which have been recently referenced in wine tourism literature (Bruwer & Alant, 2009). The present study utilized the central constructs of the experience economy model, namely the 4Es--education, esthetics, entertainment, and escapist--(Pine & Gilmore, 1999) to explain the experiential nature of wine tourism. A scale was adapted that proved to be reliable and constructive through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for measuring rural wine tourism. Data collected from 970 visitors demonstrated the validity of the experience economy in predicting intentions to recommend and return to the Chautauqua-Lake Erie wine tourism destination. Findings were consistent with measurement of these experiential elements in other tourism settings (Hosany & Withiam, 2010; Oh, Fiore, & Jeoung, 2007), namely esthetics provided the most statistically significant construct, mediating other predictors such as gender, history of previous visits, and activity level, shown to be statistically significant using multiple regression equations. In addition a second scale was tested and proved to be successful via CFA for measuring tourism suppliers' 4E priorities in creating the visitor experience. Welch's t-tests between tourists' evaluations and the business providers' priorities demonstrated various gaps between what is believed to be offered by the wine tourism supply chain and what tourists experienced. Stakeholder analysis confirmed several key differences among four tourism supplier groups (winery owners and farmers; restaurateurs and retailers; lodging operators, and attraction providers) on issues of importance to successful wine tourism, although, agreement on a dozen concerns were also identified. This study advances the emergent theory in experiential consumption and wine tourism offering a circumferential view of both supply of and demand for experiential consumption that may be applied to wine tourism geographies in varying stages of development. Consequently, the work offers new theoretical ...


The Iowa Food Policy Council: A Case Study, John Cotton Dean Jan 2012

The Iowa Food Policy Council: A Case Study, John Cotton Dean

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

While legislative and administrative decisions are made by government entities, food policy councils (FPCs) will often recommend and implement food policy decisions at the local and regional levels. When created, the Iowa Food Policy Council (IFPC) became the second state-wide FPC in existence. With Iowa being a leader in the production of corn, soybeans and pork for domestic consumption and export, the state's importance in the national-- as well global-- food production system cannot be underestimated (U.S. Department of Agriculture 2007). The Iowa Food Policy Council offered a voice for small-scale producers, food justice advocates, and others who ...


Does The Visual Display Of Probability Change Hypothetical Stock Selection?, Timothy S. Griesdorn Jan 2012

Does The Visual Display Of Probability Change Hypothetical Stock Selection?, Timothy S. Griesdorn

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Prospect theory assumes people are more averse to losses than to gains and indicates the way a question is framed makes a difference in the outcome. However, almost no research has been conducted on the framing effects of prospect theory survey questions, and very little qualitative data have been collected with regard to why people make the decisions they do. This research utilizes primary data collected from 200 residents within five census tracts in southwest Lubbock, Texas. Answers to hypothetical investment scenarios were analyzed to determine if responses change based on how a question is framed. Investment preferences change to ...