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Articles 1 - 30 of 114

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Private Exchanges Of Agricultural Land In Zhejiang, China: A Road To Agrarian Capitalism Or Path-Dependent Transformation?, Qian Forrest Zhang Dec 2012

Private Exchanges Of Agricultural Land In Zhejiang, China: A Road To Agrarian Capitalism Or Path-Dependent Transformation?, Qian Forrest Zhang

Qian Forrest ZHANG

No abstract provided.


Foundations Of Ontology-Based Mas Methodologies, Ghassan Beydoun, Numi Tran, Graham Low, Brian Henderson-Sellers Dec 2012

Foundations Of Ontology-Based Mas Methodologies, Ghassan Beydoun, Numi Tran, Graham Low, Brian Henderson-Sellers

Associate Professor Ghassan Beydoun

Support for software extensibility, interoperability and reuse are critical concerns for long term commercial viability of any MAS and they underpin the eventual adoption of agent technology by industry. Existing AOSE methodologies lack adequate support for these concerns. We argue in this paper that a methodology that uses ontologies as a central modelling artifact, beyond the analysis phase, is better equipped to address those concerns.

We observe that the influence of ontologies in Knowledge-based Systems (KBS) methodologies extended well beyond the initial analysis phase, leading to domain-independent KBS methodologies in the ’90s. We reflect on those lessons and on the ...


Optimal Population Size And Urban-Rural Composition Of A Distant, Large, Arid Island: A Model And Some Numerical Simulations, Amnon Levy, Reza Zamani Dec 2012

Optimal Population Size And Urban-Rural Composition Of A Distant, Large, Arid Island: A Model And Some Numerical Simulations, Amnon Levy, Reza Zamani

Dr Reza Zamani

Low population density and large distance from civilization centers generate high costs of isolation. Immigration reduces these costs for veteran residents but reduces social and cultural cohesion, increases the demand for scarce resources and affects the rate of urban unemployment. An expected net benefit maximization model for determining the optimal population size and the equilibrium urban-rural composition of an island similar to Australia is constructed. The model is simulated for various agricultural water prices. The simulation results illustrate the central role of the effect of immigration on urban unemployment rate in the determination of the island’s optimal population size.


Unintended Effects Of Implementation Intentions On Goal Pursuit Initiation Vs. Persistence: Substitution And Acceleration, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, Jose Rosa Dec 2012

Unintended Effects Of Implementation Intentions On Goal Pursuit Initiation Vs. Persistence: Substitution And Acceleration, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, Jose Rosa

Leona Tam

This research develops new insights into implementation intentions' effects on goal striving initiation vs. persistence. Across three studies, we identify and empirically explore two novel effects of implementation intentions under different conditions of regulatory fit – namely substitution and acceleration effects.


Enacting Change In Strategic Marketing Decisions: The Role Of Regulatory Focus In Teams, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, William Qualls, Jonathan Bohlmann Dec 2012

Enacting Change In Strategic Marketing Decisions: The Role Of Regulatory Focus In Teams, Jelena Spanjol, Leona Tam, William Qualls, Jonathan Bohlmann

Leona Tam

No abstract provided.


Privacy- The Times They Are A-Changin', M.G. Michael, Katina Michael Dec 2012

Privacy- The Times They Are A-Changin', M.G. Michael, Katina Michael

Professor Katina Michael

This special section is dedicated to privacy in the information age. Since the rise of mobile social media in particular and the advent of cloud computing few can dispute that the times have changed. Privacy is now understood in context, and within a framework that is completely different to what it once was. The right to be let alone physically seemingly has been replaced by the right to give away as much information as you want virtually. What safeguards can be introduced into such a society? We cannot claim to wish for privacy as a right if we ourselves do ...


Filter Coordinations For Exploring Multi-Dimensional Data, Mark Sifer Dec 2012

Filter Coordinations For Exploring Multi-Dimensional Data, Mark Sifer

Dr Mark Sifer

No abstract provided.


Xeena For Schema: Creating Xml Documents With A Coordinated Grammar Tree, Mark Sifer, Frithjof Dau, Helen Hasan, Kathryn Crawford, Yardena Peres, Yoelle Maarek Dec 2012

Xeena For Schema: Creating Xml Documents With A Coordinated Grammar Tree, Mark Sifer, Frithjof Dau, Helen Hasan, Kathryn Crawford, Yardena Peres, Yoelle Maarek

Dr Mark Sifer

The vast heterogeneous network that is the World Wide Web requires common languages to facilitate the exchange and display of data and information in many forms. The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) developed the extensible markup language (XML) for this purpose. XML documents are produced automatically by applications or manually by users. When users do not produce documents regularly or when document languages are large and complex, manual editing can be a challenge. In these situations, better manual editing facilities that guide users and ease the burden of learning and recalling XML languages are needed. We present an XML editor ...


Interative Discussion Leader (Idt) @ Futuregov Forum Queensland On The Theme Of "Mobile Government", Katina Michael, Erica Fensom Dec 2012

Interative Discussion Leader (Idt) @ Futuregov Forum Queensland On The Theme Of "Mobile Government", Katina Michael, Erica Fensom

Professor Katina Michael

Mobile Government Briefing: Provide services anywhere any time: - Transact to enable in-field data collection, request processing, order management, approvals, edits, updates and execute actions. - What are the implications for the incorporation of rich multimedia content on devices to better serve staff and citizens? - Addressing the security challenges of various risks around data access, data transmission, and data storage for BI architecture and mobile devices


High Speed Rail: Strategic Information For The Australian Context, Tania Von Der Heidt, Pat Gillett, Chris Hale, Philip Laird, Alex Wardrop, Robert Weatherby, Charles Waingold, Michael Charles, Ian Rossow, Dale Coleman, Bala Ramasokeran, Rocco Zito, Michael Taylor, Adrian Pollock Dec 2012

High Speed Rail: Strategic Information For The Australian Context, Tania Von Der Heidt, Pat Gillett, Chris Hale, Philip Laird, Alex Wardrop, Robert Weatherby, Charles Waingold, Michael Charles, Ian Rossow, Dale Coleman, Bala Ramasokeran, Rocco Zito, Michael Taylor, Adrian Pollock

Dr Philip Laird

No abstract provided.


Ieee T&S Magazine: Undergoing Transformation, Katina Michael Nov 2012

Ieee T&S Magazine: Undergoing Transformation, Katina Michael

Professor Katina Michael

Our Magazine is in a transformative period, not only because we are ‘Going Green’ in 2013 but because we are experiencing tremendous growth in quality international submissions. This means that we are increasingly appealing to an international audience with transdisciplinary interests. This has not gone unnoticed by the media, nor by our SSIT readership or wider engineering community.


The Funding Structure Of The Norwegian Sport And Physical Activity System, Bryn Jones, Winston Wing Hong To, Darwin Semotiuk Nov 2012

The Funding Structure Of The Norwegian Sport And Physical Activity System, Bryn Jones, Winston Wing Hong To, Darwin Semotiuk

Winston Wing Hong To

Norway is a country that has simultaneously developed a successful high performance and elite sport (HPS) program, as well as a physical activity program designed for all of its citizens. Limited resources make it challenging for most countries to balance a “sport for all” and “high performance or elite sport development” policy. Norway is generally held to be one of few countries in the world that has been able to achieve such a balance despite having a small population (4.5 million) and having limited financial resources (1.5 Billion Norwegian Krone (kr)) (Semotiuk, 2009). Though Norwegian sport policy is ...


Exposing A Lack Of Communication Regarding Sport Policy: An Analysis Of The Canadian Talent Identification Process, Geoff Schoenberg, Winston Wing Hong To, David Legg Nov 2012

Exposing A Lack Of Communication Regarding Sport Policy: An Analysis Of The Canadian Talent Identification Process, Geoff Schoenberg, Winston Wing Hong To, David Legg

Winston Wing Hong To

The Sports Policy Factors Leading to International Sporting Success (SPLISS), a comparative high performance and elite sport (HPS) model, has identified nine distinct pillars that contribute to the success of a country’s HPS system. The study was originally conducted in 2003 with seven nations from Europe and North America. Beginning in 2009, the study was repeated and expanded to include 17 nations from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania. While the SPLISS study was designed to examine and compare countries’ HPS systems, the aim of this research is to compare the intra-country results of Canadian athletes, coaches ...


Fitting Probability Forecasting Models By Scoring Rules And Maximum Likelihood, David Johnstone, Yan-Xia Lin Nov 2012

Fitting Probability Forecasting Models By Scoring Rules And Maximum Likelihood, David Johnstone, Yan-Xia Lin

Associate Professor Yan-Xia Lin

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Web-Based Student Enquiry System: Integration Of Ontology And Case-Based Reasoning, Sim Lau, Seung Hwan Kang Nov 2012

Development Of A Web-Based Student Enquiry System: Integration Of Ontology And Case-Based Reasoning, Sim Lau, Seung Hwan Kang

Dr Sim Kim Lau

No abstract provided.


No More 'Keyword Search' Or Faq: Innovative Ontology And Agent Based Dynamic User Interface, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau Nov 2012

No More 'Keyword Search' Or Faq: Innovative Ontology And Agent Based Dynamic User Interface, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau

Dr Sim Kim Lau

No abstract provided.


A Strategic Information System Perspective For The Adoption Of E-Commerce In Smes, Sim Lau Nov 2012

A Strategic Information System Perspective For The Adoption Of E-Commerce In Smes, Sim Lau

Dr Sim Kim Lau

No abstract provided.


Relieving The Overloaded Help Desk: A Knowledge Management Approach, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau Nov 2012

Relieving The Overloaded Help Desk: A Knowledge Management Approach, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau

Dr Sim Kim Lau

No abstract provided.


An Ontology-Based Knowledge Management System To Handle Queries In It Help Desk, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau Nov 2012

An Ontology-Based Knowledge Management System To Handle Queries In It Help Desk, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau

Dr Sim Kim Lau

No abstract provided.


Designing A Regional E-Logistics Portal, Adrian Collins, George Ditsa, Aditya Ghose, Peter Hyland, Sim Lau Nov 2012

Designing A Regional E-Logistics Portal, Adrian Collins, George Ditsa, Aditya Ghose, Peter Hyland, Sim Lau

Dr Sim Kim Lau

A variety of optimization and negotiation technologies hold the promise of delivering value to the logistics processes of businesses both small and large, yet they tend to remain inaccessible to SMEs (largely due to price and complexity concerns). This paper describes the early-phase steps in a project to develop a regional e- logistics portal. The project seeks to make constraint-based optimization and automated negotiation technologies accessible to SMEs within a portal that also serves their information needs. The paper highlights several novel aspects of the design of the portal, as well as a novel requirements gathering process involving community consultation.


The Customization Of Knowledge Management Techniques In Information Technology Help Desk, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau, Geng Liang Nov 2012

The Customization Of Knowledge Management Techniques In Information Technology Help Desk, Kar Yin Leung, Sim Lau, Geng Liang

Dr Sim Kim Lau

Information Technology (IT) has converted a majority of organizational activities to automatic and electronicbased. This conversion greatly increases Help Desk (HD)'s coverage on IT related areas. Alternatively, the adoption of business process reengineering and downsizing has led to the shrinkage of the size of HD. This not only leads to the loss of priceless knowledge, but also coerces HD to provide more service with less staff - the outcome is clear that users have to wait comparably longer before HD staff is available. This paper describes how generic Knowledge Management process can be customized to improve support process in HD.


Benefits Derived From Ict Adoption In Regional Medical Practices: Perceptual Differences Between Male And Female General Practitioners, Robert Macgregor, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie, Boon-Chye Lee Nov 2012

Benefits Derived From Ict Adoption In Regional Medical Practices: Perceptual Differences Between Male And Female General Practitioners, Robert Macgregor, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie, Boon-Chye Lee

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

Information and communications technologies (ICTs) are being used more and more by general practitioners (GPs) in their day-to-day activities. While a number of studies have shown that ICT adoption and use can provide real benefits to medical practices, there have been few studies to determine whether the perception of those benefits is uniform across the sector. This study examines whether differences in the perception of benefits exist between male and female GPs. The results suggest that the groupings and priorities of benefits arising from ICT use differ substantially between male and female GPs. Results also show, amongst other things, that ...


The Grouping And Prioritizing Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia?, Robert Macgregor, Charles Harvie, Peter Hyland Nov 2012

The Grouping And Prioritizing Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia?, Robert Macgregor, Charles Harvie, Peter Hyland

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

Increasing use of ICT technologies in medical practices has led to a number of studies examining their use in rural as well as urban settings. The purpose of this study is to examine how GPs in rural and urban practice group and prioritise the driving forces for ICT adoption. Correlation and factor analysis was performed on the data sets (198 GPs, 122 Rural - 76 urban) obtained by means of a survey questionnaire. Not only do the results show that the drivers can be 'simplified' from 16 to 2 or 3, but they also show that there are differences both in ...


Decision Making Concerning The Acquisition And Use Of Information And Communication Technology (Ict) In Medical Practices, Robert Macgregor, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie Nov 2012

Decision Making Concerning The Acquisition And Use Of Information And Communication Technology (Ict) In Medical Practices, Robert Macgregor, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

A number of studies both within medical practices as well as the wider small business sector suggest that gender plays a role in both decision-making and the running of the business. Yet despite these apparent differences, the role of gender in the adoption of ICT in medical practices has remained largely ignored. This paper presents a study of 196 GPs (128 males, 68 females) who have adopted ICT in their practice. The results of this study show that the perception of drivers of ICT adoption and use in medical practices appear to differ depending on the gender of the GP ...


The Grouping And Prioritising Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie, Robert Macgregor Nov 2012

The Grouping And Prioritising Of Driving Forces For Ict Adoption By Medical Practitioners: Do These Differ Between Rural And Urban Gps In Australia, Peter Hyland, Charles Harvie, Robert Macgregor

Associate Professor Peter Hyland

No abstract provided.


Counterpoint: Reply To Orrenius And Zavodny, Vernon Briggs Nov 2012

Counterpoint: Reply To Orrenius And Zavodny, Vernon Briggs

Vernon M Briggs Jr

[Excerpt] On the fundamental conclusions, the positions argued by Pia Orrenius and Madeline Zavodny and my own are in essential agreement. The immigration policy of the United States is in dire need of changes. The public concern is, in their words, “driven by the increase in immigration in recent years, particularly of unauthorized immigration.” Our mutual worries pertain to the disproportionately adverse impacts of the immigrant inflow on the nation’s low-skilled work force and the high fiscal burden borne by local communities and states with growing immigrant populations. The differences between the two papers center on the approaches taken ...


The Elusive Goal: The Quest For A Credible Immigration Policy, Vernon Briggs Nov 2012

The Elusive Goal: The Quest For A Credible Immigration Policy, Vernon Briggs

Vernon M Briggs Jr

[Excerpt] The starting point for all immigration reform efforts must be making the immigration system enforceable. Nothing else makes sense. Otherwise, immigration policy is on a squirrel wheel going nowhere. Illegal immigrants will keep coming in defiance of its terms.


Accounting, New Public Management And American Politics: Theoretical Insights Into The National Performance Review, Ann Watkins, Cecil Arrington Oct 2012

Accounting, New Public Management And American Politics: Theoretical Insights Into The National Performance Review, Ann Watkins, Cecil Arrington

Ed Arrington

Borrowing from the work of political theorists Sheldon Wolin and William Connolly, this essay seeks to provide additional rationalization for the expansion of accounting within domains like the public sector. We suggest that such an expansion is intimately linked to social and cultural transitions which have led political theorists to not only question modern political theory but to also recognize the political significance of practices like accounting to political theory. We contend that these same transitions also make possible expansions of accounting through NewPublicManagement (NPM) initiatives like the U.S.'s NationalPerformanceReview (NPR). Seen in this way, accounting theory begins ...


Late-Modern Politics And The Ubiquity Of Accounting: The Expansion Of New Public Management Within The Us Public Sector, Ann Watkins, Cecil Arrington Oct 2012

Late-Modern Politics And The Ubiquity Of Accounting: The Expansion Of New Public Management Within The Us Public Sector, Ann Watkins, Cecil Arrington

Ed Arrington

No abstract provided.


Globalization, Management Control & Ideology: Local And Multinational Perspectives, Riad Ajami, C Arrington, Falconer Mitchell, Hanne Nørreklit Oct 2012

Globalization, Management Control & Ideology: Local And Multinational Perspectives, Riad Ajami, C Arrington, Falconer Mitchell, Hanne Nørreklit

Ed Arrington

The ideas and thoughts presented in this book are the result of an academic process which began with a conference entitled Corporate Management, Accounting and Ideology - A Multinational Prespective, held at The Aarhus School fo Business, Denmark, 11-13 December 2003.