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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1134

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Haven Of Last Resort: The Consequences Of Evacuating Florida Nursing Home Residents To Nonclinical Buildings, Janelle Christensen Sep 2014

A Haven Of Last Resort: The Consequences Of Evacuating Florida Nursing Home Residents To Nonclinical Buildings, Janelle Christensen

Janelle J. Christensen

Nursing home administrators (n = 15) and directors of nursing (n = 15) who worked in nursing homes during the 2004–2005 Florida hurricane season participated in a series of 6 focus groups. The purpose of the focus groups was to explore issues faced by nursing home administrators, nurses, and residents during hurricane evacuations. A primary finding was that evacuating nursing home residents to buildings that are not designed to support nursing activities (e.g., a school gymnasium or church) adversely affected resident feeding, sleeping, movement, and security. These nonclinical buildings also presented serious occupational health concerns for nursing staff members who ...


Women Of African Descent: Persistence In Completing A Doctorate, Vannetta L. Bailey-Iddrisu Dec 2012

Women Of African Descent: Persistence In Completing A Doctorate, Vannetta L. Bailey-Iddrisu

Vannetta L. Bailey-Iddrisu

This study examines the educational persistence of women of African descent (WOAD) in pursuit of a doctorate degree at universities in the southeastern United States. WOAD are women of African ancestry born outside the African continent. These women are heirs to an inner dogged determination and spirit to survive despite all odds (Pulliam, 2003, p. 337).This study used Ellis’s (1997) Three Stages for Graduate Student Development as the conceptual framework to examine the persistent strategies used by these women to persist to the completion of their studies.


Working From Within: Observations Of Non-Governmental Efforts To Decrease Social Marginalization In Buenos Aires, Elisabeth Tilstra Dec 2012

Working From Within: Observations Of Non-Governmental Efforts To Decrease Social Marginalization In Buenos Aires, Elisabeth Tilstra

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This essay is a modification of an excerpt from the senior thesis written for the Chancellor’s Honors Program at The University of Tennessee. The complete project—titled “Bringing the Outside In: An Examination of Non-Governmental Aid Organizations in Buenos Aires”—first examines the political and economic history of Argentina as a context from which to understand the current stage of actors in the social sector. Then, drawing from my fieldwork in the slums surrounding urban Buenos Aires, it introduces the twelve organizations I studied that work with issues of poverty and development, exploring organizational elements that aid or limit ...


African Irregular Migrants In Malta: Exploring Perceptions And Renegotiating The Socio-Cultural Siege Of Malta, Hannah E. Durick Dec 2012

African Irregular Migrants In Malta: Exploring Perceptions And Renegotiating The Socio-Cultural Siege Of Malta, Hannah E. Durick

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This paper discusses the influx of African irregular migrants seeking asylum in Malta and how their arrival and growing presence in Malta is perceived by the Maltese. Since becoming an EU Member State in 2004 Malta has been overwhelmed by the number of irregular migrants arriving on its shores while en route to continental Europe. Due to its proximity to the North African coastline Malta becomes a frequent, albeit unintentional, destination for African migrants who are rescued in Maltese waters and subsequently placed in a closed detention facility until their legal status is determined in a court of law. Although ...


Storytelling In Appreciative Inquiry, Joel Jeppson Richards Dec 2012

Storytelling In Appreciative Inquiry, Joel Jeppson Richards

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study is an examination of the role of story and storytelling within Appreciative Inquiry, a method of organizational change that orients around a consensus model building on individual and collective strengths instead of focusing on overcoming problems. Interviews with 12 Appreciative Inquiry practitioners were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed using a process of iterative coding consistent with a General Inductive method of qualitative research. Once consensus with a secondary coder was achieved, 6 themes emerged. The 6 emergent themes outlined general roles that story and storytelling plays in the Appreciative Inquiry process: relationship building, coauthoring a future, reframing narrative, narrative ...


Begehrtes Gesteinsglas, Jirka Niklas Menke Dec 2012

Begehrtes Gesteinsglas, Jirka Niklas Menke

Daniel A. Contreras

Natürliche Ressourcen sind seit jeher Anlass für Kriege und Land­schafts­zerstörung. Humboldt-Stipendiat Dr. Daniel Contreras erforscht, wie die Menschen in den Anden einst mit solchen Quellen umgingen.


Women's Mobilization In Latin America: A Case Study Of Venezuela, Brianna Russell Dec 2012

Women's Mobilization In Latin America: A Case Study Of Venezuela, Brianna Russell

Master's Theses

Abstract

I examine the following elements in regards to women’s mobilization in Latin America and Venezuela from the late 1950s to the present: (a) the influence of the state and economy on times when women mobilized (b) class division within the movement (c) women’s demands during different time periods (d) the ways in which women were successful in working towards gender equality. This thesis reviews the literature on women’s mobilization in Latin America during the second half of the twentieth century. I find that women mobilized across class lines with the masses to end dictatorships. Women demobilized ...


Illinois State University’S Student Health Agenda, Cecilia Montesdeoca Dec 2012

Illinois State University’S Student Health Agenda, Cecilia Montesdeoca

ISU Ethnography of the University Initiative

This essay is a short study of Illinois State University’s (ISU) student health agenda. The study examines ISU’s perspective and approach on student health efforts, infrastructure of health departments on campus, and ongoing Health Promotion and Wellness programs and their impact on campus and in the local community. Methods used include interviews with faculty in the Department of Health Wellness and Promotion, ethnographic observations of peer-to-peer health promotion programs, review of Department of Health Promotion and Wellness sponsored materials, and health behavior data. The principle finding is that the University’s agenda and value of health reflects national ...


Religious Groups And The Freshman Experience, Tess Culton Dec 2012

Religious Groups And The Freshman Experience, Tess Culton

ISU Ethnography of the University Initiative

This study examined the benefits provided to first-year students by religious based organizations on university campuses, with an emphasis on the campus of Illinois State University. It also looked at the relationship between the university and these groups. Individuals involved with these groups, both freshmen and adults affiliated, were interviewed. There was also a great deal of observation of group meetings and discussion with university representatives.


Maiden’S Fashion As Eternal Becomings: Victorian Maidens And Sugar Sweet Cuties Donning Japanese Street Fashion In Japan And North America, An Nguyen Dec 2012

Maiden’S Fashion As Eternal Becomings: Victorian Maidens And Sugar Sweet Cuties Donning Japanese Street Fashion In Japan And North America, An Nguyen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lolita fashion is a youth street style originating from Japan that draws on Victorian-era children’s clothing, Rococo aesthetics, and Western Punk and Gothic subculture. It is worn by teenage girls and women of a wide range of ages, and through the flow of related media and clothing aided by the Internet, Lolita style has become a global phenomenon. Wearers of the style are known as Lolitas, and local, national, and global communities can be found around the world outside Japan from North American to Europe. This study is a cross-cultural comparison of Lolita fashion wearers in Japan and North ...


A Comparative Ontogenetic Study Of Biomechanical Adaptations In The Long Bones Of South African Khoisan And Sadlermiut Inuit, Kaye-Lynn Boucher Dec 2012

A Comparative Ontogenetic Study Of Biomechanical Adaptations In The Long Bones Of South African Khoisan And Sadlermiut Inuit, Kaye-Lynn Boucher

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research examines and compares the biomechanical adaptations of juveniles from two different climate-adapted populations: Khoisan foragers from South Africa and Sadlermiut Inuit from Nunavut, Canada. Cortical bone measurements were recorded at three diaphyseal locations on the Sadlermiut and Khoisan humeri, tibiae and femora using biplanar radiographs. Biomechanical strength properties were calculated using the Eccentric Ellipse Method (EEM). EEM calculations were interpreted with consideration to the known behavioural patterns of the two groups. Humeral AP and torsional bending strength were greater in the Sadlermiut compared to the Khoisan – most likely caused by kayak paddling among the Sadlermiut. Few differences were ...


World Hunger, Keegan Flanigan, Garrett Cruz Dec 2012

World Hunger, Keegan Flanigan, Garrett Cruz

COLA 100: Feast and Famine In a Global World Poster Assignment

U.S. to Mauritania Comparisons

  • 40% of food processed in the United States is thrown away
  • 1.3 billion tons of food, more than 1/3 of the world's food production is lost or wasted annually.
  • If food waste in the United States was reduced by 15%, the amount of food could feed 25 million people (five times the population of Mauritania) for a year.


Hunger In America, Kamay Tu Dec 2012

Hunger In America, Kamay Tu

COLA 100: Feast and Famine In a Global World Poster Assignment

Hunger in America is becoming more and more an issue. Although the advance from hunting and gathering to farming and agriculture should solve this issue, it hasn't. The question is why?


Life Cafe: Food Conservation And Health, Michelle Panko Dec 2012

Life Cafe: Food Conservation And Health, Michelle Panko

COLA 100: Feast and Famine In a Global World Poster Assignment

Challenges of Health and Conservation in Las Vegas

  • Las Vegas is a very large and busy city, with locals operating on a very hectic agenda often times resulting with a need for instant gratification.
  • Because of this, many food industries in Las Vegas tend to distribute unhealthy foods in large Quantities.
  • According to the Springs preserve NV blog, Las wastes produces 9,000 tons of trash a day.


Spatial Analysis And Archaeological Resources In The Fingerlakes National Forest, Thomas W. Cuddy Dec 2012

Spatial Analysis And Archaeological Resources In The Fingerlakes National Forest, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

The objective of this article is to' test how some of the more sophisticated analytical capabilities of GIS can be applied to the data set of the Hector Backbone site in the Finger Lakes National Forest. In doing so it demonstrates how GIS can be used to model the spatial characteristics of the data compiled from the site.


Concluding Thoughts On The Finger Lakes National Forestarchaeology Project, James A. Delle Dec 2012

Concluding Thoughts On The Finger Lakes National Forestarchaeology Project, James A. Delle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This is a conclusion to the research compiled in this issue. Delle impresses the importance of GIS for this research as a burgeoning technology with much potential in this field of study.


Analyzing The Settlement Pattern Of The Burnt Hill Study Area, Karen B. Wehner, Karen G. Holmberg Dec 2012

Analyzing The Settlement Pattern Of The Burnt Hill Study Area, Karen B. Wehner, Karen G. Holmberg

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article examines the strategies used by communities of farmers when faced wih economic decline. This is accomplished by analyzing historic map data from 1850-1940 to recreate and interpret settlement changes.


The Artifact Assemblage From The Finger Lakes Nationalforest Archaeology Project, Janet Six, Patrick J. Heaton, Susan Malin-Boyce, James A. Delle Dec 2012

The Artifact Assemblage From The Finger Lakes Nationalforest Archaeology Project, Janet Six, Patrick J. Heaton, Susan Malin-Boyce, James A. Delle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article examines the arifact assemblage from the Burnt Hill Study Area and reveals the utility of GIS databases for historical information available in the GIS database.


Farmsteads And Finances In The Finger Lakes: Using Archivalresources In A Gis Database, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

Farmsteads And Finances In The Finger Lakes: Using Archivalresources In A Gis Database, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article discusses the importance of the examination of archival resources concerning the formerly existing farmsteads in the Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project.


Analyzing Farm Layout And Farmstead Architecture, Mark Smith, James Boyle Dec 2012

Analyzing Farm Layout And Farmstead Architecture, Mark Smith, James Boyle

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article refines the analysis through a discussion of how arhcaeological data recovered from individual farmstead ites were incorporated into the GIS database.


The Rural Settlement History Of The Hector Backbone, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

The Rural Settlement History Of The Hector Backbone, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This article presents a historical outline of the Hector Backbone region, which the other articles in the journal outline. It describes the region of Hector Backbone as being located between the traditional territories of the Cayuga nad the Seneca Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. This is a general outline of the economic and demographic trends of that area from the 18th to 19th centuries.


Introduction To The Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project, James A. Delle, James Boyle, Thomas W. Cuddy Dec 2012

Introduction To The Finger Lakes National Forest Archaeology Project, James A. Delle, James Boyle, Thomas W. Cuddy

Northeast Historical Archaeology

An introduction to the volume, which presents research conducted at the convergence of two projects. One, a survey


Volume Abstract, David B. Landon, James A. Delle, Patrick J. Heaton Dec 2012

Volume Abstract, David B. Landon, James A. Delle, Patrick J. Heaton

Northeast Historical Archaeology

This volume presents research conducted at the convergence of two projects: the first a survey, inventory, and assessment of historic sites located within the boundaries of the Finger Lakes National Forest, a small national forest located in central New York; the second a pedagogical experiment conducted in the spring of 1998, the goal of which was to assess how a rather typical CRM project could be used to train graduate students in archaeology in manipulating Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to control and interpret archaeological data. This convergence resulted in the construction of a GIS-based data management system for historic-period ...


Why Chinese Neo-Confucian Women Made A Fetish Of Small Feet, Aubrey L. Mcmahan Dec 2012

Why Chinese Neo-Confucian Women Made A Fetish Of Small Feet, Aubrey L. Mcmahan

Grand Valley Journal of History

Abstract for “Why Chinese Neo-Confucian Women Made a Fetish of Small Feet

This paper explores the source of the traditional practice of Chinese footbinding which first gained popularity at the end of the Tang dynasty and continued to flourish until the last half of the twentieth century.[1] Derived initially from court concubines whose feet were formed to represent an attractive “deer lady” from an Indian tale, footbinding became a wide-spread symbol among the Chinese of obedience, pecuniary reputability, and Confucianism, among other things.[2],[3] Drawing on the analyses of such scholars as Beverly Jackson, Valerie Steele and John ...


A Look Inside The Freshman 15, Steven Kuhn Dec 2012

A Look Inside The Freshman 15, Steven Kuhn

ISU Ethnography of the University Initiative

This paper seeks to explore the factors that lead to freshman weight gain as well as the services the University provides to combat weight gain. This paper provides a detailed study through the perils of the freshman lifestyle.


Can The Effective Use Of Imagery In Marketing Publications Help Create A More Diversified Campus Community At Illinois State University?, Deanne Hamblin Dec 2012

Can The Effective Use Of Imagery In Marketing Publications Help Create A More Diversified Campus Community At Illinois State University?, Deanne Hamblin

ISU Ethnography of the University Initiative

Higher education management has shifted over time; replacing the democratic model with the business model. As a result, universities have incorporated extensive marketing campaigns to target students for recruitment. Unfortunately, the imagery used in marketing publications in these campaigns is not always effective in creating diversified campus communities. This publication will summarize the ethnographic study conducted in the fall of 2012 to assess Illinois State University’s use of imagery in their marketing campaigns to first year students. Surveys, observations, and a review of photographs used in publications over the course of Illinois State University’s marketing history will be ...


Somali Children And Youth's Experiences In Educational Spaces In North America: Reconstructing Identities And Negotiating The Past In The Present, Melissa Stachel Dec 2012

Somali Children And Youth's Experiences In Educational Spaces In North America: Reconstructing Identities And Negotiating The Past In The Present, Melissa Stachel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this dissertation, I examine the experiences of Somali children and youth in both state sponsored and community educational spaces in North America to investigate how these experiences shape their identities and worldviews in the context of displacement, prolonged armed conflict in Somalia, and a post-September 11 environment.

This work is based on two years of preliminary research (2008-2010) and 16 months of ethnographic fieldwork among Somali youth and their families in Kitchener-Waterloo and Toronto, Ontario and Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota (2010-2011). I draw on life history interviews and focus group sessions of 51 Somali children and youth between the ages ...


Roman And Early Byzantine Burials At Fag El-Gamus, Egypt: A Reassessment Of The Case For Religious Affiliation, Kristin Hacken South Dec 2012

Roman And Early Byzantine Burials At Fag El-Gamus, Egypt: A Reassessment Of The Case For Religious Affiliation, Kristin Hacken South

All Theses and Dissertations

The Late Roman necropolis of Fag el-Gamus on the eastern edge of Egypt's Fayum Oasis is a valuable archaeological site for exploring issues of personal and cultural identity in Roman Egypt. Former scholarship regarding the people buried at Fag el-Gamus has claimed-based on narrow evidence--that they represent an exceptionally early Christian community in Egypt. However, a more careful look at the evidence-using recent theoretical approaches, data-driven analyses, and comparisons with contemporary sites throughout Egypt and neighboring areas-reveals a more complicated portrait of their religious affiliation and other aspects of their identity. This study examines several potential markers of religious ...


Hurricane Preparedness Of Community-Dwelling Dementia Caregivers In South Florida, Janelle J. Christensen Dec 2012

Hurricane Preparedness Of Community-Dwelling Dementia Caregivers In South Florida, Janelle J. Christensen

Janelle Christensen

The aim of this dissertation is to explore how informal caregivers for people with dementia (PWD), who are community dwelling (i.e., not in nursing homes), prepare and plan for disasters. The research site is a particularly hurricane-prone region of Florida, second only to New Orleans in its vulnerability. An underlying assumption of this research is that caregivers for PWD have to plan and anticipate problems that are unique to their role. The rationale for the study described here is that disaster planning and mitigation save lives (Tengs et al. 1995), but there is little or no literature on disaster ...


The "Tiny Islands": A Comparable Impact On The Larger Discipline?, Terence E. Hays Dec 2012

The "Tiny Islands": A Comparable Impact On The Larger Discipline?, Terence E. Hays

Terence Hays

This assessment by Terence Hays looks into the impact of the discipline of Anthropology. While the discipline has seen an evolution into increased topical specialization, of cultural anthropology by geographical location. Hays believes that many of the peoples studied are so well known in anthropology that specific peoples can be automatically thought of by their location, in the world.