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2011

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 663

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2011

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Dynasty Trusts: Another View, Neil E. Harl Dec 2011

Dynasty Trusts: Another View, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

An article published in a recent issue of an agricultural publication about “dynasty trusts” merits a response. While such trusts may offer some attractive short-term features, the probable long-term consequences are sobering. Indeed, from both a policy perspective and from the standpoint of the best long-term interests of generations to come, it has been the conclusion of this author that setting up such a trust would likely produce enormously disadvantageous results if widely used. Indeed, it is difficult to conceive of a plan that would be more disadvantageous to future generations. Here are the arguments supporting that conclusion.


Index To Volume 22, Nos. 1-23, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2011

Index To Volume 22, Nos. 1-23, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Social Entrepreneurship: An Overview Of A Public University Alumni Survey, Kevin Kimle, Li Yu, Peter Orazem, Robert W. Jolly Dec 2011

Social Entrepreneurship: An Overview Of A Public University Alumni Survey, Kevin Kimle, Li Yu, Peter Orazem, Robert W. Jolly

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

This report presents an overview of social entrepreneurship activities of public university graduates obtained from a survey. Almost 3 percent of respondents had created at least one nonprofit organization. The primary focus of the organizations founded by social entrepreneur respondents was education and youth related causes, with services geared heavily toward local needs. The nonprofit organizations founded to meet these needs were typically small, with one or two paid employees and 5 to 15 volunteers.


Do Gender Differences In Risk Preferences Explain Gender Differences In Labor Supply, Earnings Or Occupational Choice?, In Soo Cho Dec 2011

Do Gender Differences In Risk Preferences Explain Gender Differences In Labor Supply, Earnings Or Occupational Choice?, In Soo Cho

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

This paper examines the extent to which differences in risk preferences between men and women explain why women have a lower entrepreneurship rate, earn less, and work fewer hours than men. Data from the NLSY79 confirms previous findings that women are more risk averse than men. However, while less risk averse men tend to become self-employed and more risk averse men are likely to choose paid-employment, there is no significant effect of risk preferences on women's entrepreneurship decisions. Similarly, more risk aversion is associated with higher earnings for male entrepreneurs, but it has no effect on female entrepreneurial earnings ...


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2011

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Will Wickard V. Filburn Save The Health Bills?, Neil E. Harl Dec 2011

Will Wickard V. Filburn Save The Health Bills?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Only a small group of constitutional scholars would have anticipated that a key agricultural case, Wickard v. Filburn,1 would play an important role in the determination of the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.2 With the United States Supreme Court announcement on November 14, 2011, granting certiorari in the case of State of Florida v. Health and Human Services,3 to hear the case in the 2011- 2012 term, the decision will likely rank highly in importance for cases heard this century and will likely add luster to the oft-cited case of Wickard ...


Common Stresses For Parents Of Teens, Kimberly A. Greder, Diana Lynn Baltimore Dec 2011

Common Stresses For Parents Of Teens, Kimberly A. Greder, Diana Lynn Baltimore

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Janet and Greg are finding life with a teenager difficult. They used to do more with their son, Jeff, 15, but now he is busy with his own friends and activities. If he needs to be picked up from practice, he just texts. He often argues with them about rules and always seems to need money for something. They are dreading the time when Jeff’s younger brother and sister also will be teens.


Dare To Excel: Online Safety, Kimberly A. Greder Dec 2011

Dare To Excel: Online Safety, Kimberly A. Greder

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Take a look at online safety – the Internet can be a dangerous place for children. Includes tips to reduce a child’s risk of being victimized; signs a child might be at risk of an online predator; ways to set up controls on your computer; and ways to keep your child safe from cyber bullying.


Stress: Taking Charge—Common Stresses For Parents Of Teens, Kimberly A. Greder Dec 2011

Stress: Taking Charge—Common Stresses For Parents Of Teens, Kimberly A. Greder

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Find ways to manage new conflicts and stressors that develop as the parent-child relationship changes during the teen years.


Dare To Excel: Setting Media Limits, Kimberly A. Greder Dec 2011

Dare To Excel: Setting Media Limits, Kimberly A. Greder

Human Sciences Extension and Outreach Publications

Find ways to set media limits and help your child improve overall performance in school. Too much media time can negatively influence sleep in children. Violent media games can give children negative feelings toward others. Includes tips to manage media time in your home.


Environmental Impacts Of Emerging Biomass Feedstock Markets: Energy, Agriculture, And The Farmer, Rebecca S. Dodder, Amani E. Elobeid, Timothy L. Johnson, P. Ozge Kaplan, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi, Simla Tokgoz Dec 2011

Environmental Impacts Of Emerging Biomass Feedstock Markets: Energy, Agriculture, And The Farmer, Rebecca S. Dodder, Amani E. Elobeid, Timothy L. Johnson, P. Ozge Kaplan, Lyubov A. Kurkalova, Silvia Secchi, Simla Tokgoz

CARD Working Papers

The tighter linkages between energy and crop markets due to recent climate and energy legislation in the US have large potential environmental impacts beyond carbon sequestration and climate mitigation. These range from effects on water quality and quantity, soil erosion, habitat and biodiversity preservation. These impacts are very location and management-decision specific, as they are the product of atomistic decisions and depend on soil and landscape specific variables. In order to fully understand the effects of biomass markets, the new and stronger linkages and feedback effects between national- and global-scale energy and commodity markets must be properly understood and identified ...


Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2011 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Paul Lasley, John Ferrell Dec 2011

Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2011 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Paul Lasley, John Ferrell

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

The Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll is an annual survey that collects and disseminates information on issues of importance to rural communities across Iowa and the Midwest. Conducted every year since its establishment in 1982, the Farm Poll is the longest-running survey of its kind in the nation. Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, the Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station, the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, and the Iowa Agricultural Statistics Service are all partners in the Farm Poll effort. The information gathered through the Farm Poll informs the development and improvement of research and ...


Chimpanzees In Bandafassi Arrondissement, Southeastern Senegal: Field Surveys As A Basis For The Sustainable Community-Based Conservation, Maja Gašperšič, Jill D. Pruetz Dec 2011

Chimpanzees In Bandafassi Arrondissement, Southeastern Senegal: Field Surveys As A Basis For The Sustainable Community-Based Conservation, Maja Gašperšič, Jill D. Pruetz

Anthropology Publications

The western chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) is considered as one of the most threatened ape species, facing a dramatic decline over the last decade1,2. The latest conservation action plans classified Senegal as “an exceptionally important priority area” for chimpanzee protection, which demands immediate attention3. Chimpanzees have been expatriated from at least two African countries and IUCN estimated the Senegalese population to be almost extinct, numbering between 200 and 4004. Most apes range in small isolated communities in intense sympatry with local ethnic groups. Major threats include human encroachment, deforestation for crops, gold and iron digging, along ...


Crop And Biofuel Outlook For 2012, Chad Hart Dec 2011

Crop And Biofuel Outlook For 2012, Chad Hart

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Crop agriculture has been on a roll. Corn and soybeans have provided positive returns three of the past four years. The 2011 crop year is shaping up to be the most profitable year on record. And futures prices for 2012 are offering sizable returns over projected production costs. So 2012 is shaping up to be an exciting market year for crop agriculture.


Sustainable Production And Distribution Of Bioenergy For The Central U.S., Chad Hart Dec 2011

Sustainable Production And Distribution Of Bioenergy For The Central U.S., Chad Hart

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Global demand for energy continues to increase as the planet’s population grows past 7 billion and incomes rise, especially in developing countries. The increasing demand for energy has spurred many countries to explore alternative energy platforms. Over 50 countries throughout the world have active bioenergy programs. The U.S. has moved to the front of this activity as we have grown to become the largest producer of biofuels and as we alternate between the world’s largest importer and exporter of ethanol. In 2007, the federal government provided a blueprint for biofuel development over the next decade with the ...


Oomycete Diseases In The North-Central Region: A Survey Of Certified Crop Advisers, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Alison E. Robertson Dec 2011

Oomycete Diseases In The North-Central Region: A Survey Of Certified Crop Advisers, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Alison E. Robertson

Sociology Technical Reports

This report presents the results of a web-based survey of certified crop advisers conducted as part of the Integrated Management of Oomycete Diseases of Soybean and other Crop Plants Project funded by USDA-NIFA. The survey represents a first step in a project-long effort to engage members of the Certified Crop Adviser (CCA) program of the American Society of Agronomy in educational and extension activities focused on improving their ability to accurately diagnose and manage soybean seedling and root diseases, particularly those caused by oomycetes. The report consists of two sections. This first section describes the survey’s objectives and methods ...


Risk Aversion Or Risk Management?: How Measures Of Risk Aversion Affect Firm Entry And Firm Survival, In Soo Cho, Peter Orazem Dec 2011

Risk Aversion Or Risk Management?: How Measures Of Risk Aversion Affect Firm Entry And Firm Survival, In Soo Cho, Peter Orazem

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

The link between measured risk aversion and the decision to become an entrepreneur is well established, but the link between risk preferences and entrepreneurial success is not. Standard theoretical models of occupational choice under uncertainty imply a positive correlation between an individual's degree of risk aversion and the expected return from an entrepreneurial venture at the time of entry. Because the expected return is the risk neutral equivalent value, a higher expected return implies a higher survival probability, and so more risk averse entrepreneurs should survive more frequently than their less risk averse counterparts. We test that prediction using ...


Predicting Relationship Stability Among Midlife African American Couples, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, Rebecca G. Burzette, Kristin A. Wesner, Chalandra M. Bryant Dec 2011

Predicting Relationship Stability Among Midlife African American Couples, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, Rebecca G. Burzette, Kristin A. Wesner, Chalandra M. Bryant

Psychology Publications

Objective: This study examined predictors of relationship stability over 5 years among heterosexual cohabiting and married African American couples raising an elementary-school-age child. The vulnerability–stress–adaptation model of relationships (Karney & Bradbury, 1995) guided the investigation. Contextual variables were conceptualized as important determinants of education and income, which in turn influence family structure, stress, and relationship quality and stability. Religiosity was tested as a resource variable that enhances relationship stability. Method: Couples (N = 207) were drawn from the Family and Community Health Study. Variables assessed at Wave 1 (education, income, religiosity, biological vs. stepfamily status, marital status, financial strain, and relationship quality) were used to predict relationship stability 5 years later. Results: Higher levels of education were associated with higher income, lower financial strain, and family structures that research has shown to be more stable (marriage rather than cohabitation and biological-family rather than stepfamily status; Bumpass & Lu, 2000). These variables, in turn, influenced relationship quality and stability. Religiosity, an important resource in the lives of African Americans, promoted relationship stability through its association with marriage, biological-family status, and women's relationship quality. Conclusions: Enhancing the stability of African American couples' relationships will require changes in societal conditions that limit opportunities for education and income and weaken relationship bonds. Programs to assist couples with blended ...


Household Production And The Demand For Food And Other Inputs: U.S. Evidence, Wallace E. Huffman Dec 2011

Household Production And The Demand For Food And Other Inputs: U.S. Evidence, Wallace E. Huffman

Economics Publications

The paper develops a new productive household model and a consistent household fullincome/ expenditure demand system for inputs and leisure of U.S. households. The demand system is fitted to U.S. annual aggregate data over the last half of the 20th century and findings include that the price and income elasticity of demand for food-at-home are roughly two times larger than for food-away-from-home and that food-at-home and away-from-home are substitutes. The price and income elasticity of demand for men’s unpaid housework are twice as large as for women’s unpaid housework and women’s and men’s unpaid ...


The Dark Side Of Testing Memory: Repeated Retrieval Can Enhance Eyewitness Suggestibility, Jason C.K. Chan, Jessica A. Lapaglia Dec 2011

The Dark Side Of Testing Memory: Repeated Retrieval Can Enhance Eyewitness Suggestibility, Jason C.K. Chan, Jessica A. Lapaglia

Psychology Publications

Eyewitnesses typically recount their experiences many times before trial. Such repeated retrieval can enhance memory retention of the witnessed event. However, recent studies (e.g., Chan, Thomas, & Bulevich, 2009) have found that initial retrieval can exacerbate eyewitness suggestibility to later misleading information—a finding termed retrieval-enhanced suggestibility (RES). Here we examined the influence of multiple retrieval attempts on eyewitness suggestibility to subsequent misinformation. In four experiments, we systematically varied the number of initial tests taken (between zero and six), the delay between initial testing and misinformation exposure (~30 min or 1 week), and whether initial testing was manipulated between- or ...


Revising An Extension Education Website For Limited Resource Audiences Using Social Marketing Theory, Sarah L. Francis, Peggy Martin, Kristin Taylor Dec 2011

Revising An Extension Education Website For Limited Resource Audiences Using Social Marketing Theory, Sarah L. Francis, Peggy Martin, Kristin Taylor

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Spend Smart Eat Smart (SSES), a unique website combining nutrition and food buying education for limited resource audiences (LRAs), was revised using social marketing theory to make it more appealing and relevant to LRAs (25-40 years). Focus groups and surveys identified the needs and preferences of LRAs. Needs were cooking, basic health, and budget-friendly nutrition ideas. Preferences were limited text, more videos, graphics, and color. Usability testing of the revised site indicated users perceived the information valuable and the design appealing. By incorporating the needs and preferences of LRAs, SSES is now perceived as appealing as well as relevant.


Iowa State Daily (November 28, 2011), Iowa State Daily Nov 2011

Iowa State Daily (November 28, 2011), Iowa State Daily

Iowa State Daily, November 2011

Contents: Dancing to win; Club sees success at national contest; Balancing classes, job; Race honors former leader, raises money; Liberal arts, humanities as valuable as sciences; Volleyball team stays positive after loss; Cafe shop owner adds personality to coffee


Securitization And Lending Competition, David M. Frankel, Yu Jin Nov 2011

Securitization And Lending Competition, David M. Frankel, Yu Jin

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

We study the effects of securitization on interbank lending competition when banks see private signals of local applicants' repayment chances. If banks cannot securitize, the outcome is efficient: they lend to their most creditworthy local applicants. With securitization, banks lend also to remote applicants with strong observables in order to lessen the lemons problem they face in selling their securities. This reliance on observables is inefficient, raises the mean default risk, and may lead to a deceptive rise in credit scores.


Iowa State Daily (The 'Perfect Storm' Special Edition), Iowa State Daily Nov 2011

Iowa State Daily (The 'Perfect Storm' Special Edition), Iowa State Daily

Iowa State Daily, November 2011

A special edition of the Daily, commemorating Iowa State's historic win against No. 2 Oklahoma State on Nov. 18, 2011 at Jack Trice Stadium in Ames.


Iowa State Daily (November 18, 2011), Iowa State Daily Nov 2011

Iowa State Daily (November 18, 2011), Iowa State Daily

Iowa State Daily, November 2011

Contents: Friday night finale; Taking on a new role; Group considers finalists' strengths; Alum runs for Congress; Research shows gender phone use; Cyclones gear up for final road test; Take tuition matters into your own hands


Iowa State Daily (November 18, 2011 Gridiron), Iowa State Daily Nov 2011

Iowa State Daily (November 18, 2011 Gridiron), Iowa State Daily

Iowa State Daily, November 2011

Gridiron, the Daily's sports supplement previewing Iowa State's senior day football game against Oklahoma State.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2011

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Unreasonably Low Salaries In S Corporations: A Prescription For Additional Payroll Taxes, Interest And Penalties, Neil E. Harl Nov 2011

Unreasonably Low Salaries In S Corporations: A Prescription For Additional Payroll Taxes, Interest And Penalties, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

It has been clear for more than two decades – unreasonably low salaries and wages in an S corporation will, almost certainly, lead to audits, additional FICA and FUTA tax assessments, interest and penalties.1 Despite the overwhelming authority favoring so-called “deemed” wages,2 and clear warnings against the practice,3 the cases continue to be litigated. A TIGTA Report estimates that shareholders underreported $23.6 billion of compensation in 2003 and 2004.


University Library Strategic Plan, 2011–2016, Iowa State University Library Nov 2011

University Library Strategic Plan, 2011–2016, Iowa State University Library

Library Reports

No abstract provided.