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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Minerva 2004, The Honors College Dec 2004

Minerva 2004, The Honors College

Minerva

This issue of Minerva includes an article on HON 350: An Introduction to Functional Genomics; an article on the creation and inaugural year of HON 180: A Cultural Odyssey; a profile on Honors alumnus, Charles Stanhope and his 2004 Distinguished Honors Graduate Lecture; and interviews with Allison Kelly, Jessica Hudec, and Jennifer Merchant on their experiences as Honors student-athletes.


Systematics Of Dirca (Thymelaeaceae) Based On Its Sequences And Issr Polymorphisms, James A. Schrader, William R. Graves Dec 2004

Systematics Of Dirca (Thymelaeaceae) Based On Its Sequences And Issr Polymorphisms, James A. Schrader, William R. Graves

Horticulture Publications

The genus Dirca consists of three disjunct species of shrubs. Dirca palustris is found in the eastern United States and adjacent Canada; D, occidcntahs is Umited to six counties near the San Francisco Bay in California; and the recently discovered D, mcxicana is known from one isolated population in northeastern Mexico. The three species have been described and classified according to morphological characters, but the morphological evidence does not provide a clear assessment of the relationships among the species. Morphologically D. mexicana most closely resembles D. occidenlalis., but known biogeographical trends raise doubt regarding how the three species are interrelated ...


Intranasal Vaccination With Streptococcal Fibronectin Binding Protein Sfb1 Fails To Prevent Growth And Dissemination Of Streptococcus Pyogenes In A Murine Skin Infection Model, Jason D. Mcarthur, E. Medina, J. Chin, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, S. R. Talay, G. S. Chhatwal, Mark J. Walker Dec 2004

Intranasal Vaccination With Streptococcal Fibronectin Binding Protein Sfb1 Fails To Prevent Growth And Dissemination Of Streptococcus Pyogenes In A Murine Skin Infection Model, Jason D. Mcarthur, E. Medina, J. Chin, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, S. R. Talay, G. S. Chhatwal, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Fibronectin binding protein F1 (Sfb1) of Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus [GAS]) is a well-characterized adhesin that has been shown to induce protection in mice against a lethal intranasal GAS challenge after intranasal immunization with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) as adjuvant. With a murine skin infection model, we have shown that Sfb1/CTB vaccination neither elicits opsonizing antibodies nor prevents systemic bacterial growth and dissemination to internal organs after a subcutaneous GAS challenge. These results indicate that an Sfb1-based vaccine should be complemented with additional protective antigens in order to be used in areas such as the tropical north ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2004

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Index To Volume 15, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2004

Index To Volume 15, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


New Limits On “Reverse” Like-Kind Exchanges, Neil E. Harl Dec 2004

New Limits On “Reverse” Like-Kind Exchanges, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

In 2000, the Internal Revenue Service announced a safe harbor for “reverse” like-kind exchanges of eligible property.1 On July 20, 2004, the IRS narrowed the scope of the safe harbor created in 2000.2


Ethanol Industry Outlook, Paul Gallagher Dec 2004

Ethanol Industry Outlook, Paul Gallagher

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

The ethanol industry has quickly risen from obscurity to become a major user of U.S. grain. Corn consumption by ethanol processors will soon be 1.6 billion bushels or 16% of U.S. supply when plants under construction begin processing within the next year. In other words, about the same amount of corn is used for ethanol processing and exports. Iowa has shared importantly in the processing expansion, maintaining about a 30% share of national processing capacity throughout the last three decades. Accordingly, the ethanol market review and analysis of growth prospects in this paper may be useful to ...


Introduction To The Legal Foundation Of Federal Land Management, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Dec 2004

Introduction To The Legal Foundation Of Federal Land Management, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Introduction to the Legal Foundation of Federal Land Management (December 1-3)

1 v. (various pagings) : ill., maps ; 28 cm

Materials prepared for the course held at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado on December 1-3, 2004

Course instructors: Charles Wilkinson; Sarah Krakoff; Kathryn Mutz; Ann Morgan; Maggie Fox

Contents:

Introduction -- Agenda -- Summaries of laws -- Case studies. Travel management; Oil and gas development; Timber/fuels reduction -- How to influence agency decision makers -- Natural resource related legal and policy resources for the non-legal professional


Agenda: Introduction To The Legal Foundation Of Federal Land Management, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center Dec 2004

Agenda: Introduction To The Legal Foundation Of Federal Land Management, University Of Colorado Boulder. Natural Resources Law Center

Introduction to the Legal Foundation of Federal Land Management (December 1-3)

Materials prepared for the course held at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado on December 1-3, 2004

Course instructors: Charles Wilkinson; Sarah Krakoff; Kathryn Mutz; Ann Morgan; Maggie Fox

Contents:

Introduction -- Agenda -- Summaries of laws -- Case studies. Travel management; Oil and gas development; Timber/fuels reduction -- How to influence agency decision makers -- Natural resource related legal and policy resources for the non-legal professional


The Other Side Of Silence: Rachel Carson’S Views Of Animals, Marc Bekoff, Jan Nystrom Dec 2004

The Other Side Of Silence: Rachel Carson’S Views Of Animals, Marc Bekoff, Jan Nystrom

Animal Welfare Collection

The publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 1962 is widely regarded as one of the major events that launched the modern environmental movement. Silent Spring is a compelling blend of stories, natural history, human values, and biological facts. In this essay we consider Carson’s attitude toward animals in Silent Spring and in other texts. Despite the facts that she was raised to love Nature and animals, little direct attention has been given to Carson’s views about our moral responsibilities to, and the moral standing of animals. Carson favored responsible stewardship, was more of an animal welfarist ...


Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2004, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg Dec 2004

Arkansas Animal Science Department Report 2004, Zelpha B. Johnson, D. Wayne Kellogg

Research Series

No abstract provided.


Respiratory Symptoms In Relation To Residential Coal Burning And Environmental Tobacco Smoke Among Early Adolescents In Wuhan, China: A Cross-Sectional Study, C. Anderson Johnson, Jiang Xia, Päivi M. Salo, Yan Li, Grace E. Kissling, Edward L. Avol, Chunhong Liu, Stephanie J. London Dec 2004

Respiratory Symptoms In Relation To Residential Coal Burning And Environmental Tobacco Smoke Among Early Adolescents In Wuhan, China: A Cross-Sectional Study, C. Anderson Johnson, Jiang Xia, Päivi M. Salo, Yan Li, Grace E. Kissling, Edward L. Avol, Chunhong Liu, Stephanie J. London

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Background

Cigarette smoking and coal burning are the primary sources of indoor air pollution in Chinese households. However, effects of these exposures on Chinese children's respiratory health are not well characterized.

Methods

Seventh grade students (N = 5051) from 22 randomly selected schools in the greater metropolitan area of Wuhan, China, completed an in-class self-administered questionnaire on their respiratory health and home environment.

Results

Coal burning for cooking and/or heating increased odds of wheezing with colds [odds ratio (OR) = 1.57, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07–2.29] and without colds (OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.05 ...


Links Among Farm Productivity, Off-Farm Work, And Farm Size In The Southeast, Jet Yee, Mary Clare Ahearn, Wallace Huffman Dec 2004

Links Among Farm Productivity, Off-Farm Work, And Farm Size In The Southeast, Jet Yee, Mary Clare Ahearn, Wallace Huffman

Economics Publications

This paper examines the linkages among agricultural total factor productivity, farm size, and farm household participation in the off-farm labor market for the Southeastern states for the period 1960-1996. We find evidence of a simultaneous relationship between productivity and measures of farm structure. The results support the expected relationships between the endogenous variables, namely that productivity and farm size are positively related, farm size and off-farm work participation are negatively related, and off-farm work and productivity are negatively related. We find positive and significant impacts of government policies (investments in public research, extension, and highways) on productivity growth.


Origin And Evolution Of Large Brains In Toothed Whales, Lori Marino, Daniel W. Mcshea, Mark D. Uhen Dec 2004

Origin And Evolution Of Large Brains In Toothed Whales, Lori Marino, Daniel W. Mcshea, Mark D. Uhen

Veterinary Science and Medicine Collection

Toothed whales (order Cetacea: suborder Odontoceti) are highly encephalized, possessing brains that are significantly larger than expected for their body sizes. In particular, the odontocete superfamily Delphinoidea (dolphins, porpoises, belugas, and narwhals) comprises numerous species with encephalization levels second only to modern humans and greater than all other mammals. Odontocetes have also demonstrated behavioral faculties previously only ascribed to humans and, to some extent, other great apes. How did the large brains of odontocetes evolve? To begin to investigate this question, we quantified and averaged estimates of brain and body size for 36 fossil cetacean species using computed tomography and ...


Size Matters: A Test Of Boldness In Eight Populations Of The Poeciliid Brachyraphis Episcopi, Culum Brown, Victoria Braithwaite Dec 2004

Size Matters: A Test Of Boldness In Eight Populations Of The Poeciliid Brachyraphis Episcopi, Culum Brown, Victoria Braithwaite

Sentience Collection

Individual variation in behaviour within populations may be explained in part by demographics and long-term, stable individual psychological differences. We examined the relation between boldness (taken as the time to emerge from a shelter and explore a novel environment) and body size in eight populations of the poeciliid Brachyraphis episcopi originating from sites upstream and downstream of waterfalls in four rivers that run into the Panama Canal. The relation between body size and time to emerge from a shelter was positive, with larger fish taking longer to emerge. This relation differed between downstream and upstream sites, being significant in the ...


Seasonality, Capital Inflexibility, And The Industrialization Of Animal Production, Jutta Roosen, David A. Hennessy, Thia C. Hennessy Dec 2004

Seasonality, Capital Inflexibility, And The Industrialization Of Animal Production, Jutta Roosen, David A. Hennessy, Thia C. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

Among the prominent recognized features of the industrialization of animal production over the past half century are growth in the stock of inflexible, or use-dedicated, capital as an input in production and growth in productivity. Less recognized is a trend toward aseasonal production. We record the deseasonalization of animal production in Northern Hemisphere countries over the past 70 years. Using Irish farm-level data, we provide evidence that low seasonality favors laborsaving investments. We also suggest that (a) lower seasonality can be Granger-causally prior to increased productivity, and (b) productivity improvements can be Granger-causally prior to lower seasonality. Process (a) should ...


Environmental Conservation On Agricultural Working Land: Assessing Policy Alternatives Using A Spatially Heterogeneous Land Allocation Model, Kelly M. Cobourn Dec 2004

Environmental Conservation On Agricultural Working Land: Assessing Policy Alternatives Using A Spatially Heterogeneous Land Allocation Model, Kelly M. Cobourn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Multifunctionality refers to the ability of agricultural systems to produce an array of non-market goods and services in addition to market commodities. This thesis focuses explicitly on the provision of environmental benefits, through reduced soil erosion and fertilizer applications, by agricultural producers. Soil erosion and nutrient contamination from agricultural production are the foremost contributors to ground and surface water degradation in the United States. Reducing their production implies gains in social welfare, but may generate significant private losses to producers. The objective of this analysis is to quantify the tradeoff between environmental improvements and producer welfare and to examine the ...


Incorporating A Partnership, Neil E. Harl Nov 2004

Incorporating A Partnership, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

For some time, the incorporation of partnerships has been governed largely by Rev. Proc. 84-1111 which has provided that a partnership can be incorporated under any one of three alternative methods. Each method has been accompanied by unique income tax consequences.2


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2004

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Handling S Corporation's Losses In Shareholder Bankruptcy, Neil E. Harl Nov 2004

Handling S Corporation's Losses In Shareholder Bankruptcy, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The fact that a new tax entity may be created on bankruptcy filing has an enormous impact on the income tax consequences for the bankrupt.1 A recent Tax Court case2 has clarified the handling of S corporation losses in bankruptcy where the S corporation shareholder files for bankruptcy and the S corporation generates losses for the year.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2004

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Prior Beliefs And Learning On Consumers’ Acceptance Of Genetically Modified Foods, Wallace Huffman, Matthew Rousu, Jason F. Shogren, Abebayehu Tegene Nov 2004

The Effects Of Prior Beliefs And Learning On Consumers’ Acceptance Of Genetically Modified Foods, Wallace Huffman, Matthew Rousu, Jason F. Shogren, Abebayehu Tegene

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

In most environments, information is critical to consumers’ decision making. Consumers have prior beliefs about quality and price of goods and services and obtain new information which is used to update these prior beliefs or to form posterior beliefs, i.e., Bayesian learning. New food products made from herbicide-tolerant and insect-resistant crops using bioengineering, have appeared in U.S. supermarkets starting in 1996. The objective of this paper is to examine in depth the role of consumer’s prior beliefs about genetic modification and of diverse, new information on their willingness to pay for foods that might be genetically modified ...


Urban Demand For Dairy Products In China: Evidence From New Survey Data, Frank H. Fuller, John C. Beghin, Scott Rozelle Nov 2004

Urban Demand For Dairy Products In China: Evidence From New Survey Data, Frank H. Fuller, John C. Beghin, Scott Rozelle

CARD Working Papers

In this paper we use 2001-2002 urban survey data we collected to analyze demographics, cultural factors, and purchasing behaviors influencing the consumption of fresh milk, yogurt, ice cream, and powered milk in urban areas of China. The data include frequency of consumption by product, location of consumption and purchase, exposure to advertising and foreign culture, and school milk programs. The variables serve as regressors in a double-hurdle model that examines the decision to consume or not to consume and the level of consumption. We also estimate consumption levels and participation equations with tobit and probit models.


Product Development, Cost Seasonality, Region Marginalization, And A More Demanding Consumer, David A. Hennessy Nov 2004

Product Development, Cost Seasonality, Region Marginalization, And A More Demanding Consumer, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

Agricultural production is becoming more like manufacturing in the routinization of processes, the extent to which raw materials are processed, capital intensity, and its emphasis on throughput. Some ascribe the changes to demand-side factors while others look to technological innovations. Emphasizing cost seasonality as a reference indicator for nature's role in agricultural production, this paper develops a simple model that includes both supply and demand sides. We show how cost seasonality can impede product development to meet consumer needs and find that there may be a ceiling level of cost seasonality below which a non-seasonal equilibrium production profile occurs ...


Predators In Natural Fragments: Foraging Ecology Of Wolves In British Columbia’S Central And North Coast Archipelago, C. T. Darimont, M. H. H. Price, N. N. Winchester, J. Gordon-Walker, P. C. Paquet Nov 2004

Predators In Natural Fragments: Foraging Ecology Of Wolves In British Columbia’S Central And North Coast Archipelago, C. T. Darimont, M. H. H. Price, N. N. Winchester, J. Gordon-Walker, P. C. Paquet

Biogeography and Ecological Opportunity Collection

Aim Predator–prey dynamics in fragmented areas may be influenced by spatial features of the landscape. Although little is known about these processes, an increasingly fragmented planet underscores the urgency to predict its consequences. Accordingly, our aim was to examine foraging behaviour of an apex mammalian predator, the wolf (Canis lupus), in an archipelago environment.

Location Mainland and adjacent archipelago of British Columbia, Canada; a largely pristine and naturally fragmented landscape with islands of variable size and isolation.

Methods We sampled 30 mainland watersheds and 29 islands for wolf faeces in summers 2000 and 2001 and identified prey remains. We ...


Carbon Sequestration, Co-Benefits, And Conservation Programs, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Philip W. Gassman Nov 2004

Carbon Sequestration, Co-Benefits, And Conservation Programs, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling, Philip W. Gassman

CARD Working Papers

Land use changes to sequester carbon also provide "co-benefits," some of which (for example, water quality) have attracted at least as much attention as carbon storage. The non-separability of these co-benefits presents a challenge for policy design. If carbon markets are employed, then social efficiency will depend on how we take into account co-benefits, that is, externalities, in such markets. If carbon sequestration is incorporated into conservation programs, then the weight given to carbon sequestration relative to its co-benefits will partly shape these programs. Using the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) as an example, we show that CRP has been sequestering ...


Country Of Origin As A Brand: The Case Of New Zealand Lamb, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock Nov 2004

Country Of Origin As A Brand: The Case Of New Zealand Lamb, Roxanne L. B. Clemens, Bruce A. Babcock

MATRIC Briefing Papers

New Zealand has used country-of-origin labeling (COOL) as a "country brand" to differentiate New Zealand lamb in international markets and increase consumer awareness of this lamb as a high-quality imported product. The case of New Zealand lamb is especially interesting as an unsubsidized commodity product competing against subsidized lamb in some of the most competitive and sophisticated retail markets in the world. Given New Zealand's dependence on international markets, producers, processors, and exporters needed to develop strategies to create and maintain a strong positive image for their product. This paper explores the history of New Zealand lamb exports, the ...


Rethinking Agricultural Domestic Support Under The World Trade Organization, Chad E. Hart, John C. Beghin Nov 2004

Rethinking Agricultural Domestic Support Under The World Trade Organization, Chad E. Hart, John C. Beghin

CARD Briefing Papers

This paper focuses on the third pillar of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the discipline of agricultural domestic support. The paper examines the current definition of agricultural domestic support used by the WTO, focusing on the Aggregate Measure of Support (AMS) and other forms of support that are less to least distorting (Blue and Green Box payments). The analysis looks at the recent experience of four member states (the United States, the European Union, Japan, and Brazil). The structure of recent support varies considerably by country. Some countries, notably the United States ...


Two Distinct Genotypes Of Prtf2, Encoding A Fibronectin Binding Protein, And The Evolution Of The Gene Family In Streptococcus Pyogenes, V. Ramachandran, Jason D. Mcarthur, C. E. Behm, C. Gutzeit, M. Dowton, P. K. Fagan, R. Towers, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, Mark J. Walker Nov 2004

Two Distinct Genotypes Of Prtf2, Encoding A Fibronectin Binding Protein, And The Evolution Of The Gene Family In Streptococcus Pyogenes, V. Ramachandran, Jason D. Mcarthur, C. E. Behm, C. Gutzeit, M. Dowton, P. K. Fagan, R. Towers, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The group A Streptococcus (GAS) is an important pathogen responsible for a wide range of human diseases. Fibronectin binding proteins (FBPs) play important role in promoting GAS adherence and invasion of host cells. The gene prtF2 encodes a FBP and is contained in approximately 60% of GAS strains. In the present study we have examined 51 prtF2-positive GAS strains isolated from the Northern Territory of Australia and describe two genotypes of prtF2, which are mutually exclusive. Both genotypes have been previously identified in the literature as pfbp and fbaB. We show these genotypes map to the same chromosomal location within ...


Laboratory Routines Cause Animal Stress, Jonathan P. Balcombe, Neal D. Barnard, Chad Sandusky Nov 2004

Laboratory Routines Cause Animal Stress, Jonathan P. Balcombe, Neal D. Barnard, Chad Sandusky

Laboratory Experiments Collection

Eighty published studies were appraised to document the potential stress associated with three routine laboratory procedures commonly performed on animals: handling, blood collection, and orogastric gavage. We defined handling as any non-invasive manipulation occurring as part of routine husbandry, including lifting an animal and cleaning or moving an animal's cage. Significant changes in physiologic parameters correlated with stress (e.g., serum or plasma concentrations of corticosterone, glucose, growth hormone or prolactin, heart rate, blood pressure, and behavior) were associated with all three procedures in multiple species in the studies we examined. The results of these studies demonstrated that animals ...