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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 7114

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that Aristotle could not be a fore-runner to liberalism, because his view of humanity is that human beings are constituted by a community and achieve self-fulfillment only as so constituted. Thus, Aristotle endorses a unique position that defends the freedom and self-development of the individual within the parameters of a social order.


Challenges To Audit Education For The 21st Century: A Survey Of Curricula, Course Content, And Delivery Methods, Christine Earley, Eric Johnson, Jane Baird, Paul Caster, William Dilla, Timothy Louwers Jun 2015

Challenges To Audit Education For The 21st Century: A Survey Of Curricula, Course Content, And Delivery Methods, Christine Earley, Eric Johnson, Jane Baird, Paul Caster, William Dilla, Timothy Louwers

Eric N. Johnson

This paper reports the results of a survey of auditing and assurance courses in the US and several other countries conducted during 2000-2001. The survey, commissioned by the Auditing Section of the American Accounting Association, yielded data on a total of 285 auditing and assurance courses taught at 188 colleges and universities in the United States, Canada, and several other countries. The syllabi data were analyzed on a number of dimensions and the results compared to two prior surveys of auditing courses (Frakes, 1987; Groomer and Heintz 1994). Our findings document substantial changes in content (e.g., new or expanded ...


Transcending The Acquisition Of Information: Evaluating Students’ Information Literacy Skills, Kathryn Waggoner, Rick Iadonisi, Rita Kohrman, Patricia Parker, Kim Ranger Sep 2014

Transcending The Acquisition Of Information: Evaluating Students’ Information Literacy Skills, Kathryn Waggoner, Rick Iadonisi, Rita Kohrman, Patricia Parker, Kim Ranger

Kim L. Ranger

No abstract provided.


Bail Agents And Bounty Hunters: Adversaries Or Allies Of The Justice System?, Brian Johnson, Greg Warchol Apr 2014

Bail Agents And Bounty Hunters: Adversaries Or Allies Of The Justice System?, Brian Johnson, Greg Warchol

Greg Warchol

Bounty hunters are employed by the bail industry to locate and apprehend criminal defendants who “skip” bail and, subsequently, fail to appear for court appointments. While some scholars have examined bounty hunters, this work is concerned primarily with the origins, history, and legal challenges to the industry and its practices. Popular literature on this subject has created the “myth” of the bounty hunter, but it has failed to provide an accurate portrayal of the activities these individuals perform. Through the use of field research methods, this study provides a better understanding of the role that bail agents and bounty hunters ...


Leadership And Training In Mental Health, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Sara Kuppin Oct 2011

Leadership And Training In Mental Health, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Sara Kuppin

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

The leadership function within mental health organizations continues to demand that professionals must understand and deal with current multidimensional problems in the managed behavioral health care industry. Furthermore, the responsibility for preparing these professionals rests within universities to better educate these leaders in public health issues and in basic health and mental health administration. In addition, the responsibility also rests with professional societies to better equip leaders within mental health organizations for the diverse challenges that lie ahead in a changing managed behavioral health care environment. This chapter will examine leadership issues in mental health, discussing the obstacles and challenges ...


Overview Of Mental Health Services, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Overview Of Mental Health Services, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This chapter examines the organization and delivery of mental health services in the United States from a public health perspective. This chapter will emphasize the need for mental health administrators to understand the external health care environment and the resulting impact changes in that environment has upon the functioning of their mental health agency. Because of the complex and continuous changes taking place in the field of mental health administration and behavioral health services, the management of mental health organizations should include the study of health policy and health services delivery issues in the external as well as internal organizational ...


Critical Issues In Mental Health, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin Oct 2011

Critical Issues In Mental Health, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

In 1999, the first Surgeon General's report on mental health was published by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. This landmark report summarized the epidemiology, treatment, financing, and service delivery issues in mental health. While the report focused on the major issues in the organization, financing, and provision of mental health services, there remain additional issues of importance for mental health administrators. This overview section of the text consists of five basic chapters of interest to mental health administrators at all levels of management: critical issues in mental health; an overview of mental health services delivery ...


Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke Oct 2011

Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

Change has become a way of life for most organizations in the 21st century. In order to withstand profound change, an organisation must be flexible and incorporate the ability to adapt and respond to its external environment and its many stakeholders. At the same time, in an era of increasing fiscal constraints, new technologies, and an explosion of information, informatics plays an increasingly important and prominent role in society, in knowledge exchange, in communication, and in commerce between organizations. Accordingly, the most remarkable opportunities and challenges have emerged within academic libraries with regard to the incorporation of technology into daily ...


Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

The revolutionary changes in the educational curriculum for schools of library and information science being evinced by the exponential expansion of computer-based technologies require a reexamination of the skills and expertise needed to be acquired by the next wave of academic librarians. This is critical in order that they may continue to be able to provide information services and resources to the academic communities within which those librarians will practice their profession. In addition, it is important to meet emerging educational needs in terms of various multiculturalism and diversity issues that are arising today as well as a thorough understanding ...


Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke May 2011

Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke

Merilyn S Burke

Change has become a way of life for most organizations in the 21st century. In order to withstand profound change, an organisation must be flexible and incorporate the ability to adapt and respond to its external environment and its many stakeholders. At the same time, in an era of increasing fiscal constraints, new technologies, and an explosion of information, informatics plays an increasingly important and prominent role in society, in knowledge exchange, in communication, and in commerce between organizations. Accordingly, the most remarkable opportunities and challenges have emerged within academic libraries with regard to the incorporation of technology into daily ...


Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson May 2011

Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Merilyn S Burke

The revolutionary changes in the educational curriculum for schools of library and information science being evinced by the exponential expansion of computer-based technologies require a reexamination of the skills and expertise needed to be acquired by the next wave of academic librarians. This is critical in order that they may continue to be able to provide information services and resources to the academic communities within which those librarians will practice their profession. In addition, it is important to meet emerging educational needs in terms of various multiculturalism and diversity issues that are arising today as well as a thorough understanding ...


Public Finance Solutions To Vehicle Emissions Problems In California, Don Fullerton, Sarah West Feb 2008

Public Finance Solutions To Vehicle Emissions Problems In California, Don Fullerton, Sarah West

Sarah E West

All urban centers in California violate the Federal standard for ozone. So far, the State has addressed vehicle emission problems with a variety of mandates. In contrast, economic theory suggests that costs of achieving air quality can be minimized by the use of incentive policies such as permits, taxes, or subsidies. The purpose of the research described in this monograph is to explore incentive programs that might be added to the State’s repertoire of effective vehicle pollution reduction policies. The monograph is not very technical in nature, but it explains our theoretical approach, numerical simulation model, and statistical estimation ...


Mental Health Of Incarcerated Juveniles In Nevada: Final Report, Nevada Institute For Children's Rerearch And Policy, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas, Jennifer Petsonius, Denise Tanata, Michelle Chino Dr Dec 2003

Mental Health Of Incarcerated Juveniles In Nevada: Final Report, Nevada Institute For Children's Rerearch And Policy, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas, Jennifer Petsonius, Denise Tanata, Michelle Chino Dr

Nevada Institute for Children's Research and Policy Reports

The prevalence of mental health problems in the juvenile offender population is substantially higher than that of the general population (Cocozza & Skowyra, 2000). Studies estimate that one in five juvenile offenders has serious mental health problems, which is nearly twice the rate of occurrence of mental illness in children and adults in the general population (NMHA Fact Sheet #l). However, there have been several methodological problems encountered in previous research. These include the use of inconsistent definitions and measurements of mental illness; the use of biased, nonrandom samples, a reliance on retrospective case report data, and the use of non-standard measurement instruments (Coccozza & Skowyra, 2000).

All these factors can cause confusion on the actual prevalence rates of mental illness in the juvenile offender population. From other studies, tentative estimates of specific disorders prevalent among incarcerated youth are as follows: "50-90% with conduct disorder, up to 46% with attention deficit disorder, 6-41%with anxiety disorders, 25-50%with substance abuse or dependence, 32-78 ...


Regional Comparisons Of Timber Dependency: The Northwest And The Southeast, Joni F. Norton, Glenn R. Howze, Laura J. Robinson Dec 2003

Regional Comparisons Of Timber Dependency: The Northwest And The Southeast, Joni F. Norton, Glenn R. Howze, Laura J. Robinson

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

We perform a comparison of the timber dependency and socioeconomic characteristics of timber dependent counties for three states in the Northwest region (Idaho, Oregon, and Washington) and three states in the Southeast region (Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi) of the United States. The purpose of this research is to examine whether two forested areas of the United States experience timber dependency in similar ways. This research defines timber dependent counties as those with 20 percent or more of the total employment in forest-based industries. Questions related to forest-based employment patterns and socioeconomic correlates of timber dependency are examined. Tests of difference ...


The Concept Of Social Exclusion And Rural Development Policy, F. Dale Parent, Bonnie L. Lewis Dec 2003

The Concept Of Social Exclusion And Rural Development Policy, F. Dale Parent, Bonnie L. Lewis

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Since the early 1970s rural research and public education programs have been intensified in efforts to improve living conditions and strengthen community life in rural America (Southern Perspectives 2000). During much of the 1990s, the nation, including the rural South, experienced a growing economy, a booming stock market, and declining unemployment rates (Gibbs 2001). However, many serious social problems traditionally associated with the rural South remain to this day (Gibbs 2001). This paper introduces the concept of social exclusion, used extensively in European countries and now part of the European Union's official lexicon. Social exclusion is defined as the ...


Historical Analysis Of Timber Dependency In Alabama, Glenn R. Howze, Laura J. Robinson, Joni F. Norton Dec 2003

Historical Analysis Of Timber Dependency In Alabama, Glenn R. Howze, Laura J. Robinson, Joni F. Norton

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Almost every part of Alabama is heavily forested and by most standards the forest products industry is the state's leading industry. A significant portion of the total employment and the majority of the manufacturing employment of these counties are in forest product enterprises, criteria used here to define timber dependent counties. This paper will use the historical demographic, economic, and agricultural census data to trace the development of timber dependency in rural counties in Alabama. Understanding the social and land use history is critical in examining timber dependency in Alabama today. Conclusions will be drawn between rural and timber ...


New Opportunities For Social Research On Forest Landowners In The South, John Schelhas, Robert Zabawa, Joseph J. Molnar Dec 2003

New Opportunities For Social Research On Forest Landowners In The South, John Schelhas, Robert Zabawa, Joseph J. Molnar

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Many of the issues of importance to forest management and policy have important social components. Yet, in the South, social research on forests has lagged behind economic and biophysical research. In this paper we identify some important new opportunities for social research on forests in the South, focusing on non industrial private forests because they represent the majority of the South's timberland. We identify six important areas for social research. One, research on diversity of forest land owners and how different landowners relate to and use their forests. Two, social relationships of forest landowners, including household and family structure ...


One Engineer And A Dog: Technological Change And Social Restructuring In Alabama's Pulp And Paper Industry, Peter R. Sinclair, Conner Bailey, Mark Dubois Dec 2003

One Engineer And A Dog: Technological Change And Social Restructuring In Alabama's Pulp And Paper Industry, Peter R. Sinclair, Conner Bailey, Mark Dubois

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

We apply a commodity systems analysis to examine a series of changes that are transforming Alabama's pulp and paper industry. Alabama is a critical area for investigation because it lies at the heart of North America's principle pulp and paper production zone. Industry restructuring is a complex process involving the reorganization of capital and corporate ownership, as well as changes in technologies, which affect the labor process. For example, a recent spate of corporate mergers has resulted in concentration of mill ownership and has accelerated the prevalence of sub-contracting. Indeed, the expansion of sub-contracting into new realms raises ...


One Step Further: Women's Access To And Control Over Farm And Forest Resources In The U.S. South, Sarah T. Warren Dec 2003

One Step Further: Women's Access To And Control Over Farm And Forest Resources In The U.S. South, Sarah T. Warren

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

The ownership and management of forested land by women in the United States has been largely unexamined. It may be inappropriately discounted, especially in regions such as the South, where private land ownership is extensive and forest industry is an important component of the economy. Here several data sources on female forest and woodland owner/operators are examined, focusing on the southern U.S. states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. It is clear that female-operated farms and farmlands are increasing, and that female farm operators employ different land use strategies from ...


Faith Based Initiatives And Black Churches: Relationships In A Small City, Said Sewell Iii Dec 2003

Faith Based Initiatives And Black Churches: Relationships In A Small City, Said Sewell Iii

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

This exploratory study examined characteristics of black churches in a small southern city that affected the likelihood that such churches would play an active role in faith-based community services. A formal mail survey of church ministers in black Protestant churches in this city was employed. Results were discussed in light of federal policies that promote faith-based initiatives to meet local social service needs. The results indicated that the majority of the black churches in this study were active in addressing local needs through indirect (sermons, lobbying local governments) rather than direct (program development and implementation) means. Among a range of ...


Public Interests In Private Property: Conflicts Over Wood Chip Mills In North Carolina, Sarah T. Warren Dec 2003

Public Interests In Private Property: Conflicts Over Wood Chip Mills In North Carolina, Sarah T. Warren

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

The controversy over chip mills in North Carolina is part of a larger public discussion of forest policy throughout the southern Appalachians, Ozarks, and Ouachitas. Chip mills have become a symbol of forest resource exploitation in the southern Appalachians, and many studies and commissions have been established for analysis of the conflict. In this paper I describe the tensions that have arisen between new public views of appropriate property use and more traditional views of natural resource use. Based on the results of a social impact assessment conducted in the summer of 1999 as part of a broader study on ...


Public Perceptions About Biotechnology, Don E. Albrecht Dec 2003

Public Perceptions About Biotechnology, Don E. Albrecht

Journal of Rural Social Sciences

Biotechnology represents a new generation of scientific and technological advancements and has the potential to result in profound changes in twenty-first century agriculture. Since the general public are the consumers of biotechnology products, public acceptance is vital. This article presents the results of a survey of a random sample of Texas residents on two significant issues. First, to what extent is the general public supportive of biotechnology, and second, are there some segments of the population that are more supportive of biotechnology than other segments. Survey results make it apparent that the Texas general public has a clear mandate about ...


Park Blocks Documents, Unknown Dec 2003

Park Blocks Documents, Unknown

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Notes: Portland Public Market, 1926-1933, Unknown Dec 2003

Notes: Portland Public Market, 1926-1933, Unknown

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Journal Building 1947-1977, Unknown Dec 2003

Journal Building 1947-1977, Unknown

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Notes And Chronology: Public Market, Unknown Dec 2003

Notes And Chronology: Public Market, Unknown

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Notes: Portland Public Market, 1931-1934, Unknown Dec 2003

Notes: Portland Public Market, 1931-1934, Unknown

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Schematic Of Market, 1920-1926, Unknown Dec 2003

Schematic Of Market, 1920-1926, Unknown

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Remarks, Delivered At The Memorial Service For Paul Johnson On December 23, 2003, Arend D. Lubbers Dec 2003

Remarks, Delivered At The Memorial Service For Paul Johnson On December 23, 2003, Arend D. Lubbers

Presidential Speeches

Remarks, delivered at the Memorial Service for Paul Johnson on December 23, 2003 by Arend D. Lubbers, who served as President of Grand Valley from 1969-2001.


Proposed Development Goal, Ernest Bonner Dec 2003

Proposed Development Goal, Ernest Bonner

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.