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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Relational And Physical Victimization Within Friendships: Nobody Told Me There'd Be Friends Like These, Nicki R. Crick, David A. Nelson Dec 2002

Relational And Physical Victimization Within Friendships: Nobody Told Me There'd Be Friends Like These, Nicki R. Crick, David A. Nelson

Faculty Publications

In past research, relational and physical forms of peer victimization have been identified that have been shown to be significantly associated with social–psychological maladjustment. These forms of victimization, although studied primarily within the group peer context, also occur within dyadic relationships such as friendships. Gender differences in friend victimization and the association between friend victimization and children's social–psychological adjustment were examined. Results showed that boys were more physically victimized by their friends than were girls. Girls were more relationally than physically victimized by their friends. Friend victimization was related to adjustment difficulties for both boys and girls ...


On Adaptive Emergence Of Trust Behavior In The Game Of Stag Hunt, Christina H Fang, Steven. O. Kimbrough, Stefano Pace, Annapurna Valluri, Zhiqiang Zheng Nov 2002

On Adaptive Emergence Of Trust Behavior In The Game Of Stag Hunt, Christina H Fang, Steven. O. Kimbrough, Stefano Pace, Annapurna Valluri, Zhiqiang Zheng

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We study the emergence of trust behavior at both the individual and the population levels. At the individual level, in contrast to prior research that views trust as fixed traits, we model the emergence of trust or cooperation as a result of trial and error learning by a computer algorithm borrowed from the field of artificial intelligence (Watkins 1989). We show that trust can indeed arise as a result of trial and error learning. Emergence of trust at the population level is modeled by a grid-world consisting of cells of individual agents, a technique known as spatialization in evolutionary game ...


Distentangling Mothering And Fathering: An Assessment Of Relative Importance., Heidi Stolz, Brian Barber, J Olsen Oct 2002

Distentangling Mothering And Fathering: An Assessment Of Relative Importance., Heidi Stolz, Brian Barber, J Olsen

Heidi E Stolz

No abstract provided.


Filling The Gap Between Vendor And User Practice, Denise Troll Covey Oct 2002

Filling The Gap Between Vendor And User Practice, Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Relationships Between Accountability, Job Satisfaction, And Trust, Peg Thoms, Jennifer J. Dose, Kimberly S. Scott Oct 2002

Relationships Between Accountability, Job Satisfaction, And Trust, Peg Thoms, Jennifer J. Dose, Kimberly S. Scott

Business Educator Scholarship

With the trend toward self-management comes increasing accountability of individuals to their coworkers and organizations. There is an implicit assumption that workers like self-management and the accompanying accountability, despite little supporting empirical evidence. This study examines the idea that workers’ perceptions of their level of accountability are related to their job satisfaction. A significant correlation was found between job satisfaction and perceived accountability to coworkers and perceived accountability to management. In addition, we found that accountability to both coworkers and management was positively related to trust in supervisors and managers. However, only two aspects of accountability—manager and coworker awareness ...


Olympic Masculinity: An Analysis Of Canadian Newspapers During The 1976, 1988, And 2000 Olympic Games, Don Morrow Sep 2002

Olympic Masculinity: An Analysis Of Canadian Newspapers During The 1976, 1988, And 2000 Olympic Games, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Integrating Marriage Education Into Perinatal Education, Alan J. Hawkins, Tamara Gilliland, Glenda Christiaens, Jason S. Carroll Sep 2002

Integrating Marriage Education Into Perinatal Education, Alan J. Hawkins, Tamara Gilliland, Glenda Christiaens, Jason S. Carroll

Faculty Publications

Couples making the transition to parenthood experience challenges that can threaten the quality and stability of their relationships and the health of family members. Currently, the educational infrastructure to support the delivery of couple-relationship education during the transition to parenthood is limited. Because new-parent couples interact with the health care system at many points during this transition time, an opportunity exists for strengthening couple relationships within the system to improve the well-being of adults and children. in this article, we propose a productive collaboration between marriage/couple educators and health care systems to integrate couple-relationship education into the standard of ...


Household Food Sufficiency Status And The Qualityof Children's Diets: An Analysis From The Continuing Survey Of Food Intakes By Individuals 1994-1996, 1998, Linda Lou Knol Aug 2002

Household Food Sufficiency Status And The Qualityof Children's Diets: An Analysis From The Continuing Survey Of Food Intakes By Individuals 1994-1996, 1998, Linda Lou Knol

Doctoral Dissertations

The relationship between food sufficiency and diet quality was explored among children 2-8 years of age living in households ≤185% poverty with 2-days of dietary recall data from 1994-96, 1998 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. Diet quality was assessed using measures of both adequacy and variety. Diet adequacy was measured by degree of adherence to age-specific daily serving recommendations for the 5 Food Guide Pyramid food groups and by intake of discretionary fat (grams) and added sugars (teaspoons). Variety was measured using the Healthy Eating Index Variety Score ( overall variety), the Dietary Diversity Score (among food group variety ...


Special Topics: Terrorism Syllabus, Steven Alan Samson Jul 2002

Special Topics: Terrorism Syllabus, Steven Alan Samson

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Drop-Out From Individual Development Accounts: Prediction And Prevention, Mark Schreiner, Michael Sherraden Jul 2002

Drop-Out From Individual Development Accounts: Prediction And Prevention, Mark Schreiner, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) are a new policy instrument designed to help the poor save and accumulate assets. IDAs provide matches for savings used for home purchase, post-secondary education, or microenterprise. IDAs cannot help participants, however, if they drop out. What determines drop-out, and what can be done to help participants to stay in? Three findings emerge from an analysis of IDAs in the American Dream Demonstration. First, drop-out depends more on transaction costs and previous debt than on income. Second, program design --and match rates in particular--affect drop-out risk. Third, drop-out can be predicted with some accuracy, so IDA ...


Violence In The Lives Of Rural, Southern & Poor White Women, Naomi Farber, Julie Miller-Cribbs Jul 2002

Violence In The Lives Of Rural, Southern & Poor White Women, Naomi Farber, Julie Miller-Cribbs

Center for Social Development Research

Violence in the Lives of Rural, Southern & Poor White Women


Kinship Care In Massachusetts, Jan Mutchler, Alison S. Gottlieb, Lona Choi, Ellen A. Bruce Jul 2002

Kinship Care In Massachusetts, Jan Mutchler, Alison S. Gottlieb, Lona Choi, Ellen A. Bruce

Gerontology Institute Publications

The population of kinship care families in the Commonwealth is diverse in its characteristics, resources, and needs. The often-referenced stereotype of the elderly single grandmother caring for a number of grandchildren holds for only a portion of the kinship care families. Many children are cared for by married couples; many of the grandparents are not elderly; and many of the caregivers are not grandparents, but rather aunts, uncles, grown siblings, or other relatives. Although the duration of the caregiving relationship is unknown for non-grandparental care, most of the grandparent caregivers are involved in long-term caregiving. As such, their needs are ...


Crossing Divides: New Common Ground On Poverty And Economic Security, Tammy Draut, David Callahan, Corinna Hawkes Jul 2002

Crossing Divides: New Common Ground On Poverty And Economic Security, Tammy Draut, David Callahan, Corinna Hawkes

Center for Social Development Research

Crossing Divides: New Common Ground on Poverty and Economic Security


Effects Of Mothers' Assets On Expectations And Children's Educational Achievement In Female-Headed Households, Min Zhan, Michael Sherraden Jul 2002

Effects Of Mothers' Assets On Expectations And Children's Educational Achievement In Female-Headed Households, Min Zhan, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

This study examines the effects of mothers’ assets (home ownership and savings) on their expectations and children’s educational achievement in female-headed households. Through the analysis of data from the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH), results indicate that single mothers’ assets have positive effects on children’s educational achievement, and this effect is partially mediated through expectations. The study also finds that the positive effects of household income on children’s outcomes occur mainly through mothers’ assets. These results lend support for expansion of asset-based policies for poor women with children.


Gender Differences In Self-Perceptions And Academic Outcomes: A Study Of African American High School Students, Jeanne Saunders, Larry Davis, Trina Williams, Julie Miller Cribbs Jul 2002

Gender Differences In Self-Perceptions And Academic Outcomes: A Study Of African American High School Students, Jeanne Saunders, Larry Davis, Trina Williams, Julie Miller Cribbs

Center for Social Development Research

There is increasing divergence in the academic outcomes of African American males and females. By most accounts, males are falling behind their female peers educationally as African American females are graduating from high schools at higher rates and are going on to college and graduate school in greater numbers. Some have suggested that school completion and performance is associated with how students feel about themselves. The purpose of this study was to explore gender differences in the relationship between self-perceptions and two academic outcomes among a sample of 243 African American high school sophomores. The results suggest that, overall; females ...


Saving Performance In The American Dream Demonstration: A National Demonstration Of Individual Development Accounts, Mark Schreiner, Margaret Clancy, Michael Sherraden Jul 2002

Saving Performance In The American Dream Demonstration: A National Demonstration Of Individual Development Accounts, Mark Schreiner, Margaret Clancy, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

Saving Performance in the American Dream Demonstration: A National Demonstration of Individual Development Accounts


Welfare Recipiency And Savings Outcomes In Individual Development Accounts, Min Zhan, Michael Sherraden, Mark Schreiner Jul 2002

Welfare Recipiency And Savings Outcomes In Individual Development Accounts, Min Zhan, Michael Sherraden, Mark Schreiner

Center for Social Development Research

Both theoretical frameworks and empirical evidence show that asset-based, means-tested welfare programs have negative effects on savings behaviors of welfare recipients. In this study, we examine how welfare recipiency is associated with savings outcomes in Individual Development Accounts. The results suggest that when other factors are controlled, receipt of welfare either before or at enrollment of IDAs is not correlated with savings outcomes. Policy implications under current welfare reform are discussed.


Limitations Of Civic Service: Critical Perspectives, Jenny Brav, Amanda Moore Mcbride, Michael Sherraden Jul 2002

Limitations Of Civic Service: Critical Perspectives, Jenny Brav, Amanda Moore Mcbride, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

Limitations of Civic Service: Critical Perspectives


The Decision Of African American Students To Complete High School: An Application Of The Theory Of Planned Behavior, Larry Davis, Icek Ajzen, Jeanne Saunders, Trina Williams Jul 2002

The Decision Of African American Students To Complete High School: An Application Of The Theory Of Planned Behavior, Larry Davis, Icek Ajzen, Jeanne Saunders, Trina Williams

Center for Social Development Research

A longitudinal study explored high-school completion among African Americans. Male and female high-school students aged 14 to 17 (N=166) completed a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991) early in their second year. Intentions to complete the year were accurately predicted from attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control (R=0.71; p


Understanding Service: Words In The Context Of History And Culture, Natasha Menon, Amanda Moore Mcbride, Michael Sherraden Jul 2002

Understanding Service: Words In The Context Of History And Culture, Natasha Menon, Amanda Moore Mcbride, Michael Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

Understanding Service: Words in the Context of History and Culture


The United Way Of Greater St. Louis Individual Development Account Pilot Program, Margaret Clancy, Mark Schreiner, Mark Sherraden Jul 2002

The United Way Of Greater St. Louis Individual Development Account Pilot Program, Margaret Clancy, Mark Schreiner, Mark Sherraden

Center for Social Development Research

The United Way of Greater St. Louis Individual Development Account Pilot Program


Friends, Family, And Neighborhood: Understanding Academic Outcomes Of African American Youth, Trina Williams, Larry Davis, Julie Miller-Cribbs, Jeanne Saunders, James Herbert Williams Jul 2002

Friends, Family, And Neighborhood: Understanding Academic Outcomes Of African American Youth, Trina Williams, Larry Davis, Julie Miller-Cribbs, Jeanne Saunders, James Herbert Williams

Center for Social Development Research

Friends, Family, and Neighborhood: Understanding Academic Outcomes of African American Youth


Income, Institutions, And Saving Performance In Individual Development Accounts, Michael Sherraden, Mark Schreiner, Sondra Beverly Jul 2002

Income, Institutions, And Saving Performance In Individual Development Accounts, Michael Sherraden, Mark Schreiner, Sondra Beverly

Center for Social Development Research

This paper examines the relationship between income and saving performance in Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). We first discuss theories of saving. Next, for IDA participants in the American Dream Demonstration, we look at income sources and distribution, followed by tabulations of income and savings outcomes. Following this, we discuss results from regression analyses on savings outcomes. We find that savings amount did not increase with income and that the savings rate decreased with income. Although the data do not reveal exactly what caused this, we believe that institutional factors in IDA programs played an important role.


“Bagger And Will: Mysticism In The Legend Of Bagger Vance, Don Morrow May 2002

“Bagger And Will: Mysticism In The Legend Of Bagger Vance, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Moaning, Shoveling And Reeling: An Analysis And Synthesis Of Early 20th Century Canadian Sporting Journalism, Don Morrow Apr 2002

Moaning, Shoveling And Reeling: An Analysis And Synthesis Of Early 20th Century Canadian Sporting Journalism, Don Morrow

Donald Morrow

No abstract provided.


Accountability Versus Count-Ability, Denise Troll Covey Mar 2002

Accountability Versus Count-Ability, Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Automated Reference Assistance: Reference For A New Generation, Denise Troll Covey Mar 2002

Automated Reference Assistance: Reference For A New Generation, Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Eurcentrism And The Role Of The Human Sciences In The Dialogue Among Civilization, Syed Farid Alatas Jan 2002

Eurcentrism And The Role Of The Human Sciences In The Dialogue Among Civilization, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

In public discourse and formal education, human sciences need to facilitate the dialogue among civilizations to inculcate an attitude founded on appreciation, understanding, interest, and compassion for the cultures and worldviews of the other. All belief sys- tems are corruptible and can be perverted, and there are specific social and historical conditions that result in these perversions. Human sciences must go beyond merely correcting the fallacies and distortions of public discourse. They must attack the root of the problem, which is the problem of Eurocentrism in social science education that ulti- mately informs public discourse. The problem has to be ...


Thomas Magstadt: Nations And Governments 3rd Ed. Study Guide, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2002

Thomas Magstadt: Nations And Governments 3rd Ed. Study Guide, Steven Alan Samson

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Forrest Mcdonald: A Constitutional History Of The United States: Study Guide, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2002

Forrest Mcdonald: A Constitutional History Of The United States: Study Guide, Steven Alan Samson

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.