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2000

The Qualitative Report

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Editorial Introduction, Christina Cruz, Melissa Freeman, Rebecca Rogers Oct 2000

Editorial Introduction, Christina Cruz, Melissa Freeman, Rebecca Rogers

The Qualitative Report

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Creative Voice In An Academic Context, Laura Brearley Oct 2000

Exploring The Creative Voice In An Academic Context, Laura Brearley

The Qualitative Report

Who we are changes what we write about and how we write. Simply stated, if the academy is to change, if our views of reality are to be more inclusive, then we need to take a broader view of authorial voices… Tierney and Lincoln, 1997 This paper challenges the traditional paradigm of densely referenced text and the use of a passive, 'neutral' researcher's voice. It draws on current doctoral research that is using creative modes of data representation to examine managers' experiences of transition in organisational life. Within this research, ten managers from an educational institution are being tracked ...


Imposters In The Sacred Grove: Working Class Women In The Academe, Melanie L. Long, Gaye Ranck Jenkins, Susan Bracken Oct 2000

Imposters In The Sacred Grove: Working Class Women In The Academe, Melanie L. Long, Gaye Ranck Jenkins, Susan Bracken

The Qualitative Report

The authors of this paper take a critical approach within ethnographic narrative to explore issues of power, class and agency in their experiences as working class women in the academe. After first revealing their working class roots through personal narratives, they employ Clance's Impostor Phenomenon to explore and discuss their experiences as working-class women within the Scared Grove of the academe. Results seem to indicate a dichotomy between their working class values and the expectations of university academics. Results also reveal that men faculty are their current allies, indicating that, for these three working class women in the academe ...


Why Urban Parents Resist Involvement In Their Children’S Elementary Education, Peter Mcdermott, Julia J. Rothenburg Oct 2000

Why Urban Parents Resist Involvement In Their Children’S Elementary Education, Peter Mcdermott, Julia J. Rothenburg

The Qualitative Report

We examined the perceptions of teachers and parents about family involvement in urban schools. The study generated from several others that we have been conducting about teaching in high poverty, urban schools. Using focus groups, our purpose was to learn how we could better prepare teachers for urban schools. The data revealed that teachers are frustrated with a lack of parental involvement in literacy activities at home and at school. Parents, however, expressed distrust toward the local elementary school because they felt the faculty has been biased against African American and Latino children and their families. Consequently, the parents said ...


Case Study Of Classroom Practice: A Quiet Form Of Research, Janice Showler Oct 2000

Case Study Of Classroom Practice: A Quiet Form Of Research, Janice Showler

The Qualitative Report

This paper documents the use of ethnographic research methods as a heuristic for inquiry and teaching. More specifically, it focuses on reflection as situated at the heart of teacher-research, including research conducted by prospective English language arts teachers. In a retrospective analysis of her student's case studies in literacy at an urban site, a teacher researcher explores whether and how her students come to "know their knowledge." She explores students' construction of knowledge and theories of practice, how these develop over time and what impact they may have on teaching and learning. These constructions inform not only her students ...


Multilayered Representation In Research, Kathryn Delawter, Adrienne Sosin, Julie Mabey Oct 2000

Multilayered Representation In Research, Kathryn Delawter, Adrienne Sosin, Julie Mabey

The Qualitative Report

This paper describes a multi-layered qualitative action research study presented at the Twelfth Annual Conference on Ethnographic and Qualitative Research. "The Aesthetics of Ethnography: A Moving Triangle," was an interactive installation that demonstrated the aesthetics of ethnography for education. Participants were invited to share their own constructions of meaning when engaged in activities related to multicultural calendar artifacts. The research methodology of this study is collective reflection, developed by the researchers in the process of interpreting teacher education student's multicultural calendar artifacts as texts. The article highlights one of the multicultural calendar artifacts displayed in the installation, through hyperlinks ...


Focus Groups In Ethnography Of Communication: Expanding Topics Of Inquiry Beyond Participant Observation, Elizabeth A. Suter May 2000

Focus Groups In Ethnography Of Communication: Expanding Topics Of Inquiry Beyond Participant Observation, Elizabeth A. Suter

The Qualitative Report

Historically, ethnography of communication has viewed participant observation as the central and necessary methodological point of departure for any ethnographic endeavor. However, as this article illustrates, this becomes problematic when particular topics of inquiry do not provide ample opportunities for observation. After struggles to participant observe conversations on women's marital naming practices, I was able to research this topic and produce participant observation-like understandings after I incorporated focus groups into my methods. Based upon these experiences and study, this article urges ethnography of communication scholars to step outside their traditional methodological practices, when necessary, and integrate the focus group ...


Reconstructing The World Of The Anorectic Outpatient: Procedures For Enhancing Trustworthiness And Credibility, Steven R. Thomsen, J. Kelley Mccoy, Marleen Williams May 2000

Reconstructing The World Of The Anorectic Outpatient: Procedures For Enhancing Trustworthiness And Credibility, Steven R. Thomsen, J. Kelley Mccoy, Marleen Williams

The Qualitative Report

Conducting in-depth interviews with clinical populations often poses a number of problems for qualitative researchers. Because of the skewed perception of themselves and the world around them, and because of their propensity to distort and deny the pathology of their illness, anorexic women are an example of one such group that can create possible problems for researchers, particularly those concerned with the trustworthiness and credibility of their analysis. How should qualitative researchers approach this population? How can a credible reconstruction of reality be produced? This paper explores and discusses the procedures utilized by the authors during an 18-month project in ...


Feminist Content Analysis And Representative Characters, Patricia Leavy May 2000

Feminist Content Analysis And Representative Characters, Patricia Leavy

The Qualitative Report

This paper details textual, visual and audio-visual content analysis from both a general and feminist perspective. It provides a backstage look at how I took an abstract idea of analyzing the larger socio-cultural-political American 1990s/2000 context through a representative fictional character, Ally McBeal, and created a manageable project outline for how to achieve my research goals using content analysis in multiple way


The Devil In The Detail: An Account Of Self-Harm, Bogusia Temple, Jennifer Harris May 2000

The Devil In The Detail: An Account Of Self-Harm, Bogusia Temple, Jennifer Harris

The Qualitative Report

In this article we discuss self-harm data from an A & E (Emergency Room) Department in an English hospital. In order to be able to examine the relationship between data collection, analysis and findings we focus on the processes we used as researchers in constructing the dataset. Doing this, we argue, is as important as just analysing findings since this process in part constructs the findings. Moreover, how people's actions are defined may impact on the way they are treated.


Critical Examinations Of The Known And The Unknown In Social Science: Where Do We Go From Here?, Cynthia Wallat, Carolyn L. Piazza May 2000

Critical Examinations Of The Known And The Unknown In Social Science: Where Do We Go From Here?, Cynthia Wallat, Carolyn L. Piazza

The Qualitative Report

If the use of social science assumptions and beliefs is what helped set fields of professional practice on the quest for recognition in the academy, what does the recent outpouring of publications on the limits of science reveal about sociocultural research prospects at the dawn of the 21st century? The last few years alone have witnessed the publication of special journal issues on the "scientific wars" of the nineties, year long professional association debates on "the known and unknown," and new books and online data sources proclaiming "the end of social science." Cumulatively, research and commentary on the limits of ...


Constructivist Instructional Design: Creating A Multimedia Package For Teaching Critical Qualitative Research, Brandie Colón, Kay Ann Taylor, Jerry Willis May 2000

Constructivist Instructional Design: Creating A Multimedia Package For Teaching Critical Qualitative Research, Brandie Colón, Kay Ann Taylor, Jerry Willis

The Qualitative Report

Instructors for quantitative research courses often find that there are many different types of support material for those courses. That is not the case with qualitative courses. Very little support material is available for qualitative research courses. In this paper we describe the creation of one multimedia package that focuses on one type of qualitative research - critical ethnographic techniques. The package was created to help graduate students learn to use five critical ethnographic techniques: meaning fields, validity reconstruction, role analysis, power analysis, and horizon analysis. We used a constructivist instructional design model, R2D2, to guide our development work. It is ...


Getting In Trouble: The Meaning Of School For "Problem" Students, Darryl A. Pifer May 2000

Getting In Trouble: The Meaning Of School For "Problem" Students, Darryl A. Pifer

The Qualitative Report

Three students attending an alternative school were selected because they had been labeled by their previous school and teachers as "problem students." A series of interviews was completed with each individual with the purpose of exploring the meaning of school for each. Each participant indicated an acceptance of the notion that education is important, but each also felt negatively about school. Good and bad things about school were discussed as well as good and bad experiences. The participants also discussed how they perceived the actions and expectations of others. The unfairness they each experienced in school was discussed as well ...


The Unanticipated In Qualitative Inquiry, Sally St.George, Dan Wulff May 2000

The Unanticipated In Qualitative Inquiry, Sally St.George, Dan Wulff

The Qualitative Report

This article tells the story of some unanticipated (and highly beneficial) events and learnings that developed from a student's efforts to ethnographically study her own therapeutic work.


How To Write Qualitative Research? -- A Book Review, Yuliang Liu May 2000

How To Write Qualitative Research? -- A Book Review, Yuliang Liu

The Qualitative Report

No abstract provided.


Qualitative Research And The Generalizability Question: Standing Firm With Proteus, Margaret Myers Mar 2000

Qualitative Research And The Generalizability Question: Standing Firm With Proteus, Margaret Myers

The Qualitative Report

Qualitative studies are tools used in understanding and describing the world of human experience. Since we maintain our humanity throughout the research process, it is largely impossible to escape the subjective experience, even for the most seasoned of researchers. As we proceed through the research process, our humanness informs us and often directs us through such subtleties as intuition or 'aha' moments. Speaking about the world of human experience requires an extensive commitment in terms of time and dedication to process; however, this world is often dismissed as 'subjective' and regarded with suspicion. This paper acknowledges that small qualitative studies ...


Computer-Aided Qualitative Analysis Of Interview Data: Some Recommendations For Collaborative Working, Kate Ford, Iddo Oberski, Steve Higgins Mar 2000

Computer-Aided Qualitative Analysis Of Interview Data: Some Recommendations For Collaborative Working, Kate Ford, Iddo Oberski, Steve Higgins

The Qualitative Report

In a research project on the concerns and achievements of newly qualified teachers we used a qualitative data analysis software package for the Macintosh computer. This package allows the storage of documents such as interview transcripts, the coding and indexing of text-units and provides a tool for establishing and refining categories within data. However, although a computer-aided analysis dramatically decreases the time conventionally needed for the cutting, sorting and pasting of interview data, it poses several challenges when used in a collaborative context. In this paper we would like to discuss some of the practical and methodological considerations involved in ...


Researching Psychotherapy, The Importance Of The Client's View: A Methodological Challenge, Neil Scott Gordon Mar 2000

Researching Psychotherapy, The Importance Of The Client's View: A Methodological Challenge, Neil Scott Gordon

The Qualitative Report

This paper argues that research approaches which are aimed at developing our understanding of psychotherapy which fail to address the client's interpretation of events will only provide a limited picture of its true nature. The discussion explores the philosophical underpinnings of research in this area through analysing contemporary debates and controversies. The difficulties of defining the term "psychotherapy" are acknowledged while highlighting the centrality of the concept of relationship in current definitions. The question "What is psychotherapy?" is further addressed by offering a brief overview of the theoretical assumptions which influence some current approaches to clinical work. Attention is ...


Creativity Within Qualitative Research On Families: New Ideas For Old Methods, Sharon A. Deacon Mar 2000

Creativity Within Qualitative Research On Families: New Ideas For Old Methods, Sharon A. Deacon

The Qualitative Report

Qualitative researchers are continually searching for research methods that engage their participants in the data collection process. When researching living, dynamic systems such as families, researchers need to find methods that can encapsulate the multi-dimensionality of the human experience. The purpose of this paper is to acquaint researchers with some creative and active methods they can use to not only involve their participants in the research process, but also to more fully learn about and experience the perceptions, feelings, and life events of their participants. The methods discussed include sculpting, photography and videography, art and drawing, role playing, writing exercises ...


A Comparative Discussion Of The Notion Of 'Validity' In Qualitative And Quantitative Research, Glyn Winter Mar 2000

A Comparative Discussion Of The Notion Of 'Validity' In Qualitative And Quantitative Research, Glyn Winter

The Qualitative Report

The issues surrounding the use and nature of the term 'validity' in qualitative research are controversial and many. In this paper, the author attempts to establish that 'validity' is not a single, fixed or universal concept, but rather a contingent construct, inescapably grounded in the processes and intentions of particular research methodologies and projects. The first section of this work deals with the problems faced in defining 'validity' in both quantitative and qualitative research methods and will briefly review other authors' attempts to categorise it. The work will then proceed to distinguish and compare the claims to 'validity' made by ...


Preparing Teachers For Urban Settings: Changing Teacher Education By Changing Ourselves , Colleen Willard-Holt Mar 2000

Preparing Teachers For Urban Settings: Changing Teacher Education By Changing Ourselves , Colleen Willard-Holt

The Qualitative Report

This article describes the personal and professional changes experienced by a teacher education faculty who embarked on a joint project relating to urban education. The faculty members committed to write book chapters applying their areas of expertise to the challenge of preparing teachers for urban schools. Using qualitative methodology, this research examined the faculty members' discoveries, thoughts, doubts, and reflections at three points during the project. Results showed an evolving perspective on urban education focusing upon understanding the lived experiences of the children in order to provide meaningful education for them. This study may provide insight and encouragement for other ...


Using Nudist-4 In A Preliminary Qualitative Investigation Of Postpartum Depression Among African American Women, Linda Amankwaa Mar 2000

Using Nudist-4 In A Preliminary Qualitative Investigation Of Postpartum Depression Among African American Women, Linda Amankwaa

The Qualitative Report

The purpose of this paper was to discuss the processes that were used to collect and analyze data in a pilot project on postpartum depression among African-American women. NUD*IST 4 (Richards & Richards, 1997), a computer program, was instrumental to the researcher in coding the preliminary data. Memos of the process and the thoughts of the researcher are sprinkled throughout the paper describing the processes used and decisions that were made during the data collection and analysis processes. Four interviews were conducted and the very first analysis of these these interviews are included in this paper. This paper is a ...


Dual Relationships In Qualitative Research, Beth Bourdeau Mar 2000

Dual Relationships In Qualitative Research, Beth Bourdeau

The Qualitative Report

With the potentially sensitive nature of qualitative family research, the process of these inquiries can come to resemble the therapeutic process. Therapy and research done by therapists and other family professionals share similar philosophical and structural qualities. Inherent in this is a structural power differential that opens the possibility for abuse of participants by researchers. Meara and Schmidt (1991) give four principles for guiding the treatment of qualitative research participants, however; they address only the relationship of researcher-participant and not the additional relationships that may arise from research. In this article, the author proposes some guidelines for relationships between the ...


Navigating The "Seven C'S": Curiosity, Confirmation, Comparison, Changing, Collaborating, Critiquing, And Combinations, Ron J. Chenail Mar 2000

Navigating The "Seven C'S": Curiosity, Confirmation, Comparison, Changing, Collaborating, Critiquing, And Combinations, Ron J. Chenail

The Qualitative Report

It is important for researchers to establish a research posture (i.e., the relationship a researcher wants to have with his or her subject or other) (Wolcott, 1992) and making subsequent methodological choices in which all cohere and are consistent with the ascribed posture. By keeping things plumb in this manner, researchers can greatly increase the chances that their projects will be internally coherent and imminently more do-able than those studies which grow out-of-alignment. A method for assessing research posture, the "Seven C's," is presented and a series of questions are introduced to help researchers match their postures with ...


Establishing The Research Foundations For Successful Client-Server Computing: What Naturalistic Studies Could Contribute , Patricia Y. Logan, Charles M. Lutz Jan 2000

Establishing The Research Foundations For Successful Client-Server Computing: What Naturalistic Studies Could Contribute , Patricia Y. Logan, Charles M. Lutz

The Qualitative Report

What is the nature of the process of implementing a new technology? How should the dynamics of implementing a new technology be studied? What research methods are best-suited to the study of complex issues of social and organizational impacts arising from the implementation of a new technology? Client-server computing represents a significant new technology that has not been a focus of research investigations. As companies pursue client-server technology as a replacement for legacy computing systems, there is a need to provide practitioners with grounded research that discover patterns of organizational and social dynamics that influence the successful outcome of a ...


The Dislocated Textile Worker In Rural Alabama: A Portrait , Sharon G. Lankford-Rice Jan 2000

The Dislocated Textile Worker In Rural Alabama: A Portrait , Sharon G. Lankford-Rice

The Qualitative Report

This is a study that delves into the attitudes of the rural Alabama textile worker at the point of being laid off. The methodology and findings are discussed and a personal interview transcribed from a former dislocated worker concerning her feelings, attitudes, and aspirations on how the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) program has impacted her life and career.


Patterns Of Talk: A Micro-Landscape Perspective , Jerry Gale Jan 2000

Patterns Of Talk: A Micro-Landscape Perspective , Jerry Gale

The Qualitative Report

This paper provides a introduction to conversation analysis. CA is traced from its roots to ethnomethodology, and five features of talk are examined (turn taking procedures, adjacency pairs, presequences, formulations, and accounts). Clinical examples are provided. The relevance of CA to clinicians, researchers and supervisors is also discussed.


Micropolitical Behavior Of Second Graders: A Qualitative Study Of Student Resistance In The Classroom , Angela Spaulding Jan 2000

Micropolitical Behavior Of Second Graders: A Qualitative Study Of Student Resistance In The Classroom , Angela Spaulding

The Qualitative Report

Micropolitics describes the ways in which individuals attempt to influence others in order to attain desired goals. This qualitative, micropolitical case study examines: (1) the micropolitical strategies of resistance that second grade students used to influence their teacher, (2) the students' goals for engaging in these micropolitical strategies, and (3) the consequences of the students' micropolitical influence on their teacher.


Strategies For Conversation And Systems Analysis In Requirements Gathering: A Qualitative View Of Analyst-Client Communication , Cathy Urquhart Jan 2000

Strategies For Conversation And Systems Analysis In Requirements Gathering: A Qualitative View Of Analyst-Client Communication , Cathy Urquhart

The Qualitative Report

This paper describes how strategies for conversation and systems analysis may operate in requirements gathering. The emergence of these concepts, whilst using grounded theory techniques to analyse a case study of analyst-client interaction is discussed. The topics of conversation in the case study are analysed and grouped into themes and examined with reference to strategies for conversation and systems analysis. Methodological issues that occur when undertaking qualitative analysis of discourse are also discussed. Finally, some implications for systems analysis practice are outlined.


A Note On The Representation Of Environmental Risks In The News, Demond Shondell Miller Jan 2000

A Note On The Representation Of Environmental Risks In The News, Demond Shondell Miller

The Qualitative Report

This paper examines the role of the media in representing environmental risks to society, focusing on how environmental realities are constructed via the objectivist and subjective perspectives. This study explores the construction of reality centered on space exploration, namely, the Cassini space probe. In this study, 200 respondents were asked to read four news articles from various sources and comment on the information contained in the articles. Their comments addressed the extent to which the articles were useful in helping them assess their risk to potential plutonium exposure in the event of a launch disaster. A large majority of the ...