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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Changes And Choices In The Online Year, Carol Tenopir Dec 1994

Changes And Choices In The Online Year, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

The influence of the Internet and the introduction of alternative search engines, alternative interfaces and new pricing methods were major changes in the online database industry in 1994. Other trends included the development of integrated information systems.


A Second Look At Firstsearch, Carol Tenopir Nov 1994

A Second Look At Firstsearch, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

OCLC's FirstSearch end user online system is used by almost 2,000 libraries worldwide. The OCLC FirstSearch database offerings, including full text, document delivery, prices, easy searching and pilot projects, are discussed.


Connect Time Variations, Carol Tenopir Oct 1994

Connect Time Variations, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Thee is little standardization in online rates, and database vendors continue to change pricing to balance concerns of users, producers and vendors. Some services have replaced connect-time pricing with information-based pricing.


The Emotions Of Searching, Carol Tenopir Sep 1994

The Emotions Of Searching, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Discusses research by the author and Diane Nahl (University of Hawaii) on how novice end users interact with CD-ROM, online public access catalogs (OPAC) and online systems. Measuring affective responses; Affective questions; How the librarian provides reassurance through answering the questions; Additional reading.


Online Law, Carol Tenopir Jul 1994

Online Law, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Mead Corp is selling Mead Data Central, the owner of the full-text legal resource database LEXIS. The major competitor of LEXIS is WESTLAW, which is introducing a voice-activated system using LawTalk and expanding natural language searching.


Overcoming The Black Box Syndrome, Carol Tenopir Jun 1994

Overcoming The Black Box Syndrome, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Discusses the `black box' approach favored by developers to make online or CD-ROM search software friendlier. The view that good online searching requires an understanding of how the computer processes information; Questions the searcher should ask; Boolean or statistical searching; How does it treat a blank; What does it search by default; How much should end users know.


Dialog And Mead Join The Relevance Ranks, Carol Tenopir, Pam Cahn May 1994

Dialog And Mead Join The Relevance Ranks, Carol Tenopir, Pam Cahn

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

New, non-Boolean, natural language search techniques - Westlaw's WIN, DIALOG's TARGET, and Mead Data Central's FREESTYLE - are based on the assumption that the standard command-driven online systems coupled with Boolean logic searching are not only difficult to learn, but may sometimes miss relevant documents. Although each new product works somewhat differently, all 3 offer an alternative to searching with command interfaces and Boolean/proximity operators. They offer natural language input, with no need for commands or logical operators. This input method is coupled with so-called associative or statistical retrieval techniques that provide relevance ranking of search results. The ...


Standardization Across Databases, Carol Tenopir May 1994

Standardization Across Databases, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Online data bases provide some facilities for multifile searching, but more standardization among separate data bases is necessary. Options for standardizing fields are discussed, and standardization efforts by Dialog and other data base distributors are reviewed.


Electronic Publishing, Carol Tenopir Apr 1994

Electronic Publishing, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Discusses electronic publishing. What it is; Its two stages; The two `choices' of publication types; ASCII; Fulltext databases; Use of CD-ROM; The choice each library must make; Electronic publications that are original publications; Whether electronic journals will ever replace print.


Target, Freestyle, Win: Searching Takes On A New Look, Carol Tenopir Mar 1994

Target, Freestyle, Win: Searching Takes On A New Look, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Compares three new search techniques available on major online systems: DIALOG's Target, Mead's Freestyle and West's WIN. Their advantages over their Boolean precursors; Details of what they each offer.


Quality In Distribution Channels, Carol Tenopir Feb 1994

Quality In Distribution Channels, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Discusses how quality relates to the information distribution channels of databases, with emphasis on the links between the database content or producer and the users. Choices for access; Assuring quality; Tendencies and prospects; Progress.


Full-Text Retrieval: Systems And Files, Carol Tenopir Jan 1994

Full-Text Retrieval: Systems And Files, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Much of the development in the first 30 years of library automation has been in solving the problem of identifying relevant sources. Automation of the library's card catalog provides a finding tool for the library's collections. The books, journals, films, and other materials located through the catalog still mostly reside in their original form, with no direct connection to the automated finding tool.

Most of the early development in electronic publishing was also aimed solely at identifying information sources. Secondary publishers, notably publishers of indexing/abstracting serials, were the first to provide their resources in electronic form. Throughout ...