Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1993

Philosophy

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Constructing An Ideal Of Public Reason, Lawrence B. Solum Nov 1993

Constructing An Ideal Of Public Reason, Lawrence B. Solum

San Diego Law Review

In deciding to what ideal citizens should aspire in political debate, some people contend that an ideal of political morality should mirror the freedom of expression. This Article undertakes the construction of an ideal of public reason. It begins with an investigation of the term "public reason." The author considers various possibilities for an ideal or normative standard of public reason. As each option is considered, some possible formulations are discarded and additional specifications are added. He concludes with the ideal that is constructed through this process of elaboration, evaluation, and elimination.


Grounds For Political Judgment: The Status Of Personal Experience And The Autonomy And Generality Of Principles Of Restraint, Kent Greenawalt Nov 1993

Grounds For Political Judgment: The Status Of Personal Experience And The Autonomy And Generality Of Principles Of Restraint, Kent Greenawalt

San Diego Law Review

This Article addresses three perplexing problems about proposed principles of self-restraint for political decision and advocacy within liberal democracies. It considers the nature of convictions that are based on highly personal experiences and asks what their political status should be. It explores the subtle relationship between proposed principles of restraint and overarching religious and other comprehensive views. It argues that a plausible principle of restraint must appeal to people with various religious and other comprehensive views and must be suited to the particular conditions of a given society.


The Place Of Religious Argument In A Free And Democratic Society, Robert Audi Nov 1993

The Place Of Religious Argument In A Free And Democratic Society, Robert Audi

San Diego Law Review

This Article provides an account of the notion of a religious argument, distinguishes several roles of religious arguments in a liberal democracy, and defends a set of principles for their proper use in such a society. The author argues that it is appropriate that citizens apply a kind of separation of church and state in their public use of religious arguments, especially in advocating laws or public policies that restrict liberty. More specifically, the author contends that whatever religious arguments one may have in such cases, one should also be willing to offer, and be to a certain extent motivated ...


Liberalism, Religion And The Unity Of Epistemology, Larry Alexander Nov 1993

Liberalism, Religion And The Unity Of Epistemology, Larry Alexander

San Diego Law Review

This Article focuses on the relation between liberalism and religion. Professor Alexander argues that liberalism is itself just a sectarian view on the same level as the religious and other views that it purports to be neutral about and to tolerate. The Article shows that liberalism is a rejection of all illiberal religious tenets. It further contends that liberalism cannot make out its case for excluding religious arguments from shaping public policy. It concludes that to the extent liberalism is defined by or rests on the insulation of public policy from religious views, liberalism is undermined by its failure to ...


Religious Morality And Political Choice: Further Thoughts--And Second Thoughts--On Love And Power, Michael J. Perry Nov 1993

Religious Morality And Political Choice: Further Thoughts--And Second Thoughts--On Love And Power, Michael J. Perry

San Diego Law Review

This is an Article written by the author of the book Love and Power: The Role of Religion and Morality in American Politics. In this Article, he returns to an inquiry already addressed in Love and Power. He asks the question: should Americans accept an ideal of political choice according to which a citizen ought not make a controversial political choice if the choice cannot be defended without relying on a religious belief that at least some opponents of the choice reject? The author responds with a resounding no, arguing that we should not accept such a political ideal. He ...


Introduction To Marx And Modern Political Theory: From Hobbes To Contemporary Feminism, Philip J. Kain Oct 1993

Introduction To Marx And Modern Political Theory: From Hobbes To Contemporary Feminism, Philip J. Kain

Philosophy

I first began to study Marx some twenty-three years ago. In those days there were many things that made it easy to become interested in Marx: among them the political ferment of the late 1960s and the fact that at the University of California at San Diego, where I was a graduate student, there were several important and interesting Marxists - Fredric Jameson, Herbert Marcuse, and Stanley Moore. The latter two were my teachers in the Philosophy Department, and the latter, to whom this book is dedicated, became my dissertation director. Moreover, the spirit of Marx was in the air and ...


The Near-Death Experience And The Tibetan Buddhist View Of Death: A Comparison, Margaret Coberly, S. I. Shapiro Sep 1993

The Near-Death Experience And The Tibetan Buddhist View Of Death: A Comparison, Margaret Coberly, S. I. Shapiro

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Death And Dying In The Tibetan Buddhist Tradition, Margaret Coberly, S. I. Shapiro Sep 1993

Death And Dying In The Tibetan Buddhist Tradition, Margaret Coberly, S. I. Shapiro

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


The State, Civil Society, And Citizenship, Richard Dagger Jul 1993

The State, Civil Society, And Citizenship, Richard Dagger

Political Science Faculty Publications

In large, modern societies, then, we should make the most of "partial societies" by encouraging the development of a vital civil society--a sphere of life that promotes freedom through private activity and the voluntary associations that serve as a buffer between individuals and the state. Indeed, the question is not whether civil society is a prerequisite for a good society, but what form it should take. With this in mind, I want to offer three observations about the proper form of civil society.


Towards A Boundless Ethic, Henry Spira Jun 1993

Towards A Boundless Ethic, Henry Spira

Commentaries and Editorials

No abstract provided.


Education: Cultural Enterprise And Spiritual Activity, E. Neill May 1993

Education: Cultural Enterprise And Spiritual Activity, E. Neill

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Quiet In The Classroom, S. I. Shapiro May 1993

Quiet In The Classroom, S. I. Shapiro

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


The Polytheistic Classroom, B. Neville May 1993

The Polytheistic Classroom, B. Neville

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


The Importance Of Spirituality In Peoples Lives, K. Morris May 1993

The Importance Of Spirituality In Peoples Lives, K. Morris

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Growing Still, S. I. Shapiro May 1993

Growing Still, S. I. Shapiro

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Driven By Mystery, M. Longstreth May 1993

Driven By Mystery, M. Longstreth

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Morphic Resonance, Molecular Structure, And Man. Some Metaphysics, T. R. Soidla May 1993

Morphic Resonance, Molecular Structure, And Man. Some Metaphysics, T. R. Soidla

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Ketamine-Assisted Psychedelic Therapy, E. M. Krupitsky, A. I. Paley, T. N. Berkaliev, V. B. Ivanov, O. O. Dubrovina, D. A. Kozhnazarova, I. V. Dunaevsky, E. B. Rzhankova, A. Ya. Grinenko May 1993

Ketamine-Assisted Psychedelic Therapy, E. M. Krupitsky, A. I. Paley, T. N. Berkaliev, V. B. Ivanov, O. O. Dubrovina, D. A. Kozhnazarova, I. V. Dunaevsky, E. B. Rzhankova, A. Ya. Grinenko

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Book Reviews, Don Diespecker, Don Chipley May 1993

Book Reviews, Don Diespecker, Don Chipley

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Play Fair With Punishment, Richard Dagger Apr 1993

Play Fair With Punishment, Richard Dagger

Political Science Faculty Publications

If we want to provide a justification for legal punishment, then, we must answer two distinct questions: (1) What justifies punishment as a social practice? and (2) What justifies punishing particular persons? The principle of fair play is an especially attractive theory of punishment, I shall agree, because it offers plausible and compelling answers to both these questions. I shall also suggest that there is a third question - How should we punish those who commit crimes? - that fair play cannot answer without help from other sources.


"But Whoever Treasures Freedom...": The Right To Travel And Extraterritorial Abortions, Seth F. Kreimer Mar 1993

"But Whoever Treasures Freedom...": The Right To Travel And Extraterritorial Abortions, Seth F. Kreimer

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A standard problem with the objectivity of social scientific theory in particular is that it is either self-referential, in which case it seems to undermine itself as ideology, or self-excepting, which seem pragmatically self-refuting. Using the example of Marx and his theory of ideology, I show how self-referential theories that include themselves in their scope of explanation can be objective. Ideology may be roughly defined as belief distorted by class interest. I show how Marx thought that natural science was informed by class interest but not therefore necessarily ideology. Capitalists have an interest in understanding the natural world (to a ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


Indigenous Knowledge And Its Implication For Agricultural Development And Agricultural Education: A Case Study Of The Vedic Tradition In Nepal , Anthony B. J. Willett Jan 1993

Indigenous Knowledge And Its Implication For Agricultural Development And Agricultural Education: A Case Study Of The Vedic Tradition In Nepal , Anthony B. J. Willett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about the meaning and relevance, in today's world, of indigenous knowledge, and particularly the traditional cosmologies and sacred beliefs that underly this knowledge. The case of Vedic knowledge in Nepal is studied to illustrate traditional agriculture within a cosmological framework and to provide an holistic, indigenous perspective on development with emphasis on sustainable, indigenous approaches to agriculture and related sectors in Nepal. Indigenous knowledge is defined from an indigenous perspective and an alternative, emic approach to understanding the role of indigenous knowledge in development and the synthesis of modern and indigenous knowledge systems is proposed. Implications ...


A Musical Retrieve Of Heidegger, Nietzsche, And Technology: Cadence, Concinnity, And Playing Brass, Babette Babich Jan 1993

A Musical Retrieve Of Heidegger, Nietzsche, And Technology: Cadence, Concinnity, And Playing Brass, Babette Babich

Articles and Chapters in Academic Book Collections

A discussion of Heidegger's analysis of the essence of modern technology as a version of what Heidegger names Nietzsche's highest will to power read together with Heidegger's understanding of Nietzsche's statement of the nihilism of our day. It is argued that Heidegger's philosophic questioning of technology is inevitably foreclosed by his stylized, hermetic reading of Nietzsche's expression of the will to power. Thus it is necessary to read Heidegger's critique of technology in the light of rather than against Nietzsche's critique of science and culture. This entails a reading of Heidegger's ...


Lawyer Liability In Third Party Situations: The Meaning Of The Kaye Scholar Case, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Jan 1993

Lawyer Liability In Third Party Situations: The Meaning Of The Kaye Scholar Case, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Kaye Scholer I case has excited much attention and alarm within the legal profession. 2 It is interpreted as greatly expanding the scope of lawyer liability to third parties and heralding much greater regulatory intervention into the relationship between lawyer and client. In some respects this interpretation is accurate. The Kaye Scholer proceeding is at least a "wake up call" to the legal profession, signalling that lawyers should be much more attentive to their legal and ethical obligations in transactional and regulatory matters. However, there is also much misunderstanding about Kaye Scholer, particularly the supposition that it created novel ...


Love's Constancy, Mike W. Martin Jan 1993

Love's Constancy, Mike W. Martin

Philosophy Faculty Articles and Research

This article focuses on commitments between married couples.


Theology And The Role Of Reason, Frank M. Hasel Jan 1993

Theology And The Role Of Reason, Frank M. Hasel

Journal of the Adventist Theological Society

No abstract provided.


Leap Into The Boundless: Knowledge, Wisdom & Liberation In The Chuang-Tzu, Philippe Gross, S. I. Shapiro Jan 1993

Leap Into The Boundless: Knowledge, Wisdom & Liberation In The Chuang-Tzu, Philippe Gross, S. I. Shapiro

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.


Unity Consciousness And Educational Change: Beyond Knowledge To Wisdom, Don Chipley Jan 1993

Unity Consciousness And Educational Change: Beyond Knowledge To Wisdom, Don Chipley

International Journal of Transpersonal Studies

No abstract provided.