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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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1992

Portland State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 56

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bud Clark Leaving Office, Bud Clark Dec 1992

Bud Clark Leaving Office, Bud Clark

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


Speaker Preferences Of Listening Behaviors That Lead To Perceived Listening : A Pre-Condition Of Perceived Understanding, Christine M. Carpenter Dec 1992

Speaker Preferences Of Listening Behaviors That Lead To Perceived Listening : A Pre-Condition Of Perceived Understanding, Christine M. Carpenter

Dissertations and Theses

When attempting to communicate with another person, the success or failure that a communicator perceives, he or she interprets as understanding or misunderstanding. Research has shown that "perceived understanding" or the "feeling of being understood" is important in self-concept development. However, for some time researchers have focused on the listener's needs and the speaker's needs have been given less attention. Yet, the listener's role in meeting the speaker's needs, particularly in providing feedback to the speaker, is of utmost importance if the speaker is to have the "feeling of being understood." This research examined the concept ...


A Comparison Of Developmental Sentence Score Patterns In Three Groups Of Preschool Children, Michelle Lynn Riback Dec 1992

A Comparison Of Developmental Sentence Score Patterns In Three Groups Of Preschool Children, Michelle Lynn Riback

Dissertations and Theses

Researchers have successfully labeled specific patterns of expressive language development as it appears in children developing language normally. Little research has identified particular patterns of expressive language in children who display expressive language disorders or delays. Longitudinal studies of expressively language impaired children indicate that linguistic, educational and social impairments exist long after the language impairment was first identified (Aram, Eckelman and Nation, 1984; Aram and Nation, 1980; Fundudis, Kolvin and Garside, 1979; Stark, Berstein, Condino, Bender, Tallal and Catts, 1984). If patterns of delayed or disordered language development are researched and possibly labeled in the early stages of language ...


A Comparative Media Study Of How Aids-Related News Is Reported In Mainstream And Alternative Presses, Robert Eugene Schlick Nov 1992

A Comparative Media Study Of How Aids-Related News Is Reported In Mainstream And Alternative Presses, Robert Eugene Schlick

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis examines the reporting of AIDS-related news in both mainstream and alternative newspapers. This research suggests that mainstream newspapers, such as the New York Times, frame news stories in certain ways. Specifically, this study suggests that news about AIDS will be framed in ways which trivialize and/or marginalize those most affected by AIDS. The thesis also posits that the mainstream press will frame AIDS-related news in ways which support their own interests. Additionally, this research suggests that alternative presses, such as the Advocate, will frame their reporting of AIDS-related news in ways which support their interests. The mainstream ...


Communication Issues In The Management Of A Multicultural Workforce, Deborah Margaret Sipe Nov 1992

Communication Issues In The Management Of A Multicultural Workforce, Deborah Margaret Sipe

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to examine communication issues which are most frequently identified as the concerns of u.s. managers who work with culturally and ethnically diverse workforces, and skills which are identified as useful in dealing with those issues. This thesis used a qualitative method of data collection. Information was generated through a review of literature in the fields of communication, management, and organizational behavior to determine frequently occurring themes concerning intercultural communication issues in the workplace. Following the review, three case study interviews were conducted with managers in the Portland metropolitan area to determine what they ...


Springwater Corridor Master Plan, Portland (Or.). Bureau Of Parks And Recreation Nov 1992

Springwater Corridor Master Plan, Portland (Or.). Bureau Of Parks And Recreation

Portland Regional Planning History

This master plan sets the direction for development of the Springwater Corridor into the premier urban recreation and alternative transportation corridor in the State of Oregon, with an expected annual user count of over 400,000. With its connections to neighborhood, community and regional parks and open spaces, in addition to employment centers and residential neighborhoods, it will pull users from a region-wide area as well as the 150,000 people who live within a two-mile distance along the route of the Corridor.


City Club Of Portland Report On Adult Prostitution In Portland Revisited, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 1992

City Club Of Portland Report On Adult Prostitution In Portland Revisited, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


City Club Report Ballot Measures 5 And 6: Closure Of Trojan Nuclear Power Plant, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 1992

City Club Report Ballot Measures 5 And 6: Closure Of Trojan Nuclear Power Plant, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Information Report On The Mayor's 12-Point Plan For The Homeless, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 1992

Information Report On The Mayor's 12-Point Plan For The Homeless, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Demographic, Housing & Socioeconomic Profile Of The City Of Portland Neighborhoods, Portland State University. Center For Urban Studies, Portland State University. School Of Urban And Public Affairs, Steve R. Johnson Oct 1992

Demographic, Housing & Socioeconomic Profile Of The City Of Portland Neighborhoods, Portland State University. Center For Urban Studies, Portland State University. School Of Urban And Public Affairs, Steve R. Johnson

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

We are pleased to present the eighth edition of the Neighborhood Information Profiles. The Profiles were last published by the City of Portland's Office of Finance and Administration in 1986. This edition is based on the 1990 Census data.

This demographic report includes Census data compiled according to the boundaries of each of the 90 recognized neighborhood associations in Portland. The information about boundaries was gathered from neighborhood by-laws and interviews with neighborhood leaders. The boundaries are current as of August 31, 1992.

This report can be used for allocating needed resources and services, measure changes in conditions and ...


Psychological Models And The Stock Of Knowledge, David L. Sones Aug 1992

Psychological Models And The Stock Of Knowledge, David L. Sones

Dissertations and Theses

The research sought to ascertain whether or not psychological ideas and notions ("psychological models") are used to explain human behavior and human characteristics in everyday life, and if so, are these psychological models similar to the schools of thought within the field of psychology? Also of interest was whether or not "statistical categories" use psychological models as a "style of thought," and if so, are psychological models part of the current American Weltanschauungen? The convenience sample consisted of 34 respondents who were taking an introductory sociology course, and 39 respondents from non-college settings. An open-ended questionnaire containing 13 questions asking ...


Urban Native American Educational Attitudes: Impact Of Educational Background And Childhood Residency, Paul Adair Wood Aug 1992

Urban Native American Educational Attitudes: Impact Of Educational Background And Childhood Residency, Paul Adair Wood

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to study the relationship between educational attitudes and certain background features of Native Americans, in particular, where they were raised and what type of school they attended. The sample used consisted of 120 completed mail out-mail back surveys that were used primarily as a Needs Assessment for the Portland Indian Health clinic. The sample was randomly selected from the Portland Indian Health Clinic client/patient mailing list. The findings of this thesis indicate that the attitudes of Native Americans toward education in general are positive. The findings also indicate that older Native Americans who ...


Soviet Pentecostal Refugees' Health And Their Religious Beliefs: An Exploratory Study, Dianne Fae Venable Aug 1992

Soviet Pentecostal Refugees' Health And Their Religious Beliefs: An Exploratory Study, Dianne Fae Venable

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis explored the health practices and religious beliefs of the recent Soviet Pentecostal refugee population in the Portland, Oregon metro area. The methodology consisted of 25 in-depth interviews over a period of twelve months. Soviet Pentecostal refugees' health practices are influenced by their religious belief system which is Pentecostalism. The four primary factors that were found to have an affect on the refugees' health were lifestyle practices; coherence; or the meaning of suffering that religion provides; cohesiveness, or group belonging to the religious community, and world view provided by the underlying theology. The language barrier, distrust of outsiders, unfamiliarity ...


Regional City And Network City: Portland And Seattle In The Twentieth Century, Carl Abbott Aug 1992

Regional City And Network City: Portland And Seattle In The Twentieth Century, Carl Abbott

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Although Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, have comparable early histories, similar economic bases, and parallel demographic profiles, their responses to the rise of a global economy in the 20th century differ. Both were regional capitals in the first half of the century. Since then, however, Portland has kept its traditional role and has gained ground as a regional capital, while Seattle has become a network city transferring goods, services, and ideas reaching beyond the Pacific Northwest. [Western History Association best article award for 1993]


1989 Chinese Pro-Democracy Movement And U.S. News Media, Jie Sun Jul 1992

1989 Chinese Pro-Democracy Movement And U.S. News Media, Jie Sun

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis explores three aspects of the relationship between U.S. news media and the Chinese pro-democracy movement in 1989. These three aspects are: How much attention did u.s. newspapers give to the Chinese pro-democracy movement in 1989? How did u.s. newspapers portray the power struggle in the Chinese government during the time when the Chinese pro-democracy movement took place? Has there been any change in the image of China during and after the Chinese pro-democracy movement in 1989? Research data are drawn from the following three U.S. newspapers: The New York Times, Washington Post, and Los ...


Issues In Calculating Traffic Impact Fees: A Review Of The Literature, Anthony M. Rufolo, Catherine T. Lawson Jul 1992

Issues In Calculating Traffic Impact Fees: A Review Of The Literature, Anthony M. Rufolo, Catherine T. Lawson

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Over time, the concern has grown that government is not funding infrastructure investment in United States at a sufficient level. Funding of infrastructure has been a joint effort of all levels of government, but reductions in the federal contribution (after adjusting for inflation) have shifted more of the cost onto state and local governments. Many studies have identified massive funding requirements that are not being met. The failure to meet requirements would be rational if they are based on standards of service which are set unrealistically high or on other conceptual errors; however, failure to provide the funding likely to ...


Metropolitan Greenspaces: Master Plan, Metro (Or.) Jul 1992

Metropolitan Greenspaces: Master Plan, Metro (Or.)

Metro Collection

No abstract provided.


The Practical Relevance Of Deep Ecology, David Johns Jul 1992

The Practical Relevance Of Deep Ecology, David Johns

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

As proponents of Deep Ecology and Biocentrism have begun to define both a vision for the future and a critique of the existing human relationship with the rest of nature, they have often been the subject of criticism from the Third World and from leftists in the developed world concerned with Third World issues. They are commonly charged with failing to adequately take into account the complexity of the human social dynamic involved in destruction of the environment; ignoring that human societies are under the control of elites who benefit from the degradation of nature while most people suffer; failing ...


Study Of Racial And Ethnic Relations In Portland Report Of The Employment Subcommittee, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jun 1992

Study Of Racial And Ethnic Relations In Portland Report Of The Employment Subcommittee, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Attitude Functions And Political Behavior: The Issue Of Gay Civil Rights, Josephine Young Jun 1992

Attitude Functions And Political Behavior: The Issue Of Gay Civil Rights, Josephine Young

Dissertations and Theses

This study explored the relationship between voters' political behavior regarding the issue of gay rights and the underlying psychological needs served by their attitudes on this issue. A telephone survey of 100 randomly selected local voters was conducted, during which Herek's (1987) Attitude Functions Inventory (AFI) was administered. Three of the four attitude function subscales (Experiential- Schematic, Social-Expressive and Ego-Defensive) were confirmed using a LISREL confirmatory factor analysis. The Value-Expressive subscale was not confirmed and showed poor reliability. Pro- and anti-gay rights behavior was measured using a Political Behavior Index (PBI) developed for this study. Regression analyses and MANOVAs ...


Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers: The Transition From Home Care To Formal Care, Marie Theresa Duncan Jun 1992

Alzheimer's Disease Caregivers: The Transition From Home Care To Formal Care, Marie Theresa Duncan

Dissertations and Theses

When family members no longer have the capacity to meet Alzheimer's Disease (AD) caregiving demands at home, a move to a nursing home or other formal care facility becomes the only solution.

Recognizing this as a time of transition, three research questions were identified: (1) What do family caregivers to AD individuals experience as they shift their caregiving from home to formal care settings? (2) How does caregiving in formal care differ from caregiving at home? and (3) How do family caregivers perceive the relationships that develop between families and formal care staff? Specific attention was paid to the ...


Perceiving And Coping With Exclusion: The Socialization Experiences Of Ethnic Minority Nursing Students, Sarah Porter-Tibbetts Jun 1992

Perceiving And Coping With Exclusion: The Socialization Experiences Of Ethnic Minority Nursing Students, Sarah Porter-Tibbetts

Dissertations and Theses

This study focused on the experiences of ethnic minority nursing students at a predominately white institution, the Health Sciences University School of Nursing in an attempt to learn more about the stress, appraisal, and coping of this group of individuals. The University School of Nursing was selected as a comparison site as it offered a setting with no predominate ethnic group. Faculty•s perceptions of students stress, appraisal and coping were sought to provide a context for the students• experience. A review of the literature indicated that ethnic minority students in predominately white universities experience alienation. At some universities white ...


The Development Of A Predictive Model Of Pretrial Misconduct, Donald R. Trapp May 1992

The Development Of A Predictive Model Of Pretrial Misconduct, Donald R. Trapp

Dissertations and Theses

The problem of jail overcrowding has forced corrections officials and jail administrators to examine ways in which to better manage available jail space. Pretrial release and detention policies have been a target of this examination as pretrial defendants typically account for 50% of a jail's population. Standards for pretrial release exist, but their administration varies by jurisdiction. The impact of jail overcrowding on pretrial release policies has been to decrease the time available to render a decision. Recent efforts to standardize pretrial release standards in Oregon have not addressed the issue of expediency. The current study examines pretrial misconduct ...


A Comparison Of Two Kindergarten Screening Instruments In One Population, Therese Marie Westrup May 1992

A Comparison Of Two Kindergarten Screening Instruments In One Population, Therese Marie Westrup

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare thirty-two childrens' performances on the Daberon-2 Screening for School Readiness and the Early Screening Inventory , as well as determine whether there was a correlation between the tests. This study responded to the needs of the local Portland, Oregon area schools, some of which use these tests, to investigate the tests, and explore the possibility of using the shorter ESI over the longer Daberon. The reasoning behind the goal of the study was to determine that if the two tests showed a strong, positive correlation and identified the same children as needing further ...


Determinants Of In-Migration Of College Students To The State Of New York, Wonseon Kyung Apr 1992

Determinants Of In-Migration Of College Students To The State Of New York, Wonseon Kyung

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper analyzes factors affecting the migration of college students. Its purpose is to provide a better understanding of the relationship between student migration and state characteristics, including state education policy. The paper begins with an examination of previous migration studies of college students. This is followed by a brief description of the methodology employed in this study. A model for migration to the state of New York is estimated to identify the major determinants which are associated with the student migrant's home state characteristics acting as push factors. The paper concludes with a discussion of the empirical results ...


Study Of Racial And Ethnic Relations In Portland Report Of The Housing Subcommittee, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Mar 1992

Study Of Racial And Ethnic Relations In Portland Report Of The Housing Subcommittee, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Defusing A Rhetorical Situation Through Apologia: Ronald Reagan And The Iran-Contra Affair, Roxane Yvonne Sutherland Feb 1992

Defusing A Rhetorical Situation Through Apologia: Ronald Reagan And The Iran-Contra Affair, Roxane Yvonne Sutherland

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis examines the manner in which Ronald Reagan responded to the Tower Commission Report concerning his involvement in the Iran-Contra Affair. It explores the following questions: 1) What were the factors leading to a rhetorical situation as defined by the media and which required Ronald Reagan to provide a public response of self-defense; 2) what strategies of apologia did Reagan employ; and 3) how did the media and the White House characterize the outcome of Reagan's speech? Data for analysis were drawn from nationally recognized newspapers that shaped public perception of the Iran-Contra Affair: The Washington Post, The ...


Brentwood-Darlington Neighborhood Site Review Criteria: Adopted By Ordinance Number 165071, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor Feb 1992

Brentwood-Darlington Neighborhood Site Review Criteria: Adopted By Ordinance Number 165071, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor

Portland City Archives

No abstract provided.


Proposed Arbor Lodge Neighborhood Plan: Action Charts, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor Feb 1992

Proposed Arbor Lodge Neighborhood Plan: Action Charts, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor

Portland City Archives

No abstract provided.


Objectivity In The Interpretation Of The Archaeology Of Ghana, E. Kofi Agorsah Jan 1992

Objectivity In The Interpretation Of The Archaeology Of Ghana, E. Kofi Agorsah

Black Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

One of the desires of the majority of archaeologists is to obtain from their analyses an objective knowledge of the societies they study. However, the mere desire to obtain objectivity does not ensure its attainment especially where biases cannot be controlled. Added to this difficulty of obtaining objectivity is that not only is the subject matter of archaeology vast and varied, but also archaeologists disagree on directions of study and interpretations, and in many cases very few scholars attempt to put themselves at a standpoint from which to measure the inadequacies and unevenness of their interpretations. Fundamental to interpretations in ...