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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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1992

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Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Class Structure In Australian History - Poverty And Progress, Terry Irving, Raewyn Connell Jan 2014

Class Structure In Australian History - Poverty And Progress, Terry Irving, Raewyn Connell

Terence H Irving, Dr (Terry)

First published in 1980, this book is an updated and reorganized account of the history of the class structure in Australia. A new chapter discusses the period 1975-1991, and there is a new theoretical chapter introducing the reader to modern debates about class. Separate sections for documents and photographs support the narrative. Extensive notes provide a guide to research literature.


The Role Of The Environmental Protection Agency In Preventing And Prosecuting Environmental Crimes, Debra Ross Oct 1992

The Role Of The Environmental Protection Agency In Preventing And Prosecuting Environmental Crimes, Debra Ross

Debra E. Ross

No abstract provided.


Unity Through Diversity: Meeting The Needs Of A Changing Student Population, William Welburn Sep 1992

Unity Through Diversity: Meeting The Needs Of A Changing Student Population, William Welburn

William C Welburn

No abstract provided.


Should Alcohol, Tobacco Ads Be Banned In Sports Arenas?, James Pokrywczynski Aug 1992

Should Alcohol, Tobacco Ads Be Banned In Sports Arenas?, James Pokrywczynski

James Pokrywczynski

No abstract provided.


Family Support, Physical Impairment, And Adherence In Hemodialysis: An Investigation Of Main And Buffering Effects, Alan Christensen, Timothy Smith, Charles Turner, John Holman Jr., Martin Gregory, Martina Rich Jul 1992

Family Support, Physical Impairment, And Adherence In Hemodialysis: An Investigation Of Main And Buffering Effects, Alan Christensen, Timothy Smith, Charles Turner, John Holman Jr., Martin Gregory, Martina Rich

Alan J. Christensen

Patient noncompliance is a pervasive problem among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Previous studies have implicated social support as an important correlate of adherence behavior in other chronic illness groups, but little research has examined this relationship in a hemodialysis population. The present study examined the main and interactive effects of social support in the family and illness-related physical impairment with regard to patient compliance in a sample of 78 hemodialysis patients. Results indicated that patients holding perceptions of a more supportive family environment exhibited significantly more favorable adherence to fluid-intake restrictions than did patients reporting less family support. Family ...


The Treatment Of Adults Abused And Neglected In Childhood, Diane Suffridge Jun 1992

The Treatment Of Adults Abused And Neglected In Childhood, Diane Suffridge

Diane A. Suffridge

No abstract provided.


"Wie Die Indianer Die Welt Verdnderten.", Jack Weatherford Jun 1992

"Wie Die Indianer Die Welt Verdnderten.", Jack Weatherford

Jack Weatherford, Retired

No abstract provided.


Control-Mastery Theory, Diane A. Suffridge Jun 1992

Control-Mastery Theory, Diane A. Suffridge

Diane A. Suffridge

No abstract available


Cultural Diversity And Library And Information Science Curriculum, William Welburn May 1992

Cultural Diversity And Library And Information Science Curriculum, William Welburn

William C Welburn

No abstract provided.


"The Grand Exchange Map.", Jack Weatherford Jan 1992

"The Grand Exchange Map.", Jack Weatherford

Jack Weatherford, Retired

No abstract provided.


Control-Mastery Theory, Diane A. Suffridge Jan 1992

Control-Mastery Theory, Diane A. Suffridge

Diane A. Suffridge

No abstract available


Trapped Between State And Market: Regulating Hospital Payment In Northeastern States, Robert Hackey Dec 1991

Trapped Between State And Market: Regulating Hospital Payment In Northeastern States, Robert Hackey

Robert B. Hackey

No abstract provided.


America's Health Care System: The Reagan Legacy, Terri Combs-Orme, B. Guyer Dec 1991

America's Health Care System: The Reagan Legacy, Terri Combs-Orme, B. Guyer

Terri Combs-Orme

No abstract provided.


What Does It Mean To Think, Learn, Teach?, Dorothy Bowen, Earle Bowen Dec 1991

What Does It Mean To Think, Learn, Teach?, Dorothy Bowen, Earle Bowen

Dorothy N. Bowen

How is the missionary force for the twenty-first Century to be trained? This is the challenge that emerges from this provocative book as it focuses on the task of effective missionary training. Western missions have tended to place most of their training emphasis on schooling and formal education-- witness the number of Bible schools, Christian colleges and theological seminaries that offer everything from a B.A. to a Ph. D. in missions/missiology. But the training concerns expressed by non-Western leaders from Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean, the South Pacific, and the Middle East offer an alternative. While not ...


Film At Eleven: Recent Developments In The Commodification Of Crime, Kenneth Tunnell Dec 1991

Film At Eleven: Recent Developments In The Commodification Of Crime, Kenneth Tunnell

Kenneth Tunnell

Recent increases in the number of crime-related commodities (e.g., burglar alarms, security systems, private security forces, and crime-related television news programs) are critically examined in relation to mildly fluctuating national crime rates. Increasing sales of crime-related and target-hardening products during the time when crime oscillated only slightly are explained as capitalism's ability to create commodities from both social problems and unfounded needs. Using secondary data, I describe these crime trends and the consumption of crime-prevention goods. Although the media apparently contributed to increasing concerns about victimization while crime was fairly stable, the process of commodity exchange for crime ...


Political Pressures And Influences On Police Executives: A Descriptive Analysis., Kenneth Tunnell, Larry Gaines Dec 1991

Political Pressures And Influences On Police Executives: A Descriptive Analysis., Kenneth Tunnell, Larry Gaines

Kenneth Tunnell

A study seeks to determine the degree, location and impact of political interference or pressure exerted on police chief executives by public and private officials. Questionnaire data were gathered from 115 Kentucky police chiefs in 1989. Respondents reported having to cope with varying levels of political pressure and interference, some legitimate and some illegitimate. Pressure was exerted in the following areas: (1) hiring officers; (2) promoting or demoting officers; (3) arresting offenders or enforcing specific laws; (4) making unnecessary changes in personnel assignments, such as transfers to and from specialized units; and (5) providing special or unusual services to individuals ...


Peer Reviewers Describe Success In Grant Writing, James Pokrywczynski Dec 1991

Peer Reviewers Describe Success In Grant Writing, James Pokrywczynski

James Pokrywczynski

No abstract provided.


"Among The Gifts Of Native America.", Jack Weatherford Dec 1991

"Among The Gifts Of Native America.", Jack Weatherford

Jack Weatherford, Retired

No abstract provided.


A Manual For Rural Libraries In Zimbabwe, Elisha Chiware, B Hadebe Dec 1991

A Manual For Rural Libraries In Zimbabwe, Elisha Chiware, B Hadebe

Elisha Chiware

No abstract provided.


Conflicts Of Consciousness: The State, Inkatha And Ethnic Violence In Nepal, Movindri Reddy Dec 1991

Conflicts Of Consciousness: The State, Inkatha And Ethnic Violence In Nepal, Movindri Reddy

Movindri Reddy

No abstract provided.


The End Of An Era: The Closing Of The Science Library At Augustana College, Jeanne Davidson Dec 1991

The End Of An Era: The Closing Of The Science Library At Augustana College, Jeanne Davidson

Jeanne R. Davidson

No abstract provided.


Applications Of Groupwork In Public Housing: Lessons From The Division Of Housing Project, Lisa Mcguire Dec 1991

Applications Of Groupwork In Public Housing: Lessons From The Division Of Housing Project, Lisa Mcguire

Lisa E. McGuire

No abstract provided.


New Nurses, New Spaces: A Preview Of The Aacn History Study, J Lynaugh, Julie Fairman Dec 1991

New Nurses, New Spaces: A Preview Of The Aacn History Study, J Lynaugh, Julie Fairman

Julie A Fairman

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Scale To Measure The Trait Of Food Neophobia In Humans, Patricia Pliner, Karen Hobden Dec 1991

Development Of A Scale To Measure The Trait Of Food Neophobia In Humans, Patricia Pliner, Karen Hobden

Karen L. Hobden

Using standard test construction techniques, we developed a paper and pencil measure of the trait of food neophobia, which was defined as a reluctance to eat and/or avoidance of novel foods. The resulting lo-item test was found to have satisfactory test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Three behavioral validation studies demonstrated that test scores predicted behavior in laboratory food selection situations. Scores on the measure were found to be correlated with trait anxiety, age, the Experience Seeking subscale of the Sensation Seeking Scale, general neophobia, and general familiarity and experience with unusual foods.Scores were not related to gender or ...


An Alliance Between Acquisitions And Collection Management, Edward Shreeves, Kathleen Wachel Dec 1991

An Alliance Between Acquisitions And Collection Management, Edward Shreeves, Kathleen Wachel

Edward Shreeves

No abstract provided.


A New Beginning, Maya Held Dec 1991

A New Beginning, Maya Held

Maya Held

No abstract provided.


Drug Treatment In Jails: Results Of A Nationwide Survey, Roger Peters, Roger May, William Kearns Dec 1991

Drug Treatment In Jails: Results Of A Nationwide Survey, Roger Peters, Roger May, William Kearns

William D. Kearns, PhD

Although the number of drug-involved jail and prison admissions has risen sharply since 1985, there is little information available regarding the development of correctional programs designed to meet the treatment needs of this population. This article examines major findings from a nationwide survey of 1,737 American jails to identify the frequency with which jails provide drug treatment services, the type of services offered, and the extent of in-jail drug treatment programs currently being developed. Findings indicate that 28 percent of jails provide drug treatment services and that only 7 percent of jails provide a comprehensive level of treatment services ...


Drug Abuse History And Treatment Needs Of Jail Inmates., Roger Peters, William Kearns Dec 1991

Drug Abuse History And Treatment Needs Of Jail Inmates., Roger Peters, William Kearns

William D. Kearns, PhD

The current study evaluates the extent of prior drug use and psychosocial dysfunction related to drug use among 499 jail inmates referred to the Hillsborough County Sheriffs Office Substance Abuse Treatment Program. Results indicate that inmates were involved with drugs for an average of more than 7 years, and with cocaine for almost 5 years. The majority of inmates reported extremely heavy use of drugs in the month prior to the last arrest, including 83% that had used cocaine. Many drug-dependent inmates reported a shift over time from intranasaf to freebase cocaine use. Half of all referrals indicated a pattern ...


Merging Data From Different Sources: Combining Forensic Mainframe Data With Information Collected On Personal Computers, William Kearns Dec 1991

Merging Data From Different Sources: Combining Forensic Mainframe Data With Information Collected On Personal Computers, William Kearns

William D. Kearns, PhD

A study designed to statistically assess the impact of an in-jail substance abuse treatment program on recidivism to the Hillsborough County Jail system illustrates the kinds of data analysis tasks that a personal computer can perform and demonstrates that virtually any jail-based program that collects quantifiable information may benefit by employing this technology as part of its program evaluation strategy.


Psychopathology And Mental Health Needs Among Drug-Involved Inmates, Roger Peters, William Kearns, Mary Murrin, Addis Dolente Dec 1991

Psychopathology And Mental Health Needs Among Drug-Involved Inmates, Roger Peters, William Kearns, Mary Murrin, Addis Dolente

William D. Kearns, PhD

Results from the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) showed that a significant number of inmates manifest symptoms of mental illness. On the basis of an empirically derived criterion measure from the MMPI, inmates were divided into "high psychopathology" (HP) and "low psychopathology" (LP) groups. Evidence of greater psychopathology among inmates in the HP group was corroborated by self-reported symptoms of mental illness from the ASI. HP inmates compared to others sampled were more likely to report lifetime use of amphetamines, hallucinogens, and heroin. They also reported slightly more alcohol and cocaine use in the ...