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1992

Agricultural and Resource Economics

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Articles 1 - 30 of 162

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Focus On Herd Size: South Dakota Beef Cattle; Winter Grain Market Potential, Donald C. Taylor, Dillion M. Feuz, Richard Shane Dec 1992

Focus On Herd Size: South Dakota Beef Cattle; Winter Grain Market Potential, Donald C. Taylor, Dillion M. Feuz, Richard Shane

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Dec 1992

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


When Discharge Of Indebtedness Occurs If The Debtor Is Not In Bankruptcy, Neil Harl Dec 1992

When Discharge Of Indebtedness Occurs If The Debtor Is Not In Bankruptcy, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

As was noted in the March 30, 1990 issue of Agricultural Law Digest, whether discharge of indebtedness occurs for debtors in bankruptcy depends upon the chapter of the Bankruptcy Code. For Chapter 12 debtors, discharge of indebtedness takes place upon completion of payments under the plan.

For debtors not in bankruptcy, the rules for when discharge of indebtedness take place are different and the consequences are also quite different.


Cumulative Index, Volume 3 Nos. 13–24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 1992

Cumulative Index, Volume 3 Nos. 13–24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Underlying Values And Beliefs "Modern Science" Versus "Sustainable Development", Donald Taylor Dec 1992

Underlying Values And Beliefs "Modern Science" Versus "Sustainable Development", Donald Taylor

Economics Staff Paper Series

This article focuses on personal values and beliefs that critically underlie the "sustainable development" controversy and on the implications of those values and beliefs to personal and professional decision-making. The issues are presented through two contrasting paradigms: a "modern scientific worldview" (MSW) and a "sustainable development worldview" (SDW). MSW is intended to characterize the perspectives of most current-day academics, development practitioners, businessmen, and everyday citizens. SDW characterizes those disenchanted with MSW. Their disenchantment arises from concerns over possible adverse long-term implications of decisions arising from MSW which tend to be dominated by relatively immediate, narrowly based, and self-interested considerations. The ...


Environmental Impacts Of Changes In Incentive Structures In Formerly Planned Economies, Aziz Bouzaher, Helen H. Jensen Dec 1992

Environmental Impacts Of Changes In Incentive Structures In Formerly Planned Economies, Aziz Bouzaher, Helen H. Jensen

CARD Working Papers

While one of the main agricultural policy objectives of formerly planned economies is the maximization of agricultural output under a variety of domestic and international constraints, the current changes in incentive structures may be having a mitigating impact on environmental degradation. Using the case of Poland, we examine the state of current environmental policy and how it is affected by the process of transition to a market economy.


Transformation And Privatization In The Baltics, William H. Meyers, Natalija Kazlauskiene, Inesis Feiferis, Valdek Loko Dec 1992

Transformation And Privatization In The Baltics, William H. Meyers, Natalija Kazlauskiene, Inesis Feiferis, Valdek Loko

BALTIC Reports

The Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have been undertaking rapid economic and structural reforms that greatly affect the food and agricultural sectors. Among the republics of the former Soviet Union, they are progressing most rapidly in the privatization of land and production assets and in the transition to a market economy. The papers in this report describe these reforms and the progress to date in restructuring agriculture and liberalizing prices and related government regulations. This paper summarizes and compares the previous reform structure of agriculture, the reform processes and the results of reforms in the three Baltic states ...


Atrazine And Water Quality: An Updated Ceepes Analysis, Aziz Bouzaher, Richard Cabe, Jason F. Shogren, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Derald J. Holtkamp, Philip W. Gassman, David W. Archer, P. G. Lakshminarayan, Todd Campbell, Qingbin Wang, Andrew Manale, Robert Taylor Dec 1992

Atrazine And Water Quality: An Updated Ceepes Analysis, Aziz Bouzaher, Richard Cabe, Jason F. Shogren, Alicia L. Carriquiry, Derald J. Holtkamp, Philip W. Gassman, David W. Archer, P. G. Lakshminarayan, Todd Campbell, Qingbin Wang, Andrew Manale, Robert Taylor

CARD Staff Reports

Atrazine is the most widely used herbicide for corn and sorghum and the most commonly encountered in surface water and groundwater. In addition to water quality problems, atrazine poses hazards through atmospheric transport, food residues, and exposure of applicators and wildlife. It atrazine use is restricted, substitute herbicides will come into wider use, increasing the likelihood for occurrence of their own sets of potentially undesirable side effects and imposing cost or efficacy penalties.


The Value Of Reducing Temporal Input Nonuniformities, Bruce A. Babcock, Alfred M. Blackmer Dec 1992

The Value Of Reducing Temporal Input Nonuniformities, Bruce A. Babcock, Alfred M. Blackmer

Economics Publications

No abstract provided.


Taxing Joint Tenancy Property, Neil Harl Nov 1992

Taxing Joint Tenancy Property, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Although joint tenancy (and tenancy by the entirety in the few states where that form of co-ownership is recognized) is apparently used less frequently than three or four decades ago, joint ownership is still widely used, particularly for real property co-ownership.

A recent decision has focused attention on the issue of income tax basis of joint tenancy (or tenancy by the entirety) property after the death of the first joint tenant to die.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Nov 1992

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Is Publicly Funded Research In Agriculture Still Needed?; Grain Price Outlook, Donald Peterson, Richard Shane Nov 1992

Is Publicly Funded Research In Agriculture Still Needed?; Grain Price Outlook, Donald Peterson, Richard Shane

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Single Class Of Stock In S Corporations, Neil Harl Nov 1992

Single Class Of Stock In S Corporations, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Almost from the day of enactment of Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code in 1958, the single class of stock requirement has generated questions that have led to extensive litigation, repeated attempts to address the issues by regulation and numerous rulings in an effort to resolve the issues involved. The major area of concern has been the line between debt securities and equity interests, particularly where the debt securities represented shareholder loans.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Nov 1992

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Technical Efficiency And Farm Characteristics In The Stavropol Region, Karl D. Skold, Victor N. Popov Nov 1992

The Relationship Between Technical Efficiency And Farm Characteristics In The Stavropol Region, Karl D. Skold, Victor N. Popov

CARD Working Papers

Technical efficiency estimates for grain, corn for grain, sunflowers, sugar beets, and vegetables are estimated for collective and state farms in the Stavropol Region, Russia, for the period 1986-88. The technical efficiency estimates then are related to the farm organizational structures, management characteristics, and labor payment methods of the farms.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Oct 1992

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Preferred Stock And Special Use Valuation, Neil Harl Oct 1992

Preferred Stock And Special Use Valuation, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The special use valuation statute clearly contemplates that land held by an entity should be eligible for special use valuation. However, regulations have not been issued providing guidance on the procedure for valuing land held by a corporation, partnership or trust even though the issuance of regulations was mandated in the statute, enacted in 1976. Other than for a Tax Court case holding that a corporation could not utilize special use valuation and at the same time claim a minority discount, until the issuance of a 1992 private letter ruling, estates have been forced to rely on the general guidance ...


Compensation And Political Feasibility: Facilitating Welfare Improving Policies, Richard E. Just, Gordon C. Rausser, David Zilberman Oct 1992

Compensation And Political Feasibility: Facilitating Welfare Improving Policies, Richard E. Just, Gordon C. Rausser, David Zilberman

GATT Research Papers

There is a broad consensus among economists, policymakers, and informed citizens that free-market economics do not preclude many inefficiencies in resource allocation. There are many circumstances where policy interventions have the potential to achieve a "Pareto improvement" in the sense of making some people better off without making others worse off. The challenge to any particular market-oriented society is to design those mechanisms, organizations and institutions that identify the limitations of free-markets and result in those reforms that seek Pareto-improved outcomes.


A State-Level Agricultural Sector Policy Model: Baseline And Implications Of The Dunkel Text On Agriculture For Iowa, Deborah L. Stephens, Daniel Otto, Patrick C. Westhoff Oct 1992

A State-Level Agricultural Sector Policy Model: Baseline And Implications Of The Dunkel Text On Agriculture For Iowa, Deborah L. Stephens, Daniel Otto, Patrick C. Westhoff

CARD Staff Reports

A better understanding of the relationship between a state's agricultural sector and the national agricultural economy increases the ability of agricultural interest groups to anticipate and understand policy developments. This paper develops and documents a state-level model of the Iowa agricultural sector. The model is used to evaluate the future performance of the Iowa agricultural economy, given a specific set of assumptions about the general economy, agricultural policies, the weather, and technological change. When the model is used to analyze the implications of the Dunkel text on agriculture, the increase in Iowa net farm income is found to be ...


Fapri U.S. Agricultural Sector Elasticities, Volume Ii: Livestock, Poultry, And Dairy, William H. Meyers, Patrick C. Westhoff, Brain Buhr, Deborah L. Stephens, Michael D. Helmar, Kyle J. Stephens Oct 1992

Fapri U.S. Agricultural Sector Elasticities, Volume Ii: Livestock, Poultry, And Dairy, William H. Meyers, Patrick C. Westhoff, Brain Buhr, Deborah L. Stephens, Michael D. Helmar, Kyle J. Stephens

CARD Technical Reports

This report presents estimates of supply, demand, and price transmission elasticities for the U.S. livestock, poultry, and dairy sectors. The estimates are derived from models maintained by the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) and are prepared in accordance with procedures stipulated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).


A Proposed Communication Strategy For The Decade Of Landcare: A Report By The Working Group For The Communication Strategy Fir The Decade Of Landcare, Department Of Agriculture And Food, Western Australia, Working Group For The Communication Strategy For The Decade Of Landcare (W.A.), Soil And Land Conservation Council (W.A.) Oct 1992

A Proposed Communication Strategy For The Decade Of Landcare: A Report By The Working Group For The Communication Strategy Fir The Decade Of Landcare, Department Of Agriculture And Food, Western Australia, Working Group For The Communication Strategy For The Decade Of Landcare (W.A.), Soil And Land Conservation Council (W.A.)

All other publications

A Better Future for Rural WA was a conference focusing on leadership and economic development in rural WA. The conference included

o Development of leaders in rural industries and communities.

o Building more vibrant rural communities through community and economic development initiatives.

o Generating innovative approaches to value adding and marketing our agricultural produce.

o Exploring how rural WA can further build on the economic strengths of agriculture

The conference was designed to help people deal with the issues facing rural communities by showcasing new and innovative projects and practices in rural development from within Australia and overseas and showing ...


Grain Basis In South Dakota; Corn And Soybean Price Outlook, Bashir A. Qasmi, Richard Shane Sep 1992

Grain Basis In South Dakota; Corn And Soybean Price Outlook, Bashir A. Qasmi, Richard Shane

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Differences In Longitudinal Union Relative Wage Effects Across Gender And Race, Dwight Adamnson Sep 1992

Differences In Longitudinal Union Relative Wage Effects Across Gender And Race, Dwight Adamnson

Economics Staff Paper Series

This paper utilizes longitudinal union variables to examine the gender differences in the wage change from entering and leaving the union sector, as well as gender differences from remaining with a union employer and advancing up the seniority ladder. The union effects are estimated over a time trend from the late 19608 to the early 19808. The empirical results show that the female union joiner effect declines over time while the magnitude of the male union effect remains fairly stable over time. In general, the results show that unions' ability to impact wages for all white workers and black female ...


Divestiture, By-Pass, Entry, Cross Subsidization: Conflicting Forces In The Deregulation Of The South Dakota Telecommunications Market, Dwight Adamnson, Jack Triweiler Sep 1992

Divestiture, By-Pass, Entry, Cross Subsidization: Conflicting Forces In The Deregulation Of The South Dakota Telecommunications Market, Dwight Adamnson, Jack Triweiler

Economics Staff Paper Series

This study reviews the impact the divestiture of AT&T had on the South Dakota telecommunications market, and explains the technological changes that have occurred and how these changes have been translated into lower costs. The South Dakota telecommunications market is examined under the scenarios: 1) fully regulated; 2) partial regulation; and 3) unregulated market. ARIMA procedures are used to forecast changes in revenues under the two different regulatory schemes. The degree of contestability of the South Dakota Telecommunications market is investigated to determine if competitions is suitable for the unregulated scenario. The study argues that the market is competitive.


Resale Of Land Purchased Under Installment Obligation, Neil Harl Sep 1992

Resale Of Land Purchased Under Installment Obligation, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

For decades, taxpayers have tried various strategies for selling land, qualifying the transaction for installment reporting of the gain with the land then resold to a third party for cash. Often, the initial transaction involved related parties with the resale typically made to a developer who paid cash and received title to the property. The result of the two stage transaction, if successful, was to have the initial buyer in possession of the full purchase price with the initial buyer making payments to the initial seller who reports the gain over the period of the installment obligation.


Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr. Sep 1992

Cases, Regulations And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr.

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


General Asset Account Depreciation, Agricultural Law Digest Sep 1992

General Asset Account Depreciation, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

The IRS has issued proposed regulations which simplify the computation of depreciation by allowing taxpayers to group assets in one or more general asset accounts with the assets in any particular asset account depreciated as a single asset. The regulations apply to assets placed in service in taxable years ending on or after the date of publication of the final regulation. For prior taxable years, the IRS indicated that it will allow use of any reasonable method that clearly reflects income and is consistently applied to the general asset accounts.


Retained Ownership Revisited: The Economic Significance Of Genetic Variability, Dillon Feuz, John Wagner, Larry Held Sep 1992

Retained Ownership Revisited: The Economic Significance Of Genetic Variability, Dillon Feuz, John Wagner, Larry Held

Economics Staff Paper Series

Genetic and biological variability of calves placed into different retained ownership programs are examined. The genetic ability to grade choice is a critical factor influencing profitability of retaining calves to a slaughter weight. Weaning weight influences the type of retained ownership program for which a calf will be most profitable.


An Empirical Analysis Of The Efficiency Of Four Alternative Marketing Methods For Slaughter Cattle, Dillon Feuz, John Wagner, Scott Fausti Sep 1992

An Empirical Analysis Of The Efficiency Of Four Alternative Marketing Methods For Slaughter Cattle, Dillon Feuz, John Wagner, Scott Fausti

Economics Staff Paper Series

Four alternative marketing methods for slaughter cattle were analyzed and empirically examined for pricing efficiency. Profits per head were found to be significantly different under the various marketing methods. Greater price discrimination occurred as carcass information increased. Increased price discrimination led to greater dispersion of profit from one marketing method to another. Different marketing methods appeared to send different production signals to producers. The desires of the consumer for less fat and a high quality product did not appear to be reaching the producers in the form of profit incentives under the most widely used marketing method.


Transfer Of Residence With Continued Occupancy, Neil Harl Sep 1992

Transfer Of Residence With Continued Occupancy, Neil Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The rule has been well established that a transfer of a residence to a spouse with occupancy by the transferring spouse until death, would not result in inclusion of the value of the residence in the transferor's gross estate under a theory of a retained life estate. The courts have consistently required proof of at least an implied agreement between the husband and wife (assuming the transferring spouse continued occupancy) before that spouse is held to have retained possession or enjoyment so as to require inclusion of the residence in the gross estate. If the transferor is to prevail ...