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1988

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Articles 1 - 30 of 281

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Grain Market Expectations, Richard Shane Dec 1988

Grain Market Expectations, Richard Shane

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Unlike Most Top 100 Cities, Providence Losing Population, Chester Smolski Dec 1988

Unlike Most Top 100 Cities, Providence Losing Population, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"Given the recent history of population decline in Providence and other large cities throughout New England, one might think that major cities throughout the country are also losing population. Not so."


Cattle Outlook, Gene E. Murra Dec 1988

Cattle Outlook, Gene E. Murra

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Local Economic Conditions On Poverty Status Of U.S. Rural Husband-Wife Households, Wallace E. Huffman Dec 1988

Effects Of Local Economic Conditions On Poverty Status Of U.S. Rural Husband-Wife Households, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

In the mid-1960s, poverty in the United States became a major national issue (Danziger and Weinberg 1986). An official definition was adopted and new programs were initiated to eradicate poverty. According to official sources the poverty rate fell from 22.2 percent in 1960 to 12.1 percent in 1969; the rate started rising in 1979.-'' The poverty rate among the nonmetropolitan population is higher than for the metropopulation- (USDA 1987). Although differences between the two rates narrowed during 1967-79, it widened again during 1979-85. The poverty rate (ignoring in-kind transfers) of the nonmetro-population did not start to decline again ...


1988 Drought Effect On The Economy, Lynn Selzle-Wolters, Burton Pflueger Dec 1988

1988 Drought Effect On The Economy, Lynn Selzle-Wolters, Burton Pflueger

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Rural Development Policy Workshop, Ardelle A. Lundeen Dec 1988

Rural Development Policy Workshop, Ardelle A. Lundeen

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Wanted: Live-In Teachers, Chester Smolski Dec 1988

Wanted: Live-In Teachers, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia, Detroit and Cleveland all have it--a residency requirement--and so does Providence. Having to live in the city for which you work has been deemed to be an important measure in helping to bring people back into the city, and that was the reason it was included in the 1980 Home Rule Charter."


Generic Advertising Without Supply Control: Models And Public Policy Issues, Dermot J. Hayes, Helen H. Jensen Dec 1988

Generic Advertising Without Supply Control: Models And Public Policy Issues, Dermot J. Hayes, Helen H. Jensen

CARD Working Papers

Both producers and consumers may respond to the use of producer contributions to fund commodity promotion. The microeconomic foundation is laid for evaluating generic promotion campaigns where government is involved, supply is uncontrolled, and markets are close to saturation. The recent legislation enabling beef and pork promotion provides an application for the model.


Expenditures And Receipts In State And Local Government Finances: Reply, Michael L. Marlow, Neela Manage Dec 1988

Expenditures And Receipts In State And Local Government Finances: Reply, Michael L. Marlow, Neela Manage

Economics

Chowdhury (1988) adopts an alternative technique to test for causality between expenditures and receipts of state and loyal governments and claims that he obtains results that are different from those reported in our 1987 paper (Marlow and Manage, 1987). We disagree with many of his criticisms. In this reply, we argue that he misinterprets our results and policy implications and that his results are really not much different from ours; in fact, sometimes his results provide stronger support of our hypothesis.


The Environmental, Economic, And Social Impacts Of Resort Development And Tourism On Native Hawaiians, Jon Matsuoka, Terry Kelly Dec 1988

The Environmental, Economic, And Social Impacts Of Resort Development And Tourism On Native Hawaiians, Jon Matsuoka, Terry Kelly

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Hawaii is currently undergoing major changes associated with land and industrial development. A shift in focus from agriculture to tourism has led to massive land development throughout the islands in order to accommodate this growing industry. The people affected most by these environmental changes are the indigenous people of Hawaii who exist in close harmony with the land and sea. As natural habitats are destroyed, fish and other food sources disappear. This has profound affects upon the behavior and practices of Hawaiian people who must look to other means for subsistence. Changes in the environment are inherently tied to changes ...


Employment Decline I Timber Dependent Regions, Anthony M. Rufolo, James G. Strathman, Lois M. Bronfman Dec 1988

Employment Decline I Timber Dependent Regions, Anthony M. Rufolo, James G. Strathman, Lois M. Bronfman

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Employment in the wood products industry in Oregon has declined over the past decade despite the resurgence in demand for the products of the industry in the last few years. Because of the dependency of rural regions on this industry, the Ford Foundation funded the authors to undertake a study of the causes and consequences of employment decline within the industry. Such information can contribute to the development of strategies for improving the economic viability of these regions.

Tunber dependent regions in Oregon fit the classic export-base model of economic development These areas produce wood products for export to other ...


The Income Elasticity Of Corporate Contributions, Peter Navarro Nov 1988

The Income Elasticity Of Corporate Contributions, Peter Navarro

PETER NAVARRO

No abstract provided.


The Intendant, The Merchants, And Free Trade In Louisiana, 1778-1788, Brian E. Coutts Nov 1988

The Intendant, The Merchants, And Free Trade In Louisiana, 1778-1788, Brian E. Coutts

DLPS Faculty Publications

Spain acquired Louisiana from France in 1763 but was initially unsuccessful in integrating the distant colony into the Spanish commercial system. Encouraged by the colony’s chief financial officer, Intendant Martín Navarro, the Spanish Crown introduced legislation on January 22, 1782 to promote commerce. Free trade was to be permitted for ten years with designated ports in France. The liberal character of the code fostered the growth of numerous merchant companies in New Orleans who found markets for all of Louisiana’s exports in France, England and the French West Indies. Unfortunately, Spain continued to absorb all of the administrative ...


El Intendente, Los Comerciantes Y El "Comercio Libre" En Luisiana 1778-1788, Brian E. Coutts Nov 1988

El Intendente, Los Comerciantes Y El "Comercio Libre" En Luisiana 1778-1788, Brian E. Coutts

DLPS Faculty Publications

Spain acquired Louisiana from France in 1763 but was initially unsuccessful in integrating the distant colony into the Spanish commercial system. Encouraged by the colony’s chief financial officer, Intendant Martín Navarro, the Spanish Crown introduced legislation on January 22, 1782 to promote commerce. Free trade was to be permitted for ten years with designated ports in France. The liberal character of the code fostered the growth of numerous merchant companies in New Orleans who found markets for all of Louisiana’s exports in France, England and the French West Indies. Unfortunately, Spain continued to absorb all of the administrative ...


Agricultural Market Outlook And Sensitivity To Macroeconomic, Productivity, And Policy Changes, Stanley R. Johnson, William H. Meyers, Patrick C. Westhoff Nov 1988

Agricultural Market Outlook And Sensitivity To Macroeconomic, Productivity, And Policy Changes, Stanley R. Johnson, William H. Meyers, Patrick C. Westhoff

CARD Working Papers

The outlook for international agricultural commodity markets is very sensitive to changes in macroeconomic conditions, rates of productivity growth, and government policies. Baseline projections prepared by the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute in March 1988 assume moderate rates of economic and productivity growth, and a continuation of current policies. Under these conditions, world production, use, and trade of grains and oilseeds increase at a modest pace, while real prices change little.

More rapid world economic growth and lower rates of inflation result in significantly higher real prices for wheat, feed grains, and soybeans. World trade expands as demand grows ...


Reducing Disharmonies In The U.S. Crops And Dairy Sectors, William H. Meyers, Patrick C. Westhoff, Karl D. Skold, Satheesh V. Aradhyula Nov 1988

Reducing Disharmonies In The U.S. Crops And Dairy Sectors, William H. Meyers, Patrick C. Westhoff, Karl D. Skold, Satheesh V. Aradhyula

CARD Working Papers

Various measures have been proposed to "harmonize" agricultural policies in the United States and the European Community. Short-run and long-run consequences of implementing three such measures are evaluated using econometric models developed by the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI).

Given conditions prevailing during the 1986/87 crop year, a 10-percent reduction in corn and wheat target prices has relatively small effects on production and market prices. Yields fall, but planted area increases because lower participation rates mean less land is idled by government programs. Establishing a target-price program for soybeans increases soybean production and reduces soybean prices. A ...


America's Rendezvous With Reality, Murray L. Weidenbaum Nov 1988

America's Rendezvous With Reality, Murray L. Weidenbaum

Murray Weidenbaum Publications

This piece deals with finding solutions to economic policy problems after the Reagan Administration.


Policy Scenarios With The Fapri Commodity Models, Stanley R. Johnson, William H. Meyers, Food And Agricultural Policy Research Institute Nov 1988

Policy Scenarios With The Fapri Commodity Models, Stanley R. Johnson, William H. Meyers, Food And Agricultural Policy Research Institute

CARD Working Papers

Four policy scenarios were evaluated in this study. The results of these scenarios contribute to the ongoing policy discussions on modifying current farm legislation and on major reform of trade policies through the GATT negotiations. Two of these scenarios evaluate modifications of the current legislation. One expands the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) to idle 65 million acres, 20 million acres more than the current maximum. Another reduces target prices by 10 percent below levels assumed under baseline, which continues current programs through 1996/97. The increase in CRP acreage virtually eliminates the annual acreage programs and increases commodity prices by ...


Acute Care Bed Need In Maine: General Use Acute Care Facilities In Maine : Utilization, Occupancy Rates, And Bed Need Projected To 1990 And 1995, Stephen Greenberg Nov 1988

Acute Care Bed Need In Maine: General Use Acute Care Facilities In Maine : Utilization, Occupancy Rates, And Bed Need Projected To 1990 And 1995, Stephen Greenberg

Maine Collection

Acute Care Bed Need in Maine: General Use Acute Care Facilities in Maine : Utilization, Occupancy Rates, and Bed Need Projected to 1990 and 1995

by Stephen Greenberg, Planning and Research Associate, Office of Data, Research, and Vital Statistics.

Prepared at the request of the Division of Planning, Bureau of Health, Maine Department of Human Services.

Produced under Appropriations 1310.4, 1305.1065 and 2210.2950 (November, 1988).

Contents: Overview and Discussion of Findings / Using the Data: An Example / List of Detailed Tables / Appendices


Money Demand And The Effects Of Fiscal Policies: A Comment, Farrokh Nourzad, James Mcgibany Nov 1988

Money Demand And The Effects Of Fiscal Policies: A Comment, Farrokh Nourzad, James Mcgibany

Economics Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Eight Communities Meet To Find And Foot Housing, Chester Smolski Oct 1988

Eight Communities Meet To Find And Foot Housing, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"When resources are provided to local cities and towns to address housing problems, the results can be both innovative and productive. This was aptly demonstrated at a recent workshop on affordable housing.

The 150 attendees who went to Newport, one of the eight cities and towns that received grants to study the problem, were there to share recommendations on how to best address the Providence metropolitan area's lack of affordable housing."


South Dakota's Sustainable Agriculture Farmers, Donald C. Taylor, Thomas L. Dobbs Oct 1988

South Dakota's Sustainable Agriculture Farmers, Donald C. Taylor, Thomas L. Dobbs

Economics Commentator

No abstract provided.


Financing Latin American Growth: Prospects For The 1990'S, International Conference Oct 1988

Financing Latin American Growth: Prospects For The 1990'S, International Conference

Archives of the Levy Economics Institute

Sponsored by the Levy Institute in cooperation with the National University of Mexico (UNAM) and Washington University with funding from the Ford Foundation.


Stock Banks And Mutual Banks, Eric Bennett Rasmusen Oct 1988

Stock Banks And Mutual Banks, Eric Bennett Rasmusen

Eric Bennett Rasmusen

Because mutual banks do not allow shareholders to discipline bad managers and so have higher costs, they have been disappearing since bank entry deregulation in the 1980's. They were common before regulation in the 1930's, and are more common in the 19th century. I propose that this is because of the absence of deposit insurance. Depositors wanted safety more than low operating costs, and a mutual manager, in a cushy job he could not lose except by bankrupting his firm, would also value safety.


Human Rights, Women, And Third World Development, Winston E. Langley Oct 1988

Human Rights, Women, And Third World Development, Winston E. Langley

William Monroe Trotter Institute Publications

As part of the effort to inaugurate a new international socio-political order after World War II, international emphasis was given to certain moral and legal entitlements we have come to call human rights. That emphasis initially found its most forceful expression in the Charter of the United Nations, which not only asserts its members' faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, as well as in the equal rights of men and women of all nations, but also recites its members' commitment to employ international machinery for the promotion of the social and economic ...


The Contrast Model Of Similarity And Comparative Advertising, Michael D. Johnson, David A. Horne Oct 1988

The Contrast Model Of Similarity And Comparative Advertising, Michael D. Johnson, David A. Horne

Articles and Chapters

Two studies are reported which examine the existence of attribute redundancy as well as consumers' ability to perceive attribute redundancy in consumer information environments. The results of the first study suggest that attribute redundancy varies widely from product category to product category. The results of the second study suggest that consumers' ability to perceive attribute relationships improves with product knowledge. Unexpected was an observed U-shaped relationship between consumers' perceptions of attribute redundancy and attribute knowledge. Together the results suggest a number of policy implications regarding the value of consumer information programs.


An Analysis Of Average And Marginal Costs Of Iowa School Districts, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen Oct 1988

An Analysis Of Average And Marginal Costs Of Iowa School Districts, Mark A. Edelman Dr., James J. Knudsen

Economic Staff Paper Series

Companion reports the effects of declining enrollments and economies of size on per pupil expenditures; (S) various state aid formulas; (3) adjustment options for declining enrollment and economies of size and (4) expenditure patterns and other characteristics by school district size. This report analyzes average and marginal costs for Iowa school districts.


Estimation Of The Distribution Of Usual Intakes For Selected Dietary Components, George E. Battese, Sarah M. Nusser, Wayne A. Fuller Oct 1988

Estimation Of The Distribution Of Usual Intakes For Selected Dietary Components, George E. Battese, Sarah M. Nusser, Wayne A. Fuller

CARD Technical Reports

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has been responsible for conducting periodic surveys to estimate food consumption patterns of households and/or individuals in the United States for over 50 years. Data from these surveys have had a significant impact on the formulation of food-assistance programs, on consumer education and on food regulatory activities.

In recent years, there has been interest in estimating the proportion of the population that has insufficient intake or excessive intake of certain dietary components. Different approaches have been suggested for the estimation of this proportion. In all approaches, it is necessary to analyze data ...


Comparative Energy Policy: The Economics Of Nuclear Power In Japan & The U.S., Peter Navarro Sep 1988

Comparative Energy Policy: The Economics Of Nuclear Power In Japan & The U.S., Peter Navarro

PETER NAVARRO

No abstract provided.


How Markets For Impure Public Goods Organize, Peter Navarro Sep 1988

How Markets For Impure Public Goods Organize, Peter Navarro

PETER NAVARRO

No abstract provided.