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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Effects Of Pentobarbital Upon The Gross Activity Of The White Rat And Modification Of These Effects By Means Of Water Immersion, Amante Dec 1966

The Effects Of Pentobarbital Upon The Gross Activity Of The White Rat And Modification Of These Effects By Means Of Water Immersion, Amante

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Strain Differences In Alcohol Preference On Guinea Pigs And Experimental Manipulation Of Preference By Forced Alcohol Consumption, Appleman Dec 1966

Strain Differences In Alcohol Preference On Guinea Pigs And Experimental Manipulation Of Preference By Forced Alcohol Consumption, Appleman

Master's Theses

Introduction

The study of the determinants of alcoholism, one of the most perplexing diseases of mankind, entered its most fruitful era of discovery in the laboratory of the animal researcher. A pioneering study of the determinants of alcohol consumption by Richter (1940) indicated that laboratory rats show a preference for alcohol over water beginning at 1.8 per cent ethanol (v/v) solution, and continue to prefer alcohol over water up to a 6 per cent ethanol (v/v) solution. Richter made two important contributions to alcohol research which had broader implications than the presentation of an index of alcohol ...


Pain Elicited Aggression As A Function Of Withdrawal From Morphine Addiction, Teel Dec 1966

Pain Elicited Aggression As A Function Of Withdrawal From Morphine Addiction, Teel

Master's Theses

One branch of aggression research has concentrated on the elicitation of aggressive behavior by means of exteroceptive stimulation. Electric shock or similar painful stimuli (Ulrich & Azrin, 1962) are well known to produce fighting in the laboratory rat. This basic method has allowed experimental analysis of a wide scope of associated variables.

Ulrich and Azrin (1962) investigated several different parameters. They found that laboratory rats increased their fighting behavior as the frequency of shocks increased from 0.1 to 38 shocks per minute. With frequency fixed, the fighting response rate resembled an inverted U-shaped curve when shock intensity was increased from ...


The Effect Of Deprivation Level On Resistance To Extinction: A Test Of A Single Organism Design, Valenzi Dec 1966

The Effect Of Deprivation Level On Resistance To Extinction: A Test Of A Single Organism Design, Valenzi

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Budget Effects On Defense Planning, Ventura Nov 1966

Budget Effects On Defense Planning, Ventura

Master's Theses

Preface

The Department of Defense (DOD) program budget was developed to link defense planning to defense spending. The budget is designed to reflect total program costs. Military managers require such costs in order to make optimum allocation of resources. The program budget has been a useful tool in bringing uniformity to military plans but its effectiveness, the author contends, has been limited because it contains inaccurate cost data.

The author intends to prove that incorrect financial information is included in the budget because some resource expenditures cannot be accurately traced. The same resource is "common" to several different weapon systems ...


The Effect Of Morphine On Pain-Elicited Aggression In Rats, Kaskurs Nov 1966

The Effect Of Morphine On Pain-Elicited Aggression In Rats, Kaskurs

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Dogmatic And Decision-Making In A Variable Risk Situation, Jones Sep 1966

Dogmatic And Decision-Making In A Variable Risk Situation, Jones

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Game Theory And Power Politics, Decker Sep 1966

Game Theory And Power Politics, Decker

Master's Theses

Preface

The contemporary argument over method reaches into all the traditional diversions of social science, of which political science is no exception. Such names as structure-functionalism, decision theory, systems analysis, behavioralism, and game theory have become commonplace identifications of political methodologies in the twentieth century. And if one consideration has generated this plethora of seemingly novel approaches to the study of politics, it is an epistemological one. Indeed, the argument seems to center around determining that kind of intellectual behavior which will best enable the student to understand political events.

...

It is proposed in what follows that, in the field ...


The Effect Of The Norm Of Reciprocity In A Two-Person Non-Zero-Sum Game, Jacks Sep 1966

The Effect Of The Norm Of Reciprocity In A Two-Person Non-Zero-Sum Game, Jacks

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Weighted Application Blank As A Predicter Of Academic Success In A Junior College, Richard J. Ritchie Aug 1966

The Weighted Application Blank As A Predicter Of Academic Success In A Junior College, Richard J. Ritchie

Master's Theses

There has been a great of research conducted to find factors which can be used to predict academic success. A number of these factors have already been identified. For example, college board scores, high school rank, and high school grades are widely used a predictors of academic success. Most of the research that has been conducted has dealt with intellectual factor, but there has been some research done to find non-intellectual factors related to academic success. These non-intellectual factors include: study habits, personality, traits, and environmental factors.

One possible predictor of academic success which has received little attention is biographical ...


The Voting Rights Act Of 1965 : A Summary Of Its Legislative History, James Bryan Spell Jr. Aug 1966

The Voting Rights Act Of 1965 : A Summary Of Its Legislative History, James Bryan Spell Jr.

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to, summarize in narrative form the legislative history of the Voting Rights .Act of 1965.~ Its history can be divided into four phases: (1) the presidential address, (2) the legislative history of H. R. 6400 in the United States House of Representatives, (3) the legislative history of S. 1564 in the United Stat es Senate, and ( 4) the signing of the 11.ct by the President of the United States. Of course, this writer readily acknowledges the fact thlt this thesis represents only a summary of the Act's legislative history and by no ...


A Study Of The Cuban Community In Richmond, Mary E. Tyler Aug 1966

A Study Of The Cuban Community In Richmond, Mary E. Tyler

Master's Theses

For Cubans there has been a long, historic exile path to the United States. The Spanish historian Justo Zaragoza noted that 100,000 persons fled the island in 1869,2 following the start of the Ten Years' War agitating for independence from Spain. Again in 1895 when the War for Independence broke out, Cuban colonies were founded in Southern Florida, Tampa, and other U.S. cities.

Political activity was very much a part of the exile groups from the time that the great Cuban hero, Jose Marti plotted his revolution in a house in Tampa.3 Revolutionary activity was carried ...


The Effects Of Varying Shock Intensifies On The Behavior Of Domestic Fowl, Bracco Aug 1966

The Effects Of Varying Shock Intensifies On The Behavior Of Domestic Fowl, Bracco

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Anonymous Versus Identifiable Individual Judgments Under Social Influence, Campolo Aug 1966

Anonymous Versus Identifiable Individual Judgments Under Social Influence, Campolo

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of The Surface Temperature Distribution In The Detroit Region, Smith Aug 1966

An Investigation Of The Surface Temperature Distribution In The Detroit Region, Smith

Master's Theses

Chapter I

Introduction

Climate and the City

Studies made of temperature in and around cities have shown the climate of the city to be anomalous in relation to its regional climate. The extent of this anomalous condition and the reasons for its occurrence vary from city to city and from season to season. So many variable factors are present in the generation or regeneration of heat within the city that no study has yet satisfactorily explained the total factors involved, or has indicated the percentage for which any one factor might be responsible. This being the case, the only objective ...


The Politics Of Urban Renewal In Outstate Michigan, Soli Aug 1966

The Politics Of Urban Renewal In Outstate Michigan, Soli

Master's Theses

The Challenge of the 60's

The city of the 1960's us awakening to its present condition and is attempting to take positive steps towards the alleviation or the solution of a multitude of problems. Typical of the problems is the erosion of the local tax base, a loss of population, an increase in crime and delinquency, and persistent demands by fringe area residents for extensions of municipal services. A problem that affects cities of all sizes is that of blight, deterioration, and decay. One method of dealing with this problem is through local participation in the Federally-sponsored urban ...


Supervisory Attitude Change Through Reward Of Verbal Behavior, Howitt Aug 1966

Supervisory Attitude Change Through Reward Of Verbal Behavior, Howitt

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Shock Duration And Shock Induced Fighting In The Domestic Hen, Seligman Aug 1966

The Relationship Between Shock Duration And Shock Induced Fighting In The Domestic Hen, Seligman

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Verbal And Visual Mnemonic Devices On The Paired Associate Learning Of An Aged Population, Franklin Peter Knill Jul 1966

The Effect Of Verbal And Visual Mnemonic Devices On The Paired Associate Learning Of An Aged Population, Franklin Peter Knill

Master's Theses

The literature on aging is abundant with studies using a variety of tasks indicating that there is a decline in learning with increasing age.

Subjects were presented pairs of words accompanied by a black and white sketch that contained both words

In a further attempt to study more directly the effects of visual vs. verbal mediators, a second condition was included where subjects were presented pairs of words accompanied by a phrase that contained both of the words.

The following bypotheaee were postulated:

1. Performance of younger subjects will be superior to old ones over all conditions.

2. Performance will ...


An Experimental Study Of Three Programed Methods, David Robinson Grove Jul 1966

An Experimental Study Of Three Programed Methods, David Robinson Grove

Master's Theses

All programed training makes use of successively presented units of information, usually accompanied by a test question and usually providing the subject with. immediate knowledge of whether his answer is right or wrong. The purpose of a program whose assimilated data is in questions and answers is to shape a series of responses into a complex act.

Within this common framework there is--for psychologists, at any rate--a difference between two schools of thought which dominates the field and is reflected in the tasks and types of programs given to the trainee.

The question now becomes one in determining the "best ...


The Redevelopment Of Russell County, Virginia : A Survey Of The Causes Of Poverty In An Appalachian County And Efforts To Correct Them, Daniel Alvin Dye Jul 1966

The Redevelopment Of Russell County, Virginia : A Survey Of The Causes Of Poverty In An Appalachian County And Efforts To Correct Them, Daniel Alvin Dye

Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to describe the economic, social, and political conditions in Russell County that have caused it to be classified as a depressed area by the De­ partments of Commerce and Labor. The years 1950 to 1966 were selected by this writer because it seems that the poverty of the people of the county began emerging immedi­ ately after the Second World War and has become more pro­ nounced since that time. For historical and comparative purposes, certain aspects of the county's development from 1900 to 1950 have been included; however, they have been held ...


An Analysis Of "The Third House" In The General Assembly Of Virginia, John Rowland Davis Jul 1966

An Analysis Of "The Third House" In The General Assembly Of Virginia, John Rowland Davis

Master's Theses

The problem as presented in this research will be (1) to present a profile study of the lobbyists in the State of Virginia; (2) to point out the techniques used by lobbyists as well as the cost of lobbying in Virginia; and (3) to point out existing as well as previous legislation dealing with lobbying and to show its effectiveness.

Th purpose of this thesis is not to synthesize all the available literature concerning pressure groups, but, instead, the objective will be to present an accurate and objective study of lobbying in the State of Virginia using those sources that ...


An Outline For Physical Geography In The Secondary School, Mellander Jul 1966

An Outline For Physical Geography In The Secondary School, Mellander

Master's Theses

The Need and The Purpose

Introduction

As the earth has become more densely populated, an understanding of the space relationships between man and his environment has become essential. In particular, man needs to understand the complex interrelationship between places, and the distinctive character of places.

Major functions of geographic instruction are to guide students into discovering the distribution of physical conditions, and the interrelationships which characterize such places, as well as those between man and his environment. No other discipline attempts to discover the wholeness, order and reason in the complex totality of the landscape.


Effects Of Ribonuclease Upon The Regenerating Tissue Of Conditioned Planaria, Noll Jul 1966

Effects Of Ribonuclease Upon The Regenerating Tissue Of Conditioned Planaria, Noll

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Order And Organization As Problems Of Developing Political Systems: Ghana And Nigeria, Stevenson Jul 1966

Order And Organization As Problems Of Developing Political Systems: Ghana And Nigeria, Stevenson

Master's Theses

Introduction

The study of political development has come to dominate that branch of the discipline of political science concerned with comparative politics. There is, however, a terminological and methodological confusion in the literature that is in need of clarification.


Conditioned Suppression In Humans, Pott Jul 1966

Conditioned Suppression In Humans, Pott

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Revision Of The Morgan Test Of Logical Reasoning, Fred K. Mccoy Jun 1966

A Revision Of The Morgan Test Of Logical Reasoning, Fred K. Mccoy

Master's Theses

Do we learn to reason logically just as we learn grammar or estimating distances? Philosophers usually say we do and have taught logic as a discipline for thousands of years. They are generally not content to teach "about" logic, or in the history of it; they generally state their intent is to teach "logic for everyday thinking". Appendix VI is a personal communication to the author from a philosopher stating this clearly and comparing the skill of logical reasoning with the skill of using grammar.

Or is logical reasoning a relatively inherent trait, as intelligence is generally assumed to be ...


The Relationship Of The Detection Of Unpredictable Visual Binary Sequences And Selected Personality Measures, Currell L. Pattie Jun 1966

The Relationship Of The Detection Of Unpredictable Visual Binary Sequences And Selected Personality Measures, Currell L. Pattie

Master's Theses

To a certain extent the everyday incidents of life occur in a chaotic and orderless fashion. But in such an unpredictable world people must predict such events even if they present themselves at random. This suggestion by Restle (1961) is especially relevant to an experiment by Pattie (1964a) in the area of human binary prediction. This study seemed to indicate that individuals search for and believe in orderly, predictable solutions in apparently orderless, random situations. Ss were given a randomized deck of 200 index cards, of which 75% displayed an easily discriminable symbol with the remaining 25% bearing another symbol ...


An Inquiry Into The Kuder Preference Record Vocational Verification Scale And The Guilford Zimmerman Temperament Survey Falsification Scale, Ann Denton Ryder Jun 1966

An Inquiry Into The Kuder Preference Record Vocational Verification Scale And The Guilford Zimmerman Temperament Survey Falsification Scale, Ann Denton Ryder

Master's Theses

This study investigated the variables measured by the verification scale of the Kuder Preference Record-Voca tiona l and the falsification scale of the GuilfordZimmerman Temperament Survey. Responses of an experimental group of Protestant seminary students were compared with those of a control group of general psychology students. These groups were shown to be different in self-perceived values and attitudes, as defined by results on the Allport Vernon Lindzey Study of Values and the Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey, with the experimental group presenting the more altruistic outlook. This was taken to indicate that this group would not be falsifying in giving positive ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Wisc And School Success Of Emotionally Disturbed Children, Paul Daniel Shearer Jun 1966

A Study Of The Relationship Between Wisc And School Success Of Emotionally Disturbed Children, Paul Daniel Shearer

Master's Theses

Since the publishing of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children in 1949, the majority of the validation don procedures have been correlations of the WISC with other intelligence teats or with achievement tests. As Littell (1960) indicated in his review of the research, both methods have yielded high correlations and are responsible in part for the wide acceptance of the WISC. While research has well established the ability of the WISC and other intelligence teats to predict school achievement in a normal population, the generalization of these findings to a population of emotionally disturbed children is in question for several ...