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1966

Psychology

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Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Effects Of Delay Of Reinforcement On Problem Solving Behavior, Verne R. Bacharach Dec 1966

Effects Of Delay Of Reinforcement On Problem Solving Behavior, Verne R. Bacharach

All Master's Theses

This study was designed to investigate the effects of delay of feedback in a programmed instruction task, retention, and subsequent problem solving behavior. The instructional material in symbolic logic was specifically presented in such a way as to introduce certain basic logical concepts and mechanical procedures in a logically coherent body of knowledge.


The Effects Of Pentobarbital Upon The Gross Activity Of The White Rat And Modification Of These Effects By Means Of Water Immersion, Amante Dec 1966

The Effects Of Pentobarbital Upon The Gross Activity Of The White Rat And Modification Of These Effects By Means Of Water Immersion, Amante

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Strain Differences In Alcohol Preference On Guinea Pigs And Experimental Manipulation Of Preference By Forced Alcohol Consumption, Appleman Dec 1966

Strain Differences In Alcohol Preference On Guinea Pigs And Experimental Manipulation Of Preference By Forced Alcohol Consumption, Appleman

Master's Theses

Introduction

The study of the determinants of alcoholism, one of the most perplexing diseases of mankind, entered its most fruitful era of discovery in the laboratory of the animal researcher. A pioneering study of the determinants of alcohol consumption by Richter (1940) indicated that laboratory rats show a preference for alcohol over water beginning at 1.8 per cent ethanol (v/v) solution, and continue to prefer alcohol over water up to a 6 per cent ethanol (v/v) solution. Richter made two important contributions to alcohol research which had broader implications than the presentation of an index of alcohol ...


Pain Elicited Aggression As A Function Of Withdrawal From Morphine Addiction, Teel Dec 1966

Pain Elicited Aggression As A Function Of Withdrawal From Morphine Addiction, Teel

Master's Theses

One branch of aggression research has concentrated on the elicitation of aggressive behavior by means of exteroceptive stimulation. Electric shock or similar painful stimuli (Ulrich & Azrin, 1962) are well known to produce fighting in the laboratory rat. This basic method has allowed experimental analysis of a wide scope of associated variables.

Ulrich and Azrin (1962) investigated several different parameters. They found that laboratory rats increased their fighting behavior as the frequency of shocks increased from 0.1 to 38 shocks per minute. With frequency fixed, the fighting response rate resembled an inverted U-shaped curve when shock intensity was increased from ...


The Effect Of Deprivation Level On Resistance To Extinction: A Test Of A Single Organism Design, Valenzi Dec 1966

The Effect Of Deprivation Level On Resistance To Extinction: A Test Of A Single Organism Design, Valenzi

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Morphine On Pain-Elicited Aggression In Rats, Kaskurs Nov 1966

The Effect Of Morphine On Pain-Elicited Aggression In Rats, Kaskurs

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Dogmatic And Decision-Making In A Variable Risk Situation, Jones Sep 1966

Dogmatic And Decision-Making In A Variable Risk Situation, Jones

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of The Norm Of Reciprocity In A Two-Person Non-Zero-Sum Game, Jacks Sep 1966

The Effect Of The Norm Of Reciprocity In A Two-Person Non-Zero-Sum Game, Jacks

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Estimates Of Relative Frequency Vs. Subjective Probability, Duncan Muir Mcquarrie Aug 1966

A Comparison Of Estimates Of Relative Frequency Vs. Subjective Probability, Duncan Muir Mcquarrie

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to extend the investigation of the general area of subjective probability by exploring three methods of asking for estimates. Inasmuch as this area has not been a major focus of interest for experimental studies, a brief review of the kinds of studies emanating from subjective probability notions will be given.


The Weighted Application Blank As A Predicter Of Academic Success In A Junior College, Richard J. Ritchie Aug 1966

The Weighted Application Blank As A Predicter Of Academic Success In A Junior College, Richard J. Ritchie

Master's Theses

There has been a great of research conducted to find factors which can be used to predict academic success. A number of these factors have already been identified. For example, college board scores, high school rank, and high school grades are widely used a predictors of academic success. Most of the research that has been conducted has dealt with intellectual factor, but there has been some research done to find non-intellectual factors related to academic success. These non-intellectual factors include: study habits, personality, traits, and environmental factors.

One possible predictor of academic success which has received little attention is biographical ...


Revision Of Subjective Probabilities Under A Bayesian Model, Gary A. Sterner Aug 1966

Revision Of Subjective Probabilities Under A Bayesian Model, Gary A. Sterner

All Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which subjective probability judgments conform to the Bayesian model of mathematical probability theory; more specifically, the degree to which subjective probability estimates for intersections of events approximate the product of the subjective judgments for component events.


The Effects Of Varying Shock Intensifies On The Behavior Of Domestic Fowl, Bracco Aug 1966

The Effects Of Varying Shock Intensifies On The Behavior Of Domestic Fowl, Bracco

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Anonymous Versus Identifiable Individual Judgments Under Social Influence, Campolo Aug 1966

Anonymous Versus Identifiable Individual Judgments Under Social Influence, Campolo

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Supervisory Attitude Change Through Reward Of Verbal Behavior, Howitt Aug 1966

Supervisory Attitude Change Through Reward Of Verbal Behavior, Howitt

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Shock Duration And Shock Induced Fighting In The Domestic Hen, Seligman Aug 1966

The Relationship Between Shock Duration And Shock Induced Fighting In The Domestic Hen, Seligman

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Verbal And Visual Mnemonic Devices On The Paired Associate Learning Of An Aged Population, Franklin Peter Knill Jul 1966

The Effect Of Verbal And Visual Mnemonic Devices On The Paired Associate Learning Of An Aged Population, Franklin Peter Knill

Master's Theses

The literature on aging is abundant with studies using a variety of tasks indicating that there is a decline in learning with increasing age.

Subjects were presented pairs of words accompanied by a black and white sketch that contained both words

In a further attempt to study more directly the effects of visual vs. verbal mediators, a second condition was included where subjects were presented pairs of words accompanied by a phrase that contained both of the words.

The following bypotheaee were postulated:

1. Performance of younger subjects will be superior to old ones over all conditions.

2. Performance will ...


An Experimental Study Of Three Programed Methods, David Robinson Grove Jul 1966

An Experimental Study Of Three Programed Methods, David Robinson Grove

Master's Theses

All programed training makes use of successively presented units of information, usually accompanied by a test question and usually providing the subject with. immediate knowledge of whether his answer is right or wrong. The purpose of a program whose assimilated data is in questions and answers is to shape a series of responses into a complex act.

Within this common framework there is--for psychologists, at any rate--a difference between two schools of thought which dominates the field and is reflected in the tasks and types of programs given to the trainee.

The question now becomes one in determining the "best ...


Effects Of Ribonuclease Upon The Regenerating Tissue Of Conditioned Planaria, Noll Jul 1966

Effects Of Ribonuclease Upon The Regenerating Tissue Of Conditioned Planaria, Noll

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Conditioned Suppression In Humans, Pott Jul 1966

Conditioned Suppression In Humans, Pott

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Illinois Test Of Psycholinguistic Abilities And The Parsons Language Sample In Assessing The Linguistic Functioning Of Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Children, Ralph Donald Lee Horner Jun 1966

A Comparison Of The Illinois Test Of Psycholinguistic Abilities And The Parsons Language Sample In Assessing The Linguistic Functioning Of Institutionalized Mentally Retarded Children, Ralph Donald Lee Horner

Electronic Thesis Collection

The purpose of this research was to compare the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities and the Parsons Language Sample in assessing the linguistic functioning of institutionalized mentally retarded children. A stratified sample of mentally retarded children was administered both the ITPA and PLS in counterbalanced order. The results were correlated through the Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient and the correlation matrix analyzed through a principle-components factor analysis. The ITPA, PLS comparison produced high correlation coefficients with the exception of the Intraverbal Gesture sub-test of the PLS. The factor analysis of the correlation matrix revealed one or more sub-tests had high loadings ...


A Revision Of The Morgan Test Of Logical Reasoning, Fred K. Mccoy Jun 1966

A Revision Of The Morgan Test Of Logical Reasoning, Fred K. Mccoy

Master's Theses

Do we learn to reason logically just as we learn grammar or estimating distances? Philosophers usually say we do and have taught logic as a discipline for thousands of years. They are generally not content to teach "about" logic, or in the history of it; they generally state their intent is to teach "logic for everyday thinking". Appendix VI is a personal communication to the author from a philosopher stating this clearly and comparing the skill of logical reasoning with the skill of using grammar.

Or is logical reasoning a relatively inherent trait, as intelligence is generally assumed to be ...


The Relationship Of The Detection Of Unpredictable Visual Binary Sequences And Selected Personality Measures, Currell L. Pattie Jun 1966

The Relationship Of The Detection Of Unpredictable Visual Binary Sequences And Selected Personality Measures, Currell L. Pattie

Master's Theses

To a certain extent the everyday incidents of life occur in a chaotic and orderless fashion. But in such an unpredictable world people must predict such events even if they present themselves at random. This suggestion by Restle (1961) is especially relevant to an experiment by Pattie (1964a) in the area of human binary prediction. This study seemed to indicate that individuals search for and believe in orderly, predictable solutions in apparently orderless, random situations. Ss were given a randomized deck of 200 index cards, of which 75% displayed an easily discriminable symbol with the remaining 25% bearing another symbol ...


An Inquiry Into The Kuder Preference Record Vocational Verification Scale And The Guilford Zimmerman Temperament Survey Falsification Scale, Ann Denton Ryder Jun 1966

An Inquiry Into The Kuder Preference Record Vocational Verification Scale And The Guilford Zimmerman Temperament Survey Falsification Scale, Ann Denton Ryder

Master's Theses

This study investigated the variables measured by the verification scale of the Kuder Preference Record-Voca tiona l and the falsification scale of the GuilfordZimmerman Temperament Survey. Responses of an experimental group of Protestant seminary students were compared with those of a control group of general psychology students. These groups were shown to be different in self-perceived values and attitudes, as defined by results on the Allport Vernon Lindzey Study of Values and the Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey, with the experimental group presenting the more altruistic outlook. This was taken to indicate that this group would not be falsifying in giving positive ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Wisc And School Success Of Emotionally Disturbed Children, Paul Daniel Shearer Jun 1966

A Study Of The Relationship Between Wisc And School Success Of Emotionally Disturbed Children, Paul Daniel Shearer

Master's Theses

Since the publishing of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children in 1949, the majority of the validation don procedures have been correlations of the WISC with other intelligence teats or with achievement tests. As Littell (1960) indicated in his review of the research, both methods have yielded high correlations and are responsible in part for the wide acceptance of the WISC. While research has well established the ability of the WISC and other intelligence teats to predict school achievement in a normal population, the generalization of these findings to a population of emotionally disturbed children is in question for several ...


A Study Of The Function Of Visual Imagery, Type Of Mediator, And Associative Frequency In Induced Mediation Paradigms, Ted Christiansen May 1966

A Study Of The Function Of Visual Imagery, Type Of Mediator, And Associative Frequency In Induced Mediation Paradigms, Ted Christiansen

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Bugelski and Sharlock (1952) credit McGeoch with saying that although the concept of mediation was an old one, it had generated more discussion than experimentation. Bugelski and Sharlock in commenting on McGeoch's statements had this to say, "The concept of mediation is of great potential value for the psychological analysis of learning, thinking, and insight." (Bugelski and Sharlock, 1952, p. 334) The views of Bugelski and Sharlock represent the current thinking in verbal learning circles relevant to the importance of mediation in symbolic forms of behavior. The experimental emphasis, at the present time, is upon the conditions underlying the ...


Dyadic Communication As A Function Of Communicative Method And Interpersonal Mutuality, Harry Wallace Craver Jr. Apr 1966

Dyadic Communication As A Function Of Communicative Method And Interpersonal Mutuality, Harry Wallace Craver Jr.

Master's Theses

A large proportion of research in social psychology has been concerned with interpersonal Communication. More often than not, when different investigators got interested in an area of experimentation that is fairly broad and influenced by many variables, an evolvement of several different categories of or approaches to the research area occurs. The area of interpersonal communication is no exception.


Biographical Data Related To Achievement In Undergraduate Psychology, Fleming Apr 1966

Biographical Data Related To Achievement In Undergraduate Psychology, Fleming

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Conditioned Avoidance To Water Following Exposure To X-Irradiation, Roberts Apr 1966

Conditioned Avoidance To Water Following Exposure To X-Irradiation, Roberts

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


The Relation Of Anxiety Level To The Performance Of An Abstract Reasoning Task Under Stressful And Non-Stressful Conditions, Necamken Apr 1966

The Relation Of Anxiety Level To The Performance Of An Abstract Reasoning Task Under Stressful And Non-Stressful Conditions, Necamken

Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Radiation Upon Consumption Of Alcohol As A Discriminated Fluid Stimulus In The Rat, Straka Apr 1966

Effects Of Radiation Upon Consumption Of Alcohol As A Discriminated Fluid Stimulus In The Rat, Straka

Master's Theses

Introduction

In the recent history of psychology, considerable interest has arisen concerning the use of radiation (usually as a UCS fitted into a classical conditioning paradigm) to effect changes in behavior. Mechanisms by which radiation induces behavioral changes are obscure, and psychology, along with the disciplines of physiology and medicine, has been attempting to clarify variables in operation.

The study of drug {including alcohol) effects upon behavior has had a somewhat parallel development in the field of psychology in terms of its recency and the obscure nature of the variables operating upon resultant behavior.

These two areas of interest have ...