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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Selected Works

2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 5683

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bullying At The Fire Station? Perceptions Based On Gender, Race And Sexual Orientation, John C. Griffith, Donna L. Roberts, Ronald T. Wakeham May 2016

Bullying At The Fire Station? Perceptions Based On Gender, Race And Sexual Orientation, John C. Griffith, Donna L. Roberts, Ronald T. Wakeham

Donna L. Roberts

Discrimination and strained co-worker relationships based on gender, race or sexual orientation are forms of bullying in the workplace. This research examines firefighter perceptions with regard to bullying as defined above. Survey questions were based on the National Report Card on Women and Firefighting study (Hulett, Bendick, Thomas & Miccio, 2008). The web-based survey was distributed through the National Fire Academy Training, Resources and Data Exchange Network, (TRADENET). Findings from 113 completed surveys indicated that most firefighters did not perceive bullying issues were pervasive in the fire service. However there were large differences in perception between female and male firefighters. Significantly ...


Overachievers, Procrastinators, And Failed Googling: Exploring Why Students Ask Librarians For Assistance, Jaimie Beth Colvin, Marc Vinyard, Colleen Mullally Apr 2016

Overachievers, Procrastinators, And Failed Googling: Exploring Why Students Ask Librarians For Assistance, Jaimie Beth Colvin, Marc Vinyard, Colleen Mullally

Marc Vinyard

According to national trends on reference statistics from ARL, reference questions are declining. At our university, however, reference statistics are on the rise. While this is great news, we don’t know why it's happening.  We wish that we could attribute this good fortune to our approachable posture and wonderful instruction sessions ... we’re the sirens of the library luring nearby students to our reference desk with our enchanting smiles, but instead of meeting disaster, students find information.
 
We aren’t mythical creatures, though. We’re just librarians who really want to know the answer to a crucial question ...


Scholarly Publishing Resources: Cutting Edge Technology To Assist Faculty With Bibliometric Data And Scholarly Publishing, Marc Vinyard, Jaimie Beth Colvin Apr 2016

Scholarly Publishing Resources: Cutting Edge Technology To Assist Faculty With Bibliometric Data And Scholarly Publishing, Marc Vinyard, Jaimie Beth Colvin

Jaimie Beth Colvin

Pepperdine librarians created a comprehensive guide on publishing resources in response to questions we have received over the year from professors on topics such as the best journals to publish in, the prestige of journals, and how often their articles are cited. By creating this guide, we increased our knowledge of bibliometrics, which involves measuring the influence of scholarly research based on how often articles, books and journals are cited by other researchers. We have increased faculty engagement with the library because professors are interested in resources that assist them with the publishing and ultimately their success as scholars. Pepperdine ...


Exploring Barriers To Home Gardening In Ohio Households, Justin Schupp, Rebecca Som Castellano, Jeff Sharp, Molly Bean Jan 2016

Exploring Barriers To Home Gardening In Ohio Households, Justin Schupp, Rebecca Som Castellano, Jeff Sharp, Molly Bean

Justin Schupp

Scholars have noted that race and ethnicity, socio-economic status (SES) as well as other socio-demographic factors may limit participation in local food systems based on the historic and structured patterns of inequalities that remain in communities promoting alternative agriculture and food (agrifood) activities. However, few empirical studies have examined the barriers which prevent people from participating in local food system activities. This paper uses survey data from the 2008 Ohio Survey of Food, Agriculture and Environmental Issues to consider whether barriers such as interest, time, financial resources, geography and space impact the participation of households in home gardening. Results from ...


Import Quota Allocation Between Regions Under Cournot Competetion, Abdessalem Abbassi, Lota Tamini, Ahlem Dakhlaoui Dec 2015

Import Quota Allocation Between Regions Under Cournot Competetion, Abdessalem Abbassi, Lota Tamini, Ahlem Dakhlaoui

abdessalem abbassi

The paper analyzes the impact of import quotas on the welfare of different regions belonging to a single country. The regions compete with one another using Cournot conjectures and international trade is hindered by import quotas. Our results can help the country to determine the optimal import quotas and the best way to allocate import permits between regions. Wefind three mains results. First, we show how the world price, the difference in production costs between regions and the relative market size determine the allocation of import quotas, the interregional trade and the rent of import permits holders. Second, we show ...


Here's Why Your Dog Might Not Be As Cute As You Think, Harold Herzog Dec 2015

Here's Why Your Dog Might Not Be As Cute As You Think, Harold Herzog

Harold Herzog, PhD

New research shows the importance of cuteness in the human-animal bond.


Er Du Megarig, Behøver Du Ikke At Følge Loven, John Hansen Dec 2015

Er Du Megarig, Behøver Du Ikke At Følge Loven, John Hansen

Brooke Harrington

Feature article on my research in Denmark's leading newspaper.


Making It Fit: Reshaping Library Services & Spaces For Today's Students, Paul Mosley, Jim Alderman, Lisandra Carmichael Dec 2015

Making It Fit: Reshaping Library Services & Spaces For Today's Students, Paul Mosley, Jim Alderman, Lisandra Carmichael

Lisandra R Carmichael

University course assignments increasingly focus on group work and group projects to help students collaboratively discover more about their fields of study. The Thomas G. Carpenter Library realized the need to investigate means for reimagining itself to better accommodate today’s researchers. The complex process of planning for the redesign of both services and space undertaken by the library is described and explained in this first of a planned series of articles.


Epitaph For Edward W. Soja, Jonathan P. Bell Dec 2015

Epitaph For Edward W. Soja, Jonathan P. Bell

Jonathan P. Bell

Excerpt:
We lost a legend with the passing of Professor Edward W. Soja last month in Los Angeles. Soja’s contributions to the spatial disciplines are as innumerable and diverse as the students he influenced. From 2003 to 2005, I was lucky to be one of his students. I never told Ed about the profound influence he had on me. In commemoration of Ed’s life and work, I’d like to share that story with you.


'Very Quiet Day, Vague Tension': Digitizing And Sharing The Stories Of School Desegregation And Busing In Boston, Andrew Elder Dec 2015

'Very Quiet Day, Vague Tension': Digitizing And Sharing The Stories Of School Desegregation And Busing In Boston, Andrew Elder

Andrew Elder

In the summer of 2015, University Archives & Special Collections at UMass Boston began to work with a number of area archival institutions to create “a digital library of material that can be widely disseminated for both curricular and scholarly use” related to the history of school desegregation and busing in Boston. Too often, the history of Boston school desegregation seems weighted down by some of the most visible characters involved – politicians, policy-makers, court officials – so we decided early on to focus largely on identifying materials that tell a more complex, personal history of school desegregation and busing in Boston. After ...


The Body As An Object Of Sociological Inquiry: Mead, Du Bois, Marcuse And Freud, Brian Martinez Dec 2015

The Body As An Object Of Sociological Inquiry: Mead, Du Bois, Marcuse And Freud, Brian Martinez

Brian Martinez

Later schools of sociological thought owe much to the works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and George Simmel. While their individual dialectics vary greatly, each had a substantive effect on the development of sociology as a viable discipline within the academy. In Marx, we see an attempt to incite real political change via his incisive writings on the exploitative nature of capitalism, bourgeoning industrialism and bourgeois ideology. In Durkheim, we see a concerted attempt to break with the practice of “inconsequential” philosophizing so as to fashion a programmatic methodology whereby “social facts” are studied scientifically. Moreover, in Weber ...


The Space For Social Media In Structured Online Learning, Gilly Salmon, Bella Ross, Ekaterina Pechenkina, Anne-Marie Chase Dec 2015

The Space For Social Media In Structured Online Learning, Gilly Salmon, Bella Ross, Ekaterina Pechenkina, Anne-Marie Chase

Dr Anne-Marie Chase

In this paper, we explore the benefits of using social media in an online educational setting, with a particular focus on the use of Facebook and Twitter by participants in a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) developed to enable educators to learn about the Carpe Diem learning design process. We define social media as digital social tools and environments located outside of the provision of a formal university-provided Learning Management System. We use data collected via interviews and surveys with the MOOC participants as well as social media postings made by the participants throughout the MOOC to offer insights into ...


Geographic Variation In The Implementation Of Public Health Services: Organizational, Economic, And Network Determinants, Glen P. Mays Dec 2015

Geographic Variation In The Implementation Of Public Health Services: Organizational, Economic, And Network Determinants, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

An expanding body of research-tested public health interventions exist to prevent disease and injury and promote health on a population-wide basis, such as those profiled in the CDC’s Guide to Community Prevention Services, but adoption and implementation of these strategies vary widely across states and communities. Public health services are delivered through diffuse constellations of governmental agencies and their private-sector and community-based counterparts using implementation mechanisms that are poorly understood. The studies in this panel examine how organizational, economic, and inter-organizational network characteristics influence the implementation of public health services across states and communities.


Inter-Organizational Network Effects On Public Health Service Implementation, Outcomes, And Disparities Across U.S. Communities, Glen P. Mays Dec 2015

Inter-Organizational Network Effects On Public Health Service Implementation, Outcomes, And Disparities Across U.S. Communities, Glen P. Mays

Glen Mays

Background: The Affordable Care Act created new incentives for hospitals, insurers, public health agencies, and others to contribute to disease prevention and health promotion activities, potentially changing inter-organizational relationships and expanding implementation of strategies that improve population health. This study uses data from the 1998-2014 National Longitudinal Survey of Public Health Systems to examine: (1) the extent and nature of change in inter-organizational contributions to public health activities; (2) whether network changes attenuate or exacerbate disparities in public health implementation across communities; and (3) how network changes affect preventable mortality and resource use.
Methods: We follow a longitudinal cohort of ...


How Scary Are The Mental Health Risks Of Vegetarianism?, Harold Herzog Dec 2015

How Scary Are The Mental Health Risks Of Vegetarianism?, Harold Herzog

Harold Herzog, PhD

How strong is the link between vegetarianism and mental illness?


Academic Medicine As A Bridge To Peace: Building Arab And Israeli Cooperation, Abi Sriharan, Ziad Abdeen, Dennis Bojrab, Shurkri David, Ziad Elnasser, Tim Patterson, Robert Shprintzen, Harvey Skinner, Yehudah Roth, Arnold Noyek Dec 2015

Academic Medicine As A Bridge To Peace: Building Arab And Israeli Cooperation, Abi Sriharan, Ziad Abdeen, Dennis Bojrab, Shurkri David, Ziad Elnasser, Tim Patterson, Robert Shprintzen, Harvey Skinner, Yehudah Roth, Arnold Noyek

Robert J. Shprintzen

Can you imagine Canadian, Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian medical students singing, volunteering, and working together to develop programs to address issues related to global pediatric emergency medicine? Such a program was first held in Toronto in 2003 and continues annually. Can you imagine Canadians, Israelis, Jordanians, and Palestinians jointly teaching and developing solutions, via video teleconference, to address behavioral neurological problems affecting elderly populations? Such an initiative began in 2006 and continues to expand today. Can you imagine senior Jordanian and Israeli ear surgeons operating together, successfully carrying out pioneering cochlear implant surgery on deaf infants, on Jordanian national television ...


Cognitive And Psychiatric Predictors To Psychosis In Velocardiofacial Syndrome: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study, Kevin Antshel, Robert Shprintzen, Wanda Fremont, Anne Higgins, Stephen Faraone, Wendy Kates Dec 2015

Cognitive And Psychiatric Predictors To Psychosis In Velocardiofacial Syndrome: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study, Kevin Antshel, Robert Shprintzen, Wanda Fremont, Anne Higgins, Stephen Faraone, Wendy Kates

Robert J. Shprintzen

Objective: To predict prodromal psychosis in adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS). Method: 70 youth with VCFS, 27 siblings of youth with VCFS and 25 community controls were followed from childhood (Mean age = 11.8 years) into mid-adolescence (mean age 15.0 years). Psychological tests measuring intelligence, academic achievement, learning/memory, attention and executive functioning as well as measures of parent and clinician ratings of child psychiatric functioning were completed at both time point. Results: Major depressive disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder diagnoses increased in the VCFS sample. With very low false positive rates, the best predictor of ...


The Development Of Modern Corporate Governance In China And India, Nicholas Howson, Vikramaditya Khanna Dec 2015

The Development Of Modern Corporate Governance In China And India, Nicholas Howson, Vikramaditya Khanna

Nicholas Howson

This book chapter (forthcoming, China, India & the International Economic Order) examines the development of corporate governance in the world’s two biggest and fastest growing emerging markets - China and India. Although both countries are different in important ways, they also share significant similarities such as rapid economic development, significant foreign investment, economic, structural and legal reform, and a shared interest in (if not implementation of) essentially Anglo-American corporate law norms. These differences and similarities provide an interesting and rich platform for consideration of popular or contested corporate governance precepts. In particular, after an extensive discussion of corporate governance reforms in ...


Regulation And Business Behavior, Neil Gunningham, Robert Kagan Dec 2015

Regulation And Business Behavior, Neil Gunningham, Robert Kagan

Robert Kagan

Presents an introduction to various articles and issues discussed in the April 1, 2005 issue of the journal "Law and Policy."


Explaining The Longitudinal Association Between Puberty And Depression: Sex Differences In The Mediating Effects Of Peer Stress, Colleen Conley, Karen Rudolph, Fred Bryant Dec 2015

Explaining The Longitudinal Association Between Puberty And Depression: Sex Differences In The Mediating Effects Of Peer Stress, Colleen Conley, Karen Rudolph, Fred Bryant

Colleen S. Conley

This research investigated whether exposure to peer stress serves as one pathway through which pubertal development contributes to depression over time, differentially for girls and boys. Youth (N = 149; 9.6–14.8 years) and their caregivers provided information at two waves, 1 year apart, on puberty (Wave 1), peer stress (occurring between Waves 1 and 2), and depression (Waves 1 and 2). Structural equation modeling analyses examined sex differences in the extent to which peer stress mediated the impact of pubertal status and timing on subsequent depression (i.e., tests of moderated mediation). Significant sex-moderated mediation was found for ...


Needs Assessment: A Report On Seven Focus Groups In Ohio, Kevin O'Brien, Daniel Baracskay, Wendy Kellogg, Michael Mcgoun, Claudette Robey, Michael Tevesz, Kirstin Toth Dec 2015

Needs Assessment: A Report On Seven Focus Groups In Ohio, Kevin O'Brien, Daniel Baracskay, Wendy Kellogg, Michael Mcgoun, Claudette Robey, Michael Tevesz, Kirstin Toth

Michael J. Tevesz

A series of seven focus groups were conducted in various locations throughout northern Ohio to identify and assess coastal resources management training needs across the Ohio Great Lakes basin. The focus groups were comprised of a cross-section of professionals who make decisions affecting watershed areas or Lake Erie coastal areas. Six of the focus groups included decision-makers considered previous and potential users of coastal resources management training (non-providers). A seventh focus group included decision-makers who provide training in coastal resources management (providers).


Movement Mayor: Can Antonio Villaraigosa Change Los Angeles?, Peter Dreier, Regina Freer, Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos Dec 2015

Movement Mayor: Can Antonio Villaraigosa Change Los Angeles?, Peter Dreier, Regina Freer, Robert Gottlieb, Mark Vallianatos

Mark Vallianatos

No abstract provided.


In Response To Professor Dobelstein’S Respectful Critique Of A Tale Of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly , Eric Kingson Dec 2015

In Response To Professor Dobelstein’S Respectful Critique Of A Tale Of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly , Eric Kingson

Eric Kingson

Eric R. Kingson responds to Andrew Dobelstein's position with regard to "A Tale of Three Commissions: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly," which was published in Poverty & Public Policy Volume 2, Issue 3.


48. Valence, Implicated Actor, And Children's Acquiescence To False Suggestions, Kyndra C. Cleveland, Jodi A. Quas, Thomas D. Lyon Dec 2015

48. Valence, Implicated Actor, And Children's Acquiescence To False Suggestions, Kyndra C. Cleveland, Jodi A. Quas, Thomas D. Lyon

Thomas D. Lyon

Although adverse effects of suggestive interviewing on children's accuracy are well documented, it remains unclear as to whether these effects vary depending on the valence of and the actor implicated in suggestions. In this study, 124 3-8-year-olds participated in a classroom activity and were later questioned about positive and negative false details. The interviewer provided positive reinforcement when children acquiesced to suggestions and negative feedback when they did not. Following reinforcement or feedback, young children were comparably suggestible for positive and negative details. With age, resistance to suggestions about negative details merged first, followed by resistance to suggestions about ...


Measurement Invariance Of The Kidney Disease And Quality Of Life Instrument (Kdqol-Sf) Across Veterans And Non-Veterans, Karen Saban, Fred Bryant, Dominic Reda, Kevin Stroupe, Denise Hynes Dec 2015

Measurement Invariance Of The Kidney Disease And Quality Of Life Instrument (Kdqol-Sf) Across Veterans And Non-Veterans, Karen Saban, Fred Bryant, Dominic Reda, Kevin Stroupe, Denise Hynes

Fred B. Bryant

Background Studies have demonstrated that perceived health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients receiving hemodialysis is significantly impaired. Since HRQOL outcome data are often used to compare groups to determine health care effectiveness it is imperative that measures of HRQOL are valid. However, valid HRQOL comparisons between groups can only be made if instrument invariance is demonstrated. The Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form (KDQOL-SF) is a widely used HRQOL measure for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) however, it has not been validated in the Veteran population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance ...


Replicate This! Creating Individual-Level Data From Summary Statistics Using R, Brendan Morse Dec 2015

Replicate This! Creating Individual-Level Data From Summary Statistics Using R, Brendan Morse

Brendan J. Morse

Incorporating realistic data and research examples into quantitative (e.g., statistics and research methods) courses has been widely recommended for enhancing student engagement and comprehension. One way to achieve these ends is to use a data generator to emulate the data in published research articles. MorseGen is a free data generator that creates realistic, individual-level data based on user-specified summary statistics (e.g., N, mean, standard deviation, and r). These values can be used in course exercises that allow students to replicate the published results for any between-subjects design or correlation study. Using realistic data generated by MorseGen addresses multiple ...


Using The Graded Response Model To Control Spurious Interactions In Moderated Multiple Regression, Brendan Morse, George Johanson, Rodger Griffeth Dec 2015

Using The Graded Response Model To Control Spurious Interactions In Moderated Multiple Regression, Brendan Morse, George Johanson, Rodger Griffeth

Brendan J. Morse

Recent simulation research has demonstrated that using simple raw score to operationalize a latent construct can result in inflated Type I error rates for the interaction term of a moderated statistical model when the interaction (or lack thereof) is proposed at the latent variable level. Rescaling the scores using an appropriate item response theory (IRT) model can mitigate this effect under similar conditions. However, this work has thus far been limited to dichotomous data. The purpose of this study was to extend this investigation to multicategory (polytomous) data using the graded response model (GRM). Consistent with previous studies, inflated Type ...


Mobile Dm Coupon Promotion In Japan: A Case Study On Response Behavior Changes In Services Consumptiona, Fumiyo Kondo, Yasuhiro Uwadaira, Mariko Nakahara, Shahriar Akter Dec 2015

Mobile Dm Coupon Promotion In Japan: A Case Study On Response Behavior Changes In Services Consumptiona, Fumiyo Kondo, Yasuhiro Uwadaira, Mariko Nakahara, Shahriar Akter

Shahriar Akter

This chapter investigates the changes in customers' responses to mobile direct mail (DM) coupons on the shop visit probability (SVP) of a beauty parlor. Two experiments were carried out to examine the promotional effects of mobile DM coupons. The first experiment, conducted in 2004, compared mobile DM coupons with postcard DM coupons. The mobile DM coupons were found to have no effect on SVP, although positive effects were observed for postcard DM coupons. The second experiment, conducted in 2005 with three types of mobile DM coupons, compared the responses of new customers with those of repeat customers. The results varied ...


Measuring The Stuff Of Thought: Psychology And Its Discontents, Brendan Morse Dec 2015

Measuring The Stuff Of Thought: Psychology And Its Discontents, Brendan Morse

Brendan J. Morse

No abstract provided.


Health-Related Quality Of Life Of Patients Following Selected Types Of Lumbar Spinal Surgery: A Pilot Study, Karen Saban, Sue Penckofer, Ida Androwich, Fred Bryant Dec 2015

Health-Related Quality Of Life Of Patients Following Selected Types Of Lumbar Spinal Surgery: A Pilot Study, Karen Saban, Sue Penckofer, Ida Androwich, Fred Bryant

Fred B. Bryant

Background Over 500,000 spinal surgeries are performed annually in the United States. Although pain relief and improved health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are expectations following lumbar spinal surgery, there is limited research regarding this experience from the individual's perspective. In addition, no studies have examined the HRQOL of persons who have had this surgery using a comprehensive approach. The intent of this study was to address this deficiency by an assessment of both the individual and environmental factors that impact perceived HRQOL using the Wilson and Cleary Model for Health-Related Quality of Life in persons who have undergone ...