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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Paradise Gone Nuclear: The Long Term Effects Of Nuclear Testing In French Polynesia, Kayla Adolph Apr 2019

Paradise Gone Nuclear: The Long Term Effects Of Nuclear Testing In French Polynesia, Kayla Adolph

Student Symposium

In the 1960s-1990s, France conducted nuclear tests in one of its colonies, French Polynesia. The impacts of these tests impact Tahiti in a myriad of ways: economically, politically, and environmentally. Those who were most directly impacted were members of the military who conducted these tests. For a more holistic view of the true impact of these tests, I've recorded interviews with some of these veterans who have formed organizations with different goals-reparations, support, and education.


A Comparison Of Early Childhood Education In Powell/Dublin, Ohio: Pedagogical And Literacy Practices, Kelly Coffyn Apr 2019

A Comparison Of Early Childhood Education In Powell/Dublin, Ohio: Pedagogical And Literacy Practices, Kelly Coffyn

Student Symposium

The research project examined exemplary preschool literacy practices in the United States. Governmental policy now prioritizes the accessibility of preschool education more so than ever before. This investment influences teaching strategies and classroom environment so more can provide high quality education. The United States preschool education system has many standards and expectations for how the classroom should look and function for literacy development. The Ohio Content Standards of Early Learning and Development gives guidelines outlining what is to be taught in a preschool classroom. The standards are research-based and provide clarity on how the strategies analyzed enhance student’s literacy ...


Investigating Crayfish (Orconectes Rusticus) Aggression And How It Varies With Resource Availability, Allie Smith, Rebecca Lipster Apr 2019

Investigating Crayfish (Orconectes Rusticus) Aggression And How It Varies With Resource Availability, Allie Smith, Rebecca Lipster

Student Symposium

Animals that express agonistic behavior toward one another are prone to recognizing hierarchical status among individuals. Recognizing status has proven to be evolutionarily advantageous for crayfish (Orconectes rusticus) because it allows dominant individuals to maximize resources and permits subordinate individuals to steer clear of potentially costly battles. More specifically, two crayfish experiencing aggression can generally determine who the dominant and subordinate individuals are in a fight. A higher social status within a social hierarchy can allow for increased access to differing resources, such as food, mates, and shelter. In this experiment, we want to see if limiting resources will affect ...


Owu's First Asian Horror Film Festival, Kaitie Welch Apr 2019

Owu's First Asian Horror Film Festival, Kaitie Welch

Student Symposium

Under an apprenticeship with Dr. Sokolsky, I planned and hosted Ohio Wesleyan University's first "Asian Horror Film Festival." The project began after the realization that among OWU's various film festivals, which celebrate diversity and differing cultures, there were no East Asian or Asian film festivals to speak of. Together, Dr. Sokolsky and I prepared a course of action and settled on the horror genre. I spent my winter break watching many Asian horror films via Kanopy and narrowed down films from four different Asian countries and territories through a rubric of criteria that I created. The films I ...


La Position Préférée De La Femme Francophone, Nathalie Bidwell, Allie Enyon, Ornella Bisamaza Apr 2019

La Position Préférée De La Femme Francophone, Nathalie Bidwell, Allie Enyon, Ornella Bisamaza

Student Symposium

The representation of women in francophone films is a concern because of the relationship it has with women and their portrayal of characters in film. When reviewing the films, Bataille D’Algiers, Mossane, Règle du Jeu, and Le Genou de Claire, we have found several different portrayals of women that have either challenged or confirmed stereotypes of women in cinema and in their everyday lives. Some of these movies emphasize on characteristics that marginalize women while others portray the importance of women in cinema. Without these women , the story would’ve been changed or would not have had the same ...


Assessment Of Urban Expansion: A Case Study Of Columbus, Ohio, Eric Davis Jr. Apr 2019

Assessment Of Urban Expansion: A Case Study Of Columbus, Ohio, Eric Davis Jr.

Student Symposium

Researching urban growth can show historical patterns and trends in regards to urban expansion, rates of in-filling, and economic development. This work seeks to quantify the growth of the Columbus Metropolitan Area over a multi-decadal period by using geospatial and demographic data to evaluate differences in urban growth patterns. This work develops an ~30-year assessment, beginning in the mid-1980s to present, at five-year intervals to quantitatively and qualitatively compare expansion linked to development and economic growth. This work relies on remote sensing imagery acquired from the various Landsat missions Landsat-4 through Landsat-7 ETM) along with GIS census data, to allow ...


Interaction Between Involvement And Variety Seeking Among Craft Beer Drinkers Predicts Willingness To Pay For Higher Abv(%), Felipe Duarte Rico Apr 2019

Interaction Between Involvement And Variety Seeking Among Craft Beer Drinkers Predicts Willingness To Pay For Higher Abv(%), Felipe Duarte Rico

Student Symposium

Past research has looked at involvement and variety seeking among craft beer drinkers, however, little research has looked at how these factors predict consumer behaviors, such as choice for low and high alcohol content (ABV) in their craft beer. Participants were 322 workers recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk who completed survey scales on their involvement and variety seeking for craft beer. Participants also rated their willingness to pay for low (6%) and high (10%) ABV. The results supported the hypothesis that participants would be willing to pay more for high ABV beer. An analysis of multiple regression also showed that ...


Using Remote Sensing And Gis Techniques Combined With Weather And Climate Data To Create A Deeper Understanding The Wildfire Campfire In California, Lucas Farmer Apr 2019

Using Remote Sensing And Gis Techniques Combined With Weather And Climate Data To Create A Deeper Understanding The Wildfire Campfire In California, Lucas Farmer

Student Symposium

Wildfires have devastated the West Coast time and time again. This project takes on multiple approaches to help understand different aspects of these fires, focusing on the wildfire Campfire. The Campfire started and ended in November of 2018 in Butte County California. The first portion of the project focuses on the weather and climate of this region in California. By understanding the weather and climate of a particular area and the time at which a wildfire starts you can start to identify optimal conditions where a fire could potentially breakout. Local weather data will be gathered to look at temperature ...


How Have We Improved? Exploring Racial Inequalities In Special Education, Erin Greer Apr 2019

How Have We Improved? Exploring Racial Inequalities In Special Education, Erin Greer

Student Symposium

This Independent Study explored the racial inequalities noted within the field of special education, particularly related to identification for certain disability categories and eligibility for special education services. An example of this would be more African American males being identified as having an Emotional Behavior Disorder, Learning Disability, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. More severe disciplinary practices can also be noted among male, African American students with and without disabilities. Racial inequalities have been well documented in special education, even prior to the first special education law in 1975. Since then, awareness of racial inequalities when identifying students with disabilities ...


‘Free People’: Identity Formation Among The Imazighen In Morocco, Milany Duarte, Alana Guzman Apr 2019

‘Free People’: Identity Formation Among The Imazighen In Morocco, Milany Duarte, Alana Guzman

Student Symposium

Our project objective was to study cultural and ethnic identity formation among the urban indigenous people of Morocco. The purpose of our project was to adequately represent the voices of the Amazigh community. To do so, we conducted interviews and discussions on the ways in which the Amazigh community experiences cultural, political, and linguistic marginalization. We caputured personal stories of native Imazighen (plural of Amazigh) people and documented their experiences living in urban cities. We photographed traditional Imazighen living spaces and traditions.


Shrinkage Of Tropical Glaciers In Peru, Ashley Mccracken Apr 2019

Shrinkage Of Tropical Glaciers In Peru, Ashley Mccracken

Student Symposium

Over the past few decades, global atmospheric temperatures have increased at an alarming rate, which has a significant impact on glaciated regions of the world. Tropical glaciers represent 1/6th of all the glaciers in the world and provide key water sources for many millions of inhabitants, including the Andes region of South America. Increasing temperatures and humidity due to anthropogenic climate change means there will be more rain and less snow, causing glaciers in the tropics to shrink – without the key inter-seasonal snow accumulation, many are expected to disappear within the next 60 years. Advances in satellite imagery allow ...


Studying The Social Behavior And Preferences Of Polar Bears At The Columbus Zoo And Aquarium, Molly Seeberger Apr 2019

Studying The Social Behavior And Preferences Of Polar Bears At The Columbus Zoo And Aquarium, Molly Seeberger

Student Symposium

Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are relatively solitary animals unless it is breeding season. At the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, the polar bears participate in the Species Survival Plan where breeding for conservation efforts is encouraged. Lee, an 19-year-old male, came to the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in the Fall of 2018 in hopes of breeding with 12-year-old twin females Aurora and Anana. Because Lee’s previous experience was only living with one female, I wanted to observe whether he would prefer a particular female because he now had two females to choose from. Not only did I look for preference ...


Laboratory Mice Burrowing Responses To Predator Calls, Katie Vonderembse, Brianna Graber, Molly Seeberger Apr 2019

Laboratory Mice Burrowing Responses To Predator Calls, Katie Vonderembse, Brianna Graber, Molly Seeberger

Student Symposium

The avoidance of predation is an essential trait in mice and depends on the ability of the mouse to recognize its predators. It is predicted that the calls of predators act as stimuli which signal the presence of potential danger. Laboratory mice have been shown to respond with defensive behaviors, such as burrowing, when exposed to the the calls of predators. To test how mice respond to different predator calls, we will play the sounds of three owls, Eastern Screech Owl,Tawny Owl, and American Barn Owl, and look at burrowing behaviors. Human voices reading a book will be used ...


How Alternative Masculinity Types Fit Inside The Strict World Of Hegemonic Masculinity, Alexander Pyritz Apr 2019

How Alternative Masculinity Types Fit Inside The Strict World Of Hegemonic Masculinity, Alexander Pyritz

Student Symposium

The project sought to understand how understand how masculinity has historically been defined, and to then explore how alternative definitions of masculinity fit within the traditional definition. To begin, the historical definition of masculinity first had to be defined. In doing this, research was done to understand how masculinity had traditionally been defined, and was compared to the understanding of what it meant to be "masculine". Based on the research done, the traditional standards of masculinity were categorized within the construct of hegemonic masculinity, an illusion that male identifying people measure themselves against, but rarely ever achieve. Once the traditional ...


Female Empowerment In Classical Spanish Theatre, Sarah Gielink, Johanna Adrian Burr Apr 2019

Female Empowerment In Classical Spanish Theatre, Sarah Gielink, Johanna Adrian Burr

Student Symposium

Last spring, after reading Golden Age plays in our Early Modern Spanish Literature and Culture course, Adrian Burr and I became interested in the role women played in these stories. Within the Spanish comedia, women are relegated to two stock roles, the “dama” (lady), or the “criada” (maid), while men are able to play a much wider variation of roles. Classical Spanish works by playwrights such as Lope de Vega, Miguel de Cervantes, and Pedro Calderón de la Barca are still produced today, just as English-speakers still revive Shakespearean works. We became curious about how modern directors and theatre practitioners ...


Examining The Long-Term Effects Of Child-Mentoring Programs On At-Risk Children, Francisco Mejia Apr 2019

Examining The Long-Term Effects Of Child-Mentoring Programs On At-Risk Children, Francisco Mejia

Student Symposium

Child care remains a complicated issue, with at-risk children suffering the most. As a response child-mentoring programs have been a topic of discussion regarding their long-term impacts. My project was focused on working with and collecting data on at-risk and/or low-income children. My literature review came from multiple academic sociological studies focused on mentoring programs. My relation to the overall project was working as an intern with the community organization Big Brothers Big Sisters. The goal was to understand the impacts of mentoring programs both through research along with actual work with the organization. A key component of the ...


Shooting Your Accuracy In The Foot: The Effect Of Action Video Games On Cognitive Control, Mickey Rice, Lexi Lease, Malia Walker Apr 2019

Shooting Your Accuracy In The Foot: The Effect Of Action Video Games On Cognitive Control, Mickey Rice, Lexi Lease, Malia Walker

Student Symposium

Previous research on long-term exposure to action (e.g., first-person shooter) video games has demonstrated a negative association between exposure and cognitive control (Bailey, West, & Anderson, 2010). To further explore the relationship between gaming and cognitive control, the current study examined the effects of brief video game exposure (20 minutes) on cognitive control using event-related potentials (ERPs). Cognitive control was assessed by ERP components associated with the ability to detect (N2) and resolve (SP) conflict when the conflict was either expected or unexpected. After playing either an action or strategy video game, participants completed a Stroop task while ERPs were ...


History, Security, And Peace: A Comparison Of Sectarian Conflicts In Northern Ireland And The Middle East, Ahmed I. Hamed, Noah Chamberlain Spicer Apr 2019

History, Security, And Peace: A Comparison Of Sectarian Conflicts In Northern Ireland And The Middle East, Ahmed I. Hamed, Noah Chamberlain Spicer

Student Symposium

“The Troubles,” a violent conflict that began in Northern Ireland in 1968 and lasted until the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, saw high levels of violence and terrorism on both sides--Protestants and Catholics--of the socio-political conflict. While major issues of violence were addressed by the Good Friday Agreement, many key ontological issues remain very much alive and active, resulting in “peace walls” which separate Catholic and Protestant neighborhoods in Northern Ireland. The impediments to peace stem not just from these issues of violence, but also from the minimal attention paid to ontological security in peace negotiations: the security of oneself ...


Merciless: Psychopathic Criminals And How The Criminal Justice System Can Protect Us From Them, Dilara Gingerich Apr 2019

Merciless: Psychopathic Criminals And How The Criminal Justice System Can Protect Us From Them, Dilara Gingerich

Student Symposium

For my presentation, I will discuss an independent study I did with Dr. Durst in the Fall of 2018, in which I wrote about psychopaths and ways the criminal justice system (CJS) can protect society from them. I will first briefly define psychopathy and explain the personality traits associated with it. I will dedicate the rest of my time to explaining ways I believe the CJS can use information about psychopathy to protect society from criminals with that condition. Psychopathy is a subtype of antisocial personality disorder (APD) that is characterized by a lack of empathy and remorse, manipulative and ...


Patterns In Color Perception, Madeline Henson, Taimur Iftikhar Apr 2019

Patterns In Color Perception, Madeline Henson, Taimur Iftikhar

Student Symposium

Synesthesia is a neurological condition that forces individuals to process a lot of different senses at once. These different senses can be stimulated by anything; for example, if one hears some sounds, they might also perceive those sounds as colors and vice versa. Another form of Synesthesia, termed Grapheme-Color Synesthesia, can occur when one looks at different characters in a language and they see different colors generated in their brain. The amount of colors a person sees by looking at different characters varies. Our goal for our project was to figure out how different languages stimulate different neurological senses for ...


General Campus Climate From A Conservative Student Perspective, Sarah Mattick Apr 2019

General Campus Climate From A Conservative Student Perspective, Sarah Mattick

Student Symposium

Campus Climate Research studies how students and others in a college community feel about the climate of their institutions, especially how the climate facilitates learning, growth, and expression. Typically, this research has been applied to diversity concerns, especially in the decades after affirmative action became a common practice in higher education admissions. My research adds to this literature, because in the midst of creating a campus community and campus climate that is sensitive and in alliance with the needs of marginalized students, institutions will often find that a struggle occurs between the needs of marginalized students and the perceived neglect ...


Women In Student Leadership: How Group Makeup Changes Communication Style, Katie A. Kuckelheim Apr 2019

Women In Student Leadership: How Group Makeup Changes Communication Style, Katie A. Kuckelheim

Student Symposium

Genderlect theory (Tannen, 1990) examines the differences in communication style of men and women and suggests motivations for those differences (Tannen, 1990). In addition to internal motivation, research has examined other ways in which communication style may change depending upon the gender makeup of the audience. This study sought to determine if there are differences in preferred communication and leadership styles of female student-group leaders based on gender makeup of those groups. Method: 31 undergraduate leaders from student organizations across Ohio Wesleyan’s Campus were surveyed about their leadership and communication styles as well as information about the gender makeup ...


The Irrational Appeal Of The Punishment Paradigm: How "Tough On Crime" Subverts Reason And Empathy, Curry Carr Apr 2019

The Irrational Appeal Of The Punishment Paradigm: How "Tough On Crime" Subverts Reason And Empathy, Curry Carr

Student Symposium

This investigation will examine the ways of thinking that facilitated the enactment of harsh sentencing laws in the U.S., with a specific focus on truth in sentencing laws in Illinois. Truth in sentencing laws dictate that people convicted of violent crimes must serve 85%-100% of their sentences, basically eliminating their chances for parole for good behavior. In the 1980s and 1990s almost every state enacted truth in sentencing laws after federal funding was promised to those who do. The implementation of these laws, in some ways, seemed to follow reason, especially when states lowered the requisite time served ...


Charisma's Triumph Over Organization: Peronism Throughout The Decades, Alyssa Dipadova Apr 2019

Charisma's Triumph Over Organization: Peronism Throughout The Decades, Alyssa Dipadova

Student Symposium

“A party’s organization characteristics depend more upon its history, i.e. on how the organization orientated and how it consolidated…[e]very organization bears the mark of its formation, of the crucial political-administrative decision made by its founders, the decision which ‘molded’ the organization." The validity (or maybe the potency/breadth) of this idea when applied to Peronism is the main topic for this paper. The importance of this topic cannot be understated as the Partido Justicialista (PJ), the largest component of the Peronist movement, continues to be one of the most prevalent parties in Argentina’s two-party system--the ...


Perception Is Reality?, Madeline Henson, Taimur Iftikhar Apr 2019

Perception Is Reality?, Madeline Henson, Taimur Iftikhar

Student Symposium

Related presentation in Panel 1A: Brain Games


Identifying Influentials In Directed Networks, Guillermo Gutierrez Apr 2018

Identifying Influentials In Directed Networks, Guillermo Gutierrez

Student Symposium

Research into the identification of influential nodes specifically with regards to weighted, directed networks has been lacking throughout the lifetime of Network Theory as a whole. This research project seeks to propel the field forward through by devising an algorithm aimed at identifying influential nodes through the use of probability propagation models of information transfer through various real-world networks. The networks discussed are a developed test-network using the Price Model of citation network growth, the neuronal connectivity network of the flatworm C. elegans, and Congressional co-sponsorship networks of the USA’s 110th House and Senate. Rankings of influence of each ...


The Role Of The Midwife In Hapsburg Spain, Grace Jones Apr 2018

The Role Of The Midwife In Hapsburg Spain, Grace Jones

Student Symposium

The Holy Roman Empire during the early modern period (14th and 15th centuries) accounted for several countries within central Europe that fell under the mandate of the Roman Catholic Church. Of the many royal families that ruled these countries, The Hapsburg family maintained a position as Holy Roman Emperor for many consecutive years, and gained majority of their favor and power through political marriages and the children that came from these unions. Gender roles during the 14th-16th century were very strictly defined, with women following roles set out through religious mandate and the misogynistic teachings of male philosophers. The role ...


Educational Inequality - How We Systematically Fail Our Children, Paige Ross Apr 2018

Educational Inequality - How We Systematically Fail Our Children, Paige Ross

Student Symposium

Poor urban youth of color are left behind every step of the way- beginning with education. We are failing these children by not providing them with the necessary tools to be successful today in America. Our social classes and neighborhoods are racially segregated, causing disparities in school funding, due to government legislature that further advances these forgotten children deeper into disparity.

Whites are 1.8-2.3 times more likely to graduate from college, and this push for higher education begins in pre-K programs unavailable to historically non-White impoverished neighborhoods. The issue of educational inequality always comes back to that of ...


Physical Fences And Social Boundaries: The Human Implications Of Privatizing Nature In Patagonia Park, Elizabeth Sizer Apr 2017

Physical Fences And Social Boundaries: The Human Implications Of Privatizing Nature In Patagonia Park, Elizabeth Sizer

Student Symposium

Patagonia Park has undergone a huge shift in the last decade. Monetary investments made by American entrepreneurs, Doug and Kris Tompkins, have transformed the property from the fenced-in cattle ranch that stood for over a century into an international ecotourism destination with remarkable and inspiring landscapes. In January 2017, I traveled to Patagonia Park to explore my curiosity about this transformation and to learn more about the park's purpose and its impact on the local communities. Although its founders and followers forged the park’s vision with good intentions, my research suggests that there are clear social implications related ...


Exploring Memory Impairment In A Rural Community In Tanzania: Trends And Reflections, Amanda Barry Apr 2017

Exploring Memory Impairment In A Rural Community In Tanzania: Trends And Reflections, Amanda Barry

Student Symposium

The researchers traveled to Tanzania in January of 2017. For two weeks they traveled to various Masaai villages around the town of Arusha. Mini-mental status exams were administered to 46 individuals ranging in age from 40-101 years. For those participants whose scores reflected possible memory impairment, family members or close friends were then administered a semi-structured interview to develop a more comprehensive understanding of the individual's life and cognitive function. The data collection process was directly affected by cultural differences between the United States (where the materials were developed) and Tanzania (where the materials were applied). This effect, although ...