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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Breastfeeding And Feminism In France, Megan Wadsworth Apr 2020

Breastfeeding And Feminism In France, Megan Wadsworth

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Women in France have some of the lowest breastfeeding rates among high-income countries in Europe. The World Health Organization encourages new mothers to breastfeed for up to two years, and globally around 60 percent of women are still breastfeeding at this point. However, only 63 percent of French mothers ever start breastfeeding, and typically stop after just 17 weeks. These numbers are perplexing because they are significantly lower than the breastfeeding rates among other high-income countries such as the US at 74.4 percent and the UK at 81 percent. After researching the debate surrounding breastfeeding in France it became ...


280— Exploring The Geographic Distribution Of Childbed Fever Deaths In Mid-19th Century Rochester, Ny, Meaghan Parks Apr 2020

280— Exploring The Geographic Distribution Of Childbed Fever Deaths In Mid-19th Century Rochester, Ny, Meaghan Parks

GREAT Day

Childbed fever, formally called puerperal fever or puerperal septicemia, is an infection typically contracted by women after childbirth. Historically, childbed fever was a serious threat to maternal health. Childbed fever is caused by exposure of open wounds or abrasions, which are common after giving birth, to group A and B Streptococcal bacteria. Ignaz Semmelweis discovered that hand washing using a chlorinated solution reduced cases of childbed fever in 1847. This project reviews the instances of death from childbed fever in Rochester, New York from 1837-1860 and later from 1907-1919 and attempts to determine which areas of the city had the ...


The Effect Of Volunteering On Stress Hormone Levels Of Graduate Student Volunteers, Kyra Valovick, Kelsey Swegle Apr 2020

The Effect Of Volunteering On Stress Hormone Levels Of Graduate Student Volunteers, Kyra Valovick, Kelsey Swegle

Spring Student Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

The purpose of this presentation is to set up methods for a long-term study using graduate students in the Speech Pathology graduate program at Longwood University. Previous studies have shown that levels of stress hormones, cortisol and alpha-amylase, decrease after a volunteering activity. In this study, we aim to replicate those results by taking saliva samples from graduate students who are volunteering with disabled children at a local therapeutic barn, Heartland Horse Heroes. From those samples, we will measure levels of cortisol, alpha-amylase, and DHEA, a hormone measuring resistance. We expect to see a decrease in cortisol and alpha-amylase and ...


Exploring Nurses' Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide: A Study Of Nurses Working With Terminally Ill Patients, Marjie L. Schoolfield Apr 2020

Exploring Nurses' Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide: A Study Of Nurses Working With Terminally Ill Patients, Marjie L. Schoolfield

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Physician-assisted suicide, legalized in many states is becoming an option for patients diagnosed with a terminal illness. Nurse participation in physician-assisted suicide is not supported through state nurse practice acts or national nursing organizations, causing potential contradictions in practice rights for advanced practice nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of registered and advanced practice nurses who work with the terminally ill regarding the patient option of physician-assisted suicide. This quantitative research was conducted with hospice registered nurses employed by a hospice organization in the Midwest and included participants from states where physician-assisted suicide is legal ...


Psychedelic Assisted Psychotherapy, Lori Ferguson, Ross Mcdonough Apr 2020

Psychedelic Assisted Psychotherapy, Lori Ferguson, Ross Mcdonough

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

Beginning in the early 1900s, research into Psychedelic Assisted Psychotherapy (PAP) showed promising results. After psychedelics were made illegal in the early 1970s they went largely underground. Psychedelic research resumed in the 1990s and the research shows great promise. Unlike traditional antidepressants that only manage symptoms and cause long term side effects, psychedelics could possibly be a cure with no side effects once the drug has worn off. Treatment often includes preparatory therapy sessions before, a session which includes the use of a psychedelic, and integrative therapy sessions after. Right now the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) is the ...


Weight Loss And Healthiness: How Advertisements Target This Phenomenon, Madelyn Coleman Mar 2020

Weight Loss And Healthiness: How Advertisements Target This Phenomenon, Madelyn Coleman

Scholars Week

With advertisements being all around us in the media and in magazines, messages flood into our everyday lives that can impact us both negatively and positively. Research prior to this involved how media has portrayed women and their weight loss as well as how they are looking at “skinniness” and body type. This as well as overall effects of the media in the food world were among many that have been studied. For my research, I wanted to look at the overall targeting of weight loss and health within magazines not as much as the idea of weight loss as ...


The Evolution Of Mcdonald’S: As Seen On Tv., Jay Gibson Mar 2020

The Evolution Of Mcdonald’S: As Seen On Tv., Jay Gibson

Scholars Week

When thinking of fast food, McDonald’s is often one of the first that comes to mind. However, we rarely think about how this industry giant has changed over the years. From this point the question is asked, how has McDonald’s advertisements changed to suit their ever-growing audience? What, if anything, has caused these changes? Many might simply say the changes come with the times, but research reveals that there could potentially be much more serious reasons, such as the anti-obesity movement and battles in the legal field. By analyzing numerous television advertisements from the 90s and recent years ...


Comparing Individual Perceptions Of Food Desert With Quantitative Measures In Omaha, Nebraska., Hector N. Samani, Bradley Bereitschaft Mar 2020

Comparing Individual Perceptions Of Food Desert With Quantitative Measures In Omaha, Nebraska., Hector N. Samani, Bradley Bereitschaft

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Food deserts have been linked to an increase in chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, due to lower access to affordable and healthy foods. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) outlines various methods and variables for defining food deserts, in attempts to standardize what constitutes a food desert or their characteristics. The USDA identifies the state of Nebraska as having both rural and urban food deserts, with an increase of food insecurity from 1.1% – 3.0% between 2007 and 2012 and warns of further increase of food deserts and its impact if measures are not taken. However ...


Tobacco Use Disparities By Sexual And Gender Minority Status Among Ucf Students., Parth N. Patel Jan 2020

Tobacco Use Disparities By Sexual And Gender Minority Status Among Ucf Students., Parth N. Patel

Digital Repository: Showcase of Undergraduate Research Excellence

No abstract provided.


#32 - Geospatial Analysis Of Distance-Decay Of Georgia State Lunatic, Idiot, And Epileptic Asylum Admission Rates, Chris Pugel Nov 2019

#32 - Geospatial Analysis Of Distance-Decay Of Georgia State Lunatic, Idiot, And Epileptic Asylum Admission Rates, Chris Pugel

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Distance-decay theory, or Jarvis’s Law, proposes the use of asylums is related to how near a patient is to the institution—those living further away being less inclined to avail themselves of such services (Jarvis, 1850). Hunter, Shannon, and Sambrook (1986) using modern inferential statistics reaffirmed Jarvis’s Law in 19th century U.S. and Canadian asylums. The researchers also proposed institutions emanated a “zone of indifference” of approximately 50-miles, beyond which Jarvis’s Law became a weaker force. Previous studies failed to include many southern asylums, including Georgia’s, Lunatic, Idiot and Epileptic asylum. Georgia’s facility ...


#45 - The Relationship Between Media And Public Opinion Regarding Cannabis As An Opioid Substitute, Jordan Hendricks Nov 2019

#45 - The Relationship Between Media And Public Opinion Regarding Cannabis As An Opioid Substitute, Jordan Hendricks

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between media and public opinion regarding cannabis as an opioid substitute. To accomplish this aim, an online survey was created and completed by college students (n=134) between 18 and 30 years of age. The survey asked questions examining participant demographic information, media consumption, and opinion towards cannabis and opioids. The data was analyzed in Excel using Chi-Square and Pearson correlation tests. The analysis showed that media and opinion on the use of cannabis as an opioid substitute were not significantly correlated (p=0.82; r=0.079). Also, a ...


El Impacto De Las Artes Visuales En Personas Afectadas Por Cáncer, Bettina Ingham May 2018

El Impacto De Las Artes Visuales En Personas Afectadas Por Cáncer, Bettina Ingham

ICOT 18 - International Conference on Thinking - Cultivating Mindsets for Global Citizens

El impacto de las artes visuales en el bienestar y la mejora de la calidad de vida de personas afectadas por cáncer.

Un programa diseñado para poner en práctica e investigar el alcance que tienen las artes visuales y el método de Estrategias de Pensamiento Visual para el desarrollo de habilidades de pensamiento que promueven la identificación y expresión verbal de las emociones, minimizando, en el caso de las personas convalecientes, el sufrimiento que va desde el dolor de la enfermedad hasta el miedo a la muerte.

Los efectos que la contemplación (percepción estética), el análisis y la práctica(proceso ...


Grief Off-The-Clock: Supporting Hospice Professionals Through Personal Loss, Rachel A. Guimond Apr 2018

Grief Off-The-Clock: Supporting Hospice Professionals Through Personal Loss, Rachel A. Guimond

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Working with clients who die can have a major impact on the way professionals address their own grief. Daily exposure to the possibility of death alters the process of mourning and can leave professionals feeling disconnected from family and friends during times of grief. This presentation will look at the challenges that hospice workers, clergy members, social workers and other professionals face when they experience grief in their own lives. Evidence-based strategies for supporting professionals in their grief will also be explored.


Improving Canadian Indigenous Health: Diabetes & Cardiovascular Disease, Sukhmeet S. Sachal Mar 2018

Improving Canadian Indigenous Health: Diabetes & Cardiovascular Disease, Sukhmeet S. Sachal

Western Research Forum

Background:

This abstract explores improving health outcomes for Canada’s Indigenous peoples. The increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and diabetes in this population makes this a public health problem because diabetes has long-term complications that affect the cardiovascular system and can result in disability and premature death.

Methods:

A literature review using specific search terms was performed to find 36 relevant articles. Search databases for the primary and secondary information were CINAHL and PubMED, respectively.

Results:

The results were classified into five groups: (1) Previous Genetic Protection; (2) Current Day Risk; (3) Diet; (4) Barriers in Developing and Maintaining ...


Review Of A Medical Pre-Clinical Curriculum For Competencies In Caring For Patients Who Are Lgbt, Gender Nonconforming, Or Born With Dsd, Nina Abon, Mandi L. Pratt-Chapman Jan 2018

Review Of A Medical Pre-Clinical Curriculum For Competencies In Caring For Patients Who Are Lgbt, Gender Nonconforming, Or Born With Dsd, Nina Abon, Mandi L. Pratt-Chapman

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

This review aimed to assess whether the George Washington University medical, pre-clinical curriculum met any of the Association of American Medical College’s (AAMC) 30 professional competencies to improve health care for people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), gender nonconforming, or born with disorders of sex development (DSD).

Methods:

Relevant sessions were reviewed based on instructors’ PowerPoint slides, audio recording of sessions (when available), assigned pre-session material, and notes taken by a student. Content and objectives from each session were mapped to corresponding AAMC competencies, and each competency was qualitatively graded as completely met, partially met, or unmet ...


Strategies For Delivering Sexual Health Education To Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Megan Harris Nov 2017

Strategies For Delivering Sexual Health Education To Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Integrative Review Of The Literature, Megan Harris

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurobiological condition leading to cognitive and social deficits within individuals on the spectrum. Adolescence is a time of intense physical and psychosocial changes that prove difficult for youth with ASDs. As families work through this transition they try to navigate teaching sexual health to their adolescent with an ASD. Teaching should be done to promote health, healthy relationships, and to prevent victimization. Yet, parents report that they lack the knowledge and support to complete this task. The purpose of this literature review was to synthesize research on strategies for teaching sexual health education to ...


Waiting For The Wisdom To Drop: A Photovoice Exploration Of Menopause, Delinda L. Free May 2017

Waiting For The Wisdom To Drop: A Photovoice Exploration Of Menopause, Delinda L. Free

Student Research Symposium

The purpose of this study was to create a women’s menopause discussion group based on the Photo Voice method, to use a narrative approach to learn what is currently relevant in the experience of menopausal women, to reveal insights about menopause as a phase of psychological development, and to bring a visual representation together with narratives to tell a story about the collective psychological themes. Participants were asked to meet and reflect on what has changed in their values, attitudes, aspirations, goals, and outlook on life. Then participants were asked to take pictures over the course of a week ...


High School Student Concussion Recovery Program: Teacher Involvement In Student Academic Transitions To Classroom And To Sports, Brittany Diego Apr 2017

High School Student Concussion Recovery Program: Teacher Involvement In Student Academic Transitions To Classroom And To Sports, Brittany Diego

Scholarly and Creative Works Conference 2020

Many symptoms of concussions can greatly interfere with the cognitive abilities and skills students use in school. Although students may have similar symptoms, they experience concussions differently. Students returning to the classroom from a concussion often have different needs and abilities.

Research shows that a formal, individualized protocol to treat suspected concussions, both academically and physically, is vital to the successful recovery of each student. Much research is available on concussions for professional athletes, specifically related to recovery and returning to their sport. However, there is little research about high school students regarding concussions. Concussion recovery programs for high school ...


Ramadan & Pregnancy, Omar Rizvi Jun 2016

Ramadan & Pregnancy, Omar Rizvi

Celebration of Learning

Fasting during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is one of the five pillars of Islam and is fard (obligatory) for all Muslims physically and mentally capable of doing so. In the Qur’an, it is made abundantly clear that religion and its acts of worship are not meant to pose undue difficulty or hardship (Qur’an 22:78, 5:6, 2:185). My paper explores the Islamic definitions for “unnecessary difficulty” and “physically capable” specifically in regards to pregnant women. At what point does fasting incur significant, if any, damage to the fetus that it should prevent ...


Health Applications Of Social Network Analysis And Computational Social Science, James Kitts May 2016

Health Applications Of Social Network Analysis And Computational Social Science, James Kitts

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Social network analysis has proliferated across the social and behavioral sciences, shifting our analytical focus from individuals to the patterns of social ties that connect them. This perspective has enriched our understanding of a great variety of health-related phenomena, including the spread of STDs on contact networks, the spread of health care practices on physicians’ professional networks, the dynamics of patient transfers on networks of clinics, and the spread of weight-related behaviors among adolescents at risk for obesity. The advent of the era of computational social science has augmented the contributions of this perspective, by moving beyond expensive and laborious ...


A Pilot Study: Understanding Health Literacy And Linguistic Factors Related To African Immigrants Engagement In Primary Health Care In Massachusetts, Nicole Baker, Chioma Nnaji, Marianne Sarkis, Siede Slopadoe, Nancy S. Morris Mar 2016

A Pilot Study: Understanding Health Literacy And Linguistic Factors Related To African Immigrants Engagement In Primary Health Care In Massachusetts, Nicole Baker, Chioma Nnaji, Marianne Sarkis, Siede Slopadoe, Nancy S. Morris

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Culture impacts how individuals understand, communicate, and respond to health information. Immigrants to the U.S. come from diverse cultural groups and have varying understandings of health care and the U.S. health care system. The primary aim of this study is to explore cultural interpretations and beliefs of select health concepts and to assess the health literacy of African immigrants in Massachusetts. We are a partnership between UMass Graduate School of Nursing, Africans for Improved Access program at the Multicultural AIDS Coalition and Clark University. Using a CBPR approach has been valuable in the design of the study and ...


A Systematic Review Of Coal Fired Power Plant Proximity And Local Socioeconomic Status Trends And Outcomes, Oshane Mcrae, Peter Lapuma Mar 2016

A Systematic Review Of Coal Fired Power Plant Proximity And Local Socioeconomic Status Trends And Outcomes, Oshane Mcrae, Peter Lapuma

GW Research Days 2016 - Present

Among the significant sources of energy, coal based energy bears the largest share (42%) of the electricity produced in the United States. Already existing coal fired power plants are the largest emitter of carbon dioxide emissions in the United States. Among the cumulative emissions contributed by the industrial sector, significant portions are from coal fired power plants. Coal-fired power plants emit 66% of sulfur oxides, 40% of carbon dioxide, 33% of mercury and 22% of nitrogen oxides in the U.S. and are linked as risk factors to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases and other ailments shown to impact environmental and ...


Anthrofest 2016, Antonia Diener, Megan Bridges, Eileen Wang, Zhenia Bemko, Benjamin Reynolds, Alexandria Mitchem, Ashley Terry, Ivana Kohut, Kelly Bridges Feb 2016

Anthrofest 2016, Antonia Diener, Megan Bridges, Eileen Wang, Zhenia Bemko, Benjamin Reynolds, Alexandria Mitchem, Ashley Terry, Ivana Kohut, Kelly Bridges

Anthrofest

The University of Pennsylvania anthropology annual undergraduate research conference known as ANTHROFEST brings together undergraduates involved in research across all concentrations in anthropology, as well as faculty and the broader undergraduate and graduate community. Each year, select students present and discuss their original research to the community at Penn. The conference is open to the public.


Assessing The Food Environment Around Elementary Schools In The U.S. With Gis Analysis, Kenisha Johnson, Maria Scott Jan 2016

Assessing The Food Environment Around Elementary Schools In The U.S. With Gis Analysis, Kenisha Johnson, Maria Scott

Digital Repository: Showcase of Undergraduate Research Excellence

No abstract provided.


The Deaf Cyborg: Analyzing Technoscience, Gender, And Ability, Callahan Roan Apr 2015

The Deaf Cyborg: Analyzing Technoscience, Gender, And Ability, Callahan Roan

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

Gsurc 2015


Factors Associated With Successful Completion Of A Comorbid Substance Abuse And Mental Health Intensive Outpatient Group, Matthew Stephen Crescenzi Apr 2015

Factors Associated With Successful Completion Of A Comorbid Substance Abuse And Mental Health Intensive Outpatient Group, Matthew Stephen Crescenzi

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

An East Tennessee community mental health center, specializing in co-occurring substance abuse and mental health services, has an Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP) that utilizes a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and relapse prevention. Currently, 50% of individuals who enter the IOP program fail to graduate. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors associated with successful program completion. Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted on data from 116 participants in the IOP group. A logistic regression model was used to determine which factors were related to successful program completion. Results: The overall regression model was found ...


“Can You Hear Me Now?”: Insurance Coverage For Hearing Benefits In The United States, Reegan Whipple Apr 2015

“Can You Hear Me Now?”: Insurance Coverage For Hearing Benefits In The United States, Reegan Whipple

Annual Undergraduate Conference on Health and Society

Public and private insurance coverage for hearing benefits underscores the gaps in coverage for treating hearing loss in the U.S. The commodification of the hearing benefits sector of healthcare in this country has detrimental consequences for personal health. Using three personal anecdotes to frame the issue, my paper explores the complex worlds of both public and private insurance as well as the implications of each type of insurance for both adults and children. Current regulations and laws for hearing benefits leave many people to suffer financially, physically, and emotionally. After reviewing the current regulations I propose changes to rectify ...


Anthrofest 2015, Monica Fenton, Patrick Armstrong, Jim Elghammer, Jose Romero, Kristen Myers, Julia Chaterjee, Antonia Diener, Tanvi Mittall Feb 2015

Anthrofest 2015, Monica Fenton, Patrick Armstrong, Jim Elghammer, Jose Romero, Kristen Myers, Julia Chaterjee, Antonia Diener, Tanvi Mittall

Anthrofest

The University of Pennsylvania anthropology annual undergraduate research conference known as ANTHROFEST brings together undergraduates involved in research across all concentrations in anthropology, as well as faculty and the broader undergraduate and graduate community. Each year, select students present and discuss their original research to the community at Penn. The conference is open to the public.


Postcolonial Disability In Mohesen Makhmalbaf’S Kandahar, Sukshma Vedere Feb 2015

Postcolonial Disability In Mohesen Makhmalbaf’S Kandahar, Sukshma Vedere

Ray Browne Conference on Cultural and Critical Studies

Kandahar (2001), an Iranian film directed by Mohsen Makhmalbaf, details the journey of the protagonist, Nafas, to Kandahar to save her sister from committing suicide on the day of the solar eclipse. The film has gained recent attention by disability studies scholars for the representation of disability in Afghanistan; scholars have discussed the significance of prosthetics and international aid for the disabled in post-war zones of the Third World, but little has been said about disability as a postcolonial embodiment. I argue that Kandahar represents the postcolonial state as a disabled space both literally and metaphorically. It projects the veil ...


Measuring The Health Impact Of Medical-Legal Interventions On Low-Income Patients, Medha D. Makhlouf, Valerie Zolezzi-Wyndham Nov 2014

Measuring The Health Impact Of Medical-Legal Interventions On Low-Income Patients, Medha D. Makhlouf, Valerie Zolezzi-Wyndham

Community Engagement and Research Symposia

Research shows that nearly all of the low-income people in the United States have at least one civil legal problem that negatively affects their health. Family Advocates of Central Massachusetts (FACM) is a medical-legal partnership that aims to improve the well-being of vulnerable families by helping patients address legal issues linked to health status, such as access to necessary public benefits, substandard housing, education issues, immigration status, and protection from abusive relationships. The partnership includes Community Legal Aid and its subsidiary, Central West Justice Center, and three medical partners: UMass Medical School, UMass Memorial Children’s Medical Center, and Edward ...